ื›ื™ืฆื“ ืœื‘ื—ื•ืจ ืืช ืžืœื›ื•ื“ืช ื”ืขื›ื‘ืจื™ื ื”ื˜ื•ื‘ื” ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืœื”ื™ืคื˜ืจ ืžืžื›ืจืกืžื™ื?

ื‘ื—ื™ืคื•ืฉ ื”ื‘ืœืชื™ ืคื•ืกืง ืื—ืจ ื‘ื™ืช ืฉืœื™ื• ื ืงื™ ืžื›ืœ ื ื’ื™ืขื•ืช, ื—ื™ืกื•ืœ ื™ืขื™ืœ ืฉืœ ืžื›ืจืกืžื™ื ืœื ืจืฆื•ื™ื™ื ื ื•ืชืจ ื ื•ืฉื ืžื›ืจื™ืข. ื›ืืฉืจ ืžื“ื•ื‘ืจ ื‘ื”ืชืžื•ื“ื“ื•ืช ืขื ื—ื“ื™ืจืช ืขื›ื‘ืจื™ื ืฉืชื•ืคืก ืžืงื•ื ืžื’ื•ืจื™ื ื‘ืžืจื—ื‘ื™ ื”ืžื’ื•ืจื™ื ืฉืœื ื•, ื”ื‘ื—ื™ืจื” ื‘ืžืœื›ื•ื“ืช ื”ืขื›ื‘ืจื™ื ื”ื ื›ื•ื ื” ื”ื™ื ื—ื™ื•ื ื™ืช. ื”ื“ื‘ืจ ืžืฆืจื™ืš ื”ื™ื›ืจื•ืช ืžืขืžื™ืงื” ืขื ื”ืžื ื’ื ื•ื ื™ื ื•ื”ืกืคืฆื™ืคื™ื•ืช ื”ืฉื•ื ื™ื ืฉืžืฆื™ืขื™ื ื”ืคืชืจื•ื ื•ืช ื”ื ื•ื›ื—ื™ื™ื ื‘ืฉื•ืง. ืžืืžืจ ื–ื” ืžื”ื•ื•ื” ืžื“ืจื™ืš ืžืžืฆื” ื”ืžืืคืฉืจ ืœืš ืœื”ื‘ื—ื™ืŸ ื‘ืžืœื›ื•ื“ืช ื”ืขื›ื‘ืจื™ื ื”ื˜ื•ื‘ื” ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ, ื”ืžื•ืชืืžืช ืœืฆืจื›ื™ืš ื•ืœืกื‘ื™ื‘ื” ืฉืœืš, ืขืœ ืžื ืช ืœื”ื—ื–ื™ืจ ืืช ื”ืฉืœื•ื•ื” ื‘ืชื•ืš ืžืงืœื˜ ื”ืฉืœื•ื•ื” ืฉืœืš.

ื”ื™ื›ืจื•ืช ืขื ืกื•ื’ื™ื ืฉื•ื ื™ื ืฉืœ ืžืœื›ื•ื“ื•ืช ืขื›ื‘ืจื™ื

ื’ืœื” ื›ื™ืฆื“ ืœื‘ื—ื•ืจ ืืช ืžืœื›ื•ื“ืช ื”ืขื›ื‘ืจื™ื ื”ื˜ื•ื‘ื” ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ื›ื“ื™ ืœื—ืกืœ ื‘ื™ืขื™ืœื•ืช ืžื›ืจืกืžื™ื. ืžื“ืจื™ืš ืงื ื™ื™ื” ื•ื˜ื™ืคื™ื ืœื”ื™ืคื˜ืจ ืžื”ื™ืจ ืžืžื–ื™ืงื™ื.

ืขื•ืœื ืžืœื›ื•ื“ื•ืช ื”ืขื›ื‘ืจื™ื: ืœื—ื™ืกื•ืœ ื™ืขื™ืœ ืฉืœ ืžื›ืจืกืžื™ื

ื”ื ื•ื›ื—ื•ืช ืฉืœ ืขื›ื‘ืจ ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื”ืคื•ืš ืœื›ืื‘ ืจืืฉ ืืžื™ืชื™; ื‘ื™ืŸ ืื ื‘ืฉืœ ืฉืœืžื•ืช ื”ื‘ื™ืช ืฉืœืš ื•ื‘ื™ืŸ ืื ืžืกื™ื‘ื•ืช ื‘ืจื™ืื•ืชื™ื•ืช, ื—ื™ื•ื ื™ ืœืžืฆื•ื ืคืชืจื•ื ื•ืช ื™ืขื™ืœื™ื ื›ื“ื™ ืœื—ืกืœ ืื•ืชื. ืœืžืจื‘ื” ื”ืžื–ืœ, ื”ืฉื•ืง ืžืฆื™ืข ืžื’ื•ื•ืŸ ืžืœื›ื•ื“ื•ืช ื”ืžื™ื•ืขื“ื•ืช ืœืขื ื•ืช ืขืœ ื›ืœ ื”ืฆืจื›ื™ื. ืœื”ื‘ื™ืŸ ืืช ื”ื ื™ื•ืื ืกื™ื ืฉืœ ืžืœื›ื•ื“ื•ืช ืขื›ื‘ืจื™ื ืฉื•ื ื•ืช ื›ื“ื™ ืœื‘ื—ื•ืจ ืืช ื–ื” ืฉื™ืชืื™ื ื‘ืื•ืคืŸ ืžื•ืฉืœื ืœืžืฆื‘ ืฉืœืš.

