ืคืฆืฆืช ืขืฉืŸ: ื”ื ืฉืง ื”ืกื•ื“ื™ ืœื”ื™ืคื˜ืจ ืžืžื–ื™ืงื™ื ื‘ื‘ื™ืช?

ื›ืืฉืจ ืคืœื™ืฉืช ื”ืžื–ื™ืงื™ื ืžืื™ื™ืžืช ืขืœ ืฉืœื•ื•ืช ื”ื‘ื™ืช ืฉืœืš, ื™ืฉ ืฆื•ืจืš ื‘ืคืชืจื•ื ื•ืช ืงื™ืฆื•ื ื™ื™ื ื•ื™ืขื™ืœื™ื. ื‘ื™ืŸ ืืœื” ื™ืฉ ืขืฉืŸ, ื‘ืขืœ ื‘ืจื™ืช ืคื•ื˜ื ืฆื™ืืœื™ ืจื‘ ืขื•ืฆืžื” ื‘ืžืื‘ืง ื ื’ื“ ืคื•ืœืฉื™ื ืœื ืจืฆื•ื™ื™ื ื›ืžื• ื—ืจืงื™ื ืื• ืžื›ืจืกืžื™ื. ืื‘ืœ ื”ืื ื–ื” ื‘ืืžืช ื”ื ืฉืง ื”ืกื•ื“ื™ ืฉืืชื” ืžื—ืคืฉ ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ื’ืŸ ืขืœ ืžืจื—ื‘ ื”ืžื—ื™ื” ืฉืœืš? ื’ืœื” ื‘ืžืืžืจ ื–ื” ื›ื™ืฆื“ ืคื•ืขืœื•ืช ืคืฆืฆื•ืช ืขืฉืŸ, ื™ืขื™ืœื•ืชืŸ ื•ื›ื™ืฆื“ ื”ืŸ ืžืฉืชืœื‘ื•ืช ื‘ืืกื˜ืจื˜ื’ื™ื™ืช ื”ื“ื‘ืจื” ื›ื•ืœืœืช ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ื‘ื˜ื™ื— ืืช ื”ื‘ืจื™ืื•ืช ื•ื”ืฉืœื•ื•ื” ืฉืœ ื”ื‘ื™ืช ืฉืœืš.

ืคืฆืฆืช ื”ืขืฉืŸ: ืคืชืจื•ืŸ ืจื‘ ืขื•ืฆืžื” ื ื’ื“ ืžื–ื™ืงื™ื

ื ื’ื™ืขื•ืช ืžื–ื™ืงื™ื ื‘ื‘ืชื™ื ื”ื™ื ื‘ืขื™ื” ืฉื—ื•ื–ืจืช ืขืœ ืขืฆืžื” ืฉื›ืœ ื‘ืขืœ ื‘ื™ืช ืื• ื“ื™ื™ืจ ืขืœื•ืœ ืœื”ืชืžื•ื“ื“ ืื™ืชื”. ื‘ื™ืŸ ื”ืคืชืจื•ื ื•ืช ื”ืงื™ื™ืžื™ื, ื‘ื•ืœื˜ืช ืคืฆืฆืช ื”ืขืฉืŸ ื›ืืžืฆืขื™ ื™ืขื™ืœ ื•ืจื“ื™ืงืœื™ ืœื”ืชื’ื‘ืจ ืขืœ ื”ื‘ืœืชื™ ืจืฆื•ื™ื™ื ื”ืœืœื•.

