ื›ื™ืฆื“ ื‘ื•ื—ืจื™ื ืงื•ื˜ืœ ืขื‘ื™ืจื” ืžืงืฆื•ืขื™ ื™ืขื™ืœ ื•ื‘ื˜ื•ื—?

ื‘ื—ื™ืจืช ืงื•ื˜ืœ ืขื‘ื™ืจื” ืžืงืฆื•ืขื™ ืฉื”ื•ื ื’ื ื™ืขื™ืœ ื•ื’ื ื‘ื˜ื•ื— ืžื”ื•ื•ื” ืืชื’ืจ ื’ื“ื•ืœ ื‘ืฉืžื™ืจื” ืขืœ ื‘ืจื™ืื•ืช ื”ื‘ื™ืช ืฉืœืš. ื‘ื™ืŸ ื”ื ื™ืกื•ื—ื™ื ื”ืฉื•ื ื™ื, ื“ืจื›ื™ ื”ืคืขื•ืœื” ื•ืชืงื ื™ ื”ื‘ื˜ื™ื—ื•ืช, ื”ืืคืฉืจื•ืช ื”ืžืชืื™ืžื” ื™ื›ื•ืœื” ืœื”ื™ืจืื•ืช ืžื•ืจื›ื‘ืช ืœืงื‘ื™ืขื”. ืžืืžืจ ื–ื” ื™ื“ืจื™ืš ืื•ืชืš ื‘ืงืจื™ื˜ืจื™ื•ื ื™ื ื”ืžื›ืจื™ืขื™ื ื”ืžื’ื“ื™ืจื™ื ืจืขืœ ืขื›ื‘ืจื™ื ื‘ืื™ื›ื•ืช ืžืงืฆื•ืขื™ืช, ื•ืžืืคืฉืจ ืœืš ืœื‘ืฆืข ื‘ื—ื™ืจื” ืžื•ืฉื›ืœืช ื•ืื—ืจืื™ืช ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ื’ืŸ ืขืœ ืžืจื—ื‘ ื”ืžื—ื™ื” ืฉืœืš ืžืคื ื™ ืžื–ื™ืงื™ื, ืชื•ืš ื”ื‘ื˜ื—ืช ืจื•ื•ื—ืช ื”ืกื‘ื™ื‘ื” ืฉืœืš ื•ืฉืœ ื™ืงื™ืจื™ื›ื. .

ื”ื‘ืŸ ืืช ื”ืžืืคื™ื™ื ื™ื ืฉืœ ืงื•ื˜ืœ ืขื‘ื™ืจื” ืžืงืฆื•ืขื™

ื”ื“ื‘ืจืช ืžื›ืจืกืžื™ื ื™ืขื™ืœื” ื•ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ ืื—ืจืื™ ื‘ ืจืขืœ ืขื›ื‘ืจื™ื ื—ื™ื•ื ื™ื™ื ืœืฉืžื™ืจื” ืขืœ ื‘ื˜ื™ื—ื•ืช ื•ื”ื™ื’ื™ื™ื ื” ืกื‘ื™ื‘ ื‘ืชื™ื ื•. ืžื“ืจื™ืš ืžืขืฉื™ ื–ื” ืžืชืžืงื“ ื‘ืจืขืœื™ ืขื›ื‘ืจื™ื ืžืงืฆื•ืขื™ื™ื ื•ื™ืกืคืง ืœื›ื ืžื™ื“ืข ืจื‘ ืขืจืš ืœืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ ืžื™ื˜ื‘ื™.

ื‘ื—ื™ืจืช ืงื•ื˜ืœ ื”ืขื‘ื™ืจื” ื”ื ื›ื•ืŸ

ืงื•ื“ื ื›ืœ, ื—ืฉื•ื‘ ืœื‘ื—ื•ืจ ื ืจืขืœ ืขื›ื‘ืจื™ื ืžืงืฆื•ืขื™ ืžื•ืชืื ืœืกื‘ื™ื‘ื” ื•ืœื”ื™ืงืฃ ื”ื ื’ื™ืขื•ืช. ื”ืžื•ืฆืจื™ื ื”ื–ืžื™ื ื™ื ืžื•ื‘ื—ื ื™ื ืขืœ ืคื™ ืฆื•ืจืชื (ื’ืจื’ืจื™ื, ืžืฉื—ื•ืช, ื‘ืœื•ืงื™ื), ื”ืขื™ืงืจื•ืŸ ื”ืคืขื™ืœ ืฉืœื”ื ื•ืื•ืคืŸ ืคืขื•ืœืชื. ื”ืขื“ื™ืคื• ื ื•ื’ื“ื™ ืงืจื™ืฉื” ืžื”ื“ื•ืจ ื”ืฉื ื™ ื‘ืฉืœ ื™ืขื™ืœื•ืชื ื”ืžื•ื’ื‘ืจืช, ืืš ืชืžื™ื“ ื‘ืžืกื’ืจืช ืชืงื ื•ืช ืžื—ืžื™ืจื•ืช ืœืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ ืฉืื™ื ื• ืžื–ื™ืง ืœืกื‘ื™ื‘ื”.

