ื”ืื ืžืœื›ื•ื“ืช ืฉื•ืžื•ืช ื™ืขื™ืœื” ื‘ืกื™ืœื•ืง ืฉื•ืžื•ืช ื‘ื’ื™ื ื” ืฉืœืš?

ื›ืืฉืจ ืฉื•ืžื•ืช ืžืฉื‘ืฉื•ืช ืืช ื”ืฉืงื˜ ื•ื”ืฉืœื•ื•ื” ืฉืœ ื”ืฉื˜ื— ื”ื™ืจื•ืง ืฉืœื›ื, ืžืฆื™ืืช ืคืชืจื•ืŸ ืžื”ื™ืจ ื•ื™ืขื™ืœ ื”ื•ืคื›ืช ื‘ืจืืฉ ืกื“ืจ ื”ืขื“ื™ืคื•ื™ื•ืช. ื‘ื™ืŸ ื”ืืกื˜ืจื˜ื’ื™ื•ืช ื”ืฉื•ื ื•ืช ื”ืžื•ื›ื—ื•ืช, ืžืœื›ื•ื“ื•ืช ืฉื•ืžื•ืช ื”ืŸ ื‘ื—ื™ืจื” ืคื•ืคื•ืœืจื™ืช. ืื‘ืœ ืขื“ ื›ืžื” ื”ืžื›ืฉื™ืจื™ื ื”ืืœื” ื‘ืืžืช ื™ืขื™ืœื™ื? ืžืืžืจ ื–ื” ื‘ื•ื—ืŸ ืืช ื”ืชื•ืขืœืช ืฉืœ ืžืœื›ื•ื“ื•ืช ืฉื•ืžื•ืช, ื‘ื•ื—ืŸ ืืช ื”ื“ื’ืžื™ื ื”ืฉื•ื ื™ื ื•ืขื“ ื›ืžื” ื”ื ื™ืขื™ืœื™ื ืœืขื–ื•ืจ ืœืš ืœื—ื–ื•ืจ ืœื’ื™ื ื” ืžืกื•ื“ืจืช ื•ื ื˜ื•ืœืช ืžื–ื™ืงื™ื. ื‘ื•ืื• ืœื’ืœื•ืช ื™ื—ื“ ืื ื”ืžืœื›ื•ื“ื•ืช ื”ืœืœื• ืขื•ืžื“ื•ืช ื‘ืฆื™ืคื™ื•ืช ืฉืœื›ื ื•ื›ื™ืฆื“ ื”ืŸ ื™ื›ื•ืœื•ืช ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ื”ืชืฉื•ื‘ื” ืœื‘ืขื™ื™ืช ื”ื—ืคืจืคืจื•ืช ืฉืœื›ื.

ื”ื‘ื ืช ื”ืชื ื”ื’ื•ืช ืฉื•ืžื•ืช

ื” ืฉื•ืžื•ืช ื”ื ื™ื•ื ืงื™ื ื—ื•ืคืจื™ื ืฉื ื•ื›ื—ื•ืชื ื‘ื’ื ื™ื ืœืจื•ื‘ ืื™ื ื” ืจืฆื•ื™ื”. ื”ื‘ื ืช ื”ื”ืชื ื”ื’ื•ืช ืฉืœื”ื ื—ื™ื•ื ื™ืช ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืžืกื•ื’ืœ ืœื ื”ืœ ืื•ืชื ื‘ื™ืขื™ืœื•ืช. ืœื‘ืขืœื™ ื—ื™ื™ื ื‘ื•ื“ื“ื™ื ืืœื” ื™ืฉ ื”ืจื’ืœื™ื ืžืื•ื“ ืกืคืฆื™ืคื™ื™ื, ืฉื‘ืจื’ืข ืฉื”ื ืžื‘ื™ื ื™ื ืื•ืชื, ื™ื›ื•ืœื™ื ืœืขื–ื•ืจ ืœื”ืจืชื™ืข ืื•ืชื ืื• ืœืฉืœื•ื˜ ื‘ื”ื ืœืœื ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ ื‘ืฉื™ื˜ื•ืช ืžื–ื™ืงื•ืช.