ื‘ื˜ื™ื—ื•ืช ื•ื™ืขื™ืœื•ืช

ื”ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ ื‘ื ืคืฆืฆืช ืขืฉืŸ ื“ื•ืจืฉ ื›ืžื” ื”ื›ื ื” ื•ืืžืฆืขื™ ื‘ื˜ื™ื—ื•ืช. ืœืคื ื™ ืฉืžืžืฉื™ื›ื™ื ื‘ื—ื™ื˜ื•ื™, ื—ื™ื•ื ื™ ืœืื•ื•ืจืจ ื”ื™ื˜ื‘ ืืช ื”ืื–ื•ืจ ืฉื‘ื• ื™ืฉ ืœื˜ืคืœ, ืœื”ืกื™ืจ ื‘ืขืœื™ ื—ื™ื™ื ื•ืฆืžื—ื™ื ื•ืœื›ืกื•ืช ืžื–ื•ืŸ ื•ื›ืœื™ ืžื˜ื‘ื— ื›ื“ื™ ืœืžื ื•ืข ื›ืœ ื–ื™ื”ื•ื. ืœืžืจื•ืช ืื™ืœื•ืฆื™ื ืืœื”, ืคืขื•ืœืชื” ื”ื—ื•ื“ืจืช ื•ื™ื›ื•ืœืชื” ืœื”ื’ื™ืข ืœืื–ื•ืจื™ื ื‘ืœืชื™ ื ื’ื™ืฉื™ื ื”ื•ืคื›ื•ืช ืืช ืคืฆืฆื•ืช ื”ืขืฉืŸ ืœื‘ืขืœืช ื‘ืจื™ืช ืžืจื›ื–ื™ืช ื‘ืžืื‘ืง ื ื’ื“ ื”ืชืคืฉื˜ื•ืช ื”ืžื–ื™ืงื™ื.

ื—ืœื•ืคื” ืœื”ื“ื‘ืจื” ื›ื™ืžื™ืช

ืœืžื™ ืฉืžืขื“ื™ืฃ ืœื”ื™ืžื ืข ืžืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ ื‘ืชืจื›ื•ื‘ื•ืช ื›ื™ืžื™ื•ืช ืงืฉื•ืช, ื ื™ืชืŸ ืœืฉืงื•ืœ ื›ืžื” ื—ืœื•ืคื•ืช ื˜ื‘ืขื™ื•ืช. ื”ืžืชื›ื•ื ื™ื ืฉืœืงื•ื˜ืœ ื—ืจืงื™ื ื˜ื‘ืขื™ ืชื•ืฆืจืช ื‘ื™ืช ื”ืฉืชืžืฉ ื‘ืžืจื›ื™ื‘ื™ื ื ืคื•ืฆื™ื ืจื‘ื™ื, ื›ื’ื•ืŸ ืฉืžื ื™ื ืืชืจื™ื™ื ืื• ืกื•ื“ื” ืœืฉืชื™ื™ื”, ื•ื”ื•ื ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉื™ ืœื”ื“ื‘ืจื” ื‘ืงื ื” ืžื™ื“ื” ืงื˜ืŸ.

ื›ื•ื—ื• ืฉืœ ื”ืขืฉืŸ ื ื’ื“ ืžื’ื•ื•ืŸ ืจื—ื‘ ืฉืœ ืžื–ื™ืงื™ื

ืคืฆืฆื•ืช ืขืฉืŸ ื™ืขื™ืœื•ืช ื‘ืžื™ื•ื—ื“ ื‘ื—ื™ืกื•ืœ ืงืฉืช ืจื—ื‘ื” ืฉืœ ืžื–ื™ืงื™ื, ื›ื•ืœืœ ืคืจืขื•ืฉื™ื, ืคืฉืคืฉื™ื ื•ื’'ื•ืงื™ื. ืœืžืจื•ืช ืฉื”ื ืขืžื™ื“ื™ื ืœื˜ื™ืคื•ืœื™ื ืจื‘ื™ื, ืคืฆืฆื•ืช ืขืฉืŸ ืžื›ื™ืœื•ืช ื—ื•ืžืจื™ื ืฉืžืกื•ื’ืœื™ื ืœื ื˜ืจืœ ืื•ืชื ื’ื ื‘ืคื™ื ื•ืช ื”ื ืกืชืจื•ืช ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ื‘ื‘ื™ืชื›ื.

