ืžื“ืจื™ืš ื ื’ื“ ืงืจื“ื™ืช

ืงืจื“ื™ืช ื”ืื‘ืง ื”ื™ื ืžื™ืงืจื•ืื•ืจื’ื ื™ื–ืžื™ื ืฉื ืžืฆืื™ื ื›ืžืขื˜ ื‘ื›ืœ ื‘ื™ืช, ื•ื™ื›ื•ืœืชืŸ ืœื’ืจื•ื ืœืืœืจื’ื™ื•ืช ืื• ืœื’ื™ืจื•ื™ื™ื ื‘ืขื•ืจ ื™ื“ื•ืขื”. ืขื ื–ืืช, ื™ืฉื ืŸ ืฉื™ื˜ื•ืช ื™ืขื™ืœื•ืช ืœืฆืžืฆื ืืช ื ื•ื›ื—ื•ืชืŸ ื•ืœื”ื’ื‘ื™ืœ ืืช ื”ืฉืคืขืชืŸ ืขืœ ื‘ืจื™ืื•ืชื ื•. ืžื“ืจื™ืš ื–ื” ื™ืกืคืง ืœื›ื ืขืฆื•ืช ืžืขืฉื™ื•ืช ืœื™ืฆื™ืจืช ืกื‘ื™ื‘ื” ื‘ื™ืชื™ืช ืคื—ื•ืช ืชื•ืจืžืช ืœืงืจื“ื™ืช ื”ืื‘ืง ื•ื‘ื›ืš ืœืฉืคืจ ืืช ืื™ื›ื•ืช ื”ื—ื™ื™ื ื‘ื‘ื™ืชื›ื.



ื”ื‘ื ืช ื”ืื•ื™ื‘: ืžื™ ื”ื ืงืจื“ื™ืช?



ืœืคื ื™ ื”ืชืžื•ื“ื“ื•ืช ืขื ืงืจื“ื™ืช, ื—ื™ื•ื ื™ ืœื”ื‘ื™ืŸ ืžื” ื”ืŸ ื•ืœืžื” ื”ืŸ ืžื”ื•ื•ืช ื‘ืขื™ื”. ืงืจื“ื™ืช ื”ืŸ ืขื›ื‘ื™ืฉื ื™ื•ืช ื–ืขื™ืจื•ืช ื”ื ื™ื–ื•ื ื•ืช ื‘ืขื™ืงืจ ืžืชืื™ ืขื•ืจ ืžืชื™ื. ื”ื ืžืฉื’ืฉื’ื™ื ื‘ืกื‘ื™ื‘ื•ืช ื—ืžื•ืช ื•ืœื—ื•ืช, ืžื” ืฉื”ื•ืคืš ืžื–ืจื ื™ื, ื›ืจื™ื•ืช, ืกืคื•ืช ื•ืฉื˜ื™ื—ื™ื ืœื‘ืชื™ ื”ื’ื™ื“ื•ืœ ื”ืžื•ืขื“ืคื™ื ืขืœื™ื”ื. ื ื•ื›ื—ื•ืชื ืงืฉื•ืจื” ืœืขืชื™ื ืงืจื•ื‘ื•ืช ืœืชื’ื•ื‘ื•ืช ืืœืจื’ื™ื•ืช ื›ื’ื•ืŸ ืืกื˜ืžื”, ืืงื–ืžื” ืื• ื ื–ืœืช ืืœืจื’ื™ืช.



