ืื™ืš ืœื”ื™ืคื˜ืจ ืžื’'ื•ืงื™ื ื‘ืื•ืคืŸ ื˜ื‘ืขื™?

ืืœ ืžื•ืœ ื ื’ื™ืขื•ืช ืœื ื ืขื™ืžื•ืช ืฉืœ ื’'ื•ืงื™ื ื‘ื‘ื™ืชื›ื, ื˜ื‘ืขื™ ืœื—ืคืฉ ืคืชืจื•ื ื•ืช ื™ืขื™ืœื™ื ื•ื™ื“ื™ื“ื•ืชื™ื™ื ืœืกื‘ื™ื‘ื” ืœื”ืขืœืžืชื. ื‘ืžืืžืจ ื–ื”, ื’ืœื” ืฉื™ื˜ื•ืช ืขื“ื™ื ื•ืช, ืืš ืื™ืžืชื ื™ื•ืช, ืœื”ื“ื•ืฃ ืืช ื”ืคื•ืœืฉื™ื ื”ืœื ืจืฆื•ื™ื™ื ื”ืœืœื• ืžื‘ืœื™ ืœื”ื–ื“ืงืง ืœื›ื™ืžื™ืงืœื™ื ืงืฉื™ื. ืชืœืžื“ื• ื›ื™ืฆื“ ืœื”ืฉืชืžืฉ ื‘ืžืจื›ื™ื‘ื™ื ื ืคื•ืฆื™ื ืžื”ืžื–ื•ื•ื” ืฉืœื›ื, ื›ืžื• ื’ื ืขืฆื•ืช ืคืฉื•ื˜ื•ืช ืœื™ืฆื™ืจืช ื‘ื™ืช ื’ื™ื“ื•ืœ ืœื ืžืกื‘ื™ืจ ืคื ื™ื ืœื’'ื•ืงื™ื ื•ืœื—ื˜ื ืืช ืžืจื—ื‘ ื”ืžื—ื™ื” ืฉืœื›ื. ืชื’ื™ื“ื• ืฉืœื•ื ืœื’'ื•ืงื™ื ื•ืฉืœื•ื ืœืคื ื™ื ื‘ืจื™ื ื•ื ื˜ื•ืœ ืžื–ื™ืงื™ื.

ืœืžื” ืœื‘ื—ื•ืจ ื‘ืฉื™ื˜ื•ืช ื˜ื‘ืขื™ื•ืช ื ื’ื“ ื’'ื•ืงื™ื?

ื’ืœื” ืฉื™ื˜ื•ืช ื˜ื‘ืขื™ื•ืช ืœื”ืขืœืžืช ื’'ื•ืงื™ื ืœืœื ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ ื‘ื›ื™ืžื™ืงืœื™ื. ื˜ื™ืคื™ื ื•ืชืจื•ืคื•ืช ื‘ื™ืชื™ื•ืช ืœื”ื™ืคื˜ืจ ืžื’'ื•ืงื™ื ื‘ืฆื•ืจื” ื™ืขื™ืœื” ื•ื˜ื‘ืขื™ื•ืช.

ื”ืชื—ืœ ืืช ื”ืžืื‘ืง ื ื’ื“ ื’'ื•ืงื™ื ืขื ืืžืฆืขื™ ืžื ื™ืขื”

ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ืชืžื•ื“ื“ ื‘ื™ืขื™ืœื•ืช ืขื ื”ื‘ืขื™ื” ืฉืœ ื’'ื•ืงื™ื ืฉืžืชื’ื•ืจืจื™ื ื‘ื‘ื™ืชืš, ื—ื™ื•ื ื™ ืœืืžืฅ ืฉื™ื˜ื•ืช ืžื ื™ืขื”. ื ื™ืงื™ื•ืŸ ืฉื•ื˜ืฃ ืฉืœ ื—ืœืœื™ื ื—ื™ื•ื ื™ ืขืœ ืžื ืช ืœื ืœื”ืฉืื™ืจ ืคื™ืจื•ืจื™ื ืื• ืฉืืจื™ื•ืช ืžื–ื•ืŸ ืฉืขืœื•ืœื•ืช ืœืžืฉื•ืš ืื•ืชื. ื›ืžื• ื›ืŸ, ื—ืฉื•ื‘ ืœื”ื™ืžื ืข ืžื˜ืขื•ื™ื•ืช ื ืคื•ืฆื•ืช ื”ืžืขื•ื“ื“ื•ืช ื”ืชืคืฉื˜ื•ืช ืฉืœ ืžื–ื™ืงื™ื ืืœื•, ื›ืžื• ื”ืฆื˜ื‘ืจื•ืช ืฉืœ ื›ืœื™ื ืžืœื•ื›ืœื›ื™ื ื•ื”ื™ืžืฆืื•ืช ื›ืชืžื™ ืœื—ื•ืช. ืžืกืคืจ ืžืฉืื‘ื™ื ืžืงื•ื•ื ื™ื ื“ื ื™ื ื‘ืคืขื•ืœื•ืช ื”ืคืฉื•ื˜ื•ืช ืืš ื”ื—ื™ื•ื ื™ื•ืช ื”ืœืœื• ื›ื“ื™ ืœืžื ื•ืข ืžื’'ื•ืงื™ื ืœื”ืชื’ื•ืจืจ ื‘ื‘ื™ืชืš.

ื˜ื™ืคื™ื ืชื•ืฆืจืช ื‘ื™ืช ื›ื“ื™ ืœืžื ื•ืข ืคืœื™ืฉืช ื’'ื•ืงื™ื

ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ ื‘ื˜ืจื™ืงื™ื ืžืกื•ื™ืžื™ื ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ื“ืจืš ืžืฆื•ื™ื ืช ืœื”ืจื—ื™ืง ื’'ื•ืงื™ื ืžื”ืืจื•ื ื•ืช ื•ืžืคื™ื ื•ืช ืื—ืจื•ืช ื‘ื‘ื™ืช. ืฉืžื ื™ื ืืชืจื™ื™ื, ื›ื’ื•ืŸ ืœื‘ื ื“ืจ ืื• ืืงืœื™ืคื˜ื•ืก, ื”ื ื“ื•ื—ื™ื ื˜ื‘ืขื™ื™ื ื•ื ื™ืชืŸ ืœื™ื™ืฉื ืื•ืชื ื‘ืžืงื•ืžื•ืช ืืกื˜ืจื˜ื’ื™ื™ื. ืคืชืจื•ื ื•ืช ื ื•ืกืคื™ื, ื”ืžื•ื–ื›ืจื™ื ื‘ืืชืจื™ื ื›ื’ื•ืŸ ืžื™ื“ืขื“ืจื•ื, ืžืฆื™ืข ืœื”ืฉืชืžืฉ ื‘ืžืจื›ื™ื‘ื™ื ืคืฉื•ื˜ื™ื ื›ืžื• ื—ื•ืžืฅ ืœื‘ืŸ ืื• ืกื•ื“ื” ืœืฉืชื™ื™ื” ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ืจื—ื™ืง ืืช ื”ืคื•ืœืฉื™ื ื”ืืœื”.