ืžืœื›ื•ื“ื•ืช ืžื›ื ื™ื•ืช: ืคืฉื˜ื•ืช ื•ื™ืขื™ืœื•ืช

ืžืœื›ื•ื“ื•ืช ืžื›ื ื™ื•ืช ื”ืŸ ื”ืžื•ื›ืจื•ืช ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ื•ืœืขืชื™ื ืงืจื•ื‘ื•ืช ืขื•ืœื•ืช ื‘ืจืืฉ ื›ืฉืื ื—ื ื• ืžื“ื‘ืจื™ื ืขืœ ืฉืœื™ื˜ื” ื‘ืขื›ื‘ืจื™ื. ืงืœื•ืช ื”ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ ื•ื”ืžื—ื™ืจ ืกื‘ื™ืจ ื”ื•ืคื›ื™ื ืืช ื”ืžืœื›ื•ื“ื•ืช ื”ืœืœื• ืœื‘ื—ื™ืจื” ืคื•ืคื•ืœืจื™ืช.

  • ืžืœื›ื•ื“ื•ืช ืื‘ื™ื‘ : ื”ืžืœื›ื•ื“ื•ืช ื”ืžืกื•ืจืชื™ื•ืช ื”ืœืœื• ืžืฉืชืžืฉื•ืช ื‘ืžื ื’ื ื•ืŸ ืงืคื™ืฆื™ ื”ืžื•ืคืขืœ ื›ืืฉืจ ื”ืขื›ื‘ืจ ืžื ืกื” ืœื”ื’ื™ืข ืœืคื™ืชื™ื•ืŸ, ื›ืฉื”ื•ื ื ืกื’ืจ ืขืœ ื”ื—ื™ื”.
  • ืžืœื›ื•ื“ื•ืช ืžืชื ื“ื ื“ื•ืช : ื”ื ืœื•ื›ื“ื™ื ืืช ื”ืขื›ื‘ืจ ื—ื™, ืžื‘ืœื™ ืœื’ืจื•ื ืœื• ื ื–ืง, ื•ืžืืคืฉืจื™ื ืœื• ืœื”ืฉืชื—ืจืจ ื”ื—ื•ืฆื”.
  • ืžืœื›ื•ื“ื•ืช ื—ืฉืžืœื™ื•ืช : ื—ื“ืฉื ื™, ืžืœื›ื•ื“ื•ืช ืืœื” ืžื•ืฉื›ื•ืช ืžื›ืจืกืžื™ื ื›ื“ื™ ืœื—ืกืœ ืื•ืชื ื‘ืžื”ื™ืจื•ืช ืขื ื”ืœื ื—ืฉืžืœื™, ื”ืžื•ืฆื’ ืœืขืชื™ื ืงืจื•ื‘ื•ืช ื›ืคืชืจื•ืŸ ื”ื•ืžื ื™ื˜ืจื™ ื™ื•ืชืจ.

ืžืœื›ื•ื“ื•ืช ื›ื™ืžื™ื•ืช ื•ื˜ื‘ืขื™ื•ืช: ืืœื˜ืจื ื˜ื™ื‘ื” ื“ื™ืกืงืจื˜ื™ืช

ื” ืžืœื›ื•ื“ื•ืช ื›ื™ืžื™ื•ืช ื”ืฉืชืžืฉ ื‘ืจืขืœ ืขื›ื‘ืจื™ื ื›ื“ื™ ืœืžืฉื•ืš ื•ืœื”ืจืขื™ืœ ืขื›ื‘ืจื™ื. ื”ื ื™ื›ื•ืœื™ื ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ื™ืขื™ืœื™ื, ืืš ื“ื•ืจืฉื™ื ื˜ื™ืคื•ืœ ื–ื”ื™ืจ ื›ื“ื™ ืœืžื ื•ืข ื›ืœ ืกื™ื›ื•ืŸ ืœื™ืœื“ื™ื ื•ื—ื™ื•ืช ืžื—ืžื“. ืžืฆื“ ืฉื ื™, ื” ื“ื•ื—ื™ื ื˜ื‘ืขื™ื™ื, ื›ื’ื•ืŸ ืฉืžื ื™ื ืืชืจื™ื™ื, ืžืฆื™ืขื™ื ืฉื™ื˜ืช ืžื ื™ืขื” ืขื“ื™ื ื”, ืœืœื ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ ื‘ื—ื•ืžืจื™ื ืจืขื™ืœื™ื.