ืคืขื™ืœื•ืช ืฉื•ืžื•ืช ื•ื‘ื™ืช ื’ื™ื“ื•ืœ

ืฉื•ืžื•ืช ื—ื™ื•ืช ื‘ืขื™ืงืจ ืžืชื—ืช ืœืื“ืžื” ื‘ืจืฉืช ืฉืœ ืžื ื”ืจื•ืช ื•ื’ืœืจื™ื•ืช ืฉื”ื ื—ื•ืคืจื™ื ื‘ื—ื™ืคื•ืฉ ืื—ืจ ืžื–ื•ืŸ. ืžื ื”ืจื•ืช ืืœื• ืžืฉืžืฉื•ืช ื”ืŸ ื›ืžืœื›ื•ื“ื•ืช ืœืœื›ื™ื“ืช ื”ื˜ืจืฃ ืฉืœื”ืŸ, ื‘ืขื™ืงืจ ืชื•ืœืขื™ ืื“ืžื”, ื•ื”ืŸ ื›ืžืงืœื˜ ืžืคื ื™ ื˜ื•ืจืคื™ื. ื”ืžื‘ื ื” ื”ืžื•ืจื›ื‘ ืฉืœ ื”ื’ืœืจื™ื•ืช ืžืจืื” ืืช ื”ืื™ื ื˜ืœื™ื’ื ืฆื™ื” ื•ื”ื”ืชืืžื” ืฉืœ ืฉื•ืžื•ืช ืœืกื‘ื™ื‘ืชืŸ.

ื”ืื›ืœื” ื•ืจื‘ื™ื™ื”

ื”ืชื–ื•ื ื” ืฉืœ ืฉื•ืžื•ืช ืžื•ืจื›ื‘ืช ื‘ืขื™ืงืจ ืžื—ืกืจื™ ื—ื•ืœื™ื•ืช. ื›ืฉื—ืคืจืคืจืช ื—ื•ืคืจืช, ื”ื™ื ื™ื›ื•ืœื” ืœื ื•ืข ื‘ืžื”ื™ืจื•ืช ื•ืœื›ืกื•ืช ืฉื˜ื— ื’ื“ื•ืœ ื‘ื—ื™ืคื•ืฉ ืื—ืจ ืžื–ื•ืŸ, ืžื” ืฉืžืืคืฉืจ ืœื” ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ื™ืขื™ืœื” ืžืื•ื“ ื‘ืžืขืจื›ืช ื”ืืงื•ืœื•ื’ื™ืช ืฉืœื”. ื‘ืขื•ื ืช ื”ืจื‘ื™ื™ื” ืคืขื™ืœื•ืชื ืžืชืขืฆืžืช ื•ื”ื“ื‘ืจ ืขืœื•ืœ ืœื”ื‘ื™ื ืœืขืœื™ื™ื” ื’ืœื•ื™ื” ื‘ื ื•ื›ื—ื•ืชื ื‘ื’ื™ื ื•ืช.

ืฉื™ื˜ื•ืช ื“ื—ื™ื™ื” ื˜ื‘ืขื™ื•ืช

ืœืžื™ ืฉืจื•ืฆื” ืœื”ืจื—ื™ืง ืืช ื”ืคื•ืœืฉื™ื ื”ืงื˜ื ื™ื ื”ืืœื” ืžื‘ืœื™ ืœืคื’ื•ืข ื‘ื”ื, ื™ืฉ ืฉื™ื˜ื•ืช ื˜ื‘ืขื™ื•ืช ืฉืœ ืจืชื™ืขื”. ื›ืžื” ืฆืžื—ื™ื, ื›ืžื• Euphorbia lathyris, ื™ื“ื•ืขื™ื ื“ื•ื—ื™ื ื˜ึดื‘ืขึดื™ ื ื’ื“ ืฉื•ืžื•ืช. ืœืฆืžื— ื”ื–ื” ื™ืฉ ืจื™ื— ืฉืฉื•ืžื•ืช ืœื ื ืขื™ื, ืžื” ืฉื”ื•ืคืš ืื•ืชื• ืœื“ืจืš ื™ื“ื™ื“ื•ืชื™ืช ืœืกื‘ื™ื‘ื” ืœื”ืจื—ื™ืง ืื•ืชื ืžืื–ื•ืจื™ื ืžืกื•ื™ืžื™ื.

