ื›ื™ืฆื“ ืœื‘ื—ื•ืจ ืืช ื”ื›ื™ืกื•ื™ ื”ื˜ื•ื‘ ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ื ื’ื“ ืคืฉืคืฉื™ื ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ื’ืŸ ืขืœ ื”ืžื–ืจื•ืŸ ืฉืœืš?

ื”ื’ื ื” ืขืœ ื”ืžื–ืจืŸ ืฉืœืš ืžืคื ื™ ืคืฉืคืฉื™ื ื—ื™ื•ื ื™ืช ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ื‘ื˜ื™ื— ืฉื ืช ืœื™ืœื” ื‘ืจื™ืื” ื•ืฉืœื•ื•ื”. ืžื–ื™ืงื™ื ืงื˜ื ื™ื ืืœื• ืขืœื•ืœื™ื ืœื’ืจื•ื ืœืžื˜ืจื“ ืจื‘ ื•ื—ื™ืกื•ืœื ืœืจื•ื‘ ืžื•ืจื›ื‘ ื•ื™ืงืจ. ืœืžืจื‘ื” ื”ืžื–ืœ, ืงื™ื™ื ืคืชืจื•ืŸ ืคืฉื•ื˜ ื•ื™ืขื™ืœ: ื›ื™ืกื•ื™ื™ื ื ื’ื“ ืคืฉืคืฉื™ื. ืื‘ืœ ืขื ื›ืœ ื›ืš ื”ืจื‘ื” ืืคืฉืจื•ื™ื•ืช ื‘ืฉื•ืง, ืื™ืš ืืชื” ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ื‘ื˜ื•ื— ืฉืืชื” ืขื•ืฉื” ืืช ื”ื‘ื—ื™ืจื” ื”ื ื›ื•ื ื”? ื‘ืžืืžืจ ื–ื”, ืื ื• ืžื ื—ื™ื ืื•ืชืš ื“ืจืš ื”ืงืจื™ื˜ืจื™ื•ื ื™ื ื”ื—ื™ื•ื ื™ื™ื ืœื‘ื—ื™ืจืช ื”ื›ื™ืกื•ื™ ืฉื™ืฆื™ืข ืœืš ืืช ื”ื”ื’ื ื” ื”ื˜ื•ื‘ื” ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืžืคื ื™ ืคื•ืœืฉื™ื ืœื ืจืฆื•ื™ื™ื ืืœื•, ื•ื‘ื›ืš ื ื‘ื˜ื™ื— ืืช ืขืžื™ื“ื•ืช ื”ืžื–ืจืŸ ืฉืœืš ื•ืืช ืฉืœื•ื•ืช ื”ืœื™ืœื•ืช ืฉืœืš.

ื‘ืขื™ื™ืช ื”ืคืฉืคืฉื™ื

ืขืœื™ื™ืช ื”ืคืฉืคืฉื™ื: ืžื›ืช ืžื“ื™ื ื” ืžื•ื“ืจื ื™ืช

ืžื•ืœ ืชื—ื™ื™ื” ื‘ื•ืœื˜ืช ื‘ืฉื ื™ื ื”ืื—ืจื•ื ื•ืช, ื”ื‘ืขื™ื” ืฉืœ ื—ืจืงื™ ืžื™ื˜ื” ื”ื•ืคืš ื™ื•ืชืจ ื•ื™ื•ืชืจ ื“ื—ื•ืฃ ืขื‘ื•ืจ ื“ื™ื™ืจื™ ื”ื“ื™ื•ืจ ื”ืขื™ืจื•ื ื™ ื•ื”ืกื‘ื™ื‘-ืขื™ืจื•ื ื™. ื—ืจืง ืœื™ืœื” ื–ื”, ื”ื™ื“ื•ืข ื‘ื™ื›ื•ืœืชื• ืœืฉื’ืฉื’ ื‘ืกื‘ื™ื‘ื•ืช ืื ื•ืฉื™ื•ืช, ืžื™ื™ืฆื’ ืžืงื•ืจ ื‘ื•ืœื˜ ืœืœื—ืฅ ืขื‘ื•ืจ ืื ืฉื™ื ืจื‘ื™ื. ื”ืคืฉืคืฉ ืžืื•ืคื™ื™ืŸ ื‘ื“ื™ืกืงืจื˜ื™ื•ืช ืฉืœื• ื•ื‘ื™ื›ื•ืœืชื• ืœื’ืจื•ื ืื™ ื ื•ื—ื•ืช ืžืฉืžืขื•ืชื™ืช, ื‘ืคืจื˜ ื‘ืืžืฆืขื•ืช ืขืงื™ืฆื•ืชื™ื• ืฉืขืœื•ืœื•ืช ืœื’ืจื•ื ืœื’ื™ืจื•ื“ ื•ืื™ ื ื•ื—ื•ืช.