ืžืœื›ื•ื“ื•ืช ื—ื“ืฉื ื™ื•ืช: ื˜ื›ื ื•ืœื•ื’ื™ื” ืžืชืงื“ืžืช

ื”ืžืื‘ืง ื‘ืžื–ื™ืงื™ื ื›ื™ื•ื ืžืจื•ื•ื™ื— ืžื”ื—ื“ืฉื ื•ืช ื”ื˜ื›ื ื•ืœื•ื’ื™ืช. ื›ืš, ืฆืฆื• ืžืœื›ื•ื“ื•ืช ื”ืžืฆื•ื™ื“ื•ืช ื‘ื—ื™ื™ืฉื ื™ื ืืœืงื˜ืจื•ื ื™ื™ื. ืžืกื•ื’ืœื™ื ืœื–ื”ื•ืช ื ื•ื›ื—ื•ืช ืฉืœ ืžื›ืจืกื, ื”ื ืžืคืขื™ืœื™ื ืžื ื’ื ื•ืŸ ืœื›ื™ื“ื” ืื• ื—ื™ืกื•ืœ ืžื™ื™ื“ื™. ืžืœื›ื•ื“ื•ืช ื”ื™ื™-ื˜ืง ืืœื• ืžืืคืฉืจื•ืช ืœืจื•ื‘ ืคื™ืงื•ื— ืžืจื—ื•ืง ื‘ืืžืฆืขื•ืช ืืคืœื™ืงืฆื™ื” ืกืœื•ืœืจื™ืช, ืœื”ืชืขืจื‘ื•ืช ืžื”ื™ืจื” ื•ืžืžื•ืงื“ืช.

ื”ืืคืงื˜ื™ื‘ื™ื•ืช ืฉืœ ื›ืœื™ื ืืœื• ืžืกืชืžื›ืช ืขืœ ื™ื“ืข ื˜ื•ื‘ ืฉืœ ื”ืชื ื”ื’ื•ืช ืขื›ื‘ืจ ื•ื›ืŸ ืขืœ ื”ืชืงื ื” ืืกื˜ืจื˜ื’ื™ืช, ืœืขืชื™ื ืงืจื•ื‘ื•ืช ืœืื—ืจ ื–ื™ื”ื•ื™ ืื–ื•ืจื™ ืžืขื‘ืจ ืชื›ื•ืคื™ื. ืœืœื ืงืฉืจ ืœืฉื™ื˜ื” ืฉื ื‘ื—ืจื”, ื–ื›ืจื• ืฉื’ื™ืฉื” ื”ืžืฉืœื‘ืช ืžืกืคืจ ืกื•ื’ื™ ืžืœื›ื•ื“ื•ืช ื•ืžื ื™ืขื” ื™ื›ื•ืœื” ืœืจื•ื‘ ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ื”ื™ืขื™ืœื” ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืœืคืชืจื•ืŸ ื‘ืจ ืงื™ื™ืžื.

ื”ืžืœื—ืžื” ื‘ืžื–ื™ืงื™ื ืžื—ื™ื™ื‘ืช ื”ึทืงืคึผึธื“ึธื” ื• ืขึฒืงึตื‘ึดื™ื•ึผืช ื•ื—ืฉื•ื‘ ืœื”ื™ืฉืืจ ืžืขื•ื“ื›ืŸ ืœื’ื‘ื™ ืฉื™ื˜ื•ืช ืขื‘ื•ื“ื” ืžื•ืžืœืฆื•ืช ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ื‘ื˜ื™ื— ื‘ื™ืช ื‘ืจื™ื ื•ืžื•ื’ืŸ. ืฉืงื•ืœ ืœื”ืชื™ื™ืขืฅ ืขื ืื ืฉื™ ืžืงืฆื•ืข ื›ื“ื™ ืœื™ื”ื ื•ืช ืžื™ื™ืขื•ืฅ ื•ืคืชืจื•ื ื•ืช ืžื•ืชืืžื™ื ืื™ืฉื™ืช ืœืฆืจื›ื™ื ื”ืกืคืฆื™ืคื™ื™ื ืฉืœืš.

ื”ื‘ื ืช ื”ืชื ื”ื’ื•ืช ืขื›ื‘ืจ ืœืžืœื›ื•ื“ืช ื™ืขื™ืœื”

ื’ืœื” ื›ื™ืฆื“ ืœื‘ื—ื•ืจ ืืช ืžืœื›ื•ื“ืช ื”ืขื›ื‘ืจื™ื ื”ื˜ื•ื‘ื” ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ื™ืคื˜ืจ ื‘ื™ืขื™ืœื•ืช ืžืžื›ืจืกืžื™ื. ื”ืขืฆื” ืฉืœื ื• ืชืขื–ื•ืจ ืœืš ืœืžืฆื•ื ืืช ื”ืคืชืจื•ืŸ ื”ืื™ื“ื™ืืœื™.

