ืžื“ื•ืข ื–ื—ืœื™ื ืžืชื”ืœื›ื™ื ื”ื•ืœื›ื™ื ื–ื” ืื—ืจ ื–ื”?

ื‘ืขื•ืœื ื”ืžืจืชืง ืฉืœ ื”ื—ืจืงื™ื, ื”ืชื ื”ื’ื•ื™ื•ืช ืžืกื•ื™ืžื•ืช ืžื•ืฉื›ื•ืช ืืช ืชืฉื•ืžืช ื”ืœื‘ ืœื ืจืง ืฉืœ ืžื“ืขื ื™ื, ืืœื ื’ื ืฉืœ ื”ืฆื™ื‘ื•ืจ ื”ืจื—ื‘. ื‘ื™ืŸ ืืœื”, ืชื•ืคืขืช ื–ื—ืœื™ื ืžืชื”ืœื›ื™ื ืฉืขื•ืงื‘ื™ื ื–ื” ืื—ืจ ื–ื” ื‘ืงื•ื‘ืฅ ื‘ื•ื“ื“ ืžืกืงืจืŸ ื‘ืžื™ื•ื—ื“. ืžื“ืจื™ืš ื–ื” ื‘ื•ื—ืŸ ืืช ื”ืกื™ื‘ื•ืช ื”ืขื•ืžื“ื•ืช ื‘ื‘ืกื™ืก ื”ื”ืชื ื”ื’ื•ืช ื”ื™ื™ื—ื•ื“ื™ืช ื”ื–ื•.

ื”ืชื ื”ื’ื•ืช ื”ืžืขืงื‘ ืฉืœ ื–ื—ืœื™ื ืžืชื”ืœื›ื™ื ื”ื™ื ืœื ืกืชื, ืืœื ืืกื˜ืจื˜ื’ื™ื” ืžืชื•ื—ื›ืžืช ื”ืžื•ื›ืชื‘ืช ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ื”ื™ืฉืจื“ื•ืช. ื–ื—ืœื™ื ืืœื•, ื”ืฉื™ื™ื›ื™ื ื‘ืขื™ืงืจ ืœืžื™ืŸ Thaumetopoea pityocampa, ื™ื“ื•ืขื™ื ื‘ื ืกื™ืขื” ื‘ืชื•ืจื™ื ืืจื•ื›ื™ื, ื›ืžื• ืชื”ืœื•ื›ื”. ืœื”ืชื ื”ื’ื•ืช ื–ื• ืžืกืคืจ ืคื•ื ืงืฆื™ื•ืช ืžืคืชื—.

ื”ืกื™ื‘ื” ื”ืจืืฉื•ื ื” ืœื›ืš ืฉื”ื–ื—ืœื™ื ื”ืืœื” ืขื•ืงื‘ื™ื ื–ื” ืื—ืจ ื–ื” ื”ื™ื ื”ึฒื’ึธื ึธื”. ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ื™ืฆื™ืจืช ืงื• ืืจื•ืš, ื”ื ืžืžื–ืขืจื™ื ืืช ื”ืกื™ื›ื•ืŸ ืœื”ื™ื˜ืจืฃ ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ืฆื™ืคื•ืจื™ื ื•ื˜ื•ืจืคื™ื ืื—ืจื™ื, ืฉื›ืŸ ืžืจืื” ื”ืงื• ืฉืœื”ื ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื’ืจื•ื ืœื”ื ืœื”ื™ืจืื•ืช ื›ืžื• ืขื ืฃ ื’ื“ื•ืœ ื™ื•ืชืจ ื•ืคื—ื•ืช ืื˜ืจืงื˜ื™ื‘ื™.

ื”ื™ื‘ื˜ ื—ืฉื•ื‘ ื ื•ืกืฃ ื‘ื”ืชื ื”ื’ื•ืชื ื”ื•ื ื•ื™ืกื•ืช ื—ื•ื. ื–ื—ืœื™ื ืžืชื”ืœื›ื™ื ื ืขื™ื ื‘ื“ืจืš ื›ืœืœ ื‘ืžื”ืœืš ื”ื—ื•ื“ืฉื™ื ื”ืงืจื™ืจื™ื ืฉืœ ื”ืฉื ื”. ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ืงื™ื‘ื•ืฅ ื™ื—ื“, ื”ื ืžืกื•ื’ืœื™ื ืœืฉืžื•ืจ ืขืœ ื—ื•ื ื”ื’ื•ืฃ, ืฉื”ื•ื ื—ื™ื•ื ื™ ืœื”ื™ืฉืจื“ื•ืชื ื•ืœื”ืชืคืชื—ื•ืชื.

ืœื‘ืกื•ืฃ, ืžืขืงื‘ ืงื• ื”ื•ื ืฉื™ื˜ื” ื™ืขื™ืœื” ืœืžื™ืฆื•ื™ ืžืฉืื‘ื™ ื”ืžื–ื•ืŸ. ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ืžืขืงื‘ ืื—ืจ ื”ืคืจื•ืžื•ื ื™ื ืฉื”ืฉืื™ืจ ื–ื—ืœ ื”ืขื•ืคืจืช, ื›ืœ ืื—ื“ ืžื—ื‘ืจื™ ื”ืชื”ืœื•ื›ื” ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื ื•ืข ืœืขื‘ืจ ืžืงื•ืจื•ืช ืžื–ื•ืŸ ืžื‘ืœื™ ืœื‘ื–ื‘ื– ืื ืจื’ื™ื” ื‘ื—ื™ืคื•ืฉ ื‘ื ืคืจื“.