ืฉืžื•ืจ ืขืœ ืฉืœืžื•ืช ื”ื‘ื™ืช ืฉืœืš

ืžื–ื™ืงื™ื ืžืกื•ื™ืžื™ื, ื›ื’ื•ืŸ ื˜ืจืžื™ื˜ื™ื ืื• ื—ืจืงื™ื ืื•ื›ืœื™ ืขืฅ ืื—ืจื™ื, ืžื”ื•ื•ื™ื ืื™ื•ื ืจืฆื™ื ื™ ืขืœ ืžื‘ื ื™ ื”ืขืฅ ืฉืœ ื”ื‘ื™ืช ืฉืœืš. ื’ื ื›ืืŸ, ืคืฆืฆื•ืช ืขืฉืŸ ื™ื›ื•ืœื•ืช ืœืžืœื ืชืคืงื™ื“ ื—ืฉื•ื‘, ืœืคืขื•ืœ ื‘ืชื•ืจ ืžืขืจื›ืช ืฉื™ืžื•ืจ ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ื—ื™ืกื•ืœ ืžื–ื™ืงื™ื ืืœื” ื•ื˜ื™ืคื•ืœ ืžื•ื ืข ื‘ืื–ื•ืจื™ื ืฉืขืœื•ืœื™ื ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ื ื’ื•ืขื™ื.

ืžืื‘ืง ืกืคืฆื™ืคื™ ื ื’ื“ ืคื•ืœืฉื™ื ืžื“ืฉืื•ืช

ื” ืฉื•ืžื•ืช, ืœืžืฉืœ, ืœืžืจื•ืช ืฉืœื ืœืžื”ื“ืจื™ืŸ ืžื–ื™ืงื™ื, ืขืœื•ืœื™ื ืœื’ืจื•ื ื ื–ืง ืžืฉืžืขื•ืชื™ ืœื’ื™ื ื•ืช ื•ืœืžื“ืฉืื•ืช ืฉืœื›ื ืขื ื”ื’ืœืจื™ื•ืช ื”ืชืช-ืงืจืงืขื™ื•ืช ืฉืœื”ื. ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ ื‘ืคืฆืฆื•ืช ืขืฉืŸ ืฉืชื•ื›ื ื ื• ื‘ืžื™ื•ื—ื“ ืขื‘ื•ืจ ืžื›ืจืกืžื™ื ืืœื•, ืชื•ื›ืœื• ืœื”ืจืชื™ืข ืื•ืชื ืžืœื”ืชื’ื•ืจืจ ื‘ื ื›ืก ืฉืœื›ื.
ืœืกื™ื›ื•ื, ื”ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ ื‘ืคืฆืฆื•ืช ืขืฉืŸ ืžื”ื•ื•ื” ืื•ืคืฆื™ื” ื—ื–ืงื” ื‘ืืจื•ืŸ ื”ื›ืœื™ื ืฉืœ ืืœื• ื”ืžื‘ืงืฉื™ื ืœื”ื’ืŸ ืขืœ ื‘ื™ืชื ืžืคื ื™ ืžื˜ืจื“ ืฉืœ ื—ืจืงื™ื ื•ื‘ืขืœื™ ื—ื™ื™ื ืœื ืจืฆื•ื™ื™ื ืื—ืจื™ื. ืขื ื–ืืช, ืžื•ืžืœืฅ ืœืฉืœื‘ ืฉื™ื˜ื” ื–ื• ืขื ืžื›ืœื•ืœ ืฉื™ื˜ื•ืช ืขื‘ื•ื“ื” ื˜ื•ื‘ื•ืช ืœืฉืžื™ืจื” ื•ืื‘ื˜ื—ืช ื”ืžืจื—ื‘ ื”ื‘ื™ืชื™ ืœื™ืขื™ืœื•ืช ืžื™ื˜ื‘ื™ืช ื•ืฉืงื˜ ื ืคืฉื™ ืžืชืžืฉืš.

ืคืฆืฆืช ืขืฉืŸ: ื”ื ืฉืง ื”ืกื•ื“ื™ ืœื”ื™ืคื˜ืจ ืžืžื–ื™ืงื™ื ื‘ื‘ื™ืช?

