ืžื™ื ื™ ืขืฆื™ื ืžื•ืฉืคืขื™ื ืžื–ื—ืœื™ื ืžืชื”ืœื›ื™ื

ื–ื—ืœื™ื ืžืชื”ืœื›ื™ื, ื‘ืžื™ื•ื—ื“ ืืœื• ืฉืœ ืื•ืจืŸ ื•ืืœื•ืŸ, ืžื”ื•ื•ื™ื ืื™ื•ื ืจืฆื™ื ื™ ืขืœ ื‘ืจื™ืื•ืช ื”ืขืฆื™ื ื‘ืื™ืจื•ืคื”. ื—ืจืงื™ื ืืœื• ืœื ืจืง ืžื–ื™ืงื™ื ืœืขืฆื™ื, ืืœื ืฉืขืจื•ืชื™ื”ื ื”ืฆื•ืจื‘ื•ืช ืขืœื•ืœื•ืช ืœื’ืจื•ื ื’ื ืœื‘ืขื™ื•ืช ื‘ืจื™ืื•ืชื™ื•ืช ื‘ื‘ื ื™ ืื“ื ื•ื‘ื‘ืขืœื™ ื—ื™ื™ื. ืžื“ืจื™ืš ื–ื” ื ื•ืขื“ ืœืกืคืง ื”ื‘ื ื” ืžืขืžื™ืงื” ืฉืœ ืžื™ื ื™ ื”ืขืฆื™ื ื”ืคื’ื™ืขื™ื ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืœื–ื—ืœื™ื ืืœื•, ืขืœ ืžื ืช ืœื”ื’ืŸ ื˜ื•ื‘ ื™ื•ืชืจ ืขืœ ื”ื™ืขืจื•ืช ื•ื”ื’ื ื™ื ืฉืœื ื•.

ืžื™ื ื™ ื”ืื•ืจื ื™ื ื”ืžื•ืฉืคืขื™ื ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ

ื” ื–ื—ืœื™ ืชื”ืœื•ื›ืช ืื•ืจืŸ ื‘ืขื™ืงืจ ืœืชืงื•ืฃ ื›ืžื” ืกื•ื’ื™ื ืฉืœ ืื•ืจืŸ, ื›ื•ืœืœ ืื•ืจืŸ ื›ื•ืœื™ (Pinus sylvestris), ื” ืื•ืจืŸ ืฉื—ื•ืจ (Pinus nigra) ื•ืืช ืื•ืจืŸ ื™ืžื™ (ืคื™ื ื•ืก ืคื™ื ืกื˜ืจ). ืขืฆื™ื ืืœื• ืกื•ื‘ืœื™ื ื›ืืฉืจ ื–ื—ืœื™ื ื–ื•ืœืœื™ื ืืช ื”ืžื—ื˜ื™ื ืฉืœื”ื, ืžืื˜ื™ื ืืช ืฆืžื™ื—ืชื ื•ืžืคื—ื™ืชื™ื ืืช ืขืžื™ื“ืชื ื‘ืคื ื™ ืžื—ืœื•ืช ื•ืœื—ืฅ ืกื‘ื™ื‘ืชื™.

ืขืฆื™ ืืœื•ืŸ ื ืคื’ืขื•

ื‘ืขื ื™ื™ืŸ ื” ื–ื—ืœ ืชื”ืœื•ื›ืช ืืœื•ืŸ, ื”ื•ื ืžื›ื•ื•ืŸ ื‘ืขื™ืงืจ ืœืžื™ื ื™ื ื›ืžื• ื” ืืœื•ืŸ ื ื™ืฆื ื™ (Quercus robur) ื•ืืช ืืœื•ืŸ ื™ื•ืฉื‘ื™ื (Quercus petraea). ื ื’ื™ืขื•ืช ื‘ืขืฆื™ื ืืœื• ืขืœื•ืœื” ืœื”ื•ื‘ื™ืœ ืœื ืคื™ืœื” ืžืฉืžืขื•ืชื™ืช, ื•ืœื”ืฉืื™ืจ ืืช ื”ืืœื•ื ื™ื ืคื’ื™ืขื™ื ื•ื ื—ืœืฉื™ื, ื“ื‘ืจ ื”ืคื•ื’ืข ื‘ื™ื›ื•ืœืช ื”ื”ื—ืœืžื” ืฉืœื”ื ื•ืžื’ื‘ื™ืจ ืืช ืจื’ื™ืฉื•ืชื ืœืžื–ื™ืงื™ื ื•ืคืชื•ืœื•ื’ื™ื•ืช ืื—ืจื•ืช.

