ืื™ืš ืžื›ื™ื ื™ื ืžืœื›ื•ื“ืช ื ืžืœื™ื ื™ืขื™ืœื” ื•ื˜ื‘ืขื™ืช?

ื ื•ื›ื—ื•ืช ืฉืœ ืžื•ืฉื‘ืช ื ืžืœื™ื ื‘ื‘ื™ืช ืื• ื‘ื’ื™ื ื” ื™ื›ื•ืœื” ืœื”ืคื•ืš ื‘ืžื”ื™ืจื•ืช ืœื‘ืขื™ื”. ืœืžืจื‘ื” ื”ืžื–ืœ, ื™ืฉื ืŸ ืฉื™ื˜ื•ืช ื˜ื‘ืขื™ื•ืช ืœืฉืœื•ื˜ ื•ืœื—ืกืœ ืืช ื”ืคื•ืœืฉื™ื ื”ืงื˜ื ื™ื ื”ืœืœื• ืžื‘ืœื™ ืœืคื’ื•ืข ื‘ืกื‘ื™ื‘ื” ืื• ื‘ื‘ืจื™ืื•ืช. ื‘ืžืืžืจ ื–ื” ืื ื• ื—ื•ืฉืคื™ื ืคืชืจื•ืŸ ื™ืขื™ืœ ื•ืžื›ื‘ื“ ืืช ื”ื˜ื‘ืข ืœื”ื›ื ืช ืžืœื›ื•ื“ืช ื ืžืœื™ื ืžืฉืœืš. ื‘ืืžืฆืขื•ืช ืฉืœื‘ื™ื ืคืฉื•ื˜ื™ื ื•ื‘ืจื•ืจื™ื, ืœืžื“ ื›ื™ืฆื“ ืœื‘ื ื•ืช ืžื›ืฉื™ืจ ื”ื“ื‘ืจืช ื ืžืœื™ื ื‘ืืžืฆืขื•ืช ื—ื•ืžืจื™ื ื ืคื•ืฆื™ื ื•ืžืจื›ื™ื‘ื™ื ืœื ืจืขื™ืœื™ื. ื”ื’ืŸ ืขืœ ื”ื‘ื™ืช ืฉืœืš ื•ืžืฆื ืฉืœื•ื•ื” ื•ื ื•ื—ื•ืช ื”ื•ื“ื•ืช ืœืืœื˜ืจื ื˜ื™ื‘ื” ื”ืืงื•ืœื•ื’ื™ืช ื•ื”ืžืขืฉื™ืช ื”ื–ื•.

ื”ืฉืคืขืช ื”ื ืžืœื™ื ื‘ื‘ื™ืช

ื’ืœื” ื›ื™ืฆื“ ืœื™ืฆื•ืจ ืžืœื›ื•ื“ืช ื ืžืœื™ื ื™ืขื™ืœื” ื•ื˜ื‘ืขื™ืช ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ื’ืŸ ืขืœ ื”ื‘ื™ืช ืฉืœืš ื‘ืฉื™ื˜ื•ืช ืืงื•ืœื•ื’ื™ื•ืช.

ื ืžืœื™ื ื ื—ืฉื‘ื•ืช ืœืจื•ื‘ ืœืื•ืจื—ื™ื ืœื ืจืฆื•ื™ื™ื ื‘ื‘ื™ืช. ื—ื“ื™ืจืชื ืœืžืจื—ื‘ ื”ื‘ื™ืชื™ ืžื”ื•ื•ื” ืœื ืจืง ืžืงื•ืจ ืœืžื˜ืจื“, ืืœื ื’ื ืขืœื•ืœ ืœื’ืจื•ื ืœืกื™ื›ื•ื ื™ื ืฉื•ื ื™ื ืœื“ื™ื™ืจื™ื ื•ืœืžื‘ื ื” ื”ื‘ื™ืช ืขืฆืžื•. ื–ื™ื”ื•ื™ ื•ื”ื‘ื ืช ื”ืกื›ื ื•ืช ื”ื›ืจื•ื›ื•ืช ื‘ื ื•ื›ื—ื•ืช ื ืžืœื™ื ื—ื™ื•ื ื™ื™ื ืœื™ื™ืฉื•ื ืคืชืจื•ื ื•ืช ื”ื•ืœืžื™ื ื•ืœืฉืžื™ืจื” ืขืœ ื‘ืจื™ืื•ืช ื‘ื™ืช ื”ื’ื™ื“ื•ืœ.