ืžื•ืฆืจื™ื ื˜ื‘ืขื™ื™ื ืžื•ืœ ื’'ื•ืงื™ื: ืžืื‘ืง ืžืžื•ืงื“

ื™ืฉ ื“ืจื›ื™ื ืฉื•ื ื•ืช ืœืขืฉื•ืช ื–ืืช ืœื”ื™ืคื˜ืจ ืžื’'ื•ืงื™ื ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ื”ืขื“ืคืช ืฉื™ื˜ื•ืช ื˜ื‘ืขื™ื•ืช ื•ื™ื“ื™ื“ื•ืชื™ื•ืช ืœืกื‘ื™ื‘ื”. ืชืขืจื•ื‘ืช ืฉืœ ืกื•ื›ืจ ื•ืกื•ื“ื” ืœืฉืชื™ื™ื”, ืœืžืฉืœ, ื”ื™ื ืžืœื›ื•ื“ืช ื™ืขื™ืœื” ืžื›ื™ื•ื•ืŸ ืฉื”ื™ื ืžื•ืฉื›ืช ื’'ื•ืงื™ื ืฉืื—ืจ ื›ืš ื™ื•ืจืขืœื• ืžื”ืกื•ื“ื” ืœืฉืชื™ื™ื”. ืœื’ื™ืฉื” ืžืคื•ืจื˜ืช ื™ื•ืชืจ, ื”ืืชืจ ื’ื™ื ื•ืŸ ื”ืขื•ืœื ืžืกืคืง ืžื™ื“ืข ืจื‘ ืขืจืš ื›ื™ืฆื“ ืœื”ืฉืชืžืฉ ื‘ืžื•ืฆืจื™ื ื˜ื‘ืขื™ื™ื ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ื™ืœื—ื ื‘ืžื–ื™ืงื™ื ืืœื”.

ื“ื•ื—ื™ื ืชื•ืฆืจืช ื‘ื™ืช ืœื”ื’ื ื” ืžืชืžืฉื›ืช

ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ืงื™ื ืžื—ืกื•ื ื ื’ื“ ื’'ื•ืงื™ื ืขืžื™ื“, ืืคืฉืจ ืœื”ื›ื™ืŸ ื“ื•ื—ื™ื ืชื•ืฆืจืช ื‘ื™ืช. ืœื“ื•ื’ืžื”, ืขืจื‘ื•ื‘ ืžื™ื ืขื ื›ืžื” ื˜ื™ืคื•ืช ืฉืžืŸ ืืชืจื™ ืžื ื˜ื” ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื™ืฆื•ืจ ืคืชืจื•ืŸ ืœืจื™ืกื•ืก ืกื‘ื™ื‘ ืื–ื•ืจื™ ื›ื ื™ืกื” ืคื•ื˜ื ืฆื™ืืœื™ื™ื ืœื’'ื•ืงื™ื. ื”ื˜ื™ืคื™ื ืฉืœ ืกื‘ืชื ื™ื›ื•ืœื™ื ืœืจื•ื‘ ืœื”ื•ื›ื™ื— ืฉื”ื ื™ืขื™ืœื™ื ื•ื”ื ื ื’ื™ืฉื™ื ื‘ืงืœื•ืช ื‘ืคื•ืจื˜ืœื™ื ื›ื’ื•ืŸ ConsoGlobe.

ืœื‘ืกื•ืฃ, ื—ืฉื•ื‘ ืœืฆื™ื™ืŸ ืฉื”ืชืžื“ื” ืชื”ื™ื” ื‘ืขืœืช ื”ื‘ืจื™ืช ื”ื˜ื•ื‘ื” ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืฉืœืš. ื™ื™ืฉื•ื ื™ื—ื™ื“ ืฉืœ ื”ืขืฆื•ืช ืœืขื™ืœ ืœื ื™ืกืคื™ืง; ืชื—ื–ื•ืงื” ื•ื—ื–ืจื” ื ื—ื•ืฆื•ืช ื›ื“ื™ ืœึฐื—ึทืกึตืœ ื’'ื•ืงื™ื ื‘ื”ื—ืœื˜.

ื”ืืกื˜ืจื˜ื’ื™ื” ืฉืœืš ืœื”ื‘ื™ืก ืืช ื”ืžื–ื™ืงื™ื ื”ืืœื” ื—ื™ื™ื‘ืช ืœืฉืœื‘ ืžื ื™ืขื”, ืขืฆื•ืช ื˜ื‘ืขื™ื•ืช ื•ื ื™ื˜ื•ืจ ืžืฆืคื•ื ื™ ื›ื“ื™ ืœืฉืžื•ืจ ืขืœ ื‘ื™ืชืš ื‘ืจื™ื ื•ื ืงื™ ืžื’'ื•ืงื™ื.