ื’ื™ืฉื•ืช ืืชื™ื•ืช ืœื‘ืงืจืช ืฉื•ืžื•ืช

ื”ื“ื‘ืจื” ืžืขื•ืจืจืช ืœืขืชื™ื ืงืจื•ื‘ื•ืช ืฉืืœื•ืช ืืชื™ื•ืช ื—ืฉื•ื‘ื•ืช. ื‘ืžืงื•ื ืœืคื ื•ืช ืœืฉื™ื˜ื•ืช ืจื“ื™ืงืœื™ื•ืช, ืžื•ืžืœืฅ ืœื”ืฉืชืžืฉ ื‘ืžืœื›ื•ื“ื•ืช ืื• ื‘ื—ื•ืžืจื™ื ื“ื•ื—ื™ื ืฉืื™ื ื ื’ื•ืจืžื™ื ืœื ื–ืง ื‘ืœืชื™ ื”ืคื™ืš ืœืฉื•ืžื•ืช. ื•ืื›ืŸ, ื›ื—ืœืง ื‘ืœืชื™ ื ืคืจื“ ืžื”ืžืขืจื›ืช ื”ืืงื•ืœื•ื’ื™ืช, ืœื ื•ื›ื—ื•ืชื ื™ืฉ ืชืคืงื™ื“ ืžื•ืขื™ืœ ื’ื ืžื‘ื—ื™ื ืช ืื•ื•ืจื•ืจ ื•ื”ืคืจื™ื” ืฉืœ ื”ืงืจืงืข.

ืœื›ืŸ, ื”ื‘ื ืช ื”ื”ืชื ื”ื’ื•ืช ืฉืœ ืฉื•ืžื•ืช ื”ื™ื ื”ืžืคืชื— ืœื—ื™ื•ืช ืื™ืชื. ื™ืฉ ืœื™ื™ืฉื ืืžืฆืขื™ ื‘ืงืจื” ืขื ืฉื™ืงื•ืœ ื“ืขืช ื•ื™ื“ืข ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ื‘ื˜ื™ื— ื ื’ืŸ ื‘ื”ืจืžื•ื ื™ื”, ืชื•ืš ืฉืžื™ืจื” ืขืœ ื”ืื™ื–ื•ืŸ ื”ื˜ื‘ืขื™.

ืงื™ืฉื•ืจ ืœืžืฉืื‘ื™ื ื ื•ืกืคื™ื ืœืžื™ื“ืข ื ื•ืกืฃ ืขืœ ื”ืžืจืื” ื”ื˜ื‘ืขื™ ืฉืœ ื“ื•ื—ื™ ืฉื•ืžื•ืช: ืœื”ืคื—ื™ื“ ืฉื•ืžื•ืช ืขื ื”ืฆืžื— ื”ื–ื”.

ื›ื“ื™ ืœื’ืœื•ืช ื›ื™ืฆื“ ื–ื•ื”ื• ืฉื•ืžื•ืช ืžื•ื–ื”ื‘ื•ืช, ืฉื ื—ืฉื‘ื• ื›ืื™ืœื• ื ื›ื—ื“ื•, ื‘ืืžืฆืขื•ืช DNA ื•ืœื”ื‘ื™ืŸ ื™ื•ืชืจ ืขืœ ื”ืžื’ื•ื•ืŸ ื”ื‘ื™ื•ืœื•ื’ื™ ืฉืœ ืžื™ื ื™ื ื—ื•ืคืจื™ื, ื‘ืงืจ: ืžื™ื ื™ื ืฉืœ ืฉื•ืžื” ืžื•ื–ื”ื‘ืช ืฉื ืžืฆืื•.

ื‘ืงื™ืฆื•ืจ, ื’ื™ืฉื” ืžื›ื‘ื“ืช ื•ืžื•ืฉื›ืœืช ื—ื™ื•ื ื™ืช ืœื ื™ื”ื•ืœ ื ื•ื›ื—ื•ืช ืฉื•ืžื•ืช ื‘ื’ื™ื ื” ืฉืœื›ื. ื–ื” ืžื•ืขื™ืœ ืœืฉืœื‘ ื™ื“ืข ืขืœ ื”ื‘ื™ื•ืœื•ื’ื™ื” ื•ื”ื”ืชื ื”ื’ื•ืช ืฉืœื”ื ื‘ืืกื˜ืจื˜ื’ื™ื™ืช ื”ื’ื™ื ื•ืŸ ืฉืœืš. ื–ื” ืชื•ืจื ืœืกื‘ื™ื‘ื” ื‘ืจื™ืื” ื•ื’ืžื™ืฉื” ื™ื•ืชืจ ืœื›ืœ ืฆื•ืจื•ืช ื”ื—ื™ื™ื ื”ืžืชืงื™ื™ืžื•ืช ืฉื ื‘ืžืงื‘ื™ืœ.