ืคืจื•ื˜ื•ืงื•ืœื™ ืื‘ื˜ื—ื” ื•ื™ื™ืฉื•ืžื™ื

ื‘ื˜ื™ื—ื•ืช ื”ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ ื‘ ืจืขืœ ืขื›ื‘ืจื™ื ื–ื” ื—ื™ื•ื ื™. ืœืœื‘ื•ืฉ ืชืžื™ื“ ื›ืคืคื•ืช ื•ืžืกื›ื” ื‘ืขืช ื”ื˜ื™ืคื•ืœ. ื”ืจื—ืง ืืช ื”ืžื•ืฆืจ ืžื”ื™ืฉื’ ื™ื“ื ืฉืœ ื™ืœื“ื™ื ื•ื—ื™ื•ืช ืžื—ืžื“. ื›ืžื• ื›ืŸ, ื”ืงืคื“ ืœืขืงื•ื‘ ืื—ืจ ื”ืžื™ื ื•ื ื™ื ื”ืžื•ืžืœืฆื™ื ื•ืœื”ืฉืชืžืฉ ื‘ื—ื•ืžืจื™ ืขื‘ื™ืจื” ื‘ืชื—ื ื•ืช ืคื™ืชื™ื•ืŸ ืžืื•ื‘ื˜ื—ื•ืช, ืžื” ืฉืžื’ื‘ื™ืœ ืืช ื”ืกื™ื›ื•ืŸ ืœื—ืฉื™ืคื” ืœืื ืฉื™ื ืฉืื™ื ื ืžื˜ืจื” ื•ื—ื™ื•ืช ื‘ืจ.

ื–ื™ื”ื•ื™ ืื–ื•ืจื™ื ืงืจื™ื˜ื™ื™ื

ื™ืขื™ืœื•ืช ืžื—ื™ื™ื‘ืช ื–ื™ื”ื•ื™ ื˜ื•ื‘ ืฉืœ ืื–ื•ืจื™ ื ื’ื™ืขื•ืช. ื—ืคืฉื• ืกื™ืžื ื™ื ืœื ื•ื›ื—ื•ืช ืžื›ืจืกืžื™ื ื›ืžื• ื’ืœืœื™ื, ืขืงื‘ื•ืช ืฉืœ ื—ื˜ื™ืคื™ื ืื• ืืคื™ืœื• ืงื ื™ื. ื”ื ื— ืคื™ืชื™ื•ื ื•ืช ื‘ืžืงื•ืžื•ืช ืืกื˜ืจื˜ื’ื™ื™ื, ืฉื‘ื”ื ืคืขื™ืœื•ืช ื”ืžื›ืจืกืžื™ื ื”ื™ื ื”ื’ื“ื•ืœื” ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ, ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ื‘ื˜ื™ื— ื—ื™ืกื•ืœ ืžื”ื™ืจ ื•ืœืžื ื•ืข ื”ืชืคืฉื˜ื•ืช.

ื ื™ื˜ื•ืจ ื•ืชื—ื–ื•ืงื”

ืœืื—ืจ ื™ื™ืฉื•ื ืงื•ื˜ืœื™ ืจืฆื™ื—ื•ืช, ื ื™ื˜ื•ืจ ืงื‘ื•ืข ืฉืœ ืคื™ืชื™ื•ื ื•ืช ื•ืžืœื›ื•ื“ื•ืช ื”ื•ื ื—ื™ื•ื ื™. ื–ื” ืžืืคืฉืจ ืœื”ื‘ื˜ื™ื— ืืช ืฆืจื™ื›ืชื ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ืžื›ืจืกืžื™ื ื•ืœื”ื—ืœื™ืฃ ืืช ื”ืคื™ืชื™ื•ืŸ ื”ื ืฆืจืš. ื‘ื ื•ืกืฃ, ื”ื ื™ื˜ื•ืจ ืžืืคืฉืจ ืœื–ื”ื•ืช ื›ืœ ืคืขื™ืœื•ืช ื—ื“ืฉื” ื•ืœื ืงื•ื˜ ื‘ืžื”ื™ืจื•ืช ื‘ืืžืฆืขื™ ืชื™ืงื•ืŸ ื‘ืžื™ื“ืช ื”ืฆื•ืจืš.