ื“ืข ืืช ื”ืื•ื™ื‘ ืฉืœืš: ืžื—ื–ื•ืจ ื”ื—ื™ื™ื ื•ื”ื”ืจื’ืœื™ื ืฉืœ ื’'ื•ืงื™ื

ื’ืœื” ืคืชืจื•ื ื•ืช ื˜ื‘ืขื™ื™ื ืœื”ืขืœืžืช ื’'ื•ืงื™ื ืžื”ื‘ื™ืช ืฉืœืš ื‘ืฆื•ืจื” ื™ืขื™ืœื” ื•ื™ื“ื™ื“ื•ืชื™ืช ืœืกื‘ื™ื‘ื”.

ืžื—ื–ื•ืจ ื—ื™ื™ื ืฉืœ ืชื™ืงืŸ

ื”ื‘ื ืช ืžื—ื–ื•ืจ ื”ื—ื™ื™ื ืฉืœ ื’'ื•ืงื™ื ื”ื™ื ืฆืขื“ ืžื›ืจื™ืข ื‘ื™ื™ืฉื•ื ืืกื˜ืจื˜ื’ื™ื™ืช ื‘ืงืจื” ื™ืขื™ืœื”. ืžื‘ื™ืฆื” ืœื‘ื•ื’ืจ, ื”ื’'ื•ืง ืขื•ื‘ืจ ืžืกืคืจ ืฉืœื‘ื™ ื”ืชืคืชื—ื•ืช. ื‘ืชื—ื™ืœื”, ื”ื ืงื‘ื” ืžื˜ื™ืœื” ootheca, ืงืคืกื•ืœื” ื ื•ืงืฉื” ื”ืžื›ื™ืœื” ืžืกืคืจ ื‘ื™ืฆื™ื. ื‘ื”ืชืื ืœืžื™ืŸ, ืื•ื˜ื”ืงื” ื–ื• ื™ื›ื•ืœื” ืœื”ื›ื™ืœ ื‘ื™ืŸ 16 ืœ-50 ื‘ื™ืฆื™ื, ืžื” ืฉืžื‘ืฉืจ ืขืœ ืคื•ื˜ื ืฆื™ืืœ ื’ื‘ื•ื” ืœื”ื“ื‘ืงื” ื‘ืžืงืจื” ืฉืœ ืื™ ื”ืชืขืจื‘ื•ืช.

ืœืื—ืจ ื‘ืงื™ืขืชื•, ื”ื ื™ืžืคื•ืช, ืฉืžื–ื›ื™ืจื•ืช ืžื‘ื•ื’ืจื™ื ืงื˜ื ื™ื ืืš ืœืœื ื›ื ืคื™ื™ื, ืขื•ื‘ืจื•ืช ื”ืคืจืฉื•ืช ืขื•ืงื‘ื•ืช. ืขื ื›ืœ ื ืžืœ, ื”ื ืžืชืงืจื‘ื™ื ืœืžืจืื” ื”ื‘ื•ื’ืจ. ืชื”ืœื™ืš ื–ื” ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื”ื™ืžืฉืš ื‘ื™ืŸ ืžืกืคืจ ืฉื‘ื•ืขื•ืช ืœืžืกืคืจ ื—ื•ื“ืฉื™ื, ื‘ื”ืชืื ืœืชื ืื™ ื”ืกื‘ื™ื‘ื” ื›ื’ื•ืŸ ื˜ืžืคืจื˜ื•ืจื” ื•ืœื—ื•ืช. ื’'ื•ืงื™ื ืžื’ื™ืขื™ื ืœื‘ื’ืจื•ืช ื‘ืชื•ื ื”ื”ื ืคื•ืช ื”ืœืœื•, ื•ืื– ืžืกื•ื’ืœื™ื ืœื”ืชืจื‘ื•ืช ื•ืœื”ื ืฆื™ื— ืืช ื”ืžื—ื–ื•ืจ.