ืื—ื“ ื”ืกื™ื›ื•ื ื™ื ื”ืจืืฉื•ื ื™ื ื”ืงืฉื•ืจื™ื ืœ ื ื•ื›ื—ื•ืช ืฉืœ ื ืžืœื™ื ื”ื•ื ื”ืคื•ื˜ื ืฆื™ืืœ ืฉืœื”ื ืœื–ื”ื ืžื–ื•ืŸ. ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ื”ืœื™ื›ื” ืขืœ ืžืฉื˜ื—ื™ื ืฉื•ื ื™ื, ื—ืจืงื™ื ืืœื” ื™ื›ื•ืœื™ื ืœืฉืืช ื—ื™ื™ื“ืงื™ื ื•ื•ื™ืจื•ืกื™ื, ืฉืื•ืชื ื”ื ื™ื›ื•ืœื™ื ืœื”ืคืงื™ื“ ืขืœ ืžื–ื•ืŸ ืื• ืื–ื•ืจื™ื ื”ืžืฉืžืฉื™ื ืœื”ื›ื ื” ืงื•ืœื™ื ืจื™ืช. ื‘ืœื™ืขืช ืžื–ื•ืŸ ืžื–ื•ื”ื ืขืœื•ืœื” ืœื”ื•ื‘ื™ืœ ืœื‘ืขื™ื•ืช ื‘ืจื™ืื•ืช ื›ืžื• ื“ืœืงื•ืช ืžืขื™ื™ื ื•ื”ืจืขืœืช ืžื–ื•ืŸ.

ืžื™ื ื™ื ืžืกื•ื™ืžื™ื ืฉืœ ื ืžืœื™ื ืžื”ื•ื•ื™ื ืกื™ื›ื•ืŸ ืœืฉืœืžื•ืช ืžื‘ื ื™ ื”ื‘ื™ืช. ื ืžืœื™ื ื ื’ืจื•ืช, ื‘ืžื™ื•ื—ื“, ื—ื•ืคืจื•ืช ื‘ืขืฅ ื›ื“ื™ ืœื‘ืกืก ืืช ื”ืงื™ื ื™ื ืฉืœื”ืŸ, ืžื” ืฉื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื”ื—ืœื™ืฉ ืืช ื”ืžืกื’ืจื•ืช ื•ืืœืžื ื˜ื™ ื”ืขืฅ ืฉืœ ื”ื‘ื ื™ื™ืŸ. ื—ืฉื•ื‘ ืœื”ืงืคื™ื“ ืขืœ ืกื™ืžื ื™ ืคืขื™ืœื•ืชื, ื›ื’ื•ืŸ ืฉื‘ื‘ื™ ืขืฅ ืœื™ื“ ืงื™ืจื•ืช ื•ืœื•ื—ื•ืช ื‘ืกื™ืก, ื›ื“ื™ ืœืžื ื•ืข ื ื–ืง ื™ืงืจ ืœื˜ื•ื•ื— ืืจื•ืš.

ื ื’ื™ืขื•ืช ื”ื ืžืœื™ื ืขืœื•ืœื” ื’ื ืœืฉื‘ืฉ ืงืฉื•ืช ืืช ืื™ื›ื•ืช ื”ื—ื™ื™ื ืฉืœ ื”ืชื•ืฉื‘ื™ื. ื”ื™ืฆื•ืจื™ื ื”ืงื˜ื ื™ื ื”ืืœื” ื ืžืฉื›ื™ื ืœืžืงื•ืจื•ืช ืžื™ื ื•ืžื–ื•ืŸ, ืžื” ืฉืื•ืžืจ ืฉื”ื ื™ื›ื•ืœื™ื ืœืคืœื•ืฉ ืœืžื˜ื‘ื—ื™ื, ื—ื“ืจื™ ืืžื‘ื˜ื™ื” ื•ืืคื™ืœื• ื—ื“ืจื™ ืฉื™ื ื”. ืฉื ื ื™ื”ื•ืœ ืฉืœ ื–ื™ื”ื•ื ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื”ืคื•ืš ื‘ืžื”ื™ืจื•ืช ืžื™ื™ื’ืข ื•ืžืœื—ื™ืฅ, ื‘ืžื™ื•ื—ื“ ื›ืืฉืจ ื”ืžืืžืฆื™ื ืœื—ืกืœ ืืช ื”ื‘ืขื™ื” ืžืชื’ืœื™ื ื›ื›ืฉืœื™ื.