ื”ืฉืคืขื” ืกื‘ื™ื‘ืชื™ืช ื•ื›ืœื›ืœื™ืช

ื”ืฉืคืขืช ื”ื–ื—ืœื™ื ืขืœ ืขืฆื™ื ืืœื• ืื™ื ื” ืžื•ื’ื‘ืœืช ืœื‘ืจื™ืื•ืช ื”ืฆืžื—. ื”ื•ื ื›ื•ืœืœ ื’ื ื”ืฉืœื›ื•ืช ืกื‘ื™ื‘ืชื™ื•ืช ืจื—ื‘ื•ืช ื™ื•ืชืจ ื›ืžื• ื”ืงื˜ื ืช ื”ืžื’ื•ื•ืŸ ื”ื‘ื™ื•ืœื•ื’ื™ ื•ื”ืฉืคืขื•ืช ืฉืœื™ืœื™ื•ืช ืขืœ ืžืขืจื›ื•ืช ืืงื•ืœื•ื’ื™ื•ืช ืฉืœ ื™ืขืจ. ืžื‘ื—ื™ื ื” ื›ืœื›ืœื™ืช, ืขืฆื™ื ืฉื ืคื’ืขื• ืขืœื•ืœื™ื ืœืื‘ื“ ืืช ืขืจื›ื ื”ืžืกื—ืจื™ ื•ื”ืขืœื•ื™ื•ืช ืฉืœ ื ื™ื”ื•ืœ ื ื’ื™ืขื•ืช ืขืฉื•ื™ื•ืช ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ื ื™ื›ืจื•ืช ืขื‘ื•ืจ ืงื”ื™ืœื•ืช ื•ื‘ืขืœื™ ืงืจืงืขื•ืช ืคืจื˜ื™ื™ื.

ืžื ื™ืขื” ื•ื ื™ื”ื•ืœ ืกื™ื›ื•ื ื™ื

ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ื™ืœื—ื ื‘ื”ืชืคืฉื˜ื•ืช ื–ื—ืœื™ื ืžืชื”ืœื›ื™ื, ื—ื™ื•ื ื™ ืœืขืงื•ื‘ ื‘ืื•ืคืŸ ืงื‘ื•ืข ืื—ืจ ื‘ืจื™ืื•ืชื ืฉืœ ืขืฆื™ื ืฉืขืœื•ืœื™ื ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ื ื’ื•ืขื™ื. ื”ืฉืชืžืฉ ื‘ืฉื™ื˜ื•ืช ื”ื“ื‘ืจื” ืžืฉื•ืœื‘ื•ืช, ื›ื’ื•ืŸ ื”ืชืงื ืช ืžืœื›ื•ื“ื•ืช ืคืจื•ืžื•ื ื™ื ื•ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ ื‘ื˜ื•ืจืคื™ื ื˜ื‘ืขื™ื™ื ื›ื’ื•ืŸ ืฆื™ืคื•ืจื™ื ื•ื—ืจืงื™ื ืžืกื•ื™ืžื™ื. ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ ื‘ื˜ื›ื ื™ืงื•ืช ื‘ื™ื•ืœื•ื’ื™ื•ืช ื›ื’ื•ืŸ ืจื™ืกื•ืก Bacillus Thuringia (Btk) ื™ื›ื•ืœ ื’ื ืœื”ืคื—ื™ืช ืื•ื›ืœื•ืกื™ื•ืช ื–ื—ืœ ืžื‘ืœื™ ืœืคื’ื•ืข ื‘ืžืขืจื›ืช ื”ืืงื•ืœื•ื’ื™ืช.

ืžืกืงื ื”: ืงืจื™ืื” ืœืคืขื•ืœื”

ื ื™ื”ื•ืœ ื™ื–ื•ื ืฉืœ ืื•ื›ืœื•ืกื™ื•ืช ื–ื—ืœื™ื ืžืชื”ืœื›ื™ื ื—ื™ื•ื ื™ ืœื”ื’ื ื” ืขืœ ื”ืขืฆื™ื ื•ื”ื™ืขืจื•ืช ืฉืœื ื•. ืฉื™ืชื•ืฃ ืคืขื•ืœื” ื‘ื™ืŸ ืžื•ืžื—ื™ื, ืจืฉื•ื™ื•ืช ืžืงื•ืžื™ื•ืช ื•ืื–ืจื—ื™ื ื”ื•ื ื—ื™ื•ื ื™ ืœืคื™ืชื•ื— ืืกื˜ืจื˜ื’ื™ื•ืช ืžื ื™ืขื” ื•ื‘ืงืจื” ื™ืขื™ืœื•ืช. ื™ื—ื“, ื ื•ื›ืœ ืœืคืขื•ืœ ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ื’ืŸ ืขืœ ื”ืฉื˜ื—ื™ื ื”ื™ืจื•ืงื™ื ืฉืœื ื• ืขื‘ื•ืจ ื”ื“ื•ืจื•ืช ื”ื‘ืื™ื.