ื”ืžืื‘ืง ื ื’ื“ ืขื›ื‘ืจ ื‘ื‘ืชื™ื ืฉืœื ื• ื“ื•ืจืฉ ื”ื™ื›ืจื•ืช ืžืขืžื™ืงื” ืขื ืื•ืจื— ื—ื™ื™ื”ื. ื–ื™ื”ื•ื™ ื”ืจื’ืœื™ ื”ืื›ืœื”, ืžื—ื–ื•ืจ ื”ืจื‘ื™ื™ื” ื•ื“ืคื•ืกื™ ื”ืชื ื•ืขื” ืฉืœื”ื ื—ื™ื•ื ื™ ืœืขื™ืฆื•ื‘ ืžืœื›ื•ื“ืช ืขื›ื‘ืจื™ื ื™ึธืขึดื™ืœ. ื”ื‘ื ืช ื”ืžื›ืจืกืžื™ื ื”ืœืœื• ืœื ืจืง ืžืืคืฉืจืช ืœื›ื™ื“ืชื ื‘ื”ืฆืœื—ื” ืืœื ื’ื ืžื•ื ืขืช ืืช ื ื•ื›ื—ื•ืชื ื”ืขืชื™ื“ื™ืช.

ืื•ื›ืœ ืขื›ื‘ืจื™ื

ื”ื“ื™ืื˜ื” ืฉืœ โ€‹โ€‹ืขื›ื‘ืจื™ื ื”ื™ื ืžึฐื’ื•ึผื•ึธืŸ ื•ืื•ืคื•ืจื˜ื•ื ื™ืกื˜ื™. ืžื›ืจืกืžื™ื ืืœื• ืื•ื›ืœื™ ื›ืœ ื•ืžืกืชื’ืœื™ื ื‘ืงืœื•ืช ืœืกื‘ื™ื‘ื” ื‘ื” ื”ื ื—ื™ื™ื. ื”ื ืื•ื›ืœื™ื ื“ื’ื ื™ื, ืคื™ืจื•ืช, ื–ืจืขื™ื ื•ืืคื™ืœื• ื—ืจืงื™ื. ื”ืจื‘ื’ื•ื ื™ื•ืช ื”ื–ื• ืžืกื‘ื™ืจื” ืืช ื ื•ื›ื—ื•ืชื ื‘ื‘ืชื™ ื’ื™ื“ื•ืœ ืจื‘ื™ื. ืฉื™ืœื•ื‘ ืฉืœ ืคื™ืชื™ื•ื ื•ืช ื›ืžื• ืžื–ื•ืŸ ืžืžื•ืชืง ืื• ืฉื•ืžื ื™ ื‘ืžืœื›ื•ื“ืช ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื”ื’ื“ื™ืœ ืืช ื”ืกื™ื›ื•ื™ื™ื ืฉืœืš ืœืœื›ื™ื“ื”, ืžื›ื™ื•ื•ืŸ ืฉื”ื ืžื ื•ื’ื“ื™ื ืœืชื–ื•ื ื” ื”ืจื’ื™ืœื” ืฉืœื”ื ื•ืžื•ืฉื›ื™ื ืื•ืชื ืขื ื ึฐื“ึดื™ืจื•ึผืช ื•ื”ืขื•ืฉืจ ื”ืชื–ื•ื ืชื™ ืฉืœื”ื.

ื”ืชื ื”ื’ื•ืช ืจื‘ื™ื™ื” ื•ื—ื‘ืจืชื™ืช

ืขื›ื‘ืจื™ื ื”ื ื‘ืขืœื™ ื—ื™ื™ื ืขื ืจื‘ื™ื™ื” ืžื”ื™ืจื”. ื”ื ื™ื›ื•ืœื™ื ืœื”ื•ืœื™ื“ ืžืกืคืจ ืจื‘ ืฉืœ ืฆืืฆืื™ื ื‘ืžืฉืš ืชืงื•ืคื” ืงืฆืจื” ืžืื•ื“. ื™ื›ื•ืœืช ื–ื• ืœื ื—ื™ืœ ื”ื•ืคื›ืช ื ืงื™ื˜ืช ืคืขื•ืœื” ืžื•ืงื“ืžืช ืœืžื›ืจื™ืขื” ืขื•ื“ ื™ื•ืชืจ ืœืžื ื™ืขืช ื”ื“ื‘ืงื”. ืžืฆื“ ืฉื ื™, ื”ื”ืชื ื”ื’ื•ื™ื•ืช ื”ื—ื‘ืจืชื™ื•ืช ืฉืœื”ื ืžื›ืชื™ื‘ื•ืช ืฉื”ื ืงื•ื‘ืขื™ื ืžืกืœื•ืœื™ื ืงื‘ื•ืขื™ื ื•ืœืขืชื™ื ืงืจื•ื‘ื•ืช ื ืขื™ื ื‘ืขืงื‘ื•ืช ืงื™ืจื•ืช ื•ืงื•ื•ื™ ืžืชืืจ. ื”ืฆื‘ืช ืžืœื›ื•ื“ื•ืช ืœืื•ืจืš ื”ืžืกืœื•ืœื™ื ื”ืœืœื• ืชืžืงืกื ืืช ืกื™ื›ื•ื™ื™ ื”ื™ื™ืจื•ื˜.

