ื›ื™ืฆื“ ืžืฉืชืžืฉื™ื ื‘ืื•ืœื˜ืจืกืื•ื ื“ ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ืจื—ื™ืง ืขื›ื‘ืจื™ื ืžืงื™ืจื•ืช ื”ื‘ื™ืช?

ืžื’ื•ืจื™ื ืžืฉื•ืชืคื™ื ืขื ืขื›ื‘ืจื™ื ื‘ืงื™ืจื•ืช ื”ื‘ืชื™ื ืฉืœื ื• ืžื”ื•ื•ื™ื ืžืงื•ืจ ืœืื™ ื ื•ื—ื•ืช ื•ื‘ืขื™ื•ืช ื”ื™ื’ื™ื™ื ื™ื•ืช. ืœืžืจื‘ื” ื”ืžื–ืœ, ื”ื”ืชืงื“ืžื•ืช ื”ื˜ื›ื ื•ืœื•ื’ื™ืช ืžืฆื™ืขื” ื—ืœื•ืคื•ืช ื’ืื•ื ื™ื•ืช ืœืชื™ืงื•ืŸ ืคืœื™ืฉื•ืช ืœื ืจืฆื•ื™ื•ืช ืืœื•. ื‘ื™ื ื™ื”ื ื‘ื•ืœื˜ ื”ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ ื‘ืื•ืœื˜ืจืกืื•ื ื“ ื›ืฉื™ื˜ืช ื“ื—ื™ื™ื” ื”ืžืฉืœื‘ืช ื™ืขื™ืœื•ืช ื•ื›ื‘ื•ื“ ืœืื™ื›ื•ืช ื”ืกื‘ื™ื‘ื”. ื‘ืžืืžืจ ื–ื”, ื ื—ืงื•ืจ ื›ื™ืฆื“ ื˜ื›ื ื•ืœื•ื’ื™ื” ื—ื“ืฉื ื™ืช ื–ื• ืžืฉืชืžืฉืช ื‘ืชื“ืจื™ ืกืื•ื ื“ ืฉืื™ื ื ื ืฉืžืขื™ื ืœืื•ื–ืŸ ื”ืื ื•ืฉื™ืช ืืš ื‘ืœืชื™ ื ืกื‘ืœื™ื ืœืขื›ื‘ืจื™ื, ื•ื‘ื›ืš ืžืจืชื™ืขื” ืื•ืชื ืžืœื”ืชื’ื•ืจืจ ื‘ืžืจื—ื‘ื™ ื”ืžื—ื™ื” ืฉืœื ื•. ื ืขืžื•ื“ ืขืœ ืื•ืคืŸ ืคืขื•ืœืชื•, ื”ืชืงื ืชื• ื•ื™ืชืจื•ื ื•ืชื™ื• ื‘ื”ืฉื•ื•ืื” ืœืฉื™ื˜ื•ืช ื”ืžืกื•ืจืชื™ื•ืช, ื•ืžืฆื™ืขื™ื ืœื“ื™ื™ืจื™ื ืคืชืจื•ืŸ ืคืฉื•ื˜ ื•ืžื›ื‘ื“ ืืช ื—ื™ื•ืช ื”ื‘ืจ.

ืื•ืœื˜ืจืกืื•ื ื“ ื•ืขืงืจื•ืŸ ื”ืคืขื•ืœื” ืฉืœื•

ืื•ืœื˜ืจืกืื•ื ื“, ื’ืœื™ื ืืงื•ืกื˜ื™ื™ื ืžืขื‘ืจ ืœื ืฉืžืข

ื‘ื™ืงื•ื ื”ืขืฆื•ื ืฉืœ ื’ืœื™ื ืืงื•ืกื˜ื™ื™ื, ืื•ืœื˜ืจืกืื•ื ื“ ืœื”ื—ื–ื™ืง ืžืงื•ื ืžื™ื•ื—ื“, ื‘ืžื™ื•ื—ื“ ืขื‘ื•ืจ ื”ื™ื™ืฉื•ืžื™ื ืฉืœื”ื ื‘ืงื ื” ืžื™ื“ื” ืชืขืฉื™ื™ืชื™ ื•ื‘ื™ืชื™. ื‘ื”ื’ื“ืจื”, ืœื’ืœื™ ื”ืงื•ืœ ื”ืœืœื• ื™ืฉ ืชื“ืจ ื’ื‘ื•ื” ืžื–ื” ื”ืžื•ืจื’ืฉ ื‘ืฉืžื™ืขื” ืื ื•ืฉื™ืช, ื›ืœื•ืžืจ ืžืขื‘ืจ ืœ-20 ืงื™ืœื•-ื”ืจืฅ (kHz). ื–ื” ื ื•ืชืŸ ืžืืคื™ื™ื ื™ื ืกืคืฆื™ืคื™ื™ื ืฉืœ ืื•ืœื˜ืจืกืื•ื ื“, ืฉื ื™ืชืŸ ืœื”ืฉืชืžืฉ ื‘ื”ื ื‘ืชื—ื•ืžื™ื ืจื‘ื™ื, ืž ืจื•ื‘ื•ื˜ื™ืงื” ื ื™ื™ื“ืช ื“ืจืš ืชื—ื–ื•ืงื” ืžื•ื ืขืช ืฉืœ ืชืฉืชื™ื•ืช.