ื—ืœืง ืžื”ืื ืฉื™ื ืขืœื•ืœื™ื ืœืกื‘ื•ืœืืœืจื’ื™ื•ืช ืœื ืžืœื™ื. ืืœืจื’ื ื™ื ื™ื›ื•ืœื™ื ืœื”ืฉืชื—ืจืจ ืœืื•ื•ื™ืจ ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ืคืกื•ืœืช ืฉื”ืฉืื™ืจื• ื—ืจืงื™ื ืืœื”, ื•ืžื’ืข ืื™ืชื ืขืœื•ืœ ืœื’ืจื•ื ืœืชื’ื•ื‘ื•ืช ืขื•ืจ ื‘ื—ืœืงื. ื™ืชืจ ืขืœ ื›ืŸ, ืœืžืจื•ืช ืฉืจื•ื‘ ื”ื ืžืœื™ื ืื™ื ืŸ ืขื•ืงืฆื•ืช, ืžื™ื ื™ื ืžืกื•ื™ืžื™ื ื›ืžื• ื”ื ืžืœื” ื”ืื“ื•ืžื” ืื• ื ืžืœืช ื”ืืฉ ืขืœื•ืœื™ื ืœื’ืจื•ื ื ื–ืง. ืขืงื™ืฆื•ืช ื›ื•ืื‘ื•ืช, ืฉื‘ืžืงืจื™ื ืžืกื•ื™ืžื™ื ืขืฉื•ื™ ืœื“ืจื•ืฉ ื”ืชืขืจื‘ื•ืช ืจืคื•ืื™ืช.

ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ืชืžื•ื“ื“ ืขื ืกื™ื›ื•ื ื™ื ืฉื•ื ื™ื ืืœื•, ืจืฆื•ื™ ืœืขืฉื•ืช ื–ืืช ืœื™ื™ืฉื ืืžืฆืขื™ ืžื ื™ืขื” ื›ื’ื•ืŸ ืฉืžื™ืจื” ืขืœ ื”ื™ื’ื™ื™ื ื”, ืื‘ื˜ื—ืช ืžืงื•ืจื•ืช ืžื–ื•ืŸ ื•ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ ื‘ืžื—ืกื•ืžื™ื ื›ื™ืžื™ื™ื ืื• ื˜ื‘ืขื™ื™ื. ื›ืืฉืจ ื”ื ื’ื™ืขื•ืช ืžื•ื›ื—ืช ื•ืžืชืžืฉื›ืช, ื™ืฉ ืฆื•ืจืš ืคืขืžื™ื ืจื‘ื•ืช ืœืคื ื•ืช ืœืื ืฉื™ ืžืงืฆื•ืข ืœืฆื•ืจืš ื ื”ืฉืžื“ื” ื™ืขื™ืœื” ืžื” ืฉื™ื‘ื˜ื™ื— ืืช ื”ืฉืœื•ื•ื” ื•ื”ื‘ืจื™ืื•ืช ืฉืœ ื”ืกื‘ื™ื‘ื” ื”ื‘ื™ืชื™ืช ืฉืœืš.

ื”ื™ืชืจื•ื ื•ืช ืฉืœ ืžืœื›ื•ื“ืช ื ืžืœื™ื ื˜ื‘ืขื™ืช

ื’ืœื” ื›ื™ืฆื“ ืœื™ืฆื•ืจ ืžืœื›ื•ื“ืช ื ืžืœื™ื ื™ืขื™ืœื” ื•ื˜ื‘ืขื™ืช ืขื ื”ืžื“ืจื™ืš ื”ืžืขืฉื™ ืฉืœื ื•. ืœื—ืกืœ ื ืžืœื™ื ื‘ืฆื•ืจื” ืืงื•ืœื•ื’ื™ืช ื•ื™ืขื™ืœื” ืขื ื˜ื™ืคื™ื ืคืฉื•ื˜ื™ื ืœืขืฉื•ืช ื‘ื‘ื™ืช.