ื”ืจื’ืœื™ ืื›ื™ืœื” ื•ื”ืชื ื”ื’ื•ืช

ื’'ื•ืงื™ื ื”ื ืื•ื›ืœื™ ื›ืœ ืขื ื ื˜ื™ื™ื” ืœืฆืจื•ืš ื›ืžืขื˜ ื›ืœ ืกื•ื’ ืฉืœ ื—ื•ืžืจ ืื•ืจื’ื ื™, ื›ื•ืœืœ ืืฉืคื”, ืžื–ื•ืŸ ืžืื•ื—ืกืŸ, ื•ืืคื™ืœื• ื ื™ื™ืจ ืื• ืงืจื˜ื•ืŸ. ื”ื ื‘ืขื™ืงืจ ืœื™ืœื™ื™ื ื•ืžื‘ืœื™ื ืืช ื”ื™ื•ื ื‘ื”ืกืชืชืจ ื‘ืกื“ืงื™ื ืื• ื‘ืžืงื•ืžื•ืช ืกื’ื•ืจื™ื. ื ื˜ื™ื™ืชื ืœื—ื•ืฉืš ืžืงืฉื” ืขืœ ื–ื™ื”ื•ื™ื ื‘ืขื™ืŸ ื‘ืœืชื™ ืžื–ื•ื™ื ืช ื‘ืžื”ืœืš ื”ื™ื•ื.

ื”ื ื ืžืฉื›ื™ื ืœืœื—ื•ืช ื•ื—ื•ื, ื•ื–ื• ื”ืกื™ื‘ื” ืฉืžื˜ื‘ื—ื™ื ื•ื—ื“ืจื™ ืจื—ืฆื” ื”ื ืœืจื•ื‘ ื”ื—ื“ืจื™ื ื”ืฉื•ืจืฅ ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ. ื”ื™ื›ื•ืœืช ืฉืœื”ื ืœื–ื”ื•ืช ืจื™ื—ื•ืช ืžืจื—ื•ืง ืžืืคืฉืจืช ืœื”ื ืœื–ื”ื•ืช ื‘ืžื”ื™ืจื•ืช ืžืงื•ืจื•ืช ืžื–ื•ืŸ, ืžื” ืฉืžืกื‘ื™ืจ ืืช ื”ืชืคืฉื˜ื•ืชื ื”ืžื”ื™ืจื” ื‘ืจื’ืข ืฉื”ื ืžืชื’ื•ืจืจื™ื ื‘ืกื‘ื™ื‘ื” ื ื•ื—ื”.

ืžื ื™ืขื” ื•ื‘ืงืจื”

ืžื ื™ืขื” ื ื•ืชืจื” ื”ืืกื˜ืจื˜ื’ื™ื” ื”ื™ืขื™ืœื” ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ื ื’ื“ ื ื’ื™ืขื•ืช ืชื™ืงื ื™ื. ื”ื™ื’ื™ื™ื ื” ืงืคื“ื ื™ืช ืฉืœ ื‘ื™ืช ื”ื’ื™ื“ื•ืœ ื—ื™ื•ื ื™ืช; ื–ื” ื›ื•ืœืœ ื ื™ื”ื•ืœ ืคืกื•ืœืช, ื ื™ืงื•ื™ ืงื‘ื•ืข ืฉืœ ืžืฉื˜ื—ื™ ืขื‘ื•ื“ื” ื•ื”ื’ื‘ืœืช ืื–ื•ืจื™ ื”ืฆื˜ื‘ืจื•ืช ืœื—ื•ืช. ื›ืžื• ื›ืŸ, ืจืฆื•ื™ ืœืื˜ื•ื ืืช ื›ืœ ื”ืกื“ืงื™ื ื•ื”ืคืชื—ื™ื ื“ืจื›ื ืขืœื•ืœื™ื ืœื—ื“ื•ืจ ืžื–ื™ืงื™ื ืืœื•.

