ื›ื™ืฆื“ ืœื”ื™ืคื˜ืจ ื‘ื™ืขื™ืœื•ืช ืžื—ื•ืœื“ื•ืช ืขื ืจืขืœ ืขื›ื‘ืจื™ื?

ื”ืื ืืชื ืขื•ืžื“ื™ื ื‘ืคื ื™ ืคืœื™ืฉืช ื—ื•ืœื“ื•ืช ื•ืžื—ืคืฉื™ื ืคืชืจื•ืŸ ืงื™ืฆื•ื ื™ ืœื”ื’ื ื” ืขืœ ืžืจื—ื‘ ื”ืžื—ื™ื” ืฉืœื›ื? ื ื•ื›ื—ื•ืชื ืฉืœ ืžื›ืจืกืžื™ื ืืœื” ืžื™ื™ืฆื’ืช ืœื ืจืง ืžื˜ืจื“, ืืœื ื’ื ืกื™ื›ื•ืŸ ื‘ืจื™ืื•ืชื™ ื—ืžื•ืจ. ื”ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ ื‘ืจืขืœ ืขื›ื‘ืจื™ื ื”ื•ื ื—ืœื•ืคื” ื—ื™ื•ื ื™ืช ืœื”ืขืœืžืช ืžื–ื™ืงื™ื ืืœื• ื‘ื™ืขื™ืœื•ืช. ื‘ืžืืžืจ ื–ื”, ืื ื• ื ื“ืจื™ืš ืื•ืชืš ื“ืจืš ื”ืืคืฉืจื•ื™ื•ืช ื”ืฉื•ื ื•ืช ืฉืœ ืงื•ื˜ืœ ื”ืขื‘ื™ืจื” ื”ื–ืžื™ื ื•ืช ื‘ืฉื•ืง, ื›ื™ืฆื“ ื”ืŸ ืคื•ืขืœื•ืช ื•ืฉื™ื˜ื•ืช ืขื‘ื•ื“ื” ืžื•ืžืœืฆื•ืช ืœืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ ื‘ื˜ื•ื—. ื’ืœื” ื›ื™ืฆื“ ืœื”ื—ื–ื™ืจ ืืช ื”ืฉืงื˜ ืœื‘ื™ืชืš ื‘ืืžืฆืขื•ืช ืคืขื•ืœื” ืžืžื•ืงื“ืช ื ื’ื“ ื”ืื ืฉื™ื ื”ืœื ืจืฆื•ื™ื™ื ื”ืœืœื•.

ื”ื‘ื ืช ื”ืชื ื”ื’ื•ืช ื—ื•ืœื“ื•ืช

ื’ืœื” ื›ื™ืฆื“ ืœื”ื™ืคื˜ืจ ื‘ื™ืขื™ืœื•ืช ืžื—ื•ืœื“ื•ืช ื‘ืืžืฆืขื•ืช ืจืขืœ ืขื›ื‘ืจื™ื. ืงื‘ืœ ื˜ื™ืคื™ื ืžืขืฉื™ื™ื ืœื—ื™ืกื•ืœ ื™ืขื™ืœ ืฉืœ ืžื–ื™ืงื™ื ืžื›ืจืกืžื™ื.

ืœื”ื—ื™ืœ ื˜ื™ืคื•ืœ ืจืขืœ ืขื›ื‘ืจื™ื ืœืžืขืฉื”, ื”ื›ืจื—ื™ ืœื”ื›ื™ืจ ืืช ื”ื™ืจื™ื‘ ืฉื‘ืจืฆื•ื ืš ืœื”ื“ื•ืฃ ืื• ืœื—ืกืœ. ื—ื•ืœื“ืช ื”ื‘ื™ื•ื‘, ื”ืžื›ื•ื ื” ื’ื ื—ื•ืœื“ืช ืฉื“ื” ืื• ื—ื•ืœื“ืช ื—ื•ืžื”, ืžืชื’ืœื” ื›ืžื›ืจืกื ืขืจืžื•ืžื™ ื•ืขืžื™ื“ ื‘ืžื™ื•ื—ื“. ืคื™ืชื•ื— ืืกื˜ืจื˜ื’ื™ื” ืžืชืื™ืžื” ืžืฆืจื™ืš ืกืงื™ืจื” ืžืคื•ืจื˜ืช ืฉืœ ื”ื”ืชื ื”ื’ื•ืช ื”ื˜ื‘ืขื™ืช ืฉืœื”, ืขืœ ืžื ืช ืœืฆืคื•ืช ืื•ืชื” ื˜ื•ื‘ ื™ื•ืชืจ ื•ืœื”ืชืžื•ื“ื“ ืขื ื—ื“ื™ืจืชื”.