ืืกื˜ืจื˜ื’ื™ื•ืช ื ื™ืงื•ื™ ืœื—ืœืœ ืคื ื™ื ื ื˜ื•ืœ ืงืจื“ื™ืช ืื‘ืง



ื ื™ืงื•ื™ ืกื“ื™ืจ ื•ื™ืกื•ื“ื™ ื—ื™ื•ื ื™ ืœืฉืœื™ื˜ื” ื‘ืื•ื›ืœื•ืกื™ื™ืช ื”ืงืจื“ื™ื•ืช. ื”ืฉืชืžืฉ ื‘ืฉื•ืื‘ ืื‘ืง ืขื ืžืกื ืŸ HEPA ื›ื“ื™ ืœืœื›ื•ื“ ื›ืžื” ืฉื™ื•ืชืจ ืืœืจื’ื ื™ื. ืฉื˜ืคื• ืืช ื”ืกื“ื™ื ื™ื, ืฆื™ืคื™ื•ืช ื”ื›ืจื™ืช ื•ื”ืฉืžื™ื›ื•ืช ื‘ืžื›ื•ื ืช ื”ื›ื‘ื™ืกื” ื‘ื˜ืžืคืจื˜ื•ืจื” ืฉืœ ืœืคื—ื•ืช 60 ืžืขืœื•ืช ืฆืœื–ื™ื•ืก ืžื“ื™ ืฉื‘ื•ืข. ืืœ ืชืฉื›ื— ืœื ืงื•ืช ื‘ืื•ืคืŸ ืงื‘ื•ืข ื•ื™ืœื•ื ื•ืช ื•ื›ืœื™ ื˜ืงืกื˜ื™ืœ ืื—ืจื™ื ืฉืขืœื•ืœื™ื ืœื”ื›ื™ืœ ืืช ื”ืžื–ื™ืงื™ื ื”ืœืœื•.



ื”ื—ืฉื™ื‘ื•ืช ืฉืœ ื‘ื—ื™ืจืช ืžืฆืขื™ื



ื‘ื—ื™ืจืช ื”ืžืฆืขื™ื ืฉืœืš ื™ื›ื•ืœื” ืœื”ืฉืคื™ืข ืจื‘ื•ืช ืขืœ ื›ืžื•ืช ืงืจื“ื™ืช ื”ืื‘ืง ื‘ื—ื“ืจ ื”ืฉื™ื ื” ืฉืœืš. ื‘ื—ืจ ื‘ืžื–ืจื ื™ื ื•ื›ืจื™ื•ืช ื ื’ื“ ืงืจื“ื™ืช ื”ืžืขื•ืฆื‘ื™ื ืขื ื—ื•ืžืจื™ื ื”ื™ืคื•ืืœืจื’ื ื™ื™ื. ืžื•ืฆืจื™ื ืืœื• ืžื˜ื•ืคืœื™ื ืœืจื•ื‘ ื‘ื—ื•ืžืจื™ื ื”ื“ื•ื—ื™ื ืืช ืงืจื“ื™ืช ื”ืื‘ืง ืื• ืžื’ื‘ื™ืœื™ื ืืช ื’ื“ื™ืœืชื. ื‘ื ื•ืกืฃ, ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ ื‘ื›ื™ืกื•ื™ื™ ืงืจื“ื™ืช ื”ืื‘ืง ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœืกืคืง ืžื—ืกื•ื ื ื•ืกืฃ ื‘ื™ื ืš ืœื‘ื™ืŸ ื”ืื•ืจื’ื ื™ื–ืžื™ื ื”ืœืœื•.



ืฉืžืจื• ืขืœ ืกื‘ื™ื‘ื” ืคื ื™ืžื™ืช ื‘ืจื™ืื”



ื•ื•ื™ืกื•ืช ื”ืœื—ื•ืช ื—ื™ื•ื ื™ ืœืžื ื™ืขืช ื”ืชืจื‘ื•ืช ืงืจื“ื™ืช ื”ืื‘ืง. ืฉืžืจื• ืขืœ ืจืžืช ื”ืœื—ื•ืช ื”ื™ื—ืกื™ืช ื‘ื™ืŸ 40% ืœ-50% ื‘ืืžืฆืขื•ืช ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ ื‘ืžืกื™ืจ ืœื—ื•ืช ืื• ืžื–ื’ืŸ. ื•ื•ื“ื ื’ื ืฉื”ื‘ื™ืช ืฉืœืš ืžืื•ื•ืจืจ ื”ื™ื˜ื‘; ืื•ื•ืจื•ืจ ื”ื—ื“ืจื™ื ื™ื•ืžื™ ืžืกื™ื™ืข ื‘ื—ื™ื“ื•ืฉ ื”ืื•ื•ื™ืจ ื•ื”ืคื—ืชืช ื”ืœื—ื•ืช ื”ืคื ื™ืžื™ืช.