ื‘ื’ื™ืฉื” ืœืฉืœื™ื˜ื” ื‘ื”ื“ื‘ืงื•ืช, ืžืœื›ื•ื“ื•ืช, ืงื•ื˜ืœื™ ื—ืจืงื™ื ื•ืคื™ืชื™ื•ื ื•ืช ื™ื›ื•ืœื™ื ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉื™ื™ื. ืขื ื–ืืช, ื™ืฉ ืœืฉืงื•ืœ ืืช ื”ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ ื‘ื”ื ื‘ื–ื”ื™ืจื•ืช ื•ื‘ืื•ืคืŸ ืื™ื“ื™ืืœื™ ื‘ื”ื ื—ื™ื™ืช ืื ืฉื™ ืžืงืฆื•ืข, ืฉื›ืŸ ืชื™ืงื ื™ื ืจื‘ื™ื ืคื™ืชื—ื• ืขืžื™ื“ื•ืช ืœื˜ื™ืคื•ืœื™ื ื ืคื•ืฆื™ื. ื”ื”ืชืžื“ื” ืฉืœ ื—ืจืงื™ื ืืœื• ื•ื™ื›ื•ืœืชื ืœื”ืกืชืชืจ ื‘ืคื™ื ื•ืช ื”ื‘ืœืชื™ ื ื’ื™ืฉื•ืช ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืฉืœ ื‘ื™ืชื›ื ืžื—ื™ื™ื‘ื•ืช ืžื•ืฆืจื™ื ื™ืขื™ืœื™ื ืฉืชื•ื›ื ื ื• ื‘ืžื™ื•ื—ื“ ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ื“ื‘ื™ืจ ืื•ืชื.

ืืœ ืชื—ื›ื• ืขื“ ืฉื”ื”ื“ื‘ืงื•ืช ื™ื—ืžื™ืจื•. ืฉืงื•ืœ ืœื”ืชืงืฉืจ ืžื•ืžื—ื™ ื”ื“ื‘ืจื” ืœืคืชืจื•ื ื•ืช ื‘ืจื™ ืงื™ื™ืžื ื•ื‘ื˜ื•ื—ื™ื. ืœืฉืงื˜ ื ืคืฉื™ ื•ืœื”ื‘ื˜ื—ื” ืœื‘ื™ืช ื‘ืจื™ื, ื‘ื—ืจื• ื’ื™ืฉื•ืช ื•ืžื•ืฆืจื™ื ืฉื™ืขื™ืœื•ืชื ืžื•ื›ืจืช ื•ืžื›ื‘ื“ื™ื ืืช ืกื‘ื™ื‘ืชื›ื.

ืžืจื›ื™ื‘ื™ื ื˜ื‘ืขื™ื™ื ื™ืขื™ืœื™ื ื ื’ื“ ื’'ื•ืงื™ื

ื’ืœื” ืฉื™ื˜ื•ืช ื˜ื‘ืขื™ื•ืช ื•ื™ืขื™ืœื•ืช ืœื”ืขืœืžืช ื’'ื•ืงื™ื ื‘ืฆื•ืจื” ืืงื•ืœื•ื’ื™ืช ื•ืœืœื ืกื›ื ื” ืœื‘ืจื™ืื•ืช, ืขืœ ืžื ืช ืœื˜ื”ืจ ืืช ื”ืคื ื™ื ืฉืœืš ื•ืœืžืฆื•ื ืฉืœื•ื•ื”.