ื”ืกื•ื’ื™ื ื”ืฉื•ื ื™ื ืฉืœ ืžืœื›ื•ื“ื•ืช ืฉื•ืžื•ืช

ื›ืฉืžื“ื•ื‘ืจ ื‘ื”ื’ื ื” ืขืœ ื”ื’ื™ื ื” ืฉืœืš ืžืคื ื™ ื ื–ืงื™ ืฉื•ืžื•ืช, ื‘ื—ื™ืจืช ืกื•ื’ ื”ืžืœื›ื•ื“ืช ื”ื ื›ื•ืŸ ื”ื™ื ื—ื™ื•ื ื™ืช. ืขื ื–ืืช, ื—ืฉื•ื‘ ืœืฆื™ื™ืŸ ืฉืžืœื›ื•ื“ื•ืช ืžืกื•ื™ืžื•ืช ืขืœื•ืœื•ืช ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืžืกื•ื›ื ื•ืช ืื ืœื ืžื˜ืคืœื™ื ื‘ื”ืŸ ื‘ื–ื”ื™ืจื•ืช. ืœื”ืœืŸ ืกืงื™ืจื” ื›ืœืœื™ืช ืฉืœ ื”ืžื›ืฉื™ืจื™ื ืœืžืื‘ืง ื‘ืžื—ืคืจื™ื ื”ืงื˜ื ื™ื ื”ืœืœื• ืฉื™ื›ื•ืœื™ื ืœืฉื‘ืฉ ืืช ื”ืืกืชื˜ื™ืงื” ื•ื”ื‘ืจื™ืื•ืช ืฉืœ ื”ืฉื˜ื— ื”ื™ืจื•ืง ืฉืœืš.

ืžืœื›ื•ื“ื•ืช ืžื›ื ื™ื•ืช

ืžื“ื•ื‘ืจ ื‘ืžื›ืฉื™ืจื™ื ื”ืžื•ืžืœืฆื™ื ืœืจื•ื‘ ื‘ืฉืœ ื™ืขื™ืœื•ืชื. ืžืœื›ื•ื“ื•ืช ืžื›ื ื™ื•ืช ืžื•ืคืขืœื•ืช ื›ืืฉืจ ื”ืฉื•ืžื” ืžืคืขื™ืœื” ืืช ื”ืžื ื’ื ื•ืŸ ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ื—ืคื™ืจืช ื”ื’ืœืจื™ื•ืช ืฉืœื”. ื”ื ื“ื•ืจืฉื™ื ื”ืชืงื ื” ืžื“ื•ื™ืงืช ื•ื™ื“ืข ื˜ื•ื‘ ืฉืœ ื”ืชื ื”ื’ื•ืช ืฉื•ืžื•ืช ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืžืžื•ืงืžื™ื ื‘ืฆื•ืจื” ื ื›ื•ื ื” ื‘ื’ืœืจื™ื•ืช ืคืขื™ืœื•ืช. ื‘ื™ืŸ ืžืœื›ื•ื“ื•ืช ืžืกื•ื’ ื–ื” ื ื™ืชืŸ ืœืžื ื•ืช ืžืœื›ื•ื“ื•ืช ื˜ืคืจื™ื ื•ืžืœื›ื•ื“ื•ืช ืงืคื™ืฆื™ื ื‘ื”ืŸ ื ื™ืชืŸ ืœืขืฉื•ืช ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ ื—ื•ื–ืจ ืœืื—ืจ ื›ืœ ืœื›ื™ื“ื”.