ืคืชืจื•ืŸ ืืงื•ืœื•ื’ื™ ื•ื™ื“ื™ื“ื•ืชื™ ืœืกื‘ื™ื‘ื”

ื”ืžืื‘ืง ื ื’ื“ ื ืžืœื™ื ืœืขื™ืชื™ื ืงืจื•ื‘ื•ืช ืขืœื•ืœ ืœื”ื•ื‘ื™ืœ ืœืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ ื‘ื›ื™ืžื™ืงืœื™ื ื›ื‘ื“ื™ื, ื”ืžื–ื™ืงื™ื ืœื ืจืง ืœื—ืจืงื™ื ืืœื ื’ื ืœื’ื™ื ื” ื•ืœืชื•ืฉื‘ื™ื”. ื ืžืœื›ื•ื“ืช ื ืžืœื™ื ื˜ื‘ืขื™ืช ืžืฆื™ื’ ืืช ืขืฆืžื• ื›ืืœื˜ืจื ื˜ื™ื‘ื” ื”ืžื›ื‘ื“ืช ืืช ื”ืžืขืจื›ืช ื”ืืงื•ืœื•ื’ื™ืช, ืžื’ื‘ื™ืœื” ืืช ื”ื”ืฉืคืขื” ืขืœ ืžื™ื ื™ื ืื—ืจื™ื ื•ืฉื•ืžืจืช ืขืœ ื”ืžื’ื•ื•ืŸ ื”ื‘ื™ื•ืœื•ื’ื™.

ื™ื™ืฆื•ืจ ื‘ื™ืชื™ ืคืฉื•ื˜ ื•ื—ืกื›ื•ื ื™

ื‘ื—ื™ืจื” ื‘ืžืœื›ื•ื“ืช ื ืžืœื™ื ื˜ื‘ืขื™ืช ืžืฆื™ืขื” ื’ื ืืช ื”ื™ืชืจื•ืŸ ืฉื ื™ืชืŸ ืœื”ื›ื™ืŸ ื‘ื‘ื™ืช ืขื ืžืจื›ื™ื‘ื™ื ืคืฉื•ื˜ื™ื, ื›ื’ื•ืŸ ื–ื‘ืœ ืกืจืคื“, ื”ืžืฉืžืฉ ืืช ืฉื ื™ื”ื ื‘ืชื•ืจื“ืฉืŸ ื•ื“'ืงื•ื˜ืœ ื—ืจืงื™ื. ืชื›ื•ื ื•ืชื™ื• ื”ื“ื•ื—ื•ืช ื›ืœืคื™ ื ืžืœื™ื ื™ืขื–ืจื• ืœื›ื ืœื”ืจื—ื™ืง ืื•ืชืŸ ืžื”ืฉื˜ื—ื™ื ื”ื™ืจื•ืงื™ื ืฉืœื›ื ื‘ืฆื•ืจื” ื˜ื‘ืขื™ืช ื•ื—ืกื›ื•ื ื™ืช, ืœืœื ืฆื•ืจืš ื‘ื”ืฉืงืขื” ืžืฉืžืขื•ืชื™ืช ื‘ืžื•ืฆืจื™ื ืชืขืฉื™ื™ืชื™ื™ื.

ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ ื‘ื˜ื•ื— ืœืžืฉืคื—ื” ื•ื—ื™ื•ืช ืžื—ืžื“