ื”ืจื’ืœื™ ืื›ื™ืœื”

ื—ื•ืœื“ื•ืช ื”ืŸ ื—ื™ื•ืช ืื•ื›ืœื•ืช ื›ืœ ืขื ื ื˜ื™ื™ื” ืœื’ืจื’ืจื ื•ืช. ื”ื ื ื™ื–ื•ื ื™ื ืžืžื’ื•ื•ืŸ ืจื—ื‘ ืฉืœ ืžื–ื•ื ื•ืช, ืžืืฉืคื” ื•ืขื“ ื“ื’ื ื™ื ื•ืขื“ ืคื™ืจื•ืช ื•ืขื“ ื—ืœื‘ื•ื ื™ื ื›ืžื• ื‘ื™ืฆื™ื ืื• ื—ืจืงื™ื ืงื˜ื ื™ื. ื”ืžื’ื•ื•ืŸ ื”ืชื–ื•ื ืชื™ ื”ื–ื” ื”ื•ืคืš ืืช ื’ื™ืฉืช ื”ื”ื“ื‘ืจื” ืœืžื•ืจื›ื‘ืช ื™ื•ืชืจ, ืžื›ื™ื•ื•ืŸ ืฉื”ืคื™ืชื™ื•ืŸ ื”ืžืฉืžืฉ ื—ื™ื™ื‘ ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืื˜ืจืงื˜ื™ื‘ื™ ืžืกืคื™ืง ื›ื“ื™ ืœืคืชื•ืช ืื•ืชื ืžืžืงื•ืจื•ืช ื”ืžื–ื•ืŸ ื”ืจื’ื™ืœื™ื ืฉืœื”ื.

ืžื•ืกืจ ื•ื“ื™ืกืงืจื˜ื™ื•ืช ืœื™ืœื™

ื”ื—ื•ืœื“ื” ื”ื™ื ื—ื™ื” ืœื™ืœื™ืช. ื”ืžืฉืžืขื•ืช ื”ื™ื ืฉืจื•ื‘ ืคืขื™ืœื•ืชื•, ื›ื•ืœืœ ื—ื™ืคื•ืฉ ืžื–ื•ืŸ, ืžืชื‘ืฆืขืช ื‘ืœื™ืœื”. ืžืืคื™ื™ืŸ ื–ื” ืคื™ืจื•ืฉื• ืฉื”ืชื‘ื•ื ื ื•ืช ื™ืฉื™ืจื” ื‘ื”ืจื’ืœื™ ื”ื—ื•ืœื“ื•ืช ื”ื™ื ืงืฉื”, ื•ื‘ื›ืš ื™ื•ืฆืจืช ืžื—ืกื•ื ื ื•ืกืฃ ื‘ืขืช ื™ื™ืฉื•ื ืืกื˜ืจื˜ื’ื™ื•ืช ืจืฆื—ื ื™ื•ืช.

ื”ืชื ื”ื’ื•ืช ื—ื‘ืจืชื™ืช ื•ื˜ืจื™ื˜ื•ืจื™ืืœื™ืช

ื—ื•ืœื“ื•ืช ื™ื“ื•ืขื•ืช ื‘ื—ื™ื™ื”ืŸ ื”ื—ื‘ืจืชื™ื™ื ื”ืžื•ืจื›ื‘ื™ื. ื”ื ืžืงื™ืžื™ื ืžื•ืฉื‘ื•ืช ื•ืžื’ื ื™ื ื‘ืžืจืฅ ืขืœ ื”ื˜ืจื™ื˜ื•ืจื™ื” ืฉืœื”ื ืžืคื ื™ ืคื•ืœืฉื™ื. ื ื™ืชืŸ ืœื ืฆืœ ืืช ื”ื ื˜ื™ื™ื” ื”ื—ื‘ืจืชื™ืช ื”ื—ื–ืงื” ื”ื–ื• ื‘ืขืช ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ ื‘ืจืขืœ ืขื›ื‘ืจื™ื, ืžืชื•ืš ื™ื“ื™ืขื” ืฉื—ื™ืกื•ืœ ืฉืœ ื—ื•ืœื“ื” ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœืฉื‘ืฉ ืžื•ืฉื‘ื” ืฉืœืžื”, ืžื” ืฉืžื—ื–ืง ืืช ื”ืืคืงื˜ื™ื‘ื™ื•ืช ืฉืœ ื”ืคืขื•ืœื•ืช ื”ืžืชื‘ืฆืขื•ืช.