ืžืœื›ื•ื“ื•ืช ืื•ืœื˜ืจืกืื•ื ื“

ืžื›ืฉื™ืจื™ื ืื•ืœื˜ืจืืกื•ื ื™ื™ื ืžืฆื™ืขื™ื ื’ื™ืฉื” ืขื“ื™ื ื” ื™ื•ืชืจ ืœื”ืจื—ืงืช ืฉื•ืžื•ืช. ื”ื ืคื•ืœื˜ื™ื ืฆืœื™ืœื™ื ื‘ืชื“ืจ ื’ื‘ื•ื” ืฉืื™ื ื ื ืฉืžืขื™ื ืœื‘ื ื™ ืื“ื ืืš ืžืคืจื™ืขื™ื ืœืฉื•ืžื•ืช, ื•ื‘ื›ืš ืžืขื•ื“ื“ื™ื ืื•ืชื ืœื ื˜ื•ืฉ ืืช ื”ืื–ื•ืจ. ื–ื•ื”ื™ ืฉื™ื˜ื” ืœื ืงื˜ืœื ื™ืช ืฉื™ื›ื•ืœื” ืœื”ื•ื•ืช ืืœื˜ืจื ื˜ื™ื‘ื” ืืชื™ืช ืœืžื™ ืฉืžืขื“ื™ืฃ ืœื ืœื”ืจื•ื’ ื‘ืขืœื™ ื—ื™ื™ื. ื‘ื ื•ืกืฃ, ื“ื’ืžื™ื ืžืกื•ื™ืžื™ื ืžื•ืคืขืœื™ื ื‘ืืžืฆืขื•ืช ืื ืจื’ื™ื” ืกื•ืœืืจื™ืช, ืžื” ืฉืžืกืคืง ื“ืจืš ื™ื“ื™ื“ื•ืชื™ืช ืœืกื‘ื™ื‘ื” ืœื”ื“ื•ืฃ ืฉื•ืžื•ืช.

ืžืœื›ื•ื“ื•ืช ื’ื–

ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ ื‘ื’ื– ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ืจืขื™ืœ ืืช ื”ืฉื•ืžื•ืช, ื™ืฉ ืœื˜ืคืœ ื‘ืžืœื›ื•ื“ื•ืช ื”ืœืœื• ื‘ื–ื”ื™ืจื•ืช ืจื‘ื”. ื”ื ืžื“ื‘ื™ืจื™ื ืืช ื”ืฉื•ืžื•ืช ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ื—ื ืง ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ืคื™ื–ื•ืจ ืคื—ืžืŸ ื“ื• ื—ืžืฆื ื™ ืื• ื—ื•ืžืจื™ื ืจืขื™ืœื™ื ืื—ืจื™ื ืœืชื•ืš ื”ื’ืœืจื™ื•ืช. ื—ืฉื•ื‘ ืœืขืงื•ื‘ ื‘ืงืคื™ื“ื” ืื—ืจ ื”ื”ื•ืจืื•ืช ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ื‘ื˜ื™ื— ืืช ื”ื‘ื˜ื™ื—ื•ืช ื•ื”ื™ืขื™ืœื•ืช ืฉืœ ืžืœื›ื•ื“ืช ืžืกื•ื’ ื–ื”. ืžืœื›ื•ื“ื•ืช ื’ื– ืžืฉืžืฉื•ืช ืœืขืชื™ื ืงืจื•ื‘ื•ืช ื›ืืฉืจ ื–ื™ื”ื•ื ื”ื•ื ืžืกื™ื‘ื™ ื•ืงืฉื” ืœืฉืœื•ื˜ ื‘ืืžืฆืขื™ื ืื—ืจื™ื.

ื“ื•ื—ื™ื ื˜ื‘ืขื™ื™ื

ืžื•ืœ ื—ืฉืฉื•ืช ื”ืงืฉื•ืจื™ื ืœื‘ื˜ื™ื—ื•ืช ื•ืœืืชื™ืงื” ืฉืœ ืฉื™ื˜ื•ืช ืงื•ื“ืžื•ืช, ื“ื•ื—ื™ื ื˜ื‘ืขื™ื™ื ืžืฆื™ื’ื™ื ืืช ืขืฆืžื ื›ืืœื˜ืจื ื˜ื™ื‘ื” ื‘ืขืœืช ืขืจืš. ืฆืžื—ื™ื ืžืกื•ื™ืžื™ื, ื›ืžื• ืื•ืคื•ืจื‘ื™ื” ื“ื•ื—ื”, ื™ื“ื•ืขื™ื ื›ื“ื•ื—ื™ื ืฉื•ืžื•ืช ื”ื•ื“ื•ืช ืœืจื™ื—ื. ืžื“ื•ื‘ืจ ื‘ืคืชืจื•ืŸ ืขื“ื™ืŸ, ืืฉืจ ืขืฉื•ื™ ืœื“ืจื•ืฉ ื–ืžืŸ ืขื“ ืœืงื‘ืœืช ืชื•ืฆืื•ืช ืžื•ื—ืฉื™ื•ืช, ืืš ื™ืชืจื•ื ื• ื‘ื›ืš ืฉืื™ื ื• ืคื•ื’ืข ื‘ืžืขืจื›ืช ื”ืืงื•ืœื•ื’ื™ืช ืฉืœ ื”ื’ื™ื ื”.