ืžืœื›ื•ื“ื•ืช ื ืžืœื™ื ืงื•ื ื‘ื ืฆื™ื•ื ืœื™ื•ืช ืขืฉื•ื™ื•ืช ืœื”ื›ื™ืœ ื—ื•ืžืจื™ื ืžื–ื™ืงื™ื ืœื™ืœื“ื™ื ื•ื—ื™ื•ืช ืžื—ืžื“. ืžืฆื“ ืฉื ื™, ื”ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ ื‘ื ืžืœื›ื•ื“ืช ื˜ื‘ืขื™ืช ืžื‘ื˜ืœ ืืช ื”ืกื™ื›ื•ืŸ ืœื”ืจืขืœื” ื‘ืฉื•ื’ื’. ื–ื” ืขื•ื–ืจ ืœืฉืžื•ืจ ืขืœ ืกื‘ื™ื‘ื” ืจื’ื•ืขื” ื•ืžื•ื’ื ืช ืœื›ืœ ื‘ื ื™ ื”ืžืฉืคื—ื”, ื›ื•ืœืœ ื”ืคื’ื™ืขื™ื ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ, ืชื•ืš ื”ืจื—ืงืช ื ืžืœื™ื ื‘ื™ืขื™ืœื•ืช.

ื™ืขื™ืœื•ืช ื‘ื˜ื™ืคื•ืœ ื‘ืงื™ื ื™ ื ืžืœื™ื

ืžืฆื ืคืชืจื•ื ื•ืช ืขื‘ื•ืจ ืœื—ืกืœ ืงื™ื ื™ ื ืžืœื™ื ืœืœื ื”ืฉืคืขื” ืžื–ื™ืงื” ืขืœ ื”ื‘ืจื™ืื•ืช ื•ื”ืกื‘ื™ื‘ื” ื”ื™ื ื“ืื’ื” ื ืคื•ืฆื”. ื’ื™ืฉื” ื˜ื‘ืขื™ืช ืœื‘ืขื™ื” ื–ื• ื”ื™ื ืœืจื•ื‘ื˜ื™ืคื™ื ืงืœื™ื ืœื™ื™ืฉื•ื, ืžืกื•ื’ืœ ืœื”ื’ื™ืข ืœืžืงื•ืจ ื”ืคืœื™ืฉื” ืžื‘ืœื™ ืœื”ืคืจ ืืช ืื™ื–ื•ืŸ ื”ื’ืŸ.

ื›ื‘ื•ื“ ืœืžื—ื–ื•ืจื™ื•ืช ื˜ื‘ืขื™ืช

ื™ืชืจื•ืŸ ืžืจื›ื–ื™ ืฉืœ ืžืœื›ื•ื“ื•ืช ื ืžืœื™ื ื˜ื‘ืขื™ื•ืช ื”ื•ื ื™ื›ื•ืœืชืŸ ืœื”ืชืื™ื ืœืžื—ื–ื•ืจื™ื•ืช ื˜ื‘ืขื™ืช. ืœื“ื•ื’ืžื”, ื‘ืžืงื•ื ืœืฉื‘ืฉ ืคืขื™ืœื•ื™ื•ืช ื‘ื™ื•ืœื•ื’ื™ื•ืช ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ืกื’ื™ืจืช ื“ืœืช ื”ืชื ื•ืจ, ืกืžืœ ื‘ื™ืชื™ ืœืฉืœื™ื˜ื” ื‘ืืœืžื ื˜ื™ื, ืžืœื›ื•ื“ืช ื˜ื‘ืขื™ืช ืžืฉืชืคืช ืคืขื•ืœื” ืขื ื”ื˜ื‘ืข. ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ืงืจื™ืื” ืžืจื›ื™ื‘ื™ื ืื•ืจื’ื ื™ื™ื, ืื ื—ื ื• ื—ืœืง ืžื”ื™ื’ื™ื•ืŸ ืฉืœ ืžื—ื–ื•ืจ ื”ื—ื™ื™ื ื”ื˜ื‘ืขื™, ืœืœื ื”ืคืจืขื” ืื• ื”ืคืจืขื” ืœืฉื™ื˜ื•ืช ื”ื™ื•ืžื™ื•ื ื”ืจื’ื™ืœื•ืช.