ื”ืขื“ืคื•ืช ืงื™ื ื•ืŸ

ืžื›ืจืกืžื™ื ืžืขื“ื™ืคื™ื ืžืงื•ืžื•ืช ื—ืžื™ื, ื—ืฉื•ื›ื™ื ื•ื‘ืœืชื™ ืžื•ืคืจืขื™ื ื™ื—ืกื™ืช ืœื”ืงืžืช ื”ืงื™ื ื™ื ืฉืœื”ื. ื”ืžืฉืžืขื•ืช ื”ื™ื ืฉืžื•ืกื›ื™ื, ืžืจืชืคื™ื, ืขืœื™ื•ืช ื’ื’ ืื• ืื–ื•ืจื™ ืฆื ืจืช ื”ื ืื–ื•ืจื™ ืกื™ื›ื•ืŸ. ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ื”ื‘ื ื” ื–ื•, ื ื™ืชืŸ ืœื›ื•ื•ืŸ ืžืืžืฆื™ ื”ื“ื‘ืจืช ืžื›ืจืกืžื™ื ืœืขื‘ืจ ืžื™ืงื•ืžื™ื ืืกื˜ืจื˜ื’ื™ื™ื ืืœื•.

ื ื™ื™ื“ื•ืช ื•ื™ื›ื•ืœืช ื”ืกืชื’ืœื•ืช

ื”ื—ื•ืœื“ื” ื”ื™ื ื—ื™ื” ืกืชื’ืœื ื™ืช ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืขื ื™ื›ื•ืœืช ื‘ื•ืœื˜ืช ืœื”ืชื’ื‘ืจ ืขืœ ืžื›ืฉื•ืœื™ื ืคื™ื–ื™ื™ื ืœื’ื™ืฉื” ืœืžืงื•ืจื•ืช ืžื–ื•ืŸ ืื• ืžื—ืกื”. ื”ื ื™ื›ื•ืœื™ื ืœื˜ืคืก, ืœืฉื—ื•ืช ื•ืœื”ื™ื“ื—ืง ื“ืจืš ื—ื•ืจื™ื ืงื˜ื ื™ื ืžืื•ื“. ื›ืชื•ืฆืื” ืžื›ืš, ืžื ื™ืขืช ืจืขืœ ืขื›ื‘ืจื™ื ื—ื™ื™ื‘ืช ืœืงื—ืช ื‘ื—ืฉื‘ื•ืŸ ืœื ืจืง ื—ื™ืกื•ืœ ืืงื˜ื™ื‘ื™ ืฉืœ ืžื–ื™ืงื™ื, ืืœื ื’ื ื”ื‘ื˜ื—ืช ื’ื™ืฉื” ืคื•ื˜ื ืฆื™ืืœื™ืช ืœื‘ืชื™ื ื•.

ืจื‘ื™ื™ื” ืžื”ื™ืจื”

ืจื‘ื™ื™ื” ืžื”ื™ืจื” ืฉืœ ื—ื•ืœื“ื•ืช ื”ื™ื ื’ื•ืจื ืžื›ืจื™ืข ื‘ื”ื“ื‘ืจืช ืžื–ื™ืงื™ื ืืœื•. ื–ื•ื’ ื—ื•ืœื“ื•ืช ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืชื™ืื•ืจื˜ื™ืช ืœืœื“ืช ืžืื•ืช ืคืจื˜ื™ื ื‘ืฉื ื”, ืžื” ืฉื”ื•ืคืš ืืช ืคืขื•ืœื•ืช ื”ื”ื“ื‘ืจื” ื”ื—ื“-ืคืขืžื™ื•ืช ืฉืœ ืžื›ืจืกืžื™ื ืœืคื—ื•ืช ื™ืขื™ืœื•ืช ืื ื”ืŸ ืœื ืžื‘ื•ืฆืขื•ืช ื‘ืจืฆื™ืคื•ืช.

ื™ื™ืฉื•ื ืชื•ื›ื ื™ืช ื”ืจืขืœืช ื—ื•ืœื“ื•ืช ื›ืจื•ืš ื‘ื”ื›ืจื— ื‘ืžื—ืงืจ ืžืขืžื™ืง ืฉืœ ื”ื”ืชื ื”ื’ื•ืช ื”ืกืคืฆื™ืคื™ืช ืฉืœ ื—ื•ืœื“ื•ืช. ืื™ืžื•ืฅ ืืกื˜ืจื˜ื’ื™ื” ืžืชืื™ืžื”, ื‘ืฉื™ืœื•ื‘ ื”ื›ืจืช ื”ืžื–ื™ืง ื•ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ ื‘ืžื•ืฆืจื™ื ืžืชืื™ืžื™ื, ืžืžืงืกื ืืช ืกื™ื›ื•ื™ื™ ื”ื”ืฆืœื—ื” ื‘ืžืื‘ืง ื‘ืžื›ืจืกืžื™ื ืคื•ืœืฉื™ื ืืœื•. ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ืขืžื™ืง ืืช ื”ื‘ื ืชืš ื‘ื ื•ืฉื, ื—ืœืง ืžื”ืืชืจื™ื ืžืฆื™ืขื™ื ืขืฆื•ืช ืจืœื•ื•ื ื˜ื™ื•ืช ืฉื™ืขื–ืจื• ืœืš ื‘ื’ื™ืฉืชืš.