ืขืงืจื•ืŸ ืขื‘ื•ื“ืช ืื•ืœื˜ืจืกืื•ื ื“

ืื•ืœื˜ืจืกืื•ื ื“ ืžืชืคืฉื˜ ื“ืจืš ืžื“ื™ื” ื‘ืฆื•ืจื” ืฉืœ ืชื ื•ื“ื•ืช ืžื›ื ื™ื•ืช, ื ืชืงืœื™ื ื‘ื—ืœืงื™ืงื™ื ืฉืžืชื ื“ื ื“ื™ื ื•ืžืขื‘ื™ืจื™ื ืื ืจื’ื™ื” ืฆืขื“ ืื—ืจ ืฆืขื“. ื›ืžื• ื›ืœ ื’ืœ ืงื•ืœ, ื”ื ืžืฆื™ื™ืชื™ื ืœื—ื•ืงื™ ื”ืคื™ื–ื™ืงื” ืžื‘ื—ื™ื ืช ื”ืฉืชืงืคื•ืช, ืฉื‘ื™ืจื”, ืขืงื™ืคื” ื•ื‘ืœื™ืขื”, ืื•ืœื ืจืžืช ื”ืชื“ืจ ื”ื’ื‘ื•ื” ืฉืœื”ื ืžืืคืฉืจืช ื“ื™ื•ืง ื•ื›ื™ื•ื•ื ื™ื•ืช ืžื•ื’ื‘ืจื™ื ืฉืœ ื”ื’ืœื™ื ื”ื ืคืœื˜ื™ื.

ื™ื™ืฉื•ืžื™ื ืžื’ื•ื•ื ื™ื ืฉืœ ืื•ืœื˜ืจืกืื•ื ื“

ืชื—ื•ื ื”ื™ื™ืฉื•ื ืฉืœ ืื•ืœื˜ืจืกืื•ื ื“ ื”ื•ื ืขืฆื•ื. ื›ื—ืœืง ืž ืจื•ื‘ื•ื˜ื™ืงื” ื ื™ื™ื“ืช, ื’ืœื™ื ืืœื• ืžืืคืฉืจื™ื, ืœืžืฉืœ, ืœืจื•ื‘ื•ื˜ื™ื ืœื ื•ื•ื˜ ื‘ืื•ืคืŸ ืื•ื˜ื•ื ื•ืžื™ ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ื–ื™ื”ื•ื™ ืžื›ืฉื•ืœื™ื ื•ืžื™ืคื•ื™ ืกื‘ื™ื‘ืชื ื‘ืืžืฆืขื•ืช ื”ื“. ื˜ื›ื ื•ืœื•ื’ื™ื” ืžืชื•ืืจืช ื”ื™ื˜ื‘ ื‘ืชื—ื•ื ื”ืจื•ื‘ื•ื˜ื™ืงื”.
ื‘ื—ืงืœืื•ืช, ืžื’ื–ืจ ืฉื‘ื• ื”ื—ื“ืฉื ื•ืช ืชื•ืคืกืช ืžืงื•ื ื”ื•ืœืš ื•ื’ื•ื‘ืจ, ืื ื• ืžื•ืฆืื™ื ืืช ื”ื’ืœื™ื ื”ืœืœื• ืžื™ื•ืฉืžื™ื ืขืœ ืฆื™ื•ื“ ื›ื’ื•ืŸ ืžืจืกืกื™ื. ืžืืคืฉืจ ื”ืคืฆืช ืžื•ืฆืจื™ ื”ื’ื ืช ื”ืฆื•ืžื— ืื• ื“ืฉื ื™ื ื‘ืฆื•ืจื” ืžืžื•ืงื“ืช, ืื•ืœื˜ืจืกืื•ื ื“ ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื™ื™ืขืœ ืืช ื™ืขื™ืœื•ืช ื”ื“ื™ืคื•ื–ื™ื” ื•ืœื”ืคื—ื™ืช ื”ืคืกื“ื™ื.
ืฉื™ืจื•ืชื™ ื‘ื“ื™ืงื•ืช ืื•ืœื˜ืจืกืื•ื ื“ ืœื ื”ืจืกื ื™ื•ืช ื—ื•ื•ื™ื ื’ื ื”ื ืฆืžื™ื—ื” ืžืฉืžืขื•ืชื™ืช, ื‘ืžื™ื•ื—ื“ ืขื‘ื•ืจ ื‘ื“ื™ืงืช ืชืงื™ื ื•ืช ืžื‘ื ื™ื. ื‘ื™ืŸ ืื ืœื‘ื“ื™ืงืช ืžืกื™ืœื•ืช ืจื›ื‘ืช ืื• ื ื™ืชื•ื— ืจื›ื™ื‘ื™ื ื‘ืžื’ื–ืจื™ ืชืขืฉื™ื™ื” ืฉื•ื ื™ื, ืฉื™ื˜ื” ื–ื• ืžืฆื™ืขื” ืขืจื•ื‘ื” ืžืกื•ื™ืžืช ืœื‘ื˜ื™ื—ื•ืช ื•ื‘ื™ืฆื•ืขื™ื.