ื™ื“ื™ื“ื•ืชื™ื•ืช ืœืžืฉืชืžืฉ ื•ืงืœื•ืช ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ

ื‘ื ื•ืกืฃ ืœื›ืœ ื”ื™ืชืจื•ื ื•ืช ื”ืœืœื•, ืžืœื›ื•ื“ืช ื”ื ืžืœื™ื ื”ื˜ื‘ืขื™ืช ื”ื™ื ืœืจื•ื‘ ื™ื“ื™ื“ื•ืชื™ืช ืœืžืฉืชืžืฉ, ืงืœื” ืœื”ื›ื ื” ื•ืœืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ. ื”ืžืชื›ื•ื ื™ื ื”ื–ืžื™ื ื™ื ืžืฉืœื‘ื™ื ืืœืžื ื˜ื™ื ืฉื ืžืฆืื™ื ืœืขืชื™ื ืงืจื•ื‘ื•ืช ื‘ื‘ืชื™ื ืฉืœื ื•. ื›ืชื•ืฆืื” ืžื›ืš ื”ื“ื‘ืจืช ื ืžืœื™ื ื”ื•ืคื›ืช ืœื ืจืง ืœื™ื“ื™ื“ื•ืชื™ืช ื™ื•ืชืจ ืœืกื‘ื™ื‘ื” ืืœื ื’ื ื ื’ื™ืฉื” ื™ื•ืชืจ ื•ืคื—ื•ืช ืžืื™ื™ืžืช ืขื‘ื•ืจ ืžื™ ืฉืื™ื ื• ืžื•ืžื—ื™ื ื‘ื”ื“ื‘ืจื”.

ื‘ืืžืฆืขื•ืช ืคืชืจื•ื ื•ืช ื˜ื‘ืขื™ื™ื, ื ื™ืชืŸ ืœื™ืฆื•ืจ ืืกื˜ืจื˜ื’ื™ื•ืช ืžืงื™ืคื•ืช ืœืžืœื—ืžื” ื‘ื ืžืœื™ื ื‘ื’ื™ื ื”, ืชื•ืš ืžืชืŸ ื”ื’ื ื” ืžืชืžืฉื›ืช ื•ื™ื“ื™ื“ื•ืชื™ ืœืกื‘ื™ื‘ื” ืœืžืจื—ื‘ ื”ื—ื™ืฆื•ื ื™ ืฉืœืš. ื”ื™ืชืจื•ืŸ ืฉืœ ืžืœื›ื•ื“ื•ืช ื›ืืœื” ืœื ืงืฉื•ืจ ืจืง ืœื™ืขื™ืœื•ืช ื ื’ื“ ืžื–ื™ืงื™ื, ืืœื ื”ืŸ ื’ื ืžืฉื•ืœื‘ื•ืช ื‘- a ืคื™ืœื•ืกื•ืคื™ื” ื™ืจื•ืงื” ื™ื•ืชืจ ืœื˜ืคืœ ื‘ื’ื™ื ื” ื•ื‘ื‘ื™ืช ืฉืœืš.

ื”ืžืฆืจื›ื™ื ื”ื“ืจื•ืฉื™ื ืœืžืœื›ื•ื“ืช ื‘ื™ืชื™ืช

ื’ืœื” ื›ื™ืฆื“ ืœื”ื›ื™ืŸ ืžืœื›ื•ื“ืช ื ืžืœื™ื ื™ืขื™ืœื” ื•ื˜ื‘ืขื™ืช ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ื™ืคื˜ืจ ืžืžื–ื™ืงื™ื ื‘ืขื–ืจืช ืขืฆื•ืช ืคืฉื•ื˜ื•ืช ื•ื™ื“ื™ื“ื•ืชื™ื•ืช ืœืกื‘ื™ื‘ื”.

ื ืžืœื™ื, ืœืžืจื•ืช ืฉื”ืŸ ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉื™ื•ืช ื‘ืžืขืจื›ืช ื”ืืงื•ืœื•ื’ื™ืช, ื™ื›ื•ืœื•ืช ืœื”ืคื•ืš ืœืžื–ื™ืงื™ื ืืžื™ืชื™ื™ื ื›ืฉื”ืŸ ืคื•ืœืฉื•ืช ืœื‘ืชื™ื ื•. ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ืจื—ื™ืง ืื•ืชื ื‘ื™ืขื™ืœื•ืช ืžื‘ืœื™ ืœื”ื–ื“ืงืง ืœื›ื™ืžื™ืงืœื™ื, ืืคืฉืจ ืœื”ื›ื™ืŸ ืžืœื›ื•ื“ืช ื ืžืœื™ื ืขื ืžืจื›ื™ื‘ื™ื ืคืฉื•ื˜ื™ื ื”ื ืคื•ืฆื™ื ื‘ืžื˜ื‘ื—ื™ื ืฉืœื ื•.