ื ื™ื”ื•ืœ ืื—ืจืื™ ืฉืœ ื’ื•ืคื•ืช ืžื›ืจืกืžื™ื

ื˜ื™ืคื•ืœ ื‘ื’ื•ืคื•ืช ืžื›ืจืกืžื™ื ื“ื•ืจืฉ ืชืฉื•ืžืช ืœื‘ ืžื™ื•ื—ื“ืช. ืœื‘ืฉ ื›ืคืคื•ืช ื•ื”ื ื— ืืช ื”ืคืกื•ืœืช ื‘ืฉืงื™ื•ืช ืื˜ื•ืžื•ืช ืœืคื ื™ ื”ืฉืœื›ืชื ื‘ื”ืชืื ืœืชืงื ื•ืช ื”ืžืงื•ืžื™ื•ืช. ื–ื” ืžื•ื ืข ืืช ื”ืชืคืฉื˜ื•ืช ื”ืžื—ืœื” ื•ืžื‘ื˜ื™ื— ืžื™ื’ื•ืจ ื”ื™ื’ื™ื™ื ื™ ืžื–ื™ืงื™ื.

ื›ื‘ื“ ืืช ื”ืกื‘ื™ื‘ื”

ืขื‘ื•ืจ ื‘ืขืœื™ ื‘ืชื™ื ืžื•ื“ืขื™ื ืœืกื‘ื™ื‘ื”, ื—ืฉื•ื‘ ืœื‘ื—ื•ืจ ืงื•ื˜ืœื™ ืžื›ืจืกืžื™ื ืขื ื”ืฉืคืขื” ืืงื•ืœื•ื’ื™ืช ืžื•ืคื—ืชืช. ืชืขื“ื™ืคื• ืื•ืชื ืžื•ืฆืจื™ื ืžืชื›ืœื™ื ืื• ื›ืืœื” ืฉื”ืฉืคืขืชื ืžื•ื’ื‘ืœืช ืœืžื™ืงื•ื“ ืงืคื“ื ื™ ืฉืœ ืžื›ืจืกืžื™ื, ืชื•ืš ื”ืคื—ืชืช ื”ืกื™ื›ื•ืŸ ืœืžื’ื•ื•ืŸ ื”ื‘ื™ื•ืœื•ื’ื™ ื”ืžืงื•ืžื™. ื›ืžื• ื›ืŸ, ืžื•ืžืœืฅ ืœื”ืขืจื™ืš ื—ืœื•ืคื•ืช ืฉืื™ื ืŸ ื›ื™ืžื™ื•ืช ื›ื’ื•ืŸ ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ ื‘ืžืœื›ื•ื“ื•ืช ืžื›ืจืกืžื™ื ืื• ืฉื™ื˜ื•ืช ืœืžื ื™ืขืช ื”ื“ื‘ืงื”.

ืžืกืงื ื” ื•ื”ืžืœืฆื•ืช

ื‘ืกื•ืคื• ืฉืœ ื“ื‘ืจ, ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ ืžื•ืฉื›ืœ ื•ืงืคื“ื ื™ ื‘ื—ื•ืžืจื™ ืงื•ื˜ืœื™ ืžื›ืจืกืžื™ื ืžืงืฆื•ืขื™ื™ื ื—ื™ื•ื ื™ ืœื”ืขืœืžืช ืžื–ื™ืงื™ื ื‘ื™ืขื™ืœื•ืช ืชื•ืš ืฉืžื™ืจื” ืขืœ ื”ื‘ืจื™ืื•ืช ื•ื”ืกื‘ื™ื‘ื”. ืืœ ืชื—ืกื›ื• ื‘ืืžืฆืขื™ ื–ื”ื™ืจื•ืช ื•ืืœ ืชื”ืกืกื• ืœื”ืชื™ื™ืขืฅ ืขื ืื™ืฉ ืžืงืฆื•ืข ืœืงื‘ืœืช ื™ื™ืขื•ืฅ ื”ืžื•ืชืื ืœืžืฆื‘ื›ื. ืขื ืชื•ื›ื ื™ืช ืคืขื•ืœื” ืžื•ื‘ื ื™ืช ื”ื™ื˜ื‘, ืชื•ื›ืœื• ืœืžืฆื•ื ืฉืงื˜ ื ืคืฉื™ ื•ื‘ื™ืช ื ืงื™ ืžืžื–ื™ืงื™ื.