ืื™ื ื“ื™ืงื˜ื•ืจื™ื ืฉืœ ื ื•ื›ื—ื•ืช ืขื›ื‘ืจ

ืœืžื›ืฉื™ืจ ื ื’ื“ ืขื›ื‘ืจ ืื•ืคื˜ื™ืžื™ื–ืฆื™ื”, ืขืœื™ื ื• ืœืงื—ืช ื‘ื—ืฉื‘ื•ืŸ ืืช ืกื™ืžื ื™ ื”ืื–ื”ืจื” ืฉืœ ื—ื“ื™ืจืช ืขื›ื‘ืจ. ืจืžื–ื™ื ื›ืžื• ืœืฉืœืฉืช, ืจืขืฉื™ ื’ื™ืจื•ื“ ื‘ืœื™ืœื” ืื• ื ื–ืง ืœืืจื™ื–ื•ืช ืžื–ื•ืŸ ื”ื ื›ื•ืœื ืกื™ืžื ื™ื ืœืคืขื™ืœื•ืชื. ืžืงื ืืช ื”ืžืœื›ื•ื“ื•ืช ืฉืœืš ืœื™ื“ ืื–ื•ืจื™ื ืืœื” ืœื™ืขื™ืœื•ืช ืžื•ื’ื‘ืจืช.

ืคืชืจื•ื ื•ืช ื™ื“ื™ื“ื•ืชื™ื™ื ืœื‘ืขืœื™ ื—ื™ื™ื

ืื ืฉื™ื ืจื‘ื™ื ืžืขื“ื™ืคื™ื ื’ื™ืฉื•ืช ื‘ืŸ ืื ื•ืฉ ื”ื“ื‘ืจื”. ื™ืฉ ืขืฆื•ืช ืœื”ืจื—ื™ืง ืขื›ื‘ืจื™ื ืžื‘ืœื™ ืœืคื’ื•ืข ื‘ื”ื, ื›ืžื• ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ ื‘ื—ื•ืžืจื™ื ื“ื•ื—ื™ื ื˜ื‘ืขื™ื™ื ืื• ืื•ืœื˜ืจืกืื•ื ื“. ื™ืชืจ ืขืœ ื›ืŸ, ืžืœื›ื•ื“ื•ืช ืœื ืงื˜ืœื ื™ื•ืช ืžืืคืฉืจื•ืช ืœืœื›ื•ื“ ืื•ืชื ื‘ื—ื™ื™ื ื•ืœืฉื—ืจืจ ืื•ืชื ื”ืจื—ืง ืžื”ื‘ื™ืช. ืฉื™ื˜ืช ื‘ืงืจื” ื–ื• ืžื•ืขืจื›ืช ื‘ื–ื›ื•ืช ื”ื›ื‘ื•ื“ ืฉืœื” ืœื‘ืขืœื™ ื—ื™ื™ื ื•ื”ื™ื ื›ืœื•ืœื” ื‘ ืขืฆื•ืช ืฉื•ื ื•ืช ืžืกื•ืคืง ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ืžื•ืžื—ื™ ืžื–ื™ืงื™ื.

ื”ืฉืœืžื” ืฉืœ ืžืœื›ื•ื“ื•ืช ื•ืคืขื•ืœื•ืช ืžื ื™ืขื”

ืœืขื™ืชื™ื ืงืจื•ื‘ื•ืช ื™ืฉ ืœื”ืฉืœื™ื ืืช ืคืขื•ืœืช ื”ืœื›ื™ื“ื” ื‘ืืžืฆืขื™ ืžื ื™ืขื”. ื”ื™ืžื ืขื•ืช ืžื”ืฆื˜ื‘ืจื•ืช ืฉืœ ืคืกื•ืœืช, ืื™ื˜ื•ื ื ืงื•ื“ื•ืช ื›ื ื™ืกื” ืืคืฉืจื™ื•ืช ืื• ืฉืžื™ืจืช ืžื–ื•ืŸ ื‘ืžื™ื›ืœื™ื ืื˜ื•ืžื™ื ื”ื ื›ื•ืœื ืฉื™ื˜ื•ืช ืžืจืชื™ืขื”. ื–ื” ืจืœื•ื•ื ื˜ื™ ื’ื ืœื”ื—ื–ื™ืง ื˜ื•ืจืคื™ื ื˜ื‘ืขื™ื™ื ื›ืžื• ื—ืชื•ืœื™ื, ืืฉืจ ืžืขืฆื ื ื•ื›ื—ื•ืชื ื™ื›ื•ืœื™ื ืœื”ืฉืคื™ืข ืขืœ ื”ืชื ื”ื’ื•ืช ืขื›ื‘ืจื™ื.