ืื•ืœื˜ืจืกืื•ื ื“ ื‘ื‘ืงืจืช ืžื˜ืจื“ื™ื

ืขื‘ื•ืจ ื‘ืขืœื™ื ื•ื“ื™ื™ืจื™ื ื”ืžืชืžื•ื“ื“ื™ื ืขื ืžื–ื™ืงื™ื ืฉื•ื ื™ื, ืื•ืœื˜ืจืกืื•ื ื“ ืžื”ื•ื•ื” ืคืชืจื•ืŸ ืื˜ืจืงื˜ื™ื‘ื™ ื•ืœื ืคื•ืœืฉื ื™. ืžื›ืฉื™ืจื™ื ื”ืคื•ืœื˜ื™ื ื’ืœื™ื ืืœื• ื ื•ืขื“ื• ืœื”ื“ื•ืฃ ืžื›ืจืกืžื™ื ืื• ื—ืจืงื™ื ืœืœื ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ ื‘ื—ื•ืžืจื™ื ืจืขื™ืœื™ื. ื”ืืคืงื˜ื™ื‘ื™ื•ืช ืฉืœ ื’ื™ืฉื” ื–ื•, ืฉืขื ื–ืืช ื“ื•ืจืฉืช ื™ื™ืฉื•ื ื ื›ื•ืŸ ื•ืžื™ืงื•ื ืืกื˜ืจื˜ื’ื™ ืฉืœ ืžื›ืฉื™ืจื™ื, ื”ื•ื‘ื™ืœื” ืœืคื•ืคื•ืœืจื™ื•ืช ื’ื•ื‘ืจืช ืฉืœ ื˜ื›ื ื•ืœื•ื’ื™ื•ืช ืืœื• ื‘ืงืจื‘ ื”ืžื‘ืงืฉื™ื ืœื”ื’ืŸ ืขืœ ื‘ืชื™ื”ื.

ืคื™ืชื•ื— ืžืชืžื™ื“ ืฉืœ ื˜ื›ื ื•ืœื•ื’ื™ื” ืงื•ืœื™ืช

ืฉื•ืง ื”ืฉื™ืจื•ืชื™ื ื•ื”ืžื›ืฉื™ืจื™ื ื”ืžื‘ื•ืกืกื™ื ืขืœ ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ ื‘ืื•ืœื˜ืจืกืื•ื ื“ ืคื•ืจื—. ื—ื“ืฉื ื•ืช ื˜ื›ื ื•ืœื•ื’ื™ืช ืžืฉืคืจืช ืœืœื ื”ืจืฃ ืืช ื”ื“ื™ื•ืง ื•ืืช ื™ื›ื•ืœืช ื”ื”ืกืชื’ืœื•ืช ืฉืœื”ื, ื•ืžืฉืงืคืช ืขืชื™ื“ ืžื‘ื˜ื™ื—. ืœืคื™ื›ืš, ื‘ื™ืŸ ืื ืขื‘ื•ืจ ื™ื™ืฉื•ืžื™ื ื‘ืชื—ื•ื ื”ืจื›ื‘ื•ืช ืื• ื‘ืžืื‘ืง ื ื’ื“ ืžื˜ืจื“ื™ื ื‘ื‘ื™ืช, ื”ื˜ื›ื ื•ืœื•ื’ื™ื” ื”ืื•ืœื˜ืจืกืื•ื ื“ ืžืžืฉื™ื›ื” ืœื”ืชืคืชื— ื•ืœืžืฆื•ื ืชื—ื•ืžื™ ื™ื™ืฉื•ื ื—ื“ืฉื™ื.
ืขื ืจื™ื‘ื•ื™ ื”ืžื—ืงืจื™ื ื•ื”ื“ื™ื•ื•ื—ื™ื ื”ืžืขื™ื“ื™ื ืขืœ ืฆืžื™ื—ืชื• ืฉืœ ืฉื•ืง ื–ื”, ื‘ืจื•ืจ ืฉืื•ืœื˜ืจืกืื•ื ื“ ื™ืžืœื ืชืคืงื™ื“ ืžืจื›ื–ื™ ื™ื•ืชืจ ื•ื™ื•ืชืจ ื‘ื—ื™ื™ ื”ื™ื•ืžื™ื•ื ืฉืœื ื•, ื•ื™ืกืคืง ืคืชืจื•ื ื•ืช ื—ื“ื™ืฉื™ื ืœืขื•ืœื ืžื•ื“ืจื ื™ ื•ืžืงื•ืฉืจ.