ื‘ื—ื™ืจื” ื ื›ื•ื ื” ืฉืœ ืจืฆื—

ื’ืœื” ื›ื™ืฆื“ ืœื—ืกืœ ื‘ื™ืขื™ืœื•ืช ื—ื•ืœื“ื•ืช ื‘ืืžืฆืขื•ืช ืจืขืœ ืขื›ื‘ืจื™ื. ืžืฆื ืขืฆื•ืช ืžื•ืขื™ืœื•ืช ืœื”ื™ืคื˜ืจ ืœื—ืœื•ื˜ื™ืŸ ืžื”ืžื›ืจืกืžื™ื ื”ืœื ืจืฆื•ื™ื™ื ื”ืœืœื•.

ื”ืชืžื•ื“ื“ื•ืช ืขื ื ื’ื™ืขื•ืช ืžื›ืจืกืžื™ื ื‘ื‘ื™ืชืš ื“ื•ืจืฉืช ืฆืขื“ื™ื ื“ืจืกื˜ื™ื™ื ื•ืื—ื“ ื”ื™ืขื™ืœื™ื ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ื”ื•ื ื”ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ ื‘ ืจืขืœ ืขื›ื‘ืจื™ื. ืขื ื–ืืช, ืžื’ื•ื•ืŸ ื”ืžื•ืฆืจื™ื ื”ืงื™ื™ืžื™ื ื‘ืฉื•ืง ืžื—ื™ื™ื‘ ืื•ืชืš ืœืขืฉื•ืช ืืช ื”ื‘ื—ื™ืจื” ื”ืจืœื•ื•ื ื˜ื™ืช ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ. ืœื”ืœืŸ ืžื“ืจื™ืš ืœื‘ื—ื™ืจืช ืงื•ื˜ืœ ื”ืขื‘ื™ืจื” ื”ืžืชืื™ื ืœืžืฆื‘ืš.

ื”ื‘ื ืช ืกื•ื’ื™ ืงื•ื˜ืœ ื”ื’ื‘ื™ืจื”

ื™ืฉื ืŸ ืฉืชื™ ืงื˜ื’ื•ืจื™ื•ืช ืขื™ืงืจื™ื•ืช ืฉืœ ืจืขืœ ืขื›ื‘ืจื™ื: ื ื•ื’ื“ื™ ืงืจื™ืฉื” ื•ืœื ื ื•ื’ื“ื™ ืงืจื™ืฉื”. ื ื•ื’ื“ื™ ืงืจื™ืฉื”, ื”ื›ื•ืœืœื™ื ื—ื•ืžืจื™ื ื›ืžื• ื•ื•ืจืคืจื™ืŸ ืื• ื‘ืจื•ืžื“ื™ื•ืœื•ืŸ, ืคื•ืขืœื™ื ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ืžื ื™ืขืช ืงืจื™ืฉืช ื“ื, ืžื” ืฉืžื•ื‘ื™ืœ ืœืžื•ื•ืช ืฉืœ ื‘ืขืœ ื”ื—ื™ื™ื ืชื•ืš ืžืกืคืจ ื™ืžื™ื ืžื”ื‘ืœื™ืขื”. ื—ื•ืžืจื™ื ืฉืื™ื ื ื ื•ื’ื“ื™ ืงืจื™ืฉื”, ืœืขื•ืžืช ื–ืืช, ื™ื›ื•ืœื™ื ืœืคืขื•ืœ ื‘ืืžืฆืขื•ืช ืžื ื’ื ื•ื ื™ื ื‘ื™ื•ืœื•ื’ื™ื™ื ืฉื•ื ื™ื, ื›ื’ื•ืŸ ื”ืคืจืขื•ืช ื ื•ื™ืจื•ืœื•ื’ื™ื•ืช ืื• ื”ืกืชื™ื™ื“ื•ืช ืฉืœ ืจืงืžื•ืช ืจื›ื•ืช. ืœื›ืœ ืกื•ื’ ื™ืฉ ื™ืชืจื•ื ื•ืช ืกืคืฆื™ืคื™ื™ื ืžื‘ื—ื™ื ืช ื–ืžืŸ ืคืขื•ืœื” ื•ื”ืชื ื’ื“ื•ืช ืœืžื›ืจืกืžื™ื.