ื ื’ื™ืขื•ืช ืคืฉืคืฉ ื”ืžื™ื˜ื” ื™ื›ื•ืœื•ืช ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืงืฉื•ืช ื‘ืžื™ื•ื—ื“ ืžื›ื™ื•ื•ืŸ ืฉืžื–ื™ืงื™ื ืืœื• ืขืžื™ื“ื™ื ืœื˜ื™ืคื•ืœื™ื ืžืกื•ืจืชื™ื™ื ืจื‘ื™ื ื•ื™ืฉ ืœื”ื ืืช ื”ื™ื›ื•ืœืช ืœืฉืจื•ื“ ื‘ืžืฉืš ื—ื•ื“ืฉื™ื ืœืœื ื”ืื›ืœื”. ืœื›ืŸ, ื—ื™ื•ื ื™ ืœื”ืคืขื™ืœ ืืžืฆืขื™ ืžื ื™ืขื” ื•ืžืจืคื ื™ืขื™ืœื™ื ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ื’ื‘ื™ืœ ืืช ื”ืชืคืฉื˜ื•ืชื ื•ืœื—ืกืœื ื‘ืื•ืคืŸ ื‘ืจ ืงื™ื™ืžื.

ื”ื‘ื ืช ื”ืชื•ืขืœืช ืฉืœ ื›ื™ืกื•ื™ื™ื ื ื’ื“ ืคืฉืคืฉื™ื

ืžื•ืœ ื‘ืขื™ื” ื–ื•, ืื—ื“ ื”ืคืชืจื•ื ื•ืช ื”ืคื•ืคื•ืœืจื™ื™ื ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ื”ื•ื ื”ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ ื‘ ื›ื™ืกื•ื™ื™ื ื ื’ื“ ืคืฉืคืฉ ื”ืžื™ื˜ื”. ืื‘ื™ื–ืจื™ ื”ื’ื ื” ืืœื• ืชื•ื›ื ื ื• ื‘ืžื™ื•ื—ื“ ืœื›ื™ืกื•ื™ ืžื–ืจื•ื ื™ื, ืงืคื™ืฆื™ื ื•ื›ืจื™ื•ืช ื›ื“ื™ ืœื™ืฆื•ืจ ืžื—ืกื•ื ืคื™ื–ื™ ื‘ืœืชื™ ื—ื“ื™ืจ ืœืคืฉืคืฉื™ื. ื‘ืื™ื›ื•ืช ื’ื‘ื•ื”ื”, ื›ื™ืกื•ื™ื™ื ืืœื• ืขืฉื•ื™ื™ื ืœืจื•ื‘ ืžื—ื•ืžืจื™ื ืขืžื™ื“ื™ื ื•ืžืฆื•ื™ื“ื™ื ื‘ืจื•ื›ืกื ื™ื ืžืื•ื‘ื˜ื—ื™ื ืœืžื ื™ืขืช ื›ืœ ื—ื“ื™ืจืช ืื• ื™ืฆื™ืื” ืฉืœ ื˜ืคื™ืœื™ื ืืœื•.

ื‘ืืžืฆืขื•ืช ื”ืขื™ืฆื•ื‘ ื”ื’ืื•ื ื™ ืฉืœื”ื, ื›ื™ืกื•ื™ื™ื ืืœื• ืžืฆื™ืขื™ื ืžืกืคืจ ื™ืชืจื•ื ื•ืช ืžืจื›ื–ื™ื™ื: ื”ื ืžืงืœื™ื ืขืœ ื–ื™ื”ื•ื™ ืคืฉืคืฉื™ื, ืžืฉืžืจื™ื ืืช ืชื•ื—ืœืช ื”ื—ื™ื™ื ืฉืœ ื”ืžืฆืขื™ื ื•ืชื•ืจืžื™ื ืœืฉื™ื ื” ืฉืœื•ื•ื” ื™ื•ืชืจ ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ื”ืกืจืช ื”ืื™ื•ื ืฉืœ ื–ื™ื”ื•ื ืืคืฉืจื™. ื”ื ื‘ืขืœื™ ื‘ืจื™ืช ืืžื™ืชื™ื™ื ื‘ืžืื‘ืง ื ื’ื“ ืžื–ื™ืงื™ื ืืœื” ื•ืžืฉืชืœื‘ื™ื ื‘ืฆื•ืจื” ืžื•ืฉืœืžืช ื‘ืืกื˜ืจื˜ื’ื™ื™ืช ื‘ืงืจื” ื•ืžื ื™ืขื” ื’ืœื•ื‘ืœื™ืช.