ื”ืงืจื™ื˜ืจื™ื•ื ื™ื ื”ื—ื™ื•ื ื™ื™ื ืœื”ืจืก ื™ืขื™ืœ

ื”ื™ืžืฆืื•ืช ืžื›ืจืกืžื™ื ื‘ื‘ื™ืช ืื• ื‘ืžื‘ื ื” ืžืงืฆื•ืขื™ ืขืœื•ืœื” ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืžืงื•ืจ ืœืื™ ื ื•ื—ื•ืช ื•ืกื›ื ื•ืช ื‘ืจื™ืื•ืชื™ื•ืช. ืœื›ืŸ ื—ืฉื•ื‘ ืœื‘ื—ื•ืจ ื ืจืขืœ ืขื›ื‘ืจื™ื ืžืงืฆื•ืขื™ ืžืกื•ื’ืœ ืœื—ืกืœ ืืช ื”ืžื–ื™ืงื™ื ื”ืœืœื• ื‘ื™ืขื™ืœื•ืช ื•ื‘ืงื™ื™ืžื•ืช. ืœื”ืœืŸ ื”ืงืจื™ื˜ืจื™ื•ื ื™ื ื”ื—ื™ื•ื ื™ื™ื ืœื”ื‘ื˜ื—ืช ื™ืขื™ืœื•ืชื• ืฉืœ ืงื•ื˜ืœ ืขื‘ื™ืจื” ืžืงืฆื•ืขื™.

ืคื•ืจืžื•ืœืฆื™ื” ื•ืžืจื›ื™ื‘ ืคืขื™ืœ

ืฉื ืชืจื›ื•ื‘ืช ื›ื™ืžื™ืช ืฉืœ ืจืขืœ ืขื›ื‘ืจื™ื ื”ื•ื ื”ืื™ื ื“ื™ืงื˜ื•ืจ ื”ืจืืฉื•ืŸ ืœื™ืขื™ืœื•ืชื•. ื”ื•ื ื—ื™ื™ื‘ ืœื”ื›ื™ืœ ื ืจื›ื™ื‘ ืคืขื™ืœ ื™ื“ื•ืข ื‘ื™ื›ื•ืœืชื• ืœื—ืกืœ ืžื›ืจืกืžื™ื ื‘ืžื”ื™ืจื•ืช. ื ื•ื’ื“ื™ ืงืจื™ืฉื” ื›ืžื• ื‘ืจื•ืžื“ื™ื•ืœื•ืŸ ื•ื“ื™ืคื ืงื•ื ื™ืขื™ืœื™ื ื‘ืžื™ื•ื—ื“ ืžื›ื™ื•ื•ืŸ ืฉื”ื ืžื•ื ืขื™ื ืงืจื™ืฉืช ื“ื ืฉืœ ืžื›ืจืกืžื™ื, ืžื” ืฉืžื•ื‘ื™ืœ ืœืžื•ืชื ืชื•ืš ืžืกืคืจ ื™ืžื™ื ืžื”ื‘ืœื™ืขื”. ื›ืš ื ืžื ืข ื’ื ื—ื•ืกืจ ืืžื•ืŸ ื‘ื‘ื ื™ ืžื™ื ื• ืฉืื™ื ื ื™ื•ืฆืจื™ื ืžื™ื“ ืืช ื”ืงืฉืจ ื‘ื™ืŸ ืžืงื•ืจ ื”ืžื–ื•ืŸ ืœืชืžื•ืชื” ื‘ืงื‘ื•ืฆืชื.

ื”ื˜ืขื™ืžื•ืช ื•ื”ืฆื•ืจื” ืฉืœ ื”ืžื•ืฆืจ

ื”ืฆืœื—ืชื• ืฉืœ ืงื•ื˜ืœ ืขื‘ื™ืจื” ืชืœื•ื™ื” ื’ื ื‘ื” ืชึตืึธื‘ื•ึนืŸ, ื›ืœื•ืžืจ ื”ื™ื›ื•ืœืช ืฉืœื• ืœืžืฉื•ืš ืขื›ื‘ืจื•ืฉื™ื. ืจืขืœ ืขื›ื‘ืจื™ื ื˜ื•ื‘ ื—ื™ื™ื‘ ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืžืกื•ื’ืœ ืœื”ืชื—ืจื•ืช ืขื ืžืงื•ืจื•ืช ืžื–ื•ืŸ ืื—ืจื™ื. ืœื›ืŸ ื—ื™ื•ื ื™ ืœื‘ื—ื•ืจ ืžื•ืฆืจ ื‘ืขืœ ื˜ืขืžื™ื ื ื‘ื“ืง ื•ืžืื•ืฉืจ. ื™ืชืจ ืขืœ ื›ืŸ, ื” ืฆื•ืจืช ื”ืžื•ืฆืจ (ื’ืจื’ืจื™ื, ืžืฉื—ื•ืช, ื‘ืœื•ืงื™ื) ื™ืฉ ืœื”ืชืื™ื ืœื”ืชื ื”ื’ื•ืช ื”ืžื›ืจืกืžื™ื ื”ืžืžื•ืงื“ื™ื ื•ื›ืŸ ืœืžืงื•ืžื•ืช ื”ื ื’ื™ืขื•ืช ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ื‘ื˜ื™ื— ืฆืจื™ื›ื” ืžื™ื˜ื‘ื™ืช.