ื–ื™ื”ื•ื™ ื”ืกื‘ื™ื‘ื” ื•ื”ืžื˜ืจื”

ืœืคื ื™ ืจื›ื™ืฉืช ืจืขืœ ืขื›ื‘ืจื™ื, ื—ื™ื•ื ื™ ืœืงื—ืช ื‘ื—ืฉื‘ื•ืŸ ืืช ื”ืกื‘ื™ื‘ื” ื‘ื” ื”ื•ื ื™ืฉืžืฉ. ื‘ืื–ื•ืจื™ื ื‘ื”ื ื ืžืฆืื™ื ื™ืœื“ื™ื ืื• ื—ื™ื•ืช ืžื—ืžื“, ื™ื”ื™ื” ืขื“ื™ืฃ ืœื‘ื—ื•ืจ ื‘ืžื•ืฆืจื™ื ื‘ืขืœื™ ืกื™ื›ื•ืŸ ื ืžื•ืš ืœืจืขื™ืœื•ืช ืžืงืจื™ืช, ื›ื’ื•ืŸ ื—ื•ืžืจื™ ืจื˜icides ื‘ื‘ืœื•ืงื™ื ืžืื•ื‘ื˜ื—ื™ื ื‘ืงื•ืคืกืื•ืช ืคื™ืชื™ื•ืŸ ืกื’ื•ืจื•ืช. ื‘ื ื•ืกืฃ, ื—ื™ื•ื ื™ ืœืžืงื“ ืœืžื™ืŸ ื”ืžื›ืจืกื ื”ืžื“ื•ื‘ืจ – ื—ื•ืœื“ื•ืช ื’ื’, ื—ื•ืœื“ื•ืช ื‘ื™ื•ื‘ ืื• ืขื›ื‘ืจื™ื – ืžื›ื™ื•ื•ืŸ ืฉื—ืœืง ืžื”ืžื•ืฆืจื™ื ืžืชืื™ืžื™ื ื™ื•ืชืจ ืœืžื–ื™ืงื™ื ืกืคืฆื™ืคื™ื™ื.

ืฉืงื•ืœ ื ื™ืกื•ื— ืจืฆื—

ืจืขืœื™ ืขื›ื‘ืจื™ื ืžื’ื™ืขื™ื ื‘ื ื™ืกื•ื—ื™ื ืฉื•ื ื™ื: ื“ื’ื ื™ื, ืžืฉื—ื•ืช, ื‘ืœื•ืงื™ื ืื• ื ื•ื–ืœื™ื. ื“ื’ื ื™ื ืžื•ืขื“ืคื™ื ืœืจื•ื‘ ื‘ื’ืœืœ ืงืœื•ืช ื”ืคื™ื–ื•ืจ ืฉืœื”ื ื‘ืื–ื•ืจื™ื ื ื’ื•ืขื™ื. ื”ืžืฉื—ื•ืช, ื”ื˜ืขื™ืžื•ืช ื•ื”ืœื—ื•ืช, ืžื•ืฉื›ื•ืช ื‘ื™ืขื™ืœื•ืช ืžื›ืจืกืžื™ื ืฆืžืื™ื. ื”ื‘ืœื•ืงื™ื ื”ืขืžื™ื“ื™ื ื‘ืคื ื™ ืžื–ื’ ืื•ื•ื™ืจ ื”ื ืื™ื“ื™ืืœื™ื™ื ืขื‘ื•ืจ ื˜ื™ืคื•ืœื™ื ื—ื™ืฆื•ื ื™ื™ื ืื• ืžืงื•ืžื•ืช ืœื—ื™ื. ื”ื‘ื—ื™ืจื” ืชื”ื™ื” ืชืœื•ื™ื” ื‘ื–ื™ื”ื•ื ื•ื‘ืžืขืฉื™ื•ืช ื”ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ ื”ืžื‘ื•ืงืฉ.

ื‘ื˜ื™ื—ื•ืช ืงื•ื“ืžืช ืœื›ื•ืœ

ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ ื‘ืจืขืœ ืขื›ื‘ืจื™ื ื˜ื•ืžืŸ ื‘ื—ื•ื‘ื• ืกื™ื›ื•ื ื™ื ืžืฉืžืขื•ืชื™ื™ื. ื—ื•ื‘ื” ืœื”ืงืคื™ื“ ืขืœ ื”ื•ืจืื•ืช ื”ื™ืฆืจืŸ ื‘ืชืฉื•ืžืช ื”ืœื‘ ื”ื’ื“ื•ืœื” ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ, ื•ืœืžืงื ืืช ื”ืคื™ืชื™ื•ื ื•ืช ื”ืจื—ืง ืžื”ื™ืฉื’ ื™ื“ื ืฉืœ ืœื ืžื˜ืจื•ืช (ื‘ื ื™ ืื“ื, ื—ื™ื•ืช ื‘ื™ืช, ื—ื™ื•ืช ื‘ืจ). ืจื›ื™ืฉืช ืงื•ื˜ืœื™ ืžื›ืจืกืžื™ื ืžืื•ืฉืจื™ื ื•ืขืžื™ื“ื” ื‘ืชืงื ื™ื ื”ื ื•ื›ื—ื™ื™ื ื—ื™ื•ื ื™ื™ื ืœื”ื‘ื˜ื—ืช ื™ืขื™ืœื•ืช ื•ื‘ื˜ื™ื—ื•ืช ื”ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ ื›ืื—ื“.