ื”ื™ืชืจื•ื ื•ืช ืฉืœ ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ ื‘ืคืฆืฆื•ืช ืขืฉืŸ ื ื’ื“ ืžื–ื™ืงื™ื

ื›ืืฉืจ ืžืชืžื•ื“ื“ื™ื ืขื ื‘ืขื™ื™ืช ื”ืžื–ื™ืงื™ื ื‘ื‘ื™ืช, ื”ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ ื‘ ืคืฆืฆื•ืช ืขืฉืŸ ื ื’ื“ ืžื–ื™ืงื™ื ืžืฆื™ื’ ืืช ืขืฆืžื• ื›ืคืชืจื•ืŸ ื™ืขื™ืœ ื‘ืžื™ื•ื—ื“, ื‘ืžื™ื•ื—ื“ ืœืžืœื—ืžื” ื‘ืคื•ืœืฉื™ื ืขืžื™ื“ื™ื ื›ืžื• ืคืฉืคืฉื™ื. ื‘ื•ืื• ื ืกืชื›ืœ ืžืงืจื•ื‘ ืขืœ ื”ื™ืชืจื•ื ื•ืช ืฉื”ืžื•ืฆืจื™ื ื”ืืœื” ื™ื›ื•ืœื™ื ืœื”ืฆื™ืข.

ืืคืงื˜ ื”ืœื ื•ืคืขื•ืœื” ืžื”ื™ืจื”

ื”ื™ืชืจื•ืŸ ื”ืขื™ืงืจื™ ืฉืœ ืคืฆืฆื•ืช ืขืฉืŸ ื˜ืžื•ืŸ ื‘ื”ืฉืคืขืชืŸ ื”ืžื™ื™ื“ื™ืช ืขืœ ืื•ื›ืœื•ืกื™ื™ืช ื”ืžื–ื™ืงื™ื. ื”ื•ื“ื•ืช ืœืžืจื›ื™ื‘ ื”ืคืขื™ืœ ื”ืขื•ืฆืžืชื™ ืฉืœื”ืŸ, ืคืฆืฆื•ืช ืขืฉืŸ ืžืคื–ืจื•ืช ื˜ื™ืคื•ืœ ื‘ืฆื•ืจืช ืขืฉืŸ ืฉื—ื•ื“ืจ ืœืžืงื•ืžื•ืช ื”ื›ื™ ืœื ื ื’ื™ืฉื™ื ื‘ื—ืœืœื™ ื”ืžื’ื•ืจื™ื ืฉืœื›ื. ื˜ื™ืคื•ืœ ืžืกื•ื’ ื–ื” ืžืชื’ื‘ืจ ืขืœ ื ื’ื™ืขื•ืช ืฉืืœื™ื”ื ืงื•ื˜ืœื™ ื—ืจืงื™ื ืงื•ื ื‘ื ืฆื™ื•ื ืœื™ื™ื ืœื ืชืžื™ื“ ื™ื›ื•ืœื™ื ืœื”ื’ื™ืข, ื•ื‘ื›ืš ืžื‘ื˜ื™ื— ื ืคืขื•ืœื” ืžื”ื™ืจื” ื•ื™ืขื™ืœ ืžืื•ื“ ื ื’ื“ ืžื–ื™ืงื™ื ื ืกืชืจื™ื.

ื›ื™ืกื•ื™ ื ืจื—ื‘ ื•ืื—ื™ื“ื•ืช ื”ื˜ื™ืคื•ืœ

ื™ืชืจื•ืŸ ืžืจื›ื–ื™ ื ื•ืกืฃ ื”ื•ื ืฉืคืฆืฆื•ืช ืขืฉืŸ ืžืกืคืงื•ืช ื›ื™ืกื•ื™ ื ืจื—ื‘ ื‘ืืžืช. ืฉืœื ื›ืžื• ืชืจืกื™ืกื™ื ื•ืžื•ืฆืจื™ื ืžืžื•ืงื“ื™ื ืื—ืจื™ื, ืคืฆืฆื•ืช ื”ืขืฉืŸ ื”ืœืœื• ืžืืคืฉืจื•ืช ื˜ื™ืคื•ืœ ืื—ื™ื“ ื‘ื—ื“ืจ ืฉืœื, ื•ืžื’ื™ืขื•ืช ืœื›ืœ ืคื™ื ื” ืฉื‘ื” ืžืกืชืชืจื™ื ืคืฉืคืฉื™ื ืื• ื—ืจืงื™ื ืื—ืจื™ื. ื”ืื—ื™ื“ื•ืช ืฉืœ ื˜ื™ืคื•ืœ ื”ื“ื‘ืจื” ืœื›ืŸ ื”ื•ื ืžืงืกื™ืžืœื™, ืžื” ืฉืžื’ื‘ื™ืœ ืžืื•ื“ ืืช ื”ืกื™ื›ื•ืŸ ืœื”ื™ืฉืจื“ื•ืช ื”ื˜ืคื™ืœื™ื ื•ืžื’ื‘ื™ืจ ืืช ื”ื™ืขื™ืœื•ืช ืœื˜ื•ื•ื— ืืจื•ืš.