ื”ืื ื™ื“ืขืช ? ืžื›ืจืกืžื™ื ืื—ืจื™ื ื•ืฉื™ื˜ื•ืช ื”ื“ื‘ืจื”

ืœืžืจื•ืช ืฉืžืืžืจ ื–ื” ืžืชืžืงื“ ื‘ืขื›ื‘ืจื™ื, ื›ื“ืื™ ืœื“ืขืช ืฉืžื›ืจืกืžื™ื ืื—ืจื™ื ื›ื’ื•ืŸ ื—ื•ืœื“ื•ืช, ืœืจื•ื˜ืก, ื“ื•ืจืžื•ืกื™ื ื•ืžืื“ืจื™ื, ื™ื›ื•ืœื™ื ื’ื ื”ื ืœื™ื™ืฆื’ ื‘ืขื™ื” ื“ื•ืžื”. ืœื›ืœ ืžื™ืŸ ื™ืฉ ืืช ื”ืกืคืฆื™ืคื™ื•ืช ืฉืœื• ืžื‘ื—ื™ื ืช ื”ืชื ื”ื’ื•ืช ื•ื“ื•ืจืฉ ื’ื™ืฉื” ืžืกื•ื™ืžืช. ืœื“ื•ื’ืžื”, ืกื•ื“ื” ืœืฉืชื™ื™ื”, ื”ืžื•ื–ื›ืจืช ืœืขืชื™ื ืงืจื•ื‘ื•ืช ื›ื—ื•ืžืจ ื“ื•ื—ื”, ืžืจืื” ื™ืขื™ืœื•ืช ืžืคื•ืงืคืง ื ื’ื“ ื—ื•ืœื“ื•ืช. ื ื™ื•ืื ืก ื–ื” ืžื“ื’ื™ืฉ ืืช ื”ื—ืฉื™ื‘ื•ืช ืฉืœ ืžื—ืงืจ ื•ื”ื‘ื ืช ื”ื”ืจื’ืœื™ื ื”ืกืคืฆื™ืคื™ื™ื ืฉืœ ื›ืœ ืกื•ื’ ืฉืœ ืžื–ื™ืงื™ื ืœื”ื“ื‘ืจื” ื™ืขื™ืœื”.

ืœืกื™ื›ื•ื, ืืกื˜ืจื˜ื’ื™ื” ื™ืขื™ืœื” ืœืฉืœื™ื˜ื” ื‘ืขื›ื‘ืจื™ื ืžืกืชืžื›ืช ืขืœ ื”ื‘ื ืช ื”ืชื ื”ื’ื•ืชื. ื”ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ ื‘ืžืœื›ื•ื“ื•ืช ืฆืจื™ืš ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืžื™ื•ื“ืข ืขืœ ืคื™ ืื•ืคื™ ื”ืขื›ื‘ืจื™ื ื›ืžื• ื’ื ื”ื”ืงืฉืจ ื”ืกืคืฆื™ืคื™ ืฉืœ ื”ื”ื“ื‘ืงื”, ื•ืœืฉืœื‘ ืขื ืคืขื•ืœื•ืช ืžื ื™ืขื” ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ืคื—ื™ืช ืืช ื”ืกื™ื›ื•ืŸ ืœืคืœื™ืฉื” ืขืชื™ื“ื™ืช.

ืžืœื›ื•ื“ื•ืช ืžื›ื ื™ื•ืช: ื™ืชืจื•ื ื•ืช ื•ื—ืกืจื•ื ื•ืช

ื’ืœื” ื›ื™ืฆื“ ืœื‘ื—ื•ืจ ืืช ืžืœื›ื•ื“ืช ื”ืขื›ื‘ืจื™ื ื”ื˜ื•ื‘ื” ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ื›ื“ื™ ืœื—ืกืœ ื‘ื™ืขื™ืœื•ืช ืžื›ืจืกืžื™ื. ื˜ื™ืคื™ื ื•ื˜ืจื™ืงื™ื ืœื”ื™ืคื˜ืจื•ืช ืžืขื›ื‘ืจื™ื ืขื ืžืœื›ื•ื“ืช ืžื•ืชืืžืช ืœืฆืจื›ื™ื ืฉืœื›ื.

ืžื–ื™ืงื™ื ื›ืžื• ืขื›ื‘ืจื™ื ืขืœื•ืœื™ื ืœื”ืคื•ืš ืœืžื›ืช ืžื“ื™ื ื” ืฉืœ ืžืžืฉ ืขื‘ื•ืจ ื“ื™ื™ืจื™ ื”ื‘ื™ืช. ื›ื“ื™ ืœืคืชื•ืจ ืืช ื”ื‘ืขื™ื” ื‘ืžืงื•ืจ, ืื ืฉื™ื ืจื‘ื™ื ืคื•ื ื™ื ืœืคืชืจื•ื ื•ืช ืฉื”ื ื’ื ื™ืขื™ืœื™ื ื•ื’ื ืžื•ื›ื—ื™ื ื›ืžื• ืœืžืฉืœ ืžืœื›ื•ื“ื•ืช ืžื›ื ื™ื•ืช. ืžื›ืฉื™ืจื™ื ืืœื• ื ื•ืขื“ื• ืœืœื›ื•ื“ ืขื›ื‘ืจื™ื ืคื™ื–ื™ืช, ืœืœื ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ ื‘ื›ื™ืžื™ืงืœื™ื.

ื‘ื•ืื• ื ื’ืœื” ื™ื—ื“ ืืช ื”ื™ืชืจื•ื ื•ืช ื•ื”ื—ืกืจื•ื ื•ืช ืฉืœ ืฉื™ื˜ื” ื–ื•.