ื”ืชืคื™ืกื” ืฉืœ ืื•ืœื˜ืจืกืื•ื ื“ ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ืขื›ื‘ืจื™ื

ืœืžื“ ื›ื™ืฆื“ ืžืฉืชืžืฉื™ื ื‘ืื•ืœื˜ืจืกืื•ื ื“ ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ืจื—ื™ืง ืขื›ื‘ืจื™ื ืžืงื™ืจื•ืช ื”ื‘ื™ืช ื‘ืžืืžืจ ื”ื“ื‘ืจื” ืื™ื ืคื•ืจืžื˜ื™ื‘ื™ ื–ื”.

ืžื›ืจืกืžื™ื, ื‘ืžื™ื•ื—ื“ ืขื›ื‘ืจ, ื‘ืขืœื™ ื™ื›ื•ืœืช ืฉืžื™ืขื” ืžืจืชืงืช. ืžืกื•ื’ืœ ืœืงืœื•ื˜ ืชื“ืจื™ื ื”ืจื‘ื” ืžืขื‘ืจ ืœืืœื• ืฉื”ืื•ื–ืŸ ื”ืื ื•ืฉื™ืช ื™ื›ื•ืœื” ืœื–ื”ื•ืช, ืขื›ื‘ืจื™ื ืžืฉืชืžืฉื™ื ืื•ืœื˜ืจืกืื•ื ื“ ืœืชืงืฉืจ, ืœื”ืชืžืฆื ื•ืœืชืงืฉืจ ืขื ื”ืกื‘ื™ื‘ื” ืฉืœื”ื. ื”ื™ื›ื•ืœืช ื”ืžืขื•ืœื” ื”ื–ื• ืœืชืคื•ืก ืชื“ืจื™ื ื›ืืœื” ืžืขื ื™ืงื” ืœื”ื ื™ืชืจื•ืŸ ื‘ื—ื™ืคื•ืฉ ืื—ืจ ื”ื™ืฉืจื“ื•ืช ื•ื”ืกืชื’ืœื•ืช.

ื”ื“, ืขื–ืจื” ืœืœืงื•ื™ื™ ืจืื™ื™ื”

ืžื›ื™ื•ื•ืŸ ืฉื”ืจืื™ื™ื” ื”ื™ื ื—ื•ืฉ ืคื—ื•ืช ืžืคื•ืชื— ื‘ืขื›ื‘ืจื™ื, ื”ื ืžืกืชืžื›ื™ื ื‘ืžื™ื“ื” ืจื‘ื” ืขืœ ื”ืฉืžื™ืขื” ื™ื•ืฆืืช ื”ื“ื•ืคืŸ ืฉืœื”ื ื›ื“ื™ ืœืคืฆื•ืช. ืžื—ืงืจ ืžืขื ื™ื™ืŸ ื‘ืžื™ื•ื—ื“ ืžื’ืœื” ื›ื™ ื ื’ื™ืฉืช ืื•ืœื˜ืจืกืื•ื ื“ ืžื•ึผืชึธืจ ืขื›ื‘ืจื™ื ื—ืกืจื™ ืจืื™ื™ื” ืœืชืคื•ืก ืžืงื‘ื™ืœื” ืฉืœ ื”ื‘ื–ืง ืื•ืจ, ืžื” ืฉืคื•ืชื— ืืช ื”ื“ืจืš ืœื™ื™ืฉื•ืžื™ื ืคื•ื˜ื ืฆื™ืืœื™ื™ื ืฉื™ืขื–ืจื• ืœืื ืฉื™ื ืขื ืœืงื•ืช ืจืื™ื™ื”.

ื—ืœื‘ื•ื ื™ ืžืคืชื— ื‘ืฉืžื™ืขื” ืงื•ืœื™ืช

ื‘ืขื›ื‘ืจื™ื, ื ื—ึถืœึฐื‘ึผื•ึนืŸ ืžืฉืžืฉ ื›ืžืงืœื˜ ืœืื•ืœื˜ืจืกืื•ื ื“, ืžืชืคืงื“ ื‘ืฆื•ืจื” ื›ืžื• ืกื•ื ืืจ ื˜ื‘ืขื™. ื”ื—ืœื‘ื•ืŸ ื‘ืขืœ ื”ื”ืกืชื’ืœื•ืช ื”ื’ื‘ื•ื”ื” ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืžืืคืฉืจ ืœื”ื ืœื–ื”ื•ืช ืชื ื•ื“ื•ืช ืฆืœื™ืœ ื’ื‘ื•ื”ื•ืช ืืฉืจ ื—ื•ืžืงื•ืช ืžืชืคื™ืกื” ืื ื•ืฉื™ืช. ื” ืขื˜ืœืคื™ื, ืžืฆื“ื, ื”ื ื’ื™ื‘ื•ืจื™ ืขืœ ืืžื™ืชื™ื™ื ื‘ืื•ืœื˜ืจืกืื•ื ื“, ื”ืžืฉืชืžืฉื™ื ื‘ื˜ื›ื ื™ืงื” ื“ื•ืžื” ื‘ื—ื•ืฉืš ืžื•ื—ืœื˜ ืžึดืจื“ึธืฃ ื•ืœื ื•ื•ื˜ ื‘ื“ื™ื•ืง ืžืจืฉื™ื.