ืงืœื•ืช ื•ื ื•ื—ื•ืช ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ

ืžื ืงื•ื“ืช ืžื‘ื˜ื• ืฉืœ ื”ืžืฉืชืžืฉ, ื”ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ ื‘ืคืฆืฆื•ืช ืขืฉืŸ ืžืื•ืคื™ื™ืŸ ื‘ื ืงืœื•ืช ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ. ื‘ื“ืจืš ื›ืœืœ, ืžืกืคื™ืง ืœืขืงื•ื‘ ืื—ืจ ืคืจื•ื˜ื•ืงื•ืœ ืคืฉื•ื˜ ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ืคืขื™ืœ ืื•ืชื: ื”ื›ื ืช ื”ื—ื“ืจ, ื”ื“ืœืงืช ื”ืขืฉืŸ, ื•ืื– ืคื™ื ื•ื™ ืฉืœ ื”ืžืงื•ื ื‘ื–ืžืŸ ืฉื”ืžื•ืฆืจ ื ื›ื ืก ืœืชื•ืงืฃ. ืื™ืŸ ืฆื•ืจืš ื‘ื™ื™ืฉื•ื ืžื™ื™ื’ืข ืื• ื”ื›ื ื” ืžื•ืจื›ื‘ืช. ื–ื” ื’ื ื™ืžื ืข ืžื’ืข ื™ืฉื™ืจ ืขื ื›ื™ืžื™ืงืœื™ื, ื˜ื™ืขื•ืŸ ื—ื–ืง ืœื‘ืจื™ืื•ืช ื”ืžืฉืชืžืฉ.

ืคืชืจื•ืŸ ื—ืกื›ื•ื ื™ ืœื˜ื•ื•ื— ืืจื•ืš

ืœืžืจื•ืช ืฉื”ืจื›ื™ืฉื” ื”ืจืืฉื•ื ื™ืช ืขืฉื•ื™ื” ืœื”ื™ืจืื•ืช ื’ื‘ื•ื”ื” ื™ื•ืชืจ ื‘ื”ืฉื•ื•ืื” ืœืคืชืจื•ื ื•ืช ืื—ืจื™ื, ืคืฆืฆื•ืช ืขืฉืŸ ืžืฆื™ืขื•ืช ื ืขืจืš ื˜ื•ื‘ ืœื›ืกืฃ. ื‘ืžื‘ื˜ ืœื˜ื•ื•ื— ื”ืืจื•ืš, ื”ืขืœื•ื™ื•ืช ื”ื›ืจื•ื›ื•ืช ื‘ื˜ื™ืคื•ืœื™ื ืคื—ื•ืช ื™ืขื™ืœื™ื ืื• ื‘ื”ืชืขืจื‘ื•ื™ื•ืช ื—ื•ื–ืจื•ืช ื™ื›ื•ืœื•ืช ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืžืฉืžืขื•ืชื™ื•ืช ื™ื•ืชืจ. ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ ื‘ืคืฆืฆืช ืขืฉืŸ ื™ืขื™ืœื” ืžื”ื•ืคืขื” ื”ืจืืฉื•ื ื” ืฉืœ ืžื–ื™ืง ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืืคื•ื ืœื”ื•ื•ืช ื—ื™ืกื›ื•ืŸ ื ื™ื›ืจ.