ืœืคื ื™ ืงื‘ืœืช ื”ื—ืœื˜ืชื›ื, ืžื•ืžืœืฅ ืœื—ืงื•ืจ ืืช ื”ืืคืฉืจื•ื™ื•ืช ื”ืฉื•ื ื•ืช ื•ืœืฉืงื•ืœ ืื•ืชืŸ ืขืœ ืกืžืš ืกื‘ื™ื‘ืช ื”ื’ื™ื ื” ื•ื”ื”ืขื“ืคื•ืช ื”ืื™ืฉื™ื•ืช ืฉืœื›ื. ื–ื” ื’ื ื—ื›ื ืœืงื—ืช ื‘ื—ืฉื‘ื•ืŸ ืืช ืžื—ื–ื•ืจ ื”ื—ื™ื™ื ื•ื”ื”ืจื’ืœื™ื ืฉืœ ืฉื•ืžื•ืช, ืœื‘ื—ื•ืจ ื‘ืฉื™ื˜ื” ืฉืชื”ื™ื” ื’ื ืžื›ื‘ื“ืช ื•ื’ื ื™ืขื™ืœื” ื‘ื”ืชืื ืœื”ืงืฉืจ ืฉืœืš. ืœืœื ืงืฉืจ ืœืฉื™ื˜ื” ืฉื ื‘ื—ืจื”, ื”ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ ื”ืื—ืจืื™ ื•ื”ื‘ื˜ื•ื— ื‘ื›ืœ ืžืœื›ื•ื“ืช ื—ื™ื•ื ื™ ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ื’ืŸ ืขืœ ื”ื—ื™ ื•ื”ืฆื•ืžื— ืฉืžืกื‘ื™ื‘ ืœื’ื™ื ืชื›ื.

ืื™ืš ืขื•ื‘ื“ืช ืžืœื›ื•ื“ืช ืฉื•ืžื•ืช

ื‘ืžืื‘ืง ืœืฉื™ืžื•ืจ ื”ื™ื•ืคื™ ื•ื”ืฉืœืžื•ืช ืฉืœ ื”ืฉื˜ื—ื™ื ื”ื™ืจื•ืงื™ื, ื ื•ื›ื—ื•ืชื ืฉืœ ืฉื•ืžื•ืช ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื”ื•ื•ืช ืืชื’ืจ ืžืฉืžืขื•ืชื™. ื”ื™ื•ื ืงื™ื ื”ืงื˜ื ื™ื ื”ื—ื•ืคืจื™ื ื”ืœืœื•, ืœืžืจื•ืช ืฉื”ื ื—ื™ื•ื ื™ื™ื ืœืžืขืจื›ืช ื”ืืงื•ืœื•ื’ื™ืช, ื ืชืคืกื™ื ืœืขืชื™ื ืงืจื•ื‘ื•ืช ื›ืœื ืจืฆื•ื™ื™ื ื›ืฉื”ื ื ื›ื ืกื™ื ืœื’ื ื™ื. ื”ื™ื›ื•ืœืช ืฉืœื”ื ืœื—ืคื•ืจ ื’ืœืจื™ื•ืช ืชืช ืงืจืงืขื™ื•ืช ื•ืœื”ืจื™ื ืชืœื•ืœื™ื•ืช ืฉืœ ืื“ืžื”, ื”ืžื›ื•ื ื” ื‘ื“ืจืš ื›ืœืœ ื’ื‘ืขื•ืช ื—ืคืจืคืจื•ืช, ืขืœื•ืœื” ืœืคื’ื•ืข ื‘ืืกืชื˜ื™ืงื” ื•ื‘ืžื‘ื ื” ืฉืœ ื”ืื“ืžื”. ืžื•ืœ ื‘ืขื™ื” ื–ื•, ื”ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ ื‘ืžืœื›ื•ื“ืช ืกืคืฆื™ืคื™ืช ืžืชื‘ืจืจ ื›ืคืชืจื•ืŸ ืคื•ืคื•ืœืจื™. ื‘ื•ืื• ื ื‘ื™ืŸ ืื™ืš ื–ื” ืขื•ื‘ื“.