ื”ืขืจื›ื” ืืงื•ืกื˜ื™ืช ืฉืœ ื”ืกื‘ื™ื‘ื” ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ืขื›ื‘ืจื™ื

ื”ื™ื›ื•ืœืช ืœืฉืคื•ื˜ ืืช ื”ื’ื•ื“ืœ ื•ื”ืžืจื—ืง ืฉืœ ืขืฆืžื™ื ื‘ืืžืฆืขื•ืช ืฆืœื™ืœื™ื ื—ืฉื•ื‘ื” ืžืื•ื“ ืœืขื›ื‘ืจื™ื. ื›ืš ื”ื ื™ื›ื•ืœื™ื ืœืฆืคื•ืช ืžื›ืฉื•ืœื™ื ืื• ื ื•ื›ื—ื•ืช ืฉืœ ื˜ืจืฃ ืื• ื˜ื•ืจืฃ. ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ืคืœื™ื˜ืช ืื•ืœื˜ืจืกืื•ื ื“ ื•ืคื™ืจื•ืฉ ื”ื”ื“ื™ื ืฉื—ื•ื–ืจื™ื ืืœื™ื”ื, ื”ืขื›ื‘ืจื™ื ืžืฉื™ื’ื™ื ืžืคื” ืึฒืงื•ึผืกึฐื˜ึดื™ ืฉืœ ื”ืกื‘ื™ื‘ื” ืฉืœื”ื.

ื™ื›ื•ืœื•ืช ื—ื•ืฉื™ื•ืช ืžื•ืจื—ื‘ื•ืช ืฉืœ ืขื›ื‘ืจื™ื

ื”ื˜ื‘ืข ืœื ื”ื’ื‘ื™ืœ ื™ืฆื•ืจื™ื ื—ื™ื™ื ืœื—ืžื™ืฉื” ื—ื•ืฉื™ื. ืขื›ื‘ืจื™ื, ื›ืžื• ื™ืฆื•ืจื™ื ืื—ืจื™ื, ืžืงื™ืฉื™ื ืžืขื‘ืจ ืœืกืคืงื˜ืจื•ื ื”ืื ื•ืฉื™ ื›ื“ื™ "ืœืจืื•ืช" ืืช ื”ืขื•ืœื. ื” ืื•ืœื˜ืจืกืื•ื ื“ ืžื”ื•ื•ื™ื ื—ื•ืฉ ื ื•ืกืฃ ืœืขื›ื‘ืจื™ื, ื•ืžืืคืฉืจ ืœื”ื ืœืจื›ื•ืฉ ืžื™ื“ืข ืฉืจืื™ื™ื”, ืฉืžื™ืขื”, ื˜ืขื, ืจื™ื— ื•ืžื’ืข ืื ื•ืฉื™ื™ื ืื™ื ื ื™ื›ื•ืœื™ื ืœืชืคื•ืก. ื™ื“ื•ืข ื’ื ื›ื™ ื‘ื ื™ ืื“ื ืžืคืชื—ื™ื ืžื™ื•ืžื ื•ื™ื•ืช ืฉืœื”ื“, ื‘ื“ื•ืžื” ืœืืœื• ืฉืœ ืขื›ื‘ืจื™ื ื•ืขื˜ืœืคื™ื, ื”ืžื•ื›ื™ื—ื™ื ืืช ื”ืคืœืกื˜ื™ื•ืช ื”ืžื“ื”ื™ืžื” ืฉืœ ื”ืžื•ื—, ืืคื™ืœื• ื‘ืขื™ื•ื•ืจื™ื.

ืชื—ืจื•ืช ืืงื•ืกื˜ื™ืช ื‘ืžืžืœื›ืช ื”ื—ื™ื•ืช

ื”ื™ื›ื•ืœืช ืœืฉืžื•ืข ืชื“ืจื™ื ื’ื‘ื•ื”ื™ื ื”ื™ื ื ืฉืง ืจื‘ ืขืจืš ื‘ืžืขื™ืŸ "ืžืจื•ืฅ ื—ื™ืžื•ืฉ ืืงื•ืกื˜ื™" ื”ื ืจืื” ื‘ืžืกืคืจ ืžื™ื ื™ื. ืขื›ื‘ืจื™ื ืื™ื ื ืœื‘ื“ ื‘ืชื—ืจื•ืช ื–ื•: ืžืกืคืจ ื‘ืขืœื™ ื—ื™ื™ื ืคื™ืชื—ื• ืžื ื’ื ื•ื ื™ื ื™ื™ื—ื•ื“ื™ื™ื ืœื–ื™ื”ื•ื™ ื•ื”ืคืงืช ืื•ืœื˜ืจืกืื•ื ื“, ืชื•ืš ืžืื‘ืง ืžืชืžื™ื“ ืขืœ ื”ืชืคืชื—ื•ืช ื”ืฉืžื™ืขื” ื”ืื•ืœื˜ืจืกืื•ื ื“.