ื‘ื—ื™ืจืช ื›ื™ืกื•ื™ ืžืชืื™ื: ืงืจื™ื˜ืจื™ื•ื ื™ื ื•ืžืืคื™ื™ื ื™ื

ื‘ืขืช ื‘ื—ื™ืจืช ื ื›ื™ืกื•ื™ ื ื’ื“ ืคืฉืคืฉ ื”ืžื™ื˜ื”, ื™ืฉ ืœืงื—ืช ื‘ื—ืฉื‘ื•ืŸ ืžืกืคืจ ืงืจื™ื˜ืจื™ื•ื ื™ื. ื”ื’ื•ื“ืœ ื—ื™ื™ื‘ ืœื”ืชืื™ื ื‘ืื•ืคืŸ ืžื•ืฉืœื ืœืคืจื™ื˜ื™ ื”ืžืฆืขื™ื ืฉืœืš ืขืœ ืžื ืช ืœื”ืฆื™ืข ื”ื’ื ื” ืื•ืคื˜ื™ืžืœื™ืช ืžื‘ืœื™ ืœื”ืฉืื™ืจ ืžืขื‘ืจื™ื ืืคืฉืจื™ื™ื. ื™ืฉ ืœื”ืขืจื™ืš ื’ื ืืช ืื™ื›ื•ืช ื”ื—ื•ืžืจื™ื, ื”ื—ื™ื•ื ื™ืช ืœื”ื‘ื˜ื—ืช ืขืžื™ื“ื•ืช ื•ื™ืขื™ืœื•ืช ื”ืžื•ืฆืจ. ื‘ื ื•ืกืฃ, ืงืœื•ืช ื”ื ื™ืงื•ื™ ื”ื™ื ื”ื™ื‘ื˜ ืžืขืฉื™ ืžืฉืžืขื•ืชื™ ืœืฉืžื™ืจื” ืขืœ ื”ื™ื’ื™ื™ื ื” ืœืœื ื“ื•ืคื™.

ื›ืžื• ื›ืŸ, ื”ื›ืจื—ื™ ืœื”ืฉื•ื•ืช ื‘ื™ืŸ ื”ืื™ืฉื•ืจื™ื ื•ื”ืขืจื‘ื•ื™ื•ืช ื”ืฉื•ื ื•ืช ืฉืžืฆื™ืขื™ื ื”ื™ืฆืจื ื™ื, ื”ืžื‘ื˜ื™ื—ื™ื ืืช ื‘ื™ืฆื•ืขื™ ื”ื›ื™ืกื•ื™ ื ื’ื“ ืคืฉืคืฉื™ื. ื“ื’ืžื™ื ืžืกื•ื™ืžื™ื ื™ื›ื•ืœื™ื ื’ื ืœืฉืœื‘ ื˜ื™ืคื•ืœื™ื ื ื•ืกืคื™ื ื ื’ื“ ืงืจื“ื™ืช ืื• ืื ื˜ื™ ื‘ืงื˜ืจื™ืืœื™ื™ื ืœื”ื’ื ื” ืžืฉื•ืคืจืช.

ืฉื™ืœื•ื‘ ื›ื™ืกื•ื™ื™ื ื‘ืชื•ื›ื ื™ืช ื”ื“ื‘ืจืช ืคืฉืคืฉื™ื

ื”ืงืžืชื• ืฉืœ ื›ื™ืกื•ื™ื™ื ื ื’ื“ ืคืฉืคืฉ ื”ืžื™ื˜ื” ื—ื™ื™ื‘ ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ื—ืœืง ืžื’ื™ืฉื” ื’ืœื•ื‘ืœื™ืช ื•ืงืคื“ื ื™ืช. ื–ื” ื›ื•ืœืœ ื‘ื“ื™ืงื” ืงื‘ื•ืขื” ืฉืœ ื—ืœืœ ื”ืฉื™ื ื” ืฉืœืš, ื ื™ืงื•ื™ ืชื›ื•ืฃ ื‘ื˜ืžืคืจื˜ื•ืจื•ืช ื’ื‘ื•ื”ื•ืช ื•ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ ื‘ื˜ื™ืคื•ืœื™ื ื›ื™ืžื™ื™ื ืื• ื˜ื‘ืขื™ื™ื ื‘ืื•ืคืŸ ืžื•ืฉื›ืœ ื‘ืขืช ื”ืฆื•ืจืš. ื–ื” ื’ื ื—ื™ื•ื ื™ ืœืฉืžื•ืจ ืขืœ ืขืจื ื•ืช ื‘ืขืช ื ืกื™ืขื” ืื• ืื ืืชื” ืจื•ื›ืฉ ืจื”ื™ื˜ื™ื ื™ื“ ืฉื ื™ื™ื”, ืฉื™ื›ื•ืœื™ื ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ื•ืงื˜ื•ืจื™ื ืœื”ื“ื‘ืงื”.

ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ืฉื™ืœื•ื‘ ืฉืœ ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ ื‘ื›ื™ืกื•ื™ื™ื ืขื ืืกื˜ืจื˜ื’ื™ื•ืช ืžื ื™ืขื” ืื—ืจื•ืช, ื ื™ืชืŸ ืœื”ืคื—ื™ืช ืžืฉืžืขื•ืชื™ืช ืืช ื”ืกื™ื›ื•ืŸ ืœื”ื“ื‘ืงื” ื‘ืคืฉืคืฉื™ื ื•ืœื”ื’ื™ื‘ ื‘ื™ืขื™ืœื•ืช ื‘ืžืงืจื” ืฉืœ ื ื•ื›ื—ื•ืช ืžื•ื›ื—ืช ืฉืœ ืžื–ื™ืงื™ื ืืœื•.

ืžืฉืื‘ื™ื ื•ืกื™ื•ืข ืžืงืฆื•ืขื™

ื‘ืžืงืจื” ืฉืœ ืกืคืง ืื• ื‘ืขื™ื” ืžืชืžืฉื›ืช, ืžื•ืžืœืฅ ื‘ื—ื•ื ืœืคื ื•ืช ืœืื ืฉื™ ืžืงืฆื•ืข ืฉื™ื•ื›ืœื• ืœืกื™ื™ืข ืœื›ื ืœืงื‘ื•ืข ืื‘ื—ื ื” ืžื“ื•ื™ืงืช ื•ืœื™ื™ืฉื ืคืชืจื•ืŸ ื”ื•ืœื. ื”ืžื•ืžื—ื™ื•ืช ืฉืœื”ื ืชื”ื™ื” ื‘ืขืœืช ืขืจืš ื”ืŸ ื‘ื‘ื—ื™ืจืช ื”ื›ื™ืกื•ื™ ื”ื˜ื•ื‘ ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ื ื’ื“ ืคืฉืคืฉ ื”ืžื™ื˜ื” ื•ื”ืŸ ื‘ืชื–ืžื•ืจืช ื”ืชืขืจื‘ื•ืช ืžืงื™ืคื” ื•ื™ืขื™ืœื” ื ื’ื“ ื”ืคื•ืœืฉื™ื ื”ื‘ืœืชื™ ืจืฆื•ื™ื™ื ื”ืœืœื•.

ืงื—ื• ืืช ื”ื–ืžืŸ ืœื‘ื—ื•ืŸ ืืช ื”ืืคืฉืจื•ื™ื•ืช ื”ืฉื•ื ื•ืช ื•ืืœ ืชื”ืกืกื• ืœืคื ื•ืช ืœืžืคื™ืฆื™ื ืžืชืžื—ื™ื ื›ื“ื™ ืœืžืฆื•ื ืืช ื”ืžื•ืฆืจ ืฉื™ืขื ื” ื‘ืฆื•ืจื” ื”ื˜ื•ื‘ื” ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืขืœ ื”ืฆืจื›ื™ื ืฉืœื›ื ื•ื™ืืคืฉืจ ืœื›ื ืœืžืฆื•ื ืฉืงื˜ ื ืคืฉื™ ื‘ื‘ื™ืชื›ื.

ื”ืงืจื™ื˜ืจื™ื•ื ื™ื ื”ื—ื™ื•ื ื™ื™ื ืœื›ื™ืกื•ื™ ื˜ื•ื‘ ื ื’ื“ ืคืฉืคืฉื™ื

ืžื•ืœ ื”ืžืกืคืจ ื”ื”ื•ืœืš ื•ื’ื“ืœ ืฉืœ ืžืงืจื™ื ืฉืœ ื ื’ื™ืขื•ืช ืคืฉืคืฉื™ื ื‘ื‘ืชื™ื, ื”ืคืš ื—ื™ื•ื ื™ ืœื”ืฆื˜ื™ื™ื“ ื‘ื”ืชืื ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ื’ืŸ ื‘ื™ืขื™ืœื•ืช ืขืœ ืกื‘ื™ื‘ืช ื”ืฉื™ื ื” ืฉืœืš. ื ื›ื™ืกื•ื™ ื ื’ื“ ืคืฉืคืฉ ื”ืžื™ื˜ื” ื”ื•ื ืžื›ืฉื™ืจ ืžื ื™ืขื” ื•ืจื™ืกื•ืŸ ืžื•ื›ืจ, ืื•ืœื ื™ืขื™ืœื•ืชื• ืžืกืชืžื›ืช ืœื—ืœื•ื˜ื™ืŸ ืขืœ ืขืžื™ื“ื” ื‘ืงืจื™ื˜ืจื™ื•ื ื™ื ื‘ืกื™ืกื™ื™ื ืžืกื•ื™ืžื™ื.