ืœ ืžืœื›ื•ื“ืช ืฉื•ืžื•ืช, ืกื•ื’ื™ื ืฉื•ื ื™ื ืฉืœ ืžื›ืฉื™ืจื™ื ื–ืžื™ื ื™ื ื‘ืฉื•ืง. ืขื ื–ืืช, ื”ืขื™ืงืจื•ืŸ ื”ื›ืœืœื™ ื ืฉืืจ ื–ื”ื”: ืœื™ื™ืจื˜ ืืช ื‘ืขืœ ื”ื—ื™ื™ื ื‘ืชื ื•ืขื•ืชื™ื• ื”ืจื’ื™ืœื•ืช ืžื‘ืœื™ ืœื”ืฆื™ืข ืœื• ื›ืœ ืืคืฉืจื•ืช ืœื”ื™ืžืœื˜.

ื›ื™ืฆื“ ืœื”ืชืงื™ืŸ ืืช ื”ืžืœื›ื•ื“ืช?

ืจืืฉื™ืช, ื—ื™ื•ื ื™ ืœืืชืจ ื’ืœืจื™ื” ืคืขื™ืœื”. ืฉื•ืžื•ืช ื ื•ื˜ื•ืช ืœื”ืฉืชืžืฉ ื‘ืื•ืชื ืžืกืœื•ืœื™ื ืœืชื ื•ืขื•ืชื™ื”ืŸ, ื•ื›ืืŸ ื”ืžืœื›ื•ื“ืช ืชื”ื™ื” ื”ื™ืขื™ืœื” ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ. ื“ื—ื™ืกื” ืงืœื” ืฉืœ ื›ื“ื•ืจ ื”ืืจืฅ ืื• ืชืฆืคื™ืช ืขืœ ื’ื‘ืขื•ืช ื—ืคืจืคืจื•ืช ื—ื“ืฉื•ืช ืžืืคืฉืจื•ืช ืœื–ื”ื•ืช ืืช ื”ืฉื‘ื™ืœื™ื ื”ืคื•ืงื“ื™ื ืื•ืชื.
ืœืื—ืจ ืฉื”ื’ืœืจื™ื” ืื•ืชืจื”, ื”ื ื— ืืช ื”ืžืœื›ื•ื“ืช ื‘ื–ื”ื™ืจื•ืช ื‘ืžื ื”ืจื”. ื™ืฉ ืœื”ืกื•ื•ืช ืืช ื–ื” ื‘ื–ื”ื™ืจื•ืช ื›ื“ื™ ืœื ืœืขื•ืจืจ ืืช ื”ื—ืฉื“ ืฉืœ ื”ืฉื•ืžื”. ื”ืจืขื™ื•ืŸ ื”ื•ื ืœืฉืžื•ืจ ืขืœ ื”ืกื‘ื™ื‘ื” ื”ื›ื™ ื˜ื‘ืขื™ืช ืฉืืคืฉืจ ื›ื“ื™ ืฉื”ื—ื™ื” ืœื ืชื–ื”ื” ืกื›ื ื”.

ืงื™ื™ืžื™ื ืžื ื’ื ื•ื ื™ื ืฉื•ื ื™ื ื›ื“ื™ ืœืœื›ื•ื“ ืฉื•ืžื•ืช : ืฆื‘ืช ื”ื ืกื’ืจืช ื›ืืฉืจ ื”ื™ื ืžื•ืคืขืœืช ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ืžืขื‘ืจ ื”ืฉื•ืžื”, ืงื•ืคืกืื•ืช ืžืœื›ื•ื“ื•ืช, ื›ื‘ืœื™ื ืื• ืงืคื™ืฆื™ื. ืžืœื›ื•ื“ื•ืช ืžืกื•ื™ืžื•ืช ื”ืŸ ื—ื“ ืคืขืžื™ื•ืช ื‘ืขื•ื“ ืฉืื—ืจื•ืช ื ื™ืชื ื•ืช ืœืžื™ืžื•ืฉ ืžื—ื“ืฉ ื•ืœืขืฉื•ืช ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ ื—ื•ื–ืจ.
ื—ืฉื•ื‘ ืœื‘ื“ื•ืง ืืช ื”ืžืœื›ื•ื“ืช ื‘ืื•ืคืŸ ืงื‘ื•ืข ื›ื“ื™ ืœื•ื•ื“ื ืฉื”ื™ื ืคื•ืขืœืช ื›ื”ืœื›ื”, ืืš ื’ื ืœืžืขืŸ ืจื•ื•ื—ืช ื‘ืขืœื™ ื”ื—ื™ื™ื. ืฉื•ืžื” ืฉื ืชืคืกื” ืœื ืฆืจื™ื›ื” ืœื”ื™ืฉืืจ ืœื›ื•ื“ื” ื–ืžืŸ ืจื‘ ืžื“ื™.