ื™ืชืจื•ื ื•ืช ืฉืœ ืžืœื›ื•ื“ื•ืช ืžื›ื ื™ื•ืช

ื—ื™ืกื•ืœ ืžืžื•ืงื“ ื•ืžื™ื™ื“ื™ : ืื—ื“ ื”ื™ืชืจื•ื ื•ืช ื”ืขื™ืงืจื™ื™ื ืฉืœ ืžืœื›ื•ื“ืช ืžื›ื ื™ืช ื”ื•ื ื”ื™ื›ื•ืœืช ืœื—ืกืœ ืžื–ื™ืงื™ื ื‘ืื•ืคืŸ ืžื™ื™ื“ื™. ืฉืœื ื›ืžื• ืคืชืจื•ื ื•ืช ื›ื™ืžื™ื™ื ืื• ืืœืงื˜ืจื•ื ื™ื™ื ืฉื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœืงื—ืช ื–ืžืŸ ืœืคืขื•ืœ, ืžืœื›ื•ื“ืช ืžื›ื ื™ืช ืœื•ื›ื“ืช ื•ื”ื•ืจื’ืช ืืช ื”ืขื›ื‘ืจ ื‘ืจื’ืข ืฉื”ื™ื ืžืคืขื™ืœื” ืืช ื”ืžื ื’ื ื•ืŸ.
ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ ื—ื•ื–ืจ : ืžืœื›ื•ื“ื•ืช ืžื›ื ื™ื•ืช ื ื™ืชื ื•ืช ื‘ื“ืจืš ื›ืœืœ ืœืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ ื—ื•ื–ืจ. ืœืื—ืจ ื›ืœ ืœื›ื™ื“ื”, ืคืฉื•ื˜ ื ืงื” ืืช ื”ืžืœื›ื•ื“ืช ื•ืืคืก ืื•ืชื”, ืžื” ืฉืžืืคืฉืจ ืœืš ืœื”ื™ืœื—ื ื ื’ื“ ื–ื™ื”ื•ื ื‘ืฆื•ืจื” ื‘ืจืช ืงื™ื™ืžื ื•ื—ืกื›ื•ื ื™ืช.
ื‘ื˜ื™ื—ื•ืช ื•ื‘ืจื™ืื•ืช : ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ื”ื™ืžื ืขื•ืช ืžืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ ื‘ืจืขืœื™ื, ืžืœื›ื•ื“ื•ืช ืžื›ื ื™ื•ืช ืžื”ื•ื•ืช ืคื—ื•ืช ืกื™ื›ื•ืŸ ืœื™ืœื“ื™ื ื•ื—ื™ื•ืช ืžื—ืžื“, ื•ืžื‘ื˜ื™ื—ื•ืช ื‘ื˜ื™ื—ื•ืช ื˜ื•ื‘ื” ื™ื•ืชืจ ื‘ืชื•ืš ื”ื‘ื™ืช. ื‘ื ื•ืกืฃ, ื”ื ืžื”ื•ื•ื™ื ืืœื˜ืจื ื˜ื™ื‘ื” ืœืžื™ ืฉืžื•ื“ืื’ ืžื”ื’ื‘ืœืช ื”ื”ืฉืคืขื” ื”ืกื‘ื™ื‘ืชื™ืช ืฉืœ ื›ื™ืžื™ืงืœื™ื ืžื–ื™ืงื™ื.
ืื™ื ื“ื™ืงืฆื™ื” ื‘ืจื•ืจื” ืœื”ืฆืœื—ื” : ื‘ื ื™ื’ื•ื“ ืœืžื•ืฆืจื™ื ื›ื™ืžื™ื™ื ืฉืœืขืชื™ื ืงืจื•ื‘ื•ืช ืžืฉืื™ืจื™ื ืื•ืชืš ืœื ื‘ื˜ื•ื— ืœื’ื‘ื™ ื™ืขื™ืœื•ืชื, ืืชื” ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœืจืื•ืช ืžื™ื“ ืืช ื”ื™ืขื™ืœื•ืช ืฉืœ ืžืœื›ื•ื“ืช ืžื›ื ื™ืช ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ื‘ื“ื™ืงืช ื ื•ื›ื—ื•ืช ืื• ื”ื™ืขื“ืจื• ืฉืœ ืขื›ื‘ืจ ืฉื ืœื›ื“.