ื—ื•ืžืจ ืขืžื™ื“ ืœืžื™ื ื•ื ื•ืฉื

ืื—ื“ ื”ืงืจื™ื˜ืจื™ื•ื ื™ื ื”ืงื•ื‘ืขื™ื ืœื›ื™ืกื•ื™ ื˜ื•ื‘ ื ื’ื“ ืคืฉืคืฉื™ื ื”ื•ื ื‘ื—ื™ืจืช ื”ื—ื•ืžืจ. ืžึฐืขึดื™ืœ ื’ึถืฉืึถื, ืžื•ื ืขืช ืžื”ื—ืจืงื™ื ื”ืœืœื• ืœื—ื“ื•ืจ ื“ืจื›ื ื‘ื–ืžืŸ ืฉื”ื ื ืฉืืจื™ื ืื•ื•ืจื™ืจื™ ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ื‘ื˜ื™ื— ื ื•ื—ื•ืช ื‘ืžื”ืœืš ื”ืฉื™ื ื”. ื”ืžื—ืกื•ื ืฉื™ื•ืฆืจ ื”ื›ื™ืกื•ื™ ืžื•ื ืข ืžืคืฉืคืฉื™ื ืœื—ื“ื•ืจ ืœืžื–ืจืŸ ืื• ืœื‘ืจื•ื— ืื ื”ื ื›ื‘ืจ ื”ื™ื• ืฉื.

ื™ืฆื™ื‘ื•ืช ื•ืขื™ืฆื•ื‘ ื ื’ื“ ืงืจื™ืขื”

ื›ื™ืกื•ื™ ื ื’ื“ ืคืฉืคืฉ ื”ืžื™ื˜ื” ื—ื™ื™ื‘ ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืขืžื™ื“ ื‘ืคื ื™ ืงืจืขื™ื ื•ื ื•ืขื“ ืœื”ืชื ื’ื“ ืœื”ื–ื“ืงื ื•ืช. ืฉื ื—ื•ืกืŸ ื”ื‘ื“ ื—ื™ื•ื ื™ ื›ื“ื™ ืœืžื ื•ืข ื›ืœ ื—ื“ื™ืจืช ืื• ื‘ืจื™ื—ื” ืฉืœ ืžื–ื™ืงื™ื ื•ืœื”ื‘ื˜ื™ื— ื”ื’ื ื” ืœื˜ื•ื•ื— ืืจื•ืš. ืœื›ืŸ ื™ืฉ ืœื‘ื—ื•ืจ ื”ื™ื˜ื‘ ืืช ื”ื—ื•ืžืจ ื‘ืฉืœ ืขืžื™ื“ื•ืชื• ื•ืขืžื™ื“ื•ืชื• ื‘ืคื ื™ ื‘ืœืื™ ื™ื•ืžื™ื•ืžื™.

ืกื’ื™ืจื” ืžืื•ื‘ื˜ื—ืช

ืœืžืขืจื›ืช ื”ืกื’ื™ืจื” ืฉืœ ื”ื›ื™ืกื•ื™ ื™ืฉ ืชืคืงื™ื“ ืžื›ืจื™ืข. ืžื›ืฉื™ืจ ื ืขื™ืœื” ื›ืžื• ืจื•ื›ืกืŸ ื‘ืœืชื™ ื ื™ืชืŸ ืœื”ืคืจื” ื—ื™ื•ื ื™ ื›ื“ื™ ืœืชืช ืœืคืฉืคืฉื™ื ืฉื•ื ืกื™ื›ื•ื™ ืœื‘ืจื•ื— ืื• ืœื”ื™ื›ื ืก. ืžืขืจื›ืช ืกื’ื™ืจื” ืžืขื•ืฆื‘ืช ื‘ืฆื•ืจื” ื’ืจื•ืขื” ืชื”ื™ื” ื ืงื•ื“ืช ืชื•ืจืคื” ื‘ืจื•ืจื” ื•ืชืขืจืขืจ ืืช ื™ืขื™ืœื•ืช ื”ื›ื™ืกื•ื™.