ืคืขื•ืœื” ื™ื“ื™ื“ื•ืชื™ืช ืœืกื‘ื™ื‘ื” : ืœืžืจื•ืช ืฉื”ืžื˜ืจื” ื”ื™ื ืœื”ื™ืคื˜ืจ ืžืฉื•ืžื•ืช, ื—ืฉื•ื‘ ืœืืžืฅ ื’ื™ืฉื” ืืชื™ืช. ืžืœื›ื•ื“ื•ืช ื—ื™ื™ื‘ื•ืช ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืกืœืงื˜ื™ื‘ื™ื•ืช, ื›ื“ื™ ืœื ืœืคื’ื•ืข ื‘ืชื•ืฉื‘ื™ื ืื—ืจื™ื ืฉืœ ื”ื’ืŸ. ื‘ื ื•ืกืฃ, ืžื•ืžืœืฅ ืœื”ืขื“ื™ืฃ ืžื›ืฉื™ืจื™ื ื”ืžืืคืฉืจื™ื ืœื›ื™ื“ื” ื—ื™ื”, ืขืœ ืžื ืช ืœื”ืฆืœื™ื— ืœืฉื—ืจืจ ืืช ื”ืฉื•ืžื” ื‘ืกื‘ื™ื‘ื” ืžืชืื™ืžื” ื™ื•ืชืจ.
ืœืžื™ ืฉืžืขื“ื™ืฃ ืคืชืจื•ื ื•ืช ืœื ืงื˜ืœื ื™ื™ื, ืงื™ื™ืžื•ืช ื—ืœื•ืคื•ืช, ื›ืžื• ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ ื‘ืื•ืœื˜ืจืกืื•ื ื“ ืื• ื‘ืฆืžื—ื™ื ื“ื•ื—ื™ื ืžืกื•ื™ืžื™ื ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ืจื—ื™ืง ืฉื•ืžื•ืช. ืฉื™ื˜ื•ืช ืืœื•, ืื ื›ื™ ืคื—ื•ืช ื™ืฉื™ืจื•ืช, ื”ืŸ ื—ืœืง ืžื—ื–ื•ืŸ ืฉืœ ื”ื“ื‘ืจื” ื‘ืช ืงื™ื™ืžื.
ืœื‘ืกื•ืฃ, ื—ืฉื•ื‘ ืœื–ื›ื•ืจ ืฉืฉื•ืžื•ืช ืžืžืœืื•ืช ืชืคืงื™ื“ ืžืคืชื— ื‘ืื™ื•ื•ืจื•ืจ ื•ื ื™ืงื•ื– ื”ืงืจืงืข. ืœืคื™ื›ืš, ื™ืฉ ืœืฉืงื•ืœ ืืช ื—ื™ืกื•ืœื ื‘ืžืกื’ืจืช ืฉืœ ื ื™ื”ื•ืœ ืžื ื•ืžืง.

ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ืขืžื™ืง ืืช ื”ื™ื“ืข ืฉืœืš ืขืœ ืคืชืจื•ื ื•ืช ื—ืœื•ืคื™ื™ื ื•ืžื›ื‘ื“ื™ื ืœื”ืจื—ืงืช ืฉื•ืžื•ืช ืžื”ื’ื™ื ื” ืฉืœืš, ืžืฉืื‘ื™ื ืžืงืฆื•ืขื™ื™ื ื•ืกื™ืคื•ืจื™ ื ื™ืกื™ื•ืŸ ื–ืžื™ื ื™ื ื›ื“ื™ ืœืขื•ืจืจ ืื•ืชืš ื•ืœื”ื ื—ื•ืช ืืช ืžืขืฉื™ืš.