ื—ืกืจื•ื ื•ืช ืฉืœ ืžืœื›ื•ื“ื•ืช ืžื›ื ื™ื•ืช

ื™ื™ืฉื•ื ื•ืžืขืงื‘ : ื”ืงืžืช ืžืœื›ื•ื“ื•ืช ืžื›ื ื™ื•ืช ื“ื•ืจืฉืช ืžื™ื“ื” ืžืกื•ื™ืžืช ืฉืœ ืขื™ืจื ื•ืช. ื”ื ื—ื™ื™ื‘ื™ื ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืžืžื•ืงืžื™ื ืืกื˜ืจื˜ื’ื™ืช ื•ื“ื•ืจืฉื™ื ื‘ื“ื™ืงื” ืฉื•ื˜ืคืช ืœื‘ื“ื™ืงืช ืชืคื™ืกื•ืช ื•ื’ื ืœืื™ืคื•ืก ื”ืžืœื›ื•ื“ื•ืช ื‘ืขืช ื”ืฆื•ืจืš.
ืกื›ื ืช ืคืฆื™ืขื” : ื”ืžื ื’ื ื•ืŸ ืฉืœ ืžืœื›ื•ื“ื•ืช ืžืกื•ื™ืžื•ืช ืขืœื•ืœ ืœืคื’ื•ืข ื‘ื˜ืขื•ืช ื‘ื—ื™ื•ืช ืฉืื™ื ืŸ ืžื˜ืจื”, ืื• ืืคื™ืœื• ืืช ื”ืžืฉืชืžืฉ ื‘ืžื”ืœืš ื”ื˜ื™ืคื•ืœ. ื—ื™ื•ื ื™ ืœื ืงื•ื˜ ืžืฉื ื” ื–ื”ื™ืจื•ืช ื‘ืขืช ื”ืฆื‘ืช ืžืœื›ื•ื“ื•ืช ื•ื‘ื“ื™ืงืชืŸ.
ื ื™ื”ื•ืœ ืžื–ื™ืงื™ื ืฉื ืœื›ื“ื• : ืœืื—ืจ ืœื›ื™ื“ืช ื”ืขื›ื‘ืจ, ื™ืฉ ืœื ื”ืœ ืืช ื”ื—ื™ื”, ื‘ื™ืŸ ืื ื”ื™ื ื—ื™ื•ื ื™ืช ืื• ืœื. ื–ื” ืขืฉื•ื™ ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืœื ื ืขื™ื ืขื‘ื•ืจ ืื ืฉื™ื ืžืกื•ื™ืžื™ื ื•ืขืœื•ืœ ื’ื ืœื’ืจื•ื ืœื‘ืขื™ื•ืช ืขื ืžื ื™ืขืช ืžื—ืœื•ืช ืžื•ืขื‘ืจ ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ืžื›ืจืกืžื™ื.
ื”ื’ื‘ืœื” ื‘ืžืงืจื” ืฉืœ ื–ื™ื”ื•ื ื’ื“ื•ืœ : ืžื•ืœ ื–ื™ื”ื•ื ื›ื‘ื“, ืžืœื›ื•ื“ื•ืช ืžื›ื ื™ื•ืช ืœื‘ื“ืŸ ืขืฉื•ื™ื•ืช ืฉืœื ืœื”ืกืคื™ืง ื•ืขืฉื•ื™ื•ืช ืœื“ืจื•ืฉ ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ ื‘ืฉื™ื˜ื•ืช ืื—ืจื•ืช ื‘ื ื•ืกืฃ.
ื‘ื”ืงืฉืจ ืฉืœ ื—ื™ืกื•ืœ ืžื–ื™ืงื™ื ื›ืžื• ืขื›ื‘ืจื™ื, ืžืœื›ื•ื“ื•ืช ืžื›ื ื™ื•ืช ืžื”ื•ื•ืช ืคืชืจื•ืŸ ื‘ืขืœ ื™ืชืจื•ื ื•ืช ืœื ืžื‘ื•ื˜ืœื™ื, ื‘ืขื™ืงืจ ืžื‘ื—ื™ื ืช ื‘ื˜ื™ื—ื•ืช ื•ื™ืขื™ืœื•ืช. ืขื ื–ืืช, ื—ืฉื•ื‘ ืœืงื—ืช ื‘ื—ืฉื‘ื•ืŸ ื’ื ืืช ื”ื—ืกืจื•ื ื•ืช ื•ืœื ืงื•ื˜ ื‘ืฆืขื“ื™ื ืžืชืื™ืžื™ื ืœืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ ืื—ืจืื™ ื•ื™ืขื™ืœ. ืœื™ื™ืขื•ืฅ ืœื’ื‘ื™ ื™ื™ืฉื•ื ืคืชืจื•ื ื•ืช ื›ืืœื”, ื ื™ืชืŸ ืœื”ืชื™ื™ืขืฅ ืขื ื”ืคื ื™ื•ืช ื—ื™ืฆื•ื ื™ื•ืช ืœื”ืฆื™ืข ืจืขื™ื•ื ื•ืช ืžืœื›ื•ื“ื•ืช ืชื•ืฆืจืช ื‘ื™ืช, ืื• ืœื˜ื™ืคื™ื ื”ืžื•ืชืืžื™ื ืœืžืืคื™ื™ื ื™ื ืžืงื•ืžื™ื™ื, ื›ื’ื•ืŸ ืœื”ื™ืœื—ื ื‘ื™ืขื™ืœื•ืช ื‘ืžื›ืจืกืžื™ื ื‘ืื–ื•ืจ ืคืจื™ื–. ื‘ื ื•ืกืฃ, ืคืชืจื•ื ื•ืช ืขื‘ื•ืจ ืœื”ื‘ืจื™ื— ื—ื•ืœื“ื•ืช ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื”ื™ื—ืฉื‘ ื’ื ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ืฉืœื™ื ืืช ื”ืคืขื•ืœื” ืฉืœ ืžืœื›ื•ื“ื•ืช ืžื›ื ื™ื•ืช.