ื—ืฉื™ื‘ื•ืชื” ืฉืœ ืชืงืฉื•ืจืช ื›ื™ืžื™ืช

ื”ื™ื›ื•ืœืช ืฉืœ ื–ื—ืœื™ื ืœืขืงื•ื‘ ื‘ืžื“ื•ื™ืง ืื—ืจ ื‘ื ื™ ื’ื™ืœื ืžืกืชืžื›ืช ืขืœ ืžืขืจื›ืช ืชืงืฉื•ืจืช ื›ื™ืžื™ืช ืžื•ืจื›ื‘ืช. ื›ืœ ื–ื—ืœ ืžืฉื—ืจืจ ืกื“ืจื” ืฉืœ ืคืจื•ืžื•ื ื™ื ืžื‘ืœื•ื˜ื•ืช ืžื™ื•ื—ื“ื•ืช ื”ืžืžื•ืงืžื•ืช ืขืœ ื’ื•ืคืŸ. ืคืจื•ืžื•ื ื™ื ืืœื• ื™ื•ืฆืจื™ื ืฉื•ื‘ืœ ืจื™ื— ืฉื–ื—ืœื™ื ืื—ืจื™ื ื™ื›ื•ืœื™ื ืœื–ื”ื•ืช ื•ืœืขืงื•ื‘ ืื—ืจื™ื”ื ื‘ื“ื™ื•ืง ืจื‘.

ืžื ื’ื ื•ืŸ ืžืขืงื‘ ื–ื” ื”ื•ื ืœื ืจืง ื—ื™ื•ื ื™ ืœื”ื™ืฉืจื“ื•ืช ื”ื™ื•ืžื™ื•ืžื™ืช ืืœื ื’ื ืžืžืœื ืชืคืงื™ื“ ื—ืฉื•ื‘ ื‘ืžื”ืœืš ื”ื”ื’ื™ืจื”. ื™ืฆื™ืจืช ืงื•ื•ื™ื ืืจื•ื›ื™ื ืขื•ื–ืจืช ืœืชืื ืืช ืชื ื•ืขืช ื”ืงื‘ื•ืฆื”, ื•ืžื‘ื˜ื™ื—ื” ืฉื›ืœ ื”ื–ื—ืœื™ื ื™ืขื‘ืจื• ื™ื—ื“ ืœื‘ื™ืช ื’ื™ื“ื•ืœ ื—ื“ืฉ ืื• ืœืืชืจ ื”ืื›ืœื”.

ืืกื˜ืจื˜ื’ื™ื•ืช ืžื ื™ืขื” ื•ื ื™ื”ื•ืœ

ื”ื”ื‘ื ื” ืžื“ื•ืข ื–ื—ืœื™ื ืžืชื”ืœื›ื™ื ืขื•ืงื‘ื™ื ืื—ืจ ื›ื•ืจื™ืื•ื’ืจืคื™ื” ื›ื–ื• ื—ื™ื•ื ื™ืช ืœื ืจืง ืœืกืงืจื ื•ืช ืžื“ืขื™ืช ืืœื ื’ื ืœื ื™ื”ื•ืœ ื•ืžื ื™ืขืช ื”ืฉืคืขืชื ื”ืžื–ื™ืงื”, ื‘ืžื™ื•ื—ื“ ื‘ืื–ื•ืจื™ ืžื’ื•ืจื™ื ื•ื—ืงืœืื•ืช. ืืกื˜ืจื˜ื’ื™ื•ืช ื ื™ื”ื•ืœ ืขืฉื•ื™ื•ืช ืœื›ืœื•ืœ ื ื™ื˜ื•ืจ ืฉื‘ื™ืœื™ ืคืจื•ืžื•ื ื™ื ื•ื”ืคืกืงืช ื ืชื™ื‘ื™ื ืืœื” ื›ื“ื™ ืœื‘ืœื‘ืœ ื•ืœืคื–ืจ ืื•ื›ืœื•ืกื™ื•ืช ื–ื—ืœื™ื.

ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ ื‘ืžืœื›ื•ื“ื•ืช ืคืจื•ืžื•ื ื™ื, ื”ืžื—ืงื•ืช ืืช ื”ืื•ืชื•ืช ื”ื›ื™ืžื™ื™ื ืฉืœ ื”ื–ื—ืœื™ื, ื”ื™ื ืฉื™ื˜ื” ื™ื“ื™ื“ื•ืชื™ืช ืœืกื‘ื™ื‘ื” ื ื•ืกืคืช ืœืฉืœื™ื˜ื” ื‘ื”ืชืคืฉื˜ื•ืชื ืžื‘ืœื™ ืœืคื’ื•ืข ื‘ืกื‘ื™ื‘ื”.

ื–ื—ืœื™ื ืžืชื”ืœื›ื™ื ื”ื ืœื ืจืง ื ื•ืฉื ืœืžื—ืงืจ ืขื‘ื•ืจ ืื ื˜ื•ืžื•ืœื•ื’ื™ื, ืืœื ื’ื ื‘ืขื™ื” ื—ืฉื•ื‘ื” ืœื‘ืจื™ืื•ืช ื”ืฆื™ื‘ื•ืจ ื•ื‘ื˜ื™ื—ื•ืช ื—ื™ื™ืช ื”ืžื—ืžื“. ื”ื™ื“ืข ื”ื ืฆื‘ืจ ืžืžื—ืงืจื™ ื”ืชื ื”ื’ื•ืช ืžืขืžื™ืงื™ื ื”ื•ื ืืคื•ื ื—ื™ื•ื ื™ ื›ื“ื™ ืœื™ื™ืฉืจ ืืช ืฉื™ื˜ื•ืช ื”ื‘ืงืจื” ื•ืœืžื–ืขืจ ืืช ื”ืฉืคืขืชืŸ ืขืœ ื—ื™ื™ ื”ื™ื•ืžื™ื•ื.