ืขืžื™ื“ื•ืช ืœืชื ืื™ ืžื–ื’ ื”ืื•ื™ืจ

ื‘ื”ืงืฉืจ ื”ืžืงืฆื•ืขื™, ืœืขืชื™ื ืงืจื•ื‘ื•ืช ื™ืฉ ืœื”ืฉืชืžืฉ ื‘ื—ื•ืžืจ ืจืฆื™ื“ ื”ืŸ ื‘ืคื ื™ื ื•ื”ืŸ ื‘ื—ื•ืฅ. ืœื›ืŸ, ื—ืฉื•ื‘ ืœื‘ื—ื•ืจ ืžื•ืฆืจ ืขืžื™ื“ ื‘ืคื ื™ ืžื–ื’ ืื•ื•ื™ืจ. ืขืœื™ื• ืœืฉืžื•ืจ ืขืœ ื™ืขื™ืœื•ืชื• ื’ื ื‘ืžืงืจื” ืฉืœ ื’ืฉื, ืœื—ื•ืช ืื• ืฉื™ื ื•ื™ื™ ื˜ืžืคืจื˜ื•ืจื”. ืงื•ื˜ืœื™ ืžื›ืจืกืžื™ื ื“ื•ื—ื™ื ืžื™ื ืื• ืžื•ื‘ืœืขื™ื ื”ื ื‘ืขืœื™ ื™ืชืจื•ืŸ ื‘ืจื•ืจ ืœืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ ื‘ืกื‘ื™ื‘ื•ืช ืœื—ื•ืช ืื• ืžืฉืชื ื•ืช.

ืขืžื™ื“ื” ื‘ืชืงื ื™ ื‘ื˜ื™ื—ื•ืช

ื‘ื˜ื™ื—ื•ืช ื”ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ ื”ื™ื ื’ื ืงืจื™ื˜ืจื™ื•ืŸ ืžืฉืžืขื•ืชื™. ืจืฆื— ืžืงืฆื•ืขื™ ื—ื™ื™ื‘ ืœืขืžื•ื“ ื‘ื“ืจื™ืฉื•ืช ืชืงื ื™ ื‘ื˜ื™ื—ื•ืช ื‘ืชื•ืงืฃ ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ืคื—ื™ืช ืืช ื”ืกื™ื›ื•ืŸ ืœื”ืจืขืœืช ื‘ืขืœื™ ื—ื™ื™ื ืื• ื‘ื ื™ ืื“ื ืฉืื™ื ื ืžื˜ืจื”. ืœื›ืŸ ื—ืฉื•ื‘ ืฉื”ืžื•ืฆืจ ื™ืœื•ื•ื” ื‘ืชื™ืขื•ื“ ื‘ืจื•ืจ ืœื’ื‘ื™ ื”ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ ื‘ื• ื•ืฉื™ื”ื™ื” ืชื•ืื ืœืžืขืจื›ื•ืช ืื‘ื˜ื—ื”, ื›ืžื• ืงื•ืคืกืื•ืช ืคื™ืชื™ื•ืŸ ืžืื•ื‘ื˜ื—ื•ืช.

ื”ืฉืคืขื” ืกื‘ื™ื‘ืชื™ืช ื•ืืงื•ื˜ื•ืงืกื™ืงื•ืœื•ื’ื™ื”

ืงื•ื˜ืœ ืขื‘ื™ืจื” ืžืงืฆื•ืขื™ ื—ื™ื™ื‘ ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ื’ื ื™ื“ื™ื“ื•ืชื™ ืœืกื‘ื™ื‘ื”. ืœื›ืŸ, ื™ืฉ ืฆื•ืจืš ืœืงื—ืช ื‘ื—ืฉื‘ื•ืŸ ืฉืœื” ื”ืฉืคืขื” ืืงื•ืœื•ื’ื™ืช ื•ืœื”ื‘ื˜ื™ื— ืฉืœื ืชื”ื™ื” ืœื• ื”ืฉืคืขื” ืžื–ื™ืงื” ืขืœ ื”ื—ื™ ื•ื”ืฆื•ืžื— ืฉืžืกื‘ื™ื‘. ื”ืจืขื™ื•ืŸ ืฉืœืืงื•ื˜ื•ืงืกื™ืงื•ืœื•ื’ื™ื” ืžืงื‘ืœ ื›ืืŸ ืืช ืžืฉืžืขื•ืชื• ื”ืžืœืื”, ื•ืจืขืœ ืขื›ื‘ืจื™ื ื”ื ื•ืฉืื™ื ืชื•ื•ื™ื•ืช ืื• ืื™ืฉื•ืจื™ื ืืงื•ืœื•ื’ื™ื™ื ืžืฆื™ืขื™ื ืขืจื•ื‘ื” ื ื•ืกืคืช ืœื”ืฉืคืขืชื ื”ืžื‘ื•ืงืจืช ืขืœ ื”ืžืขืจื›ืช ื”ืืงื•ืœื•ื’ื™ืช.