ืื•ืœื˜ืจืกืื•ื ื“ ื•ื—ื™ื™ื ืžืฉื•ืชืคื™ื ืขื ื—ื™ื•ืช ืžื—ืžื“

ื”ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ ื‘ืื•ืœื˜ืจืกืื•ื ื“ ื ืžืฆื ื’ื ื‘ื”ื“ื‘ืจืช ืžื–ื™ืงื™ื, ืฉื ืžืฉืชืžืฉื™ื ื‘ืžื›ืฉื™ืจื™ื ืคื•ืœื˜ื™ ืชื“ืจ ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ื“ื•ืฃ ืื• ืœืฉืœื•ื˜ ื‘ื”ืชื ื”ื’ื•ืชื ืฉืœ ืžื™ื ื™ื ืžืกื•ื™ืžื™ื. ืœืžืจื•ืช ืฉื‘ืขื™ืงืจ ืœื ืžื–ื™ืง ืœ ื›ืœื‘ื™ื ื•ื—ื™ื•ืช ื‘ื™ืช ืื—ืจื•ืช, ื—ื™ื•ื ื™ ืœืงื—ืช ื‘ื—ืฉื‘ื•ืŸ ืืช ืจื•ื•ื—ืชื ื‘ืขืช ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ ื‘ื˜ื›ื ื•ืœื•ื’ื™ื•ืช ื›ืืœื”.

ืœืกื™ื›ื•ื, ื”ืชืคื™ืกื” ื”ืื•ืœื˜ืจืกืื•ื ื“ื™ืช ืฉืœ ืขื›ื‘ืจื™ื ื”ื™ื ื™ื•ืชืจ ืžืกืชื ืชื›ื•ื ื” ืžื•ื–ืจื” ืฉืœ ืžืžืœื›ืช ื”ื—ื™ื•ืช; ื–ื”ื• ืชื—ื•ื ืžื‘ื˜ื™ื—, ืฉื‘ืืžืฆืขื•ืช ืžื—ืงืจ ื•ื—ื“ืฉื ื•ืช, ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื”ื•ื•ืช ื”ืฉืจืื” ืœื”ืชืงื“ืžื•ืช ื˜ื›ื ื•ืœื•ื’ื™ืช ื•ืจืคื•ืื” ื—ื“ืฉื” ืขื‘ื•ืจ ื‘ื ื™ ื”ืื“ื.

ืžื›ืฉื™ืจื™ื ืื•ืœื˜ืจืืกื•ื ื™ื™ื ื ื’ื“ ืขื›ื‘ืจ: ืื™ืš ื–ื” ืขื•ื‘ื“?

ื’ืœื” ื›ื™ืฆื“ ืžืฉืชืžืฉื™ื ื‘ืื•ืœื˜ืจืกืื•ื ื“ ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ืจื—ื™ืง ื‘ื™ืขื™ืœื•ืช ืขื›ื‘ืจื™ื ืžืงื™ืจื•ืช ื”ื‘ื™ืช. ืžื™ื“ืข ืขืœ ื”ื™ืขื™ืœื•ืช ื•ื”ื™ื™ืฉื•ื ืฉืœ ืฉื™ื˜ื” ื–ื• ืฉืœ ื”ื“ื‘ืจื”.

ื”ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ ืฉืœ ืื•ืœื˜ืจืกืื•ื ื“ ื”ื™ื ืฉื™ื˜ื” ื—ื“ืฉื ื™ืช ื•ืคื•ืคื•ืœืจื™ืช ื™ื•ืชืจ ื•ื™ื•ืชืจ ืœื”ืชืจื—ืง ืขื›ื‘ืจ ืœืœื ืฆื•ืจืš ื‘ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ ื‘ื›ื™ืžื™ืงืœื™ื ืื• ื‘ืžืœื›ื•ื“ื•ืช ื”ืขืœื•ืœื•ืช ืœื’ืจื•ื ื ื–ืง ืœื‘ืขืœื™ ื—ื™ื™ื ืื• ืœืกื‘ื™ื‘ื”. ื–ื•ื”ื™ ืืœื˜ืจื ื˜ื™ื‘ื” ืคื•ืคื•ืœืจื™ืช ืœื ืจืง ื‘ื‘ืชื™ื ืืœื ื’ื ืœื”ื’ื ื” ืขืœ ื›ืœื™ ืจื›ื‘ ื›ื’ื•ืŸ ืงืจื•ื•ืื ื™ื, ืœืขืชื™ื ืงืจื•ื‘ื•ืช ื™ืขื“ื™ื ืžื•ืขื“ืคื™ื ืฉืœ ืžื›ืจืกืžื™ื ื‘ืžื”ืœืš ื”ื—ื•ืจืฃ.