ื”ืชืืžื” ืžื•ืฉืœืžืช ืœืžื™ื“ื•ืช ื”ืžื–ืจื•ืŸ

ื—ื™ื•ื ื™ ืฉื”ื›ื™ืกื•ื™ ื ื’ื“ ืคืฉืคืฉื™ื ื™ืชืื™ื ื‘ืฆื•ืจื” ืžื•ืฉืœืžืช ืœืงื•ื•ื™ ื”ืžืชืืจ ืฉืœ ื”ืžื–ืจื•ืŸ. ื ื”ืชืืžื” ืžื•ืฉืœืžืช ื™ืžื ืข ื”ื™ื•ื•ืฆืจื•ืช ืฉืœ ืงืคืœื™ื ืื• ื›ื™ืกื™ื ืฉื™ื›ื•ืœื™ื ืœืฉืžืฉ ืžืงืœื˜ ืœืคืฉืคืฉื™ื. ืœื›ืŸ ื™ืฉ ืœื‘ื—ื•ืจ ืืช ื”ื’ื•ื“ืœ ื‘ืžื“ื•ื™ืง ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ื‘ื˜ื™ื— ืืช ื™ืขื™ืœื•ืช ื”ื›ื™ืกื•ื™.

ืชื—ื–ื•ืงื” ื•ืชื—ื–ื•ืงื” ืงืœื”

ื›ื™ืกื•ื™ ื˜ื•ื‘ ืืžื•ืจ ืœืืคืฉืจ ืชื—ื–ื•ืงื” ืงืœื”. ื–ื” ื—ื™ื™ื‘ ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ื ื™ืชืŸ ืœื›ื‘ื™ืกื” ื‘ืžื›ื•ื ื” ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ื‘ื˜ื™ื— ื”ื™ื’ื™ื™ื ื” ื˜ื•ื‘ื” ื•ืœื—ืกืœ ืืช ื›ืœ ืฆื•ืจื•ืช ื”ืืœืจื’ื ื™ื. ื–ื” ื’ื ืชื•ืจื ืœืขืžื™ื“ื•ืช ื”ื›ื™ืกื•ื™, ื•ืžื‘ื˜ื™ื— ืฉื”ื•ื ื ืฉืืจ ื‘ืžืฆื‘ ื˜ื•ื‘ ืœืื—ืจ ื›ืœ ื›ื‘ื™ืกื”.

ื‘ื”ืงืฉืจ ืฉืœ ื”ื“ื‘ืจืช ืžื–ื™ืงื™ื, ื—ืฉื•ื‘ ืœื–ื›ื•ืจ ืฉื›ืืฉืจ ืžืชืจื—ืฉืช ื ื’ื™ืขื•ืช ืคืฉืคืฉื™ื ื‘ื‘ื™ืช, ื”ืื—ืจื™ื•ืช ื”ืงืฉื•ืจื” ืœื”ื“ื‘ืจื” ื•ืœืืžืฆืขื™ ืžื ื™ืขื”, ื›ืžื• ืจื›ื™ืฉืช ืคืฉืคืฉ ืžื™ื˜ื” ื ื’ื“ ืžื–ื™ืงื™ื, ืขืฉื•ื™ื” ืœื”ืฉืชื ื•ืช. ืœืขื“ื›ื•ืŸ ืขืœ ื”ืชื—ื™ื™ื‘ื•ื™ื•ืช ื›ืกืคื™ื•ืช ืืฉืจ ืขืฉื•ื™ื” ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ื‘ืื—ืจื™ื•ืช ื”ืฉื•ื›ืจ ืื• ื”ื‘ืขืœื™ื, ืจืฆื•ื™ ืœืงื‘ืœ ืžื™ื“ืข ืžืคื•ืจื˜ ืขืœ ื”ื—ืงื™ืงื” ื•ื”ื ื”ืœื™ื ื”ืชืงืคื™ื. ืžื™ื“ืข ืขืœ ื—ืœื•ืงืช ื”ืขืœื•ื™ื•ืช ื”ื›ืจื•ื›ื•ืช ื‘ื ื™ื”ื•ืœ ืคืฉืคืฉื™ื ื‘ื“ื™ื•ืจ ื ื™ืชืŸ ืœืžืฆื•ื ื‘ืืชืจื™ื ื”ืžื•ืงื“ืฉื™ื ืœื ื•ืฉืื™ ื›ืœื›ืœื” ื•ื ื“ืœ"ืŸ.

ืœืกื™ื›ื•ื, ื›ื™ืกื•ื™ ื ื’ื“ ืคืฉืคืฉื™ื ื—ื™ื™ื‘ ืœืฉืœื‘ ื—ื•ืžืจื™ื ืื™ื›ื•ืชื™ื™ื, ืขื™ืฆื•ื‘ ืžื•ืฉื›ืœ ื•ืžืืคื™ื™ื ื™ื ื˜ื›ื ื™ื™ื ื”ืžื‘ื˜ื™ื—ื™ื ืžื—ืกื•ื ื‘ืœืชื™ ื—ื“ื™ืจ ืžืคื ื™ ื˜ืคื™ืœื™ื ืืœื•. ื‘ื—ื™ืจื” ืงืคื“ื ื™ืช ืขืœ ืคื™ ืงืจื™ื˜ืจื™ื•ื ื™ื ื—ื™ื•ื ื™ื™ื ืืœื• ืžื‘ื˜ื™ื—ื” ืœื ืจืง ืืช ื”ื”ื’ื ื” ืขืœ ืกื‘ื™ื‘ืช ื”ืฉื™ื ื” ืฉืœื›ื, ืืœื ื’ื ืืช ื”ืฉืœื•ื•ื” ืฉืœ ืžืจื—ื‘ ื”ืžื—ื™ื” ืฉืœื›ื.