ืงื™ื™ืžื•ืช ืฉืœ ืคืขื•ืœื”

ืœื‘ืกื•ืฃ, ื”ื”ืฉืคืขื” ื”ืžืชืžืฉื›ืช ืฉืœ ืจืขืœ ืขื›ื‘ืจื™ื ื—ื™ื•ื ื™ืช ื›ื“ื™ ืœืžื ื•ืข ื”ื“ื‘ืงื” ืžื”ื™ืจื” ืžื—ื“ืฉ. ืžื•ืฆืจ ื‘ืขืœ ื˜ื•ื•ื— ืืจื•ืš ื™ืขื–ื•ืจ ืœืฉืžื•ืจ ืขืœ ืื–ื•ืจื™ื ื ืงื™ื™ื ืžืžื›ืจืกืžื™ื ืœืคืจืงื™ ื–ืžืŸ ืืจื•ื›ื™ื ื™ื•ืชืจ. ื–ื” ื›ืจื•ืš ืœืขืชื™ื ืงืจื•ื‘ื•ืช ื‘ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ ื‘ื—ื•ืžืจื™ ืขื‘ื™ืจื” ื”ืคื•ืขืœื™ื ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ื”ืฉืคืขื” ืžืฆื˜ื‘ืจืช, ื”ื“ื•ืจืฉื™ื ืคื—ื•ืช ื™ื™ืฉื•ื ืžื—ื“ืฉ ื•ื‘ื›ืš ืžื‘ื˜ื™ื— ื”ื’ื ื” ืžืชืžื“ืช ื‘ื˜ื•ื•ื— ื”ืืจื•ืš.

ื‘ืงื™ืฆื•ืจ, ืงื•ื˜ืœ ืขื‘ื™ืจื” ืžืงืฆื•ืขื™ ื™ืขื™ืœ ื™ื”ื™ื” ื›ื–ื” ื”ืžืฉืœื‘ ืืช ื”ืžืจื›ื™ื‘ื™ื ื”ืฉื•ื ื™ื ื”ืœืœื•: ื—ื•ืžืจ ืคืขื™ืœ ื‘ืขืœ ื‘ื™ืฆื•ืขื™ื ื’ื‘ื•ื”ื™ื, ื˜ืขื™ื ื’ื‘ื•ื”, ืฆื•ืจื” ืžืชืื™ืžื”, ื™ืฆื™ื‘ื•ืช ืœืชื ืื™ื ื—ื™ืฆื•ื ื™ื™ื, ืขืžื™ื“ื” ื‘ืชืงื ื™ ื‘ื˜ื™ื—ื•ืช, ื›ื™ื‘ื•ื“ ื”ืกื‘ื™ื‘ื” ื•ืคืขื•ืœื” ืœืื•ืจืš ื–ืžืŸ. ื‘ื—ื™ืจืช ืงื•ื˜ืœ ืขื‘ื™ืจื” ืฉืขื•ืžื“ ื‘ืงืจื™ื˜ืจื™ื•ื ื™ื ืืœื• ืชื”ื™ื” ืขืจื•ื‘ื” ืœื”ื“ื‘ืจืช ืžื›ืจืกืžื™ื ืžื•ืฆืœื—ืช.

ื”ืกื•ื’ื™ื ื”ืฉื•ื ื™ื ืฉืœ ืงื•ื˜ืœื™ ืžื›ืจืกืžื™ื ื”ืงื™ื™ืžื™ื ื‘ืฉื•ืง

ื‘ืžืื‘ืง ื ื’ื“ ืžื›ืจืกืžื™ื ืžื–ื™ืงื™ื, ื”ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ ื‘ ืงื•ื˜ืœื™ ืžื›ืจืกืžื™ื ืžืงืฆื•ืขื™ื™ื ืœืขืชื™ื ืงืจื•ื‘ื•ืช ืžืชื’ืœื” ื›ื‘ืœืชื™ ื ืžื ืข. ื—ื•ืžืจื™ื ืืœื•, ืฉื ื•ืขื“ื• ืœื—ืกืœ ื—ื•ืœื“ื•ืช ื•ืขื›ื‘ืจื™ื, ืžืกื•ื•ื’ื™ื ืœืžืกืคืจ ืงื˜ื’ื•ืจื™ื•ืช ืœืคื™ ืื•ืคืŸ ืคืขื•ืœืชื ื•ื ื™ืกื•ื—ื. ื—ืฉื•ื‘ ืœื”ื“ื’ื™ืฉ ื›ื™ ืžืื– 1 ื‘ื™ื•ืœื™ 2015, ื” Certibiocide ื”ืคืš ืœื–ื›ื•ืช ื—ื•ืงื™ืช ืœื›ืœ ืžื™ ืฉืจื•ืฆื” ืœื”ืฉืชืžืฉ ืื• ืœื”ืคื™ืฅ ื‘ื™ื•ืฆื™ื“ื™ื, ืชื•ืš ืฉื™ืžืช ื“ื’ืฉ ื—ื–ืง ืขืœ ื‘ื˜ื™ื—ื•ืช ื•ืžืงืฆื•ืขื™ื•ืช ื‘ื˜ื™ืคื•ืœ ื‘ืžื•ืฆืจื™ื ืืœื•.