ืขืžื™ื“ื•ืช ื•ื™ืขื™ืœื•ืช ืœื˜ื•ื•ื— ืืจื•ืš

ืขื ื”ื–ืžืŸ, ื—ืœืง ืžื”ืžื›ืจืกืžื™ื ืขืœื•ืœื™ื ืœืคืชื— ืขืžื™ื“ื•ืช ืœืจืขืœื™ ืขื›ื‘ืจื•ืฉื™ื ืงื•ื ื‘ื ืฆื™ื•ื ืœื™ื™ื. ืœืื—ืจ ืžื›ืŸ, ืจืื•ื™ ืœื‘ืจืจ ืขืœ ื”ืžื•ืฆืจื™ื ื”ืขื“ื›ื ื™ื™ื ื•ื”ื—ื“ืฉื ื™ื™ื ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ. ื›ืžื• ื›ืŸ, ืžื•ืžืœืฅ ืจื•ื˜ืฆื™ื” ืฉืœ ื—ื•ืžืจื™ื ืคืขื™ืœื™ื ืœืžื ื™ืขืช ื”ืชืžื›ืจื•ืช ืœืžื–ื™ืงื™ื ื•ืœื”ื‘ื˜ื—ืช ื™ืขื™ืœื•ืช ืืจื•ื›ืช ื˜ื•ื•ื—.

ื”ืขื“ื™ืคื• ืžื•ืฆืจื™ื ืžืื•ืฉืจื™ื

ื—ื™ื•ื ื™ ืœื‘ื—ื•ืจ ื—ื•ืžืจื™ ืขื‘ื™ืจื” ื”ืžืื•ืฉืจื™ื ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ืจืฉื•ื™ื•ืช ื”ื‘ืจื™ืื•ืช. ืžื•ืฆืจื™ื ืืœื” ืขื‘ืจื• ื‘ื“ื™ืงื•ืช ืงืคื“ื ื™ื•ืช ื•ื”ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ ื‘ื”ื ืžื•ืกื“ืจ ื›ื“ื™ ืœืžื–ืขืจ ื ื–ืงื™ื ืคื•ื˜ื ืฆื™ืืœื™ื™ื ืœืกื‘ื™ื‘ื” ื•ืœื‘ืจื™ืื•ืช ื”ืื“ื. ืงื•ื˜ืœ ืžื›ืจืกืžื™ื ืžืื•ืฉืจ ื”ื•ื ืฉื ื ืจื“ืฃ ืœื‘ื™ื˜ื—ื•ืŸ ื•ื™ืขื™ืœื•ืช.

ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ื‘ื™ืฆื•ืข ื”ืขืฆื•ืช ื”ืืœื” ื•ื‘ื—ื™ืจืชืš ืจืขืœ ืขื›ื‘ืจื™ื, ืชื•ื›ืœ ืœื”ืชืžื•ื“ื“ ืขื ื‘ืขื™ื™ืช ื”ืžื›ืจืกืžื™ื ื‘ื™ืขื™ืœื•ืช ืชื•ืš ื”ื‘ื˜ื—ืช ื‘ึผึดื˜ึธื—ื•ึนืŸ ืฉืœ ื”ืกื‘ื™ื‘ื” ืฉืœืš.

ื”ืกื•ื’ื™ื ื”ืฉื•ื ื™ื ืฉืœ ืงื•ื˜ืœื™ ืขื‘ื™ืจื” ื–ืžื™ื ื™ื

ื’ืœื” ื›ื™ืฆื“ ืœื—ืกืœ ื‘ื™ืขื™ืœื•ืช ื—ื•ืœื“ื•ืช ื‘ืืžืฆืขื•ืช ืจืขืœ ืขื›ื‘ืจื™ื. ื˜ื™ืคื™ื ื•ื˜ืจื™ืงื™ื ืœื”ื™ืคื˜ืจ ืžื—ื•ืœื“ื•ืช ืขื ืจืขืœ ืขื›ื‘ืจื™ื ื‘ื™ืขื™ืœื•ืช.

ื‘ื”ืงืฉืจ ืฉื‘ื• ื” ื—ื•ืœื“ื•ืช ืœืคืชื— ืขืžื™ื“ื•ืช ื”ื•ืœื›ืช ื•ื’ื•ื‘ืจืช ืœืžื•ืฆืจื™ื ืฉื ื•ืขื“ื• ืœื—ืกืœ ืื•ืชื, ื–ื” ื”ื•ืคืš ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ื—ื™ื•ื ื™ ืœื”ื‘ื™ืŸ ื•ืœื‘ื—ื•ืจ ื ื›ื•ืŸ ืจืขืœ ืขื›ื‘ืจื™ื. ื‘ื—ื™ื ืช ื”ืืคืฉืจื•ื™ื•ืช ื”ืฉื•ื ื•ืช ื”ื–ืžื™ื ื•ืช ื”ื™ื ืฆืขื“ ื—ื™ื•ื ื™ ื‘ืฉืžื™ืจื” ืขืœ ื”ื™ื’ื™ื™ื ื” ื•ื‘ื˜ื™ื—ื•ืช ื‘ืชื™ ื”ื’ื™ื“ื•ืœ.