ืชืžื™ื›ื” ื‘ืžื’ื•ื•ืŸ ืจื—ื‘ ืฉืœ ืžื–ื™ืงื™ื

ืคืฆืฆื•ืช ืขืฉืŸ ืื™ื ืŸ ืžื•ื’ื‘ืœื•ืช ืจืง ืœืกื•ื’ ืžืกื•ื™ื ืฉืœ ืžื–ื™ืง. ืœืžืขืฉื”, ื”ื ื™ืขื™ืœื™ื ื ื’ื“ ืžื’ื•ื•ืŸ ืจื—ื‘ ืฉืœ ื—ื•ืžืจื™ื ืœื ืจืฆื•ื™ื™ื ื›ืžื• ืคืฉืคืฉื™ื, ืคืจืขื•ืฉื™ื, ื–ื‘ื•ื‘ื™ื ื•ืขื•ื“ ืจื‘ื™ื ืื—ืจื™ื. ื–ื” ื”ื•ืคืš ืื•ืชื• ืœืคืชืจื•ืŸ ืจื‘ ืชื›ืœื™ืชื™ ื›ืืฉืจ ืžืชืžื•ื“ื“ื™ื ืขื ืžืกืคืจ ืกื•ื’ื™ื ืฉืœ ื ื’ื™ืขื•ืช.

ื‘ืžื•ื ื—ื™ื ืฉืœ ืžื•ืฆืจื™ื ืกืคืฆื™ืคื™ื™ื, ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ื™ืœื—ื ื ื’ื“ ืคืฉืคืฉื™ื ืœืžืฉืœ, ื›ืžื” ื”ืžื•ืฆืจื™ื ื”ื˜ื•ื‘ื™ื ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืžืกื•ื•ื’ื™ื ื•ืžื•ืžืœืฆื™ื ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ืื ืฉื™ ืžืงืฆื•ืข. ืคืชืจื•ื ื•ืช ืืœื•, ื”ืžื•ื›ื—ื™ื ื‘ื™ืขื™ืœื•ืชื, ื ื’ื™ืฉื™ื ื‘ืงืœื•ืช ื•ื”ื ื‘ื™ืŸ ื”ื”ืžืœืฆื•ืช ื‘ืžืงืจื” ืฉืœ ืฆื•ืจืš ื“ื—ื•ืฃ ื‘ื˜ื™ืคื•ืœ ื‘ื–ื™ื”ื•ื.

ืœืกื™ื›ื•ื, ืคืฆืฆื•ืช ืขืฉืŸ ื ื’ื“ ืžื–ื™ืงื™ื ืžื”ื•ื•ืช ืžืขื ื” ื—ื–ืง ื•ืžืขืฉื™ ืœื‘ืขื™ื•ืช ื ื’ื™ืขื•ืช. ืžื”ื™ืจื•ืช ื”ืคืขื•ืœื” ืฉืœื”ื, ื”ื›ื™ืกื•ื™ ื”ื ืจื—ื‘ ืฉืœื”ื, ืงืœื•ืช ื”ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ ื›ืžื• ื’ื ื”ื™ืขื™ืœื•ืช ืฉืœื”ื ื ื’ื“ ืžื–ื™ืงื™ื ืจื‘ื™ื ื”ื•ืคื›ื™ื ืื•ืชื ืœืืคืฉืจื•ืช ืœืฉืงื•ืœ ื‘ืจืฆื™ื ื•ืช ื›ืืฉืจ ืžื—ืคืฉื™ื ืœื ืงื•ืช ืืช ื”ืกื‘ื™ื‘ื” ื”ื‘ื™ืชื™ืช ืฉืœื›ื.

ื›ื™ืฆื“ ืคื•ืขืœื•ืช ืคืฆืฆื•ืช ืขืฉืŸ ื›ื“ื™ ืœื—ืกืœ ืžื–ื™ืงื™ื?