ื ื•ื’ื“ื™ ืงืจื™ืฉื” ื ื’ื“ ืงืจื™ืฉื”

ืงื•ื˜ืœื™ ืžื›ืจืกืžื™ื ื ื•ื’ื“ื™ ืงืจื™ืฉื” ื”ื ืžื”ื ืคื•ืฅ ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ื‘ืฉื•ืง ื”ืžืงืฆื•ืขื™. ื”ื ืคื•ืขืœื™ื ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ืฉื™ื‘ื•ืฉ ื™ื›ื•ืœืช ืงืจื™ืฉืช ื”ื“ื, ื•ื‘ื›ืš ื’ื•ืจืžื™ื ืœื“ื™ืžื•ื ืคื ื™ืžื™ ืืฆืœ ื”ืžื›ืจืกื. ืžื•ืฆืจื™ื ืืœื” ื“ื•ืจืฉื™ื ื‘ืœื™ืขื” ื—ื•ื–ืจืช ืขืœ ืžื ืช ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ื™ืขื™ืœื”, ืžืขื•ื“ื“ื™ื ืžื•ื•ืช ื”ื“ืจื’ืชื™ ื•ืœื›ืŸ ืžืคื—ื™ืชื™ื ืืช ื”ืกื™ื›ื•ืŸ ืœื”ื•ืคืขืช ื—ื•ืกืจ ืืžื•ืŸ ื‘ืงืจื‘ ื—ื‘ืจื™ ื”ืžื•ืฉื‘ื” ื”ืื—ืจื™ื. ืจืขืœื™ ืขื›ื‘ืจื™ื ืืœื• ืžื’ื™ืขื™ื ื‘ืฉื ื™ ื“ื•ืจื•ืช: ื”ืจืืฉื•ืŸ, ื™ืฉืŸ ื™ื•ืชืจ ื•ืœืขื™ืชื™ื ืคื—ื•ืช ื™ืขื™ืœ ื ื’ื“ ื”ืชื ื’ื“ื•ื™ื•ืช ืžืกื•ื™ืžื•ืช, ื•ื”ืฉื ื™, ืขื“ื›ื ื™ ื•ื—ื–ืง ื™ื•ืชืจ, ืฉืžื•ืจ ืœืจื•ื‘ ืœืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ ืžืงืฆื•ืขื™ ืœืžื”ื“ืจื™ืŸ.

ืงื•ื˜ืœื™ ืžื›ืจืกืžื™ื ืฉืื™ื ื ื ื•ื’ื“ื™ ืงืจื™ืฉื”

ืœืฆื“ ื ื•ื’ื“ื™ ืงืจื™ืฉื”, ืื ื• ืžื•ืฆืื™ื ืงื•ื˜ืœื™ ืžื›ืจืกืžื™ื ืฉืื™ื ื ื ื•ื’ื“ื™ ืงืจื™ืฉื”. ืžื•ืฆืจื™ื ืืœื• ืคื•ืขืœื™ื ื‘ืฆื•ืจื” ืฉื•ื ื” ื•ืœืขื™ืชื™ื ืžืฉืžืฉื™ื ื›ื—ืœื•ืคื” ื›ืืฉืจ ืœืžื›ืจืกืžื™ื ื™ืฉ ืขืžื™ื“ื•ืช ืœื ื•ื’ื“ื™ ืงืจื™ืฉื”. ื—ื•ืžืจื™ื ืืœื• ื™ื›ื•ืœื™ื ืœืคืขื•ืœ ืขืœ ืžืขืจื›ืช ื”ืขืฆื‘ื™ื ืฉืœ ื”ืžื›ืจืกื ืื• ืœื’ืจื•ื ืœื—ื•ืกืจ ืื™ื–ื•ืŸ ืกื™ื“ืŸ ื‘ื’ื•ืฃ, ืžื” ืฉืžื•ื‘ื™ืœ ื‘ืžื”ื™ืจื•ืช ืœืžื•ื•ืช.