ื ื•ื’ื“ื™ ืงืจื™ืฉื”: ืคืชืจื•ืŸ ื ืจื—ื‘

ื‘ืื•ืคืŸ ืžืกื•ืจืชื™, ื ื•ื’ื“ื™ ืงืจื™ืฉื” ื”ื ื”ืจืขืœื™ื ื”ื ืคื•ืฆื™ื ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืฉืœ ืขื›ื‘ืจื™ื. ื”ื ืคื•ืขืœื™ื ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ืฉื™ื‘ื•ืฉ ืžื ื’ื ื•ืŸ ืงืจื™ืฉืช ื”ื“ื ื‘ื—ื•ืœื“ื•ืช, ืžื” ืฉืžื•ื‘ื™ืœ ื‘ืกื•ืคื• ืฉืœ ื“ื‘ืจ ืœื“ื™ืžื•ื ืคื ื™ืžื™. ืžื•ืฆืจื™ื ืืœื” ืžื—ื•ืœืงื™ื ืœืฉืชื™ ืงื˜ื’ื•ืจื™ื•ืช: ื ื•ื’ื“ื™ ืงืจื™ืฉื” ืžื”ื“ื•ืจ ื”ืจืืฉื•ืŸ ื•ื ื•ื’ื“ื™ ืงืจื™ืฉื” ืžื”ื“ื•ืจ ื”ืฉื ื™. ื”ืื—ืจื•ื ื™ื ื”ื ืœืจื•ื‘ ื—ื–ืงื™ื ื™ื•ืชืจ ื•ื“ื•ืจืฉื™ื ืฆืจื™ื›ื” ืคื—ื•ืช ืชื›ื•ืคื” ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ืžื›ืจืกืžื™ื ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ื™ืขื™ืœื™ื. ืขื ื–ืืช, ืžื—ืงืจื™ื ืื—ืจื•ื ื™ื ืžืฆื‘ื™ืขื™ื ืขืœ ื›ืš ืฉื—ื•ืœื“ื•ืช ืžืจืื•ืช ืกื™ืžื ื™ ื”ืกืชื’ืœื•ืช, ืžื” ืฉืžืคื—ื™ืช ืืช ื”ื™ืขื™ืœื•ืช ืฉืœ ืจืขืœื™ื ืืœื”.

ืงื•ื˜ืœื™ ืžื›ืจืกืžื™ื ืฉืื™ื ื ื ื•ื’ื“ื™ ืงืจื™ืฉื”: ื—ืœื•ืคื”

ืžื•ืœ ืขืžื™ื“ื•ืชืŸ ืฉืœ ื—ื•ืœื“ื•ืช ืœื ื•ื’ื“ื™ ืงืจื™ืฉื”, ืงื•ื˜ืœื™ ืžื›ืจืกืžื™ื ืฉืื™ื ื ื ื•ื’ื“ื™ ืงืจื™ืฉื” ืฆื•ื‘ืจื™ื ืคื•ืคื•ืœืจื™ื•ืช. ื—ื•ืžืจื™ื ืืœื•, ื”ื›ื•ืœืœื™ื ืชืจื›ื•ื‘ื•ืช ื›ืžื• ื‘ืจื•ืžื˜ืœื™ืŸ ืื• ืืœืคื“ื™ื•ืœื•ืŸ, ื’ื•ืจืžื™ื ืœืžื•ื•ืช ืฉืœ ืžื›ืจืกืžื™ื ื‘ืืžืฆืขื•ืช ืžื ื’ื ื•ื ื™ื ืื—ืจื™ื, ื›ื’ื•ืŸ ื”ืคืจืขื” ื‘ื—ื™ืœื•ืฃ ื”ื—ื•ืžืจื™ื ืฉืœ ืกื™ื“ืŸ ืื• ืขื™ื›ื•ื‘ ืื ืจื’ื™ื” ื‘ืจืžื” ื”ืชืื™ืช. ืกื•ื’ื™ื ืืœื” ืฉืœ ืจืขืœ ื—ื•ืœื“ื•ืช ื™ืขื™ืœื™ื ื‘ืžื™ื•ื—ื“ ื ื’ื“ ืื•ื›ืœื•ืกื™ื•ืช ืฉืœ ื—ื•ืœื“ื•ืช ืฉืคื™ืชื—ื• ืขืžื™ื“ื•ืช ืœื ื•ืกื—ืื•ืช ื ื•ื’ื“ื•ืช ืงืจื™ืฉื”.