ื”ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ ืฉืœ ืคืฆืฆื•ืช ืขืฉืŸ ื”ื™ื ื” ืฉื™ื˜ื” ื”ืžื•ื›ืจืช ื‘ื™ืขื™ืœื•ืชื” ื‘ืžืื‘ืง ื ื’ื“ ืžื™ื ื™ื ืจื‘ื™ื ืฉืœ ืžื–ื™ืงื™ื. ื‘ื™ืŸ ืื ืœื”ืชืžื•ื“ื“ ืขื ืคืœื™ืฉื•ืช ืฉื•ืžื•ืช ื‘ื’ื ื™ื ืฉืœื ื• ืื• ืœื”ื›ื—ื™ื“ ืคืฉืคืฉื™ื ืฉืžืคืจื™ืขื™ื ืœืฉืงื˜ ื”ื‘ื™ืชื™ ืฉืœื ื•, ืคืฆืฆื•ืช ืขืฉืŸ ืžืฆื™ืขื•ืช ืคืชืจื•ืŸ ืจื—ื‘ ื˜ื•ื•ื—, ื”ืžืกื•ื’ืœ ืœื”ื—ื“ื™ืจ ืืช ืขืฆืžื ืืœ ื”ืคื™ื ื•ืช ื”ืงื˜ื ื•ืช ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ.

ืžืจื›ื™ื‘ ืคืขื™ืœ ืฉืœ ืคืฆืฆื•ืช ืขืฉืŸ

ืคืขื•ืœืชืŸ ืฉืœ ืคืฆืฆื•ืช ืขืฉืŸ ืžื‘ื•ืกืกืช ืขืœ ืคื™ื–ื•ืจ ืฉืœ ืขืฉืŸ ืฆืคื•ืฃ ื”ืžื›ื™ืœ ืงื•ื˜ืœื™ ื—ืจืงื™ื ืื• ื›ืžื” ืงื•ื˜ืœื™ ืžื›ืจืกืžื™ื, ื‘ื”ืชืื ืœืกื•ื’ ื”ืžื–ื™ืง ื”ืžืžื•ืงื“. ื‘ื–ืžืŸ ื”ื‘ืขื™ืจื” ื”ืžื•ืฆืจ ืžืชื ื“ืฃ ื•ืžืชืคื–ืจ ื•ื‘ื›ืš ื—ื•ื“ืจ ืœืื–ื•ืจื™ื ืฉืื™ื ื ื ื’ื™ืฉื™ื ื‘ื“ืจืš ื›ืœืœ, ื›ืžื• ื’ืœืจื™ื•ืช ืชืช ืงืจืงืขื™ื•ืช, ืจื•ื•ื—ื™ ืงื™ืจื•ืช ืื• ืจืฆืคื•ืช ืคืจืงื˜ ื‘ื‘ื™ืชื ื•. ืฉื™ื˜ืช ื™ื™ืฉื•ื ื–ื• ืžืืคืฉืจืช ืœืžืงื“ ื‘ื™ืขื™ืœื•ืช ืžื•ืฉื‘ื•ืช ืื• ืคืจื˜ื™ื ืžื‘ื•ื“ื“ื™ื ืฉืœ ืžื–ื™ืงื™ื.

ื‘ื˜ื™ื—ื•ืช ื•ื™ืขื™ืœื•ืช ื”ื˜ื™ืคื•ืœื™ื

ื—ื™ื•ื ื™ ืœืขืงื•ื‘ ื‘ืงืคื™ื“ื” ืื—ืจ ื”ื•ืจืื•ืช ื”ื‘ื˜ื™ื—ื•ืช ื”ืžืกื•ืคืงื•ืช ืขื ื”ืžื•ืฆืจ, ืฉื›ืŸ ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ ืœื ื”ื•ืœื ืขืœื•ืœ ืœื”ื•ื‘ื™ืœ ืœืกื™ื›ื•ื ื™ื ืฉืœ ื”ืจืขืœื” ืื• ื”ืชื—ืœืช ืฉืจื™ืคื•ืช. ื™ืขื™ืœื•ืช ื”ื˜ื™ืคื•ืœ ื‘ืขืฉืŸ ืชืœื•ื™ื” ื’ื ื‘ื”ื›ื ื” ื ื›ื•ื ื” ืฉืœ ื”ื—ืœืœ ื”ืžื˜ื•ืคืœ. ืœื›ืŸ ืขืœื™ื›ื ืœื•ื•ื“ื ืฉื”ืื–ื•ืจ ืžื‘ื•ื“ื“ ื”ื™ื˜ื‘, ื”ืžื–ื•ืŸ ืžื›ื•ืกื” ื•ื”ื•ืฆืืช ื—ื™ื•ืช ืžื—ืžื“ ื•ืฆืžื—ื™ื. ื ืงื™ื˜ืช ืืžืฆืขื™ ื–ื”ื™ืจื•ืช ืืœื” ืขื•ื–ืจืช ืœืžืงืกื ืืช ื”ื”ืฉืคืขื” ืฉืœ ืคืฆืฆืช ืขืฉืŸ ื•ืœื”ื“ื‘ื™ืจ ืžื–ื™ืงื™ื, ืชื•ืš ืฉืžื™ืจื” ืขืœ ื‘ืจื™ืื•ืชื ืฉืœ ื“ื™ื™ืจื™ ื‘ื™ืช ื”ื’ื™ื“ื•ืœ.