ืคืชืจื•ื ื•ืช ื˜ื‘ืขื™ื™ื ื ื’ื“ ืงืจื“ื™ืช



ืฉืžื ื™ื ืืชืจื™ื™ื ืžืกื•ื™ืžื™ื, ื›ื’ื•ืŸ ืืœื• ืฉืœ ืืงืœื™ืคื˜ื•ืก, ืœื‘ื ื“ืจ ืื• ืขืฅ ื”ืชื”, ื™ื“ื•ืขื™ื ื‘ืชื›ื•ื ื•ืชื™ื”ื ื ื’ื“ ืงืจื“ื™ืช. ืืชื” ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื”ืฉืชืžืฉ ื‘ื”ื ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ืคื™ื–ื•ืจ ืื• ื”ื•ืกืคืช ื›ืžื” ื˜ื™ืคื•ืช ืœื›ื‘ื™ืกื” ืฉืœืš. ืขื ื–ืืช, ื”ื™ื–ื”ืจ ืœื ืœื”ืฉืชืžืฉ ื‘ื”ื ื™ืชืจ ืขืœ ื”ืžื™ื“ื” ืฉื›ืŸ ื”ื ื™ื›ื•ืœื™ื ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ื—ื–ืงื™ื ื•ืื™ื ื ืžืชืื™ืžื™ื ืœื›ื•ืœื.



ื˜ื™ืคื™ื ืžืขืฉื™ื™ื ื™ื•ืžื™ื•ืžื™ื™ื



ื›ื“ื™ ืœืžื–ืขืจ ืืช ื ื•ื›ื—ื•ืช ืงืจื“ื™ืช ื”ืื‘ืง ื‘ื‘ื™ืช, ืืžืฆื• ื›ืžื” ืคืขื•ืœื•ืช ื™ื•ืžื™ื•ืžื™ื•ืช ืคืฉื•ื˜ื•ืช. ื ืขืจ ืืช ื”ืกื“ื™ื ื™ื ืฉืœืš ื•ืื•ื•ืจืจ ืืช ื”ืžื™ื˜ื” ืฉืœืš ื›ืœ ื‘ื•ืงืจ. ื”ื™ืžื ืข ืžื”ืฆื˜ื‘ืจื•ื™ื•ืช ืฉืœ ืื‘ืง ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ื ื™ืงื•ื™ ืื‘ืง ืงื‘ื•ืข ืฉืœ ื”ืžืฉื˜ื—ื™ื ืฉืœืš ื‘ืžื˜ืœื™ืช ืœื—ื”. ืฆืžืฆืžื• ื’ื ืืช ืžืกืคืจ ื—ื™ื•ืช ื”ืžื—ืžื“ ื‘ื—ื“ืจ ื”ืฉื™ื ื” ืื• ื‘ื—ืจื• ื‘ื’ื–ืขื™ื ืฉื™ืฉ ืœื”ื ืคื—ื•ืช ืกื™ื›ื•ื™ ืœื”ืฉื™ืœ.