ืขืงืจื•ืŸ ื‘ืกื™ืกื™ ืฉืœ ื“ื•ื—ื™ ืงื•ืœื™

ื”ืขื™ืงืจื•ืŸ ืฉืœ ื”ืชืงื ื™ ืื ื˜ื™-ืขื›ื‘ืจ ืงื•ืœื™ื™ื ื˜ืžื•ืŸ ื‘ืคืœื™ื˜ืช ืฆืœื™ืœื™ื ื‘ืชื“ืจ ื›ื” ื’ื‘ื•ื” ืขื“ ืฉื”ื•ื ื—ื•ืจื’ ืžืกืฃ ื”ืชืคื™ืกื” ืฉืœ ื”ืื•ื–ืŸ ื”ืื ื•ืฉื™ืช, ื‘ื“ืจืš ื›ืœืœ ืžืขืœ 20 ืงื™ืœื•-ื”ืจืฅ. ืชื“ืจื™ื ืืœื•, ืขืœ ืืฃ ืฉืื™ื ื ื ืฉืžืขื™ื ืœื‘ื ื™ ืื“ื, ืื™ื ื ื ื•ื—ื™ื ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืœืžื›ืจืกืžื™ื, ืฉื™ืฉ ืœื”ื ืฉืžื™ืขื” ืžืคื•ืชื—ืช ืžืื•ื“. ื”ืžื˜ืจื” ื›ืืŸ ื”ื™ื ืœื™ืฆื•ืจ ืกื‘ื™ื‘ื” ืขื•ื™ื ืช ืขื‘ื•ืจ ื”ืขื›ื‘ืจื™ื, ืฉืžืขื•ื“ื“ืช ืื•ืชื ืœืขื–ื•ื‘ ืืช ื”ื—ืœืœ ื”ืžื˜ื•ืคืœ.

ืžื—ืงืจื™ื ืขืœ ื™ืขื™ืœื•ืช ืื•ืœื˜ืจืกืื•ื ื“ ื ื’ื“ ืžื›ืจืกืžื™ื

ืžื—ืงืจื™ื ืฉื‘ื•ืฆืขื• ืขืœ ื“ื•ื—ื™ื ืืœืงื˜ืจื•ื ื™ื™ื ืขื‘ื•ืจ ืžื›ืจืกืžื™ื ื”ืจืื• ื›ื™ ืžื›ืฉื™ืจื™ื ืืœื• ื™ื›ื•ืœื™ื ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ื™ืขื™ืœื™ื ืื ืžืฉืชืžืฉื™ื ื‘ื”ื ื ื›ื•ืŸ. ืขื ื–ืืช, ื”ื™ืขื™ืœื•ืช ืฉืœื”ื ืขืฉื•ื™ื” ืœื”ืฉืชื ื•ืช ื‘ื”ืชืื ืœืฉื˜ื— ื”ืžื›ื•ืกื”, ืœืคืจื™ืกืช ื”ื—ื“ืจ, ื›ืžื• ื’ื ืœืžื›ืฉื•ืœื™ื ืคื™ื–ื™ื™ื ืฉืขืœื•ืœื™ื ืœื”ืคืจื™ืข ืœื”ืชืคืฉื˜ื•ืช ืฉืœ ื’ืœื™ื ืงื•ืœื™ื™ื.

ืชืื™ืžื•ืช ืื•ืœื˜ืจืกืื•ื ื“ ืขื ื—ื™ื•ืช ืžื—ืžื“

ืฉืืœื” ืฉื—ื•ื–ืจืช ืขืœ ืขืฆืžื” ื ื•ื’ืขืช ืœื”ืฉืคืขื” ืฉืœ ืื•ืœื˜ืจืกืื•ื ื“ ืขืœ ื—ื™ื•ืช ืžื—ืžื“ ื›ืžื• ื›ืœื‘ื™ื. ืœืžืจื•ืช ืฉื”ืžื›ืฉื™ืจื™ื ืžื™ื•ืขื“ื™ื ื‘ืขื™ืงืจ ืœืžื˜ืจืช ืžื–ื™ืงื™ื ื›ืžื• ืขื›ื‘ืจื™ื, ื™ืฉ ื—ืฉื™ื‘ื•ืช ืžื›ืจืขืช ืœื•ื•ื“ื ืฉื”ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ ื‘ืžื›ืฉื™ืจื™ื ืืœื• ืื™ื ื• ืžืกื•ื›ืŸ ืœืฉืืจ ื“ื™ื™ืจื™ ื”ื‘ื™ืช ืขื ืืจื‘ืข ืจื’ืœื™ื™ื. ื‘ื“ืจืš ื›ืœืœ, ื”ืžื›ืฉื™ืจื™ื ืžืชื•ื›ื ื ื™ื ื‘ืฆื•ืจื” ื›ื–ื• ืฉื”ื ืื™ื ื ืžืฉืคื™ืขื™ื ืขืœ ื—ื™ื•ืช ื”ืžื—ืžื“.