ืงื•ื˜ืœื™ ืจืฆื— ื˜ื‘ืขื™ื™ื

ื”ืชืงื“ืžื•ืช ื”ืจื’ื•ืœืฆื™ื” ื•ื”ืฆื•ืจืš ื‘ ื”ื“ื‘ืจื” ื™ื“ื™ื“ื•ืชื™ืช ืœืกื‘ื™ื‘ื” ื”ื•ื‘ื™ืœ ืœื”ื•ืคืขืช ืจืขืœ ืขื›ื‘ืจื™ื ื˜ื‘ืขื™. ืžื•ืฆืจื™ื ืืœื” ืžืฉืชืžืฉื™ื ื‘ืžืจื›ื™ื‘ื™ื ืฉืคื—ื•ืช ืžื–ื™ืงื™ื ืœื‘ื ื™ ืื“ื ื•ืœืžืขืจื›ืช ื”ืืงื•ืœื•ื’ื™ืช ืชื•ืš ืฉื”ื ื ืฉืืจื™ื ื™ืขื™ืœื™ื ื ื’ื“ ืžื›ืจืกืžื™ื. ืขื ื–ืืช, ื—ื™ื•ื ื™ ืœืฆื™ื™ืŸ ื›ื™ ื’ื ืื ืชืžื™ืกื•ืช ืืœื• ื”ืŸ ืžืžืงื•ืจ ื˜ื‘ืขื™, ื”ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ ื‘ื”ืŸ ื—ื™ื™ื‘ ืœื”ื™ืขืฉื•ืช ื‘ื–ื”ื™ืจื•ืช ื•ื‘ื™ื“ืข.

ืงื•ื˜ืœื™ Raticide ื‘ืฆื•ืจื” ืฉืœ ื‘ืœื•ืงื™ื ืื• ื’ืจื’ื™ืจื™ื

ื”ืฆื’ืช ืจืขืœ ืขื›ื‘ืจื™ื ื”ื™ื ืœืจื•ื‘ ื‘ืฆื•ืจื” ืฉืœ ื‘ืœื•ืงื™ื ืื• ื’ืจื’ื™ืจื™ื, ืฉืœื›ืœ ืื—ื“ ืžื”ื ื™ืชืจื•ื ื•ืช ืžืฉืœื•. ื”ื‘ืœื•ืงื™ื ืขืžื™ื“ื™ื ื‘ืžื™ื•ื—ื“ ืœืœื—ื•ืช ื•ื ื™ืชืŸ ืœื”ืฉืชืžืฉ ื‘ื”ื ื‘ืกื‘ื™ื‘ื•ืช ืœื—ื•ืช ืื• ื‘ื—ื•ืฅ, ื‘ืขื•ื“ ืฉื”ื’ืจื’ื™ืจื™ื ื ื™ืชื ื™ื ืœืคื™ื–ื•ืจ ื‘ืื–ื•ืจื™ื ืงืฉื™ื ืœื’ื™ืฉื” ืื• ืžืชืื™ืžื™ื ื™ื•ืชืจ ืœื‘ืœื™ืขื” ื™ืฉื™ืจื” ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ืžื›ืจืกืžื™ื.
ืœื‘ืกื•ืฃ, ื—ื™ื•ื ื™ ืœื”ื“ื’ื™ืฉ ื›ื™ ื”ื™ื™ืฉื•ื ืฉืœ ืžื•ืฆืจื™ื ืืœื• ื—ื™ื™ื‘ ืœื”ื™ืขืฉื•ืช ืชื•ืš ืขืžื™ื“ื” ืงืคื“ื ื™ืช ื‘ืชืงื ื™ื ื”ืชืงืคื™ื. ืขื™ื™ืŸ ื‘ืžืงื•ืจื•ืช ืžื”ื™ืžื ื™ื ื›ื’ื•ืŸ ืชืงื ื•ืช ื‘ื ื•ืฉื Certibiocide ืœื ืจืง ืžื‘ื˜ื™ื— ื’ื™ืฉื” ื‘ื˜ื•ื—ื”, ืืœื ื’ื ืžื›ื‘ื“ ืืช ื”ื—ื•ืงื™ื ื”ืžืกื“ื™ืจื™ื ืืช ื”ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ ื‘ื‘ื™ื•ืฆื™ื“ื™ื. ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ ืื—ืจืื™ ื‘ืฉื™ืœื•ื‘ ืขื ื‘ื—ื™ืจื” ืžื•ืฉื›ืœืช ืฉืœ ืงื•ื˜ืœ ืขื‘ื™ืจื” ืžืงืฆื•ืขื™ ื™ื‘ื˜ื™ื— ื™ืขื™ืœื•ืช ืžื™ื˜ื‘ื™ืช ืชื•ืš ืฉืžื™ืจื” ืขืœ ื‘ื˜ื™ื—ื•ืช ื”ืžืฉืชืžืฉื™ื ื•ื”ืกื‘ื™ื‘ื”.