ืจืขืœ ืขื›ื‘ืจื™ื ื˜ื‘ืขื™, ืœื’ื™ืฉื” ืืงื•ืœื•ื’ื™ืช

ืขื‘ื•ืจ ืืœื” ืฉืžื•ื“ืขื™ื ืœืกื‘ื™ื‘ื” ื•ืžืขื“ื™ืคื™ื ืœื”ืฉืชืžืฉ ื‘ืคืชืจื•ื ื•ืช ืขื“ื™ื ื™ื ื™ื•ืชืจ, ืจืขืœื™ื ื˜ื‘ืขื™ื™ื ืฉืœ ืขื›ื‘ืจื•ืฉื™ื ื”ื ืืคืฉืจื•ืช ืžืขืฉื™ืช. ื ื™ืชืŸ ืœื”ืฉืชืžืฉ ื‘ื—ื•ืžืจื™ื ื›ืžื• ืฉืžืŸ ื ื™ื, ื‘ืจื–ืœ ืกื•ืœืคื˜ ืื• ืืคื™ืœื• ืชื›ืฉื™ืจื™ื ืฆืžื—ื™ื™ื ืืจื•ืžื˜ื™ื™ื ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ื“ื•ืฃ ืื• ืœื—ืกืœ ื—ื•ืœื“ื•ืช ืžื‘ืœื™ ืœืคื’ื•ืข ื‘ืžืขืจื›ืช ื”ืืงื•ืœื•ื’ื™ืช ืฉืžืกื‘ื™ื‘.

ืคื™ืชื™ื•ื ื•ืช ืจืขืœ ืขื›ื‘ืจื™ื: ื”ืžืคืชื— ืœืืกื˜ืจื˜ื’ื™ื” ื™ืขื™ืœื”

ื‘ื™ืŸ ืื ืื ื• ื‘ื•ื—ืจื™ื ื‘ื—ื•ืžืจ ื ื•ื’ื“ ืงืจื™ืฉื”, ืฉืื™ื ื• ื ื•ื’ื“ ืงืจื™ืฉื” ืื• ืจืขืœ ืขื›ื‘ืจื™ื ื˜ื‘ืขื™, ื”ื•ื•ืงื˜ื•ืจ ื”ืจื’ื™ืœ ืœื—ื•ืžืจื™ื ืืœื• ื ื•ืชืจ ื”ืคื™ืชื™ื•ืŸ. ืคื™ืชื™ื•ื ื•ืช ืฆืจื™ื›ื™ื ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืžื•ืฉื›ื™ื ืœื—ื•ืœื“ื•ืช ื•ืœืขืชื™ื ืงืจื•ื‘ื•ืช ื”ื ืžื ื•ืกื—ื™ื ืขื ืžืจื›ื™ื‘ื™ื ื˜ืขื™ืžื™ื ื›ื“ื™ ืœืžืฉื•ืš ืžื›ืจืกืžื™ื. ื”ื™ืขื™ืœื•ืช ืฉืœ ืชื•ื›ื ื™ืช ื”ื“ื‘ืจืช ื—ื•ืœื“ื•ืช ืชืœื•ื™ื” ื‘ืžื™ื“ื” ืจื‘ื” ื‘ืื™ื›ื•ืช ื•ื‘ืžื™ืงื•ื ื”ืืกื˜ืจื˜ื’ื™ ืฉืœ ืคื™ืชื™ื•ื ื•ืช ืืœื”.
ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ื‘ื—ื™ืจื” ืงืคื“ื ื™ืช ืฉืœ ื ืกื•ื’ ืฉืœ ืจืขืœ ืขื›ื‘ืจื™ื ืžื•ืชืื, ืืชื” ืขื•ืฉื” ืฆืขื“ ื—ืฉื•ื‘ ืœืงืจืืช ืฉื—ื–ื•ืจ ื•ืฉืžื™ืจื” ืขืœ ื”ืื‘ื˜ื—ื” ื‘ืื–ื•ืจ ืฉืœืš. ืขื ื–ืืช, ืžื•ืžืœืฅ ืœื”ื™ื•ื•ืขืฅ ื‘ืื•ืคืŸ ืงื‘ื•ืข ื‘ืžืงื•ืจื•ืช ืžื”ื™ืžื ื™ื, ื›ื’ื•ืŸ ืžื™ื“ืข ืžืžื—ืงืจ ืžื“ืขื™, ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ืชืขื“ื›ืŸ ื‘ื”ืชืคืชื—ื•ื™ื•ืช ื”ืื—ืจื•ื ื•ืช ื‘ืžืื‘ืง ื ื’ื“ ืขืžื™ื“ื•ืช ืฉืœ ื—ื•ืœื“ื•ืช ืœืจืขืœ ื—ื•ืœื“ื•ืช.