ื”ื’ื‘ืœ ืื–ื•ืจื™ ืกื™ื›ื•ืŸ



ื”ืคื•ื—ืœืฆื™ื, ืฉื˜ื™ื—ื™ื ืขื‘ื™ื ืื• ืจื”ื™ื˜ื™ื ืžืจื•ืคื“ื™ื ื”ื ื›ื•ืœื ืืœืžื ื˜ื™ื ืฉื™ื›ื•ืœื™ื ืœืขื•ื“ื“ ืืช ื”ืชืคืฉื˜ื•ืช ืงืจื“ื™ืช ื”ืื‘ืง. ื‘ื—ืจื• ื‘ืจื™ื”ื•ื˜ ืงืœ ืœื ื™ืงื•ื™ ื•ืขืžื™ื“ ื‘ืคื ื™ ืงืจื“ื™ืช ื”ืื‘ืง. ื‘ืžื™ื“ืช ื”ืืคืฉืจ, ื”ื—ืœืฃ ืฉื˜ื™ื—ื™ื ื‘ืจืฆืคื•ืช ืงืฉื•ืช ื›ื’ื•ืŸ ืขืฅ ืื• ืืจื™ื—ื™ื ืืฉืจ ืฆื•ื‘ืจื™ื ืคื—ื•ืช ืืœืจื’ื ื™ื.



ื ื™ื˜ื•ืจ ื•ื”ืขืจื›ื” ืฉื•ื˜ืคื™ื



ืœื‘ืกื•ืฃ, ื—ืฉื•ื‘ ืœืขืงื•ื‘ ื‘ืื•ืคืŸ ืงื‘ื•ืข ืื—ืจ ืžืฆื‘ ื”ืคื ื™ื ืฉืœืš ืขืœ ืžื ืช ืœื”ืขืจื™ืš ืืช ื”ื™ืขื™ืœื•ืช ืฉืœ ืืžืฆืขื™ื ื ื’ื“ ืงืจื“ื™ืช. ื‘ื“ื™ืงืช ืืœืจื’ื™ื” ื™ื›ื•ืœื” ืœืขื–ื•ืจ ืœื–ื”ื•ืช ื ื•ื›ื—ื•ืช ืฉืœ ืืœืจื’ื ื™ื ืกืคืฆื™ืคื™ื™ื ื‘ื‘ื™ืช ืฉืœืš. ืื ืœืžืจื•ืช ื›ืœ ื”ืžืืžืฆื™ื ืฉืœืš ื”ืชืกืžื™ื ื™ื ื ืžืฉื›ื™ื, ืืœ ืชื”ืกืกื• ืœื”ืชื™ื™ืขืฅ ืขื ืื™ืฉ ืžืงืฆื•ืข ื›ื“ื™ ืœืงื‘ืœ ื™ื™ืขื•ืฅ ืžื•ืชืื ืื™ืฉื™ืช ืื• ืœืฉืงื•ืœ ืคืชืจื•ื ื•ืช ืงื™ืฆื•ื ื™ื™ื ื™ื•ืชืจ ื›ื’ื•ืŸ ื˜ื™ืคื•ืœ ืงื•ื˜ืœื™ ืืงืจื™ื•ืช ืžืงืฆื•ืขื™.



ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ื‘ื™ืฆื•ืข ื”ืขืฆื•ืช ื”ืœืœื•, ืชื™ืฆื•ืจ ืกื‘ื™ื‘ื” ืคื—ื•ืช ืžืกื‘ื™ืจืช ืคื ื™ื ืœืงืจื“ื™ืช ื”ืื‘ืง ื•ื‘ืจื™ืื” ื™ื•ืชืจ ืขื‘ื•ืจืš ื•ืขื‘ื•ืจ ืžืฉืคื—ืชืš. ื”ืžืื‘ืง ื‘ืžื–ื™ืงื™ื ืืœื• ื”ื•ื ืžืชืžื™ื“, ืืš ืขื ืฉื’ืจืช ื ื™ืงื™ื•ืŸ ื˜ื•ื‘ื” ื•ื›ืžื” ื”ืชืืžื•ืช ืœืื•ืจื— ื”ื—ื™ื™ื ืฉืœื›ื, ืชื•ื›ืœื• ืœืฆืžืฆื ืžืฉืžืขื•ืชื™ืช ืืช ื”ืฉืคืขืชื ืขืœ ื—ื™ื™ ื”ื™ื•ืžื™ื•ื ืฉืœื›ื.