ืžื’ื‘ืœื•ืช ื•ืืžืฆืขื™ ื–ื”ื™ืจื•ืช ืœืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ ื‘ืžื›ืฉื™ืจื™ ืื•ืœื˜ืจืกืื•ื ื“

ืขื ื–ืืช, ื—ืฉื•ื‘ ืœืงื—ืช ื‘ื—ืฉื‘ื•ืŸ ืฉื‘ืขืœื™ ื—ื™ื™ื ืžืกื•ื™ืžื™ื, ื‘ืžื™ื•ื—ื“ ืžื™ื ื™ื ืฉืœ ืžื›ืจืกืžื™ื, ื™ื›ื•ืœื™ื ืœื”ืชืจื’ืœ ืœื”ืฉืคืขื” ื”ื“ื•ื—ื” ืฉืœ ืื•ืœื˜ืจืกืื•ื ื“. ื”ืžืฉืžืขื•ืช ื”ื™ื ืฉื”ื™ืขื™ืœื•ืช ืฉืœ ื”ืžื›ืฉื™ืจื™ื ืขืœื•ืœื” ืœืจื“ืช ืขื ื”ื–ืžืŸ, ื•ืžื›ืืŸ ื”ื—ืฉื™ื‘ื•ืช ืฉืœ ืฉื™ืœื•ื‘ ืฉื™ื˜ื” ื–ื• ืขื ืฆื•ืจื•ืช ื”ื“ื‘ืจื” ืื—ืจื•ืช ืœืืกื˜ืจื˜ื’ื™ื” ืžืงื™ืคื” ื•ื‘ืช ืงื™ื™ืžื ื™ื•ืชืจ.

ื‘ื—ื™ืจื” ื•ืžื™ืงื•ื ืฉืœ ื”ื“ื•ื—ื” ืœืืคืงื˜ื™ื‘ื™ื•ืช ืžื™ื˜ื‘ื™ืช

ื‘ื—ืจ ืืช ื”ืžืชืื™ื ื“ื•ื—ื” ืขื›ื‘ืจื™ื ื—ื™ื•ื ื™ ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ื‘ื˜ื™ื— ืืช ื™ืขื™ืœื•ืช ื”ืžืขืจื›ืช. ื”ืฉื•ืง ืžืฆื™ืข ืžื’ื•ื•ืŸ ื“ื’ืžื™ื ื”ืžืชืื™ืžื™ื ืœืกื•ื’ื™ ื—ืœืœื™ื ื•ืžืฆื‘ื™ื ืฉื•ื ื™ื. ื”ืžื™ืงื•ื ืฉืœ ื”ืžื›ืฉื™ืจ ื”ื•ื ื’ื ื—ื™ื•ื ื™ ื›ื“ื™ ืœืžืงืกื ืืช ื›ื™ืกื•ื™ ื”ืื•ืœื˜ืจืกืื•ื ื“ ื•ืœื”ื™ืžื ืข ืžื™ืฆื™ืจืช ืื–ื•ืจื™ื ืžื•ืฆืœื™ื ืฉื‘ื”ื ืขื›ื‘ืจื™ื ื™ื›ื•ืœื™ื ืœืžืฆื•ื ืžืงืœื˜.
ืœื”ื’ื ื” ื ื•ืกืคืช ืขืœ ื—ืœืœื™ ื”ืžื’ื•ืจื™ื ืฉืœืš ืžืคื ื™ ืžื›ืจืกืžื™ื, ืืœ ืชื”ืกืกื• ืœื—ืงื•ืจ ืขืฆื•ืช ืคืฉื•ื˜ื•ืช ื›ื’ื•ืŸ ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ ื‘- ื‘ืงื‘ื•ืง ืคืœืกื˜ื™ืง, ืฉื›ืืฉืจ ื”ื•ื ืžืžื•ืงื ื‘ืฆื•ืจื” ืืกื˜ืจื˜ื’ื™ืช ื‘ื’ื™ื ื”, ืขืœื•ืœ ืœื”ืคืจื™ืข ืœืžื–ื™ืงื™ื ื›ืžื• ืฉื•ืžื•ืช ื•ืžื›ืจืกืžื™ื.
ืœืกื™ื›ื•ื, ืžื›ืฉื™ืจื™ื ืงื•ืœื™ื™ื ืžื™ื™ืฆื’ื™ื ืคืชืจื•ืŸ ืžื‘ื˜ื™ื— ื ื’ื“ ืขื›ื‘ืจื™ื, ืืš ื›ืžื• ื‘ื›ืœ ื—ื•ืžืจ ื“ื•ื—ื”, ืจืฆื•ื™ ืœื™ื™ื“ืข ืืช ืขืฆืžืš ื”ื™ื˜ื‘ ืขืœ ืคืขื•ืœืชื ื•ืขืœ ืืžืฆืขื™ ื”ื–ื”ื™ืจื•ืช ืœืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ ืœืคื ื™ ื”ืชืงื ืชื ื‘ื‘ื™ืช ืื• ื‘ืžืงื•ืžื•ืช ืื—ืจื™ื.ื—ืœืœื™ื ื›ืžื• ื’ื™ื ื•ืช ื•ืจื›ื‘ื™ื .