ื—ื•ืžืจื™ื ื”ืžืฉืžืฉื™ื ืœื›ื™ืกื•ื™ื™ื ื ื’ื“ ืคืฉืคืฉื™ื

ื›ืืฉืจ ืืชื” ืžืชืžื•ื“ื“ ืขื ื ื’ื™ืขื•ืช ืฉืœ ืคืฉืคืฉื™ื, ื”ื’ื ื” ืขืœ ื”ืžื–ืจืŸ ืฉืœืš ื”ื•ืคืš ื‘ืจืืฉ ืกื“ืจ ื”ืขื“ื™ืคื•ื™ื•ืช ื›ื“ื™ ืœืžื ื•ืข ื›ืœ ื–ื™ื”ื•ื ื ื•ืกืฃ ื•ืœื”ื‘ื˜ื™ื— ืฉื™ื ื” ืฉืœื•ื•ื”. ื›ื™ืกื•ื™ื™ื ื ื’ื“ ืคืฉืคืฉื™ื ื”ื ืคืชืจื•ืŸ ืžื•ื›ื— ืœื‘ื™ื“ื•ื“ ืžื–ื™ืงื™ื ืืœื•. ื‘ื•ืื• ื ืกืชื›ืœ ืขืœ ื”ื—ื•ืžืจื™ื ื”ืกืคืฆื™ืคื™ื™ื ื”ืžืจื›ื™ื‘ื™ื ืืช ื›ื™ืกื•ื™ื™ ื”ืžื’ืŸ ื”ืœืœื• ื•ืืช ืชืคืงื™ื“ื ื‘ืžืื‘ืง ื‘ื—ืจืงื™ื ื”ืœื™ืœื™ื™ื ื”ืœืœื•.

ื‘ื“ ื‘ืฆืคื™ืคื•ืช ื’ื‘ื•ื”ื”: ื”ืืจื™ื’ื” ื”ื”ื“ื•ืงื” ื”ื™ื ืžืจื›ื™ื‘ ืžื›ืจื™ืข. ื‘ื“ ื‘ืฆืคื™ืคื•ืช ื’ื‘ื•ื”ื”, ื›ื’ื•ืŸ ืคื•ืœื™ืืกื˜ืจ ืžื™ืงืจื•ืคื™ื™ื‘ืจ, ืžื•ื ืข ืžืคืฉืคืฉ ื”ืžื™ื˜ื” ืœืขื‘ื•ืจ ื“ืจืš ื”ื›ื™ืกื•ื™ ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ื’ื™ืข ืœืžืฉื˜ื— ื”ืฉื™ื ื”. ืกื•ื’ ื–ื” ืฉืœ ื—ื•ืžืจ ืžืฆื™ืข ื’ื ืžื—ืกื•ื ืžืคื ื™ ืืœืจื’ื ื™ื, ื”ืžื”ื•ื•ื” ื™ืชืจื•ืŸ ื ื•ืกืฃ ืœืื™ื›ื•ืช ื”ืฉื™ื ื”.

ืฆื™ืคื•ื™ ืคื•ืœื™ืื•ืจื™ื˜ืŸ: ื—ืœืง ืžื”ื›ื™ืกื•ื™ื™ื ืžืฆื•ืคื™ื ื‘ืคื•ืœื™ืื•ืจื™ืชืŸ ื›ื“ื™ ืœื—ื–ืง ืืช ื”ืื™ื˜ื•ื ืฉืœื”ื. ืชื•ืกืคืช ื–ื• ื”ื•ืคื›ืช ืืช ื”ื›ื™ืกื•ื™ ืœืžื—ืกื•ื ื‘ืœืชื™ ื—ื“ื™ืจ ืขื•ื“ ื™ื•ืชืจ, ืœื ืจืง ื ื’ื“ ืคืฉืคืฉื™ื, ืืœื ื’ื ื ื’ื“ ื ื•ื–ืœื™ื, ื”ืžื’ืŸ ืขืœ ื”ืžื–ืจื•ืŸ ืžืคื ื™ ื›ืชืžื™ื ื•ื ืฉืคื›ื™ื.