ืžื•ืœ ืคืœื™ืฉืช ื”ื’'ื•ืงื™ื, ืื ืฉื™ื ืจื‘ื™ื ืžื—ืคืฉื™ื ืคืชืจื•ื ื•ืช ื™ืขื™ืœื™ื ืชื•ืš ื”ืขื“ืคืช ืฉื™ื˜ื•ืช ื”ืžื›ื‘ื“ื•ืช ืืช ื”ืกื‘ื™ื‘ื” ื•ื”ื‘ืจื™ืื•ืช. ืžื•ืฆืจื™ื ื˜ื‘ืขื™ื™ื ืžืฆื™ืขื™ื ืืœื˜ืจื ื˜ื™ื‘ื” ืžืขื ื™ื™ื ืช, ืฉื™ื›ื•ืœื” ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ื™ืขื™ืœื” ื‘ืื•ืชื” ืžื™ื“ื” ื›ืžื• ืงื•ื˜ืœื™ ื—ืจืงื™ื ื›ื™ืžื™ื™ื. ื‘ื•ื ื ืกืชื›ืœ ืขืœ ื›ืžื” ืžืจื›ื™ื‘ื™ื ื˜ื‘ืขื™ื™ื ืฉื‘ื”ื ืืชื” ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื”ืฉืชืžืฉ ื›ื“ื™ ืœื’ืจืฉ ืืช ื”ืื ืฉื™ื ื”ืœื ืจืฆื•ื™ื™ื ื”ืืœื” ืžื”ื‘ื™ืช ืฉืœืš.

ื”ื›ื ืช ืงื•ื˜ืœ ื—ืจืงื™ื ื˜ื‘ืขื™ ืชื•ืฆืจืช ื‘ื™ืช

ืืคืฉืจ ืœืขืฉื•ืช ื ืงื•ื˜ืœ ื—ืจืงื™ื ื˜ื‘ืขื™ ืืช ืขืฆืžืš ื‘ืืžืฆืขื•ืช ืืœืžื ื˜ื™ื ืฉืื ื• ืžื•ืฆืื™ื ืœืขืชื™ื ืงืจื•ื‘ื•ืช ื‘ืžื˜ื‘ื—ื™ื ืื• ื‘ืืจื•ื ื•ืช ืฉืœื ื•. ืื—ื“ ื”ืžืชื›ื•ื ื™ื ื”ืคื•ืคื•ืœืจื™ื™ื ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ื›ืจื•ืš ื‘ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ ื‘ืกื•ื“ื” ืœืฉืชื™ื™ื”, ืกื•ื›ืŸ ื‘ืขืœ ืคื•ื˜ื ืฆื™ืืœ ืงื•ื˜ืœ ื—ืจืงื™ื ืžื•ื›ืจ. ืขืจื‘ื‘ื• ืืช ื”ืื‘ืงื” ื”ืœื‘ื ื” ื”ื–ื• ืขื ืกื•ื›ืจ ื›ื“ื™ ืœืžืฉื•ืš ื’'ื•ืงื™ื, ืืฉืจ ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ื‘ืœื™ืขืช ืชืขืจื•ื‘ืช ื–ื•, ืื– ื™ืกื•ืœืงื•. ืœืคืจื˜ื™ื ื ื•ืกืคื™ื ืขืœ ืกื•ื’ ื–ื” ืฉืœ ืžืชื›ื•ื ื™ื, ื—ืคืจื• ืœืขื•ืžืง ืขื ืžืฉืื‘ื™ื ืžื•ืžื—ื™ื ื‘ืชื—ื•ื.