ื—ืœื•ืคื•ืช ื˜ื‘ืขื™ื•ืช ืœืคืฆืฆื•ืช ืขืฉืŸ ื›ื™ืžื™ื•ืช

ื™ื—ื“ ืขื ืคืชืจื•ื ื•ืช ื›ื™ืžื™ื™ื, ื™ืฉื ื ืžืชื›ื•ื ื™ื ืขื‘ื•ืจืงื•ื˜ืœื™ ื—ืจืงื™ื ืชื•ืฆืจืช ื‘ื™ืช ืฉื™ืœื•ื‘ ืฉืœ ื™ืขื™ืœื•ืช ื•ื›ื‘ื•ื“ ืœืกื‘ื™ื‘ื”. ืžืจื›ื™ื‘ื™ื ื›ืžื• ืกื•ื“ื” ืœืฉืชื™ื™ื” ืขืฉื•ื™ ืœื”ื•ื›ื™ื— ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ ื ื’ื“ ืžื–ื™ืงื™ื ืžืกื•ื™ืžื™ื ืžื‘ืœื™ ืฉื™ืฉ ืœื”ื ืืช ื”ื—ืกืจื•ื ื•ืช ืฉืœ ืžื•ืฆืจื™ื ืชืขืฉื™ื™ืชื™ื™ื. ื’ื™ืฉื” ื–ื• ืžืงื“ืžืช ื’ื™ืฉื” ืžื•ื ืขืช ื•ืžืฆื™ืขื” ืืžืฆืขื™ ื‘ืงืจื” ืžื•ืชืืžื™ื ื•ืžื›ื‘ื“ื™ื ืืช ื‘ืจื™ืื•ืช ื”ืฆื™ื‘ื•ืจ ื•ื”ืกื‘ื™ื‘ื”.

ืœืกื™ื›ื•ื, ืคืฆืฆื•ืช ืขืฉืŸ ืžื™ื™ืฆื’ื•ืช ืžื›ืฉื™ืจ ื™ืขื™ืœ ื‘ืจืคืจื˜ื•ืืจ ื”ื”ื“ื‘ืจื”. ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ืฉื™ืœื•ื‘ ื”ื™ืขื™ืœื•ืช ืฉืœ ืžื›ืฉื™ืจื™ื ืืœื” ืขื ื”ืžืœืฆื•ืช ืื‘ื˜ื—ื” ื•ื—ืงื™ืจื” ืฉืœื—ืœื•ืคื•ืช ื˜ื‘ืขื™ื•ืช, ื ื™ืชืŸ ืœืฉืžื•ืจ ืขืœ ื‘ื™ืชื ื• ื ืงื™ ืžืžื–ื™ืงื™ื ื‘ืฆื•ืจื” ืื—ืจืื™ืช ื•ื™ืขื™ืœื”. ืขื ื–ืืช, ืžื•ืžืœืฅ ืชืžื™ื“ ืœื”ืชื™ื™ืขืฅ ืขื ืžื•ืžื—ื™ ื”ื“ื‘ืจื” ืœืžืงืจื™ื ืฉืœ ื–ื™ื”ื•ื ื—ืžื•ืจ ืื• ืœืงื‘ืœืช ื™ื™ืขื•ืฅ ืžื•ืชืื ืื™ืฉื™ืช ืœืžืฆื‘ืš.