ืกื’ื™ืจื•ืช ืžืื•ื‘ื˜ื—ื•ืช: ืจื•ื›ืกื ื™ื ื•ืกื’ื™ืจื•ืช ื”ื ืœืจื•ื‘ ื”ื™ื‘ื˜ื™ื ืฉืžืชืขืœืžื™ื ืžื”ื, ืื‘ืœ ื”ื ืžืžืœืื™ื ืชืคืงื™ื“ ื—ื™ื•ื ื™ ื‘ื™ืขื™ืœื•ืช ืฉืœ ื›ื™ืกื•ื™. ืจื•ื›ืกืŸ ืžื—ื•ื–ืง ืขื ื•ื• ื‘ื˜ื™ื—ื•ืช ืื• ื“ืฉ ืžื‘ื˜ื™ื— ืฉืืฃ ื—ืจืงื™ื ืœื ื™ื•ื›ืœื• ืœื‘ืจื•ื— ืื• ืœื—ื“ื•ืจ.

ื™ื›ื•ืœืช ื ืฉื™ืžื”: ื‘ืขื•ื“ ืฉื”ื”ื’ื ื” ื”ื™ื ืžืขืœ ื”ื›ืœ, ืื™ืŸ ืœื”ืงืจื™ื‘ ื ื•ื—ื•ืช. ื—ื•ืžืจื™ื ื›ืžื• ืกืจื™ื’ ืคื•ืœื™ ืžืกืคืงื™ื ื–ืจื™ืžืช ืื•ื•ื™ืจ ื ืื•ืชื” ื“ืจืš ื”ื›ื™ืกื•ื™, ื•ืขื•ื–ืจื™ื ืœืฉืžื•ืจ ืขืœ ื˜ืžืคืจื˜ื•ืจื” ื ืขื™ืžื” ื‘ื–ืžืŸ ื”ืฉื™ื ื”.
ื—ื™ื•ื ื™ ืœื‘ื—ื•ืจ ื›ื™ืกื•ื™ื™ื ื ื’ื“ ืคืฉืคืฉื™ื ื”ืžืชืื™ืžื™ื ื”ื™ื˜ื‘ ืœืžื–ืจืŸ. ืœื•ืงื— ื‘ื—ืฉื‘ื•ืŸ ื”ื’ื•ื“ืœ ืžื•ืชืื ืœืžืฆืขื™ื ืฉืœืš, ืืชื” ืžืžื–ืขืจ ืืช ื”ืกื™ื›ื•ืŸ ืฉืœ ืงืคืœื™ื ืฉื‘ื”ื ืคืฉืคืฉื™ื ื™ื›ื•ืœื™ื ืœื”ืกืชืชืจ ื•ืœื”ืชืจื‘ื•ืช.

ื›ื—ืœืง ืžืืกื˜ืจื˜ื’ื™ื” ื’ืœื•ื‘ืœื™ืช ืœืžืœื—ืžื” ื‘ืžื–ื™ืงื™ื ืืœื•, ื›ื™ืกื•ื™ื™ื ืžื•ืขืฉืจื™ื ื‘ื—ื•ืžืจื™ื ื”ืžืชื•ืืจื™ื ืœืขื™ืœ, ื‘ืฉื™ืœื•ื‘ ืขื ื˜ื™ืคื•ืœื™ื ืฉื”ื•ื›ื—ื• ื›ื™ืขื™ืœื™ื ื•ืื™ืžื•ืฅ ืฉื™ื˜ื•ืช ืขื‘ื•ื“ื” ื˜ื•ื‘ื•ืช ืฉื”ื•ืขื‘ืจื• ื‘ื™ืจื•ืฉื” ื”ืกื‘ืชื•ืช ืฉืœื ื• ื•ืžื•ื“ืจื ื™, ื™ืกืคืง ืœืš ื”ื’ื ื” ืื•ืคื˜ื™ืžืœื™ืช. ื–ื›ื•ืจ ืœื‘ื“ื•ืง ืืช ื”ืžืฆืขื™ื ืฉืœืš ื‘ืื•ืคืŸ ืงื‘ื•ืข ืœืื—ืจ ื”ืชืงื ืช ื”ื›ื™ืกื•ื™ ื•ืœืคืขื•ืœ ืžื™ื“ ืขื ื”ืกื™ืžืŸ ื”ืงืœ ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืœื”ื•ืคืขืช ืคืฉืคืฉื™ื ืžื—ื“ืฉ ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ื‘ื˜ื™ื— ืฉื”ืคืœื™ืฉื” ืœื ืชืชืคืฉื˜ ืœืื–ื•ืจื™ื ืื—ืจื™ื ื‘ื‘ื™ืช.