ื“ื•ื—ื™ื ื˜ื‘ืขื™ื™ื: ื›ื•ื—ื ืฉืœ ืฆืžื—ื™ื

ื‘ื ื•ืกืฃ, ื ื™ืชืŸ ืœื™ืฆื•ืจ ื“ื•ื—ื™ื ื˜ื‘ืขื™ื™ื ืžืฆืžื—ื™ื ื•ืžืžืจื›ื™ื‘ื™ื ื˜ื‘ืขื™ื™ื. ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ ื‘ืฆื™ืคื•ืจืŸ ื”ื•ื ืžื ื”ื’ ื ืคื•ืฅ ื‘ืžืื‘ืง ื‘ื—ืจืงื™ื: ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ื”ืคืฆืช ืจื™ื— ืฉื’'ื•ืงื™ื ืžื•ืฆืื™ื ื“ื•ื—ื”, ื ื™ืชืŸ ืœืžืงื ืืช ื—ืชื™ื›ื•ืช ื”ืฆืžื— ื”ืงื˜ื ื•ืช ื”ืœืœื• ื‘ืื•ืคืŸ ืืกื˜ืจื˜ื’ื™ ื‘ืจื—ื‘ื™ ื”ื‘ื™ืช. ืžืฆื“ ืฉื ื™, ื”ืคื™ืชื•ื— ืฉืœ ืชืจืกื™ืกื™ ืฉืžืŸ ืืชืจื™ื (ื›ื’ื•ืŸ ืฉืžืŸ ืœื‘ื ื“ืจ ืื• ืžื ื˜ื”) ื”ืžืจื•ืกืก ื‘ื ืงื•ื“ื•ืช ื›ื ื™ืกื” ืคื•ื˜ื ืฆื™ืืœื™ื•ืช ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื”ืจื—ื™ืง ืื•ืชื. ืœืžื™ื“ืข ื ื•ืกืฃ ืขืœ ื”ื›ื ืช ืคืชืจื•ื ื•ืช ืืœื”, ื—ืงื•ืจ ืืช ื”ืชื•ื›ืŸ ื”ืžื™ื•ื—ื“.

ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ ื‘ื˜ื‘ืข ืœื”ื’ื ื” ืžืงื™ืคื” ืขืœ ื‘ืชื™ ื’ื™ื“ื•ืœ

ืงื—ื• ื‘ื—ืฉื‘ื•ืŸ ื’ื ืืช ืชืจืกื™ืกื™ ื—ืจืงื™ื ืชื•ืฆืจืช ื‘ื™ืช ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ื’ืŸ ืขืœ ื”ืขื•ืจ, ื”ื‘ื™ืช ื•ื”ื’ื™ื ื” ืฉืœืš. ืคืชืจื•ื ื•ืช ืืœื” ืžืฉืœื‘ื™ื ืžื•ืฆืจื™ื ื˜ื‘ืขื™ื™ื ื›ื’ื•ืŸ ื—ื•ืžืฅ ืื• ืฉืžืŸ ืืชืจื™ ืืงืœื™ืคื˜ื•ืก ืžืืคืฉืจื™ื ืœืš ืœื™ืฆื•ืจ ืžื—ืกื•ื ื”ื’ื ื” ืžืคื ื™ ื’'ื•ืงื™ื ืชื•ืš ื›ื“ื™ ืขื“ื™ื ื•ืช ืœืกื‘ื™ื‘ื”. ืžื“ืจื™ื›ื™ื ืžืขืฉื™ื™ื ื–ืžื™ื ื™ื ื›ื“ื™ ืœืขื–ื•ืจ ืœืš ืœืจืงื•ื— ืืช ื”ืžืชื›ื•ื ื™ื ืฉืœืš.

ืœืกื™ื›ื•ื, ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ ื‘ืžื•ืฆืจื™ื ื˜ื‘ืขื™ื™ื ืœืžืœื—ืžื” ื‘ื’'ื•ืงื™ื ื”ื•ื ืœื ืจืง ืืคืฉืจื™, ืืœื ื’ื ืžื•ืžืœืฅ ืœืžื™ ืฉืžื—ืคืฉ ืœืžื–ืขืจ ืืช ื”ืฉืคืขืชื ื”ืกื‘ื™ื‘ืชื™ืช. ืขื ืžืจื›ื™ื‘ื™ื ืคืฉื•ื˜ื™ื ื›ืžื• ืกื•ื“ื” ืœืฉืชื™ื™ื”, ืกื•ื›ืจ, ืฆื™ืคื•ืจืŸ ื•ืืคื™ืœื• ืฉืžื ื™ื ืืชืจื™ื™ื, ืืชื” ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื™ืฆื•ืจ ืคืชืจื•ื ื•ืช ื™ืขื™ืœื™ื ื›ื“ื™ ืœืฉืžื•ืจ ืขืœ ื”ื‘ื™ืช ืฉืœืš ื ืงื™ ืžื”ืžื–ื™ืงื™ื ื”ืืœื”.