ื”ืžืจื›ื™ื‘ื™ื ื”ืขื™ืงืจื™ื™ื ืฉืœ ืžืœื›ื•ื“ืช ื ืžืœื™ื ื™ืขื™ืœื”

ื›ื“ื™ ืœื‘ื ื•ืช ืžืœื›ื•ื“ืช ื ืžืœื™ื, ืชื–ื“ืงืง ืœืคื™ืชื™ื•ืŸ ื›ื“ื™ ืœืžืฉื•ืš ืื•ืชืŸ ื•ืœื’ื•ืจื ืคืขื™ืœ ืฉื™ื—ืกืœ ืื• ื™ื“ื—ื” ืื•ืชืŸ. ืœื”ืœืŸ ืจืฉื™ืžื” ืœื ืžืžืฆื” ืฉืœ ื”ืžืจื›ื™ื‘ื™ื ื”ืžื•ืžืœืฆื™ื ืœืจื•ื‘:

  • ืกื•ื›ืจ ืื•ึน ื“ื‘ืฉ, ืืฉืจ ื™ืฉืžืฉ ื›ืคื™ืชื™ื•ืŸ ื‘ื’ืœืœ ื›ื•ื—ื• ื”ืื˜ืจืงื˜ื™ื‘ื™ ืขื‘ื•ืจ ื ืžืœื™ื.
  • ืื‘ืงืช ืกื•ื“ื” ืœืฉืชื™ื™ื”, ืชืจื›ื•ื‘ืช ื˜ื‘ืขื™ืช ื”ืžืฉืžืฉืช ืœืขืชื™ื ืงืจื•ื‘ื•ืช ื‘ืฉืœ ืชื›ื•ื ื•ืช ืงื•ื˜ืœ ื”ื—ืจืงื™ื ื”ืงืœื•ืช ืฉืœื” ื›ืืฉืจ ื”ื™ื ื ื‘ืœืขืช ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ืžื–ื™ืงื™ื.
  • ื—ื•ืžืฅ, ื”ื™ื“ื•ืข ื‘ืคืขื•ืœืชื• ื”ื“ื•ื—ื” ืขืœ ื ืžืœื™ื ื•ื—ืจืงื™ื ืื—ืจื™ื.
  • ืื‘ืงืช ืืคื™ื™ื” ืื•ึน ื—ื•ืžืฆื” ื‘ื•ืจื™ืช, ืฉื”ื ื—ื•ืžืจื™ื ื”ืคื•ืขืœื™ื ืขืœ ื”ื‘ื˜ืŸ ืฉืœ ื ืžืœื™ื, ื•ืžืกืœืงื™ื ืื•ืชืŸ ื‘ื™ืขื™ืœื•ืช.

ื‘ื™ืฆื•ืข ื”ืžืœื›ื•ื“ืช

ืœืื—ืจ ืฉืืกืคืชื ืืช ื”ื—ื•ืžืจื™ื, ื”ื’ื™ืข ื”ื–ืžืŸ ืœืขื‘ื•ืจ ืœื”ื›ื ืช ื”ืžืœื›ื•ื“ืช. ื”ื ื” ืฉื™ื˜ื” ืคืฉื•ื˜ื”:

  1. ืงื— ืžื™ื›ืœ ืงื˜ืŸ, ื›ืžื• ืžื›ืกื” ืฆื ืฆื ืช ืื• ืงื•ืคืกืช ืคื— ืจื“ื•ื“ื”.
  2. ืžืขืจื‘ื‘ื™ื ื—ืœืงื™ื ืฉื•ื•ื™ื ืกื•ื›ืจ ื•ืกื•ื“ื” ืœืฉืชื™ื™ื”, ืื• ืกื•ื›ืจ ื•ืื‘ืงืช ืืคื™ื™ื”. ืื ืืชื ื‘ื•ื—ืจื™ื ื‘ืกื•ื“ื” ืœืฉืชื™ื™ื”, ื“ืื’ื• ืœื”ืกื•ื•ืช ืืช ื˜ืขืžื” ื‘ืกื•ื›ืจ ื›ื“ื™ ืฉื”ื ืžืœื™ื ื™ื™ืžืฉื›ื•.
  3. ื”ื•ืกืฃ ื›ืžื” ื˜ื™ืคื•ืช ืžื™ื ื›ื“ื™ ืœื™ืฆื•ืจ ืžืฉื—ื” ื—ืฆื™ ื ื•ื–ืœื™ืช ืฉื™ื”ื™ื” ืงืœ ื™ื•ืชืจ ืœื ืžืœื™ื ืœืฆืจื•ืš.
  4. ืžื ื™ื—ื™ื ืืช ื”ืชืขืจื•ื‘ืช ื‘ืžื™ื›ืœ ื•ืžืกื“ืจื™ื ืื•ืชื” ื‘ืฉื‘ื™ืœ ื”ื ืžืœื™ื ืื• ืœื™ื“ ื ืงื•ื“ื•ืช ื›ื ื™ืกื”.

ื”ื ืžืœื™ื ื™ื™ืžืฉื›ื• ืœืกื•ื›ืจ ื•ื™ื™ืฉืื• ืืช ื”ืชืขืจื•ื‘ืช ืœืชื•ืš ื”ืงืŸ ืฉืœื”ืŸ, ื•ื›ืชื•ืฆืื” ืžื›ืš ื—ื™ืกื•ืœ ืงื•ืœืงื˜ื™ื‘ื™. ืœืคืขื•ืœื” ื“ื•ื—ื”, ื ื™ืชืŸ ืœืจืกืก ืชืจืกื™ืก ืคืฉื•ื˜ ืฉืœ ื—ื•ืžืฅ ื•ืžื™ื ื‘ืžืงื•ืžื•ืช ืืœื™ื”ื ื‘ื“ืจืš ื›ืœืœ ื ื›ื ืกื•ืช ื ืžืœื™ื.

ื”ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ ื”ืืกื˜ืจื˜ื’ื™ ื‘ืžืœื›ื•ื“ื•ืช

ื›ื“ื™ ืœืžืงืกื ืืช ื”ืืคืงื˜ื™ื‘ื™ื•ืช ืฉืœ ื”ืžืœื›ื•ื“ืช ืฉืœืš, ื ื™ืชืŸ ืœืขืงื•ื‘ ืื—ืจ ื›ืžื” ืขืฆื•ืช:

  • ืžืงื ืืช ื”ืžืœื›ื•ื“ืช ื‘ืื–ื•ืจื™ื ืืกื˜ืจื˜ื’ื™ื™ื, ื›ืžื• ืœื™ื“ ืžืงื•ืจ ืžื–ื•ืŸ ืื• ืœืื•ืจืš ืฉื‘ื™ืœื™ ื ืžืœื™ื.
  • ื”ื—ืœืฃ ืืช ืชื›ื•ืœืช ื”ืžืœื›ื•ื“ืช ื‘ืื•ืคืŸ ืงื‘ื•ืข ื›ื“ื™ ืœืฉืžื•ืจ ืขืœ ื”ืื˜ืจืงื˜ื™ื‘ื™ื•ืช ืฉืœื”.
  • ืฉืœื‘ื• ืืช ื”ืžืœื›ื•ื“ืช ืขื ืฉื™ื˜ื•ืช ื”ื“ื‘ืจื” ื˜ื‘ืขื™ื•ืช ืื—ืจื•ืช, ื›ืžื• ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ ื‘ืฆื™ืคื•ืจืŸ ืื• ื˜ื›ื ื™ืงื•ืช ืžื—ืกื•ื ืคื™ื–ื™ื•ืช.

ื›ื‘ื•ื“ ืœืกื‘ื™ื‘ื” ื•ื‘ื˜ื™ื—ื•ืช ื”ื‘ืจื™ืื•ืช ืฉืœ ื”ื‘ื™ืช ืฉืœืš ื”ื ื“ืื’ื•ืช ืžืจื›ื–ื™ื•ืช. ืคื™ืชื•ื— ืžืœื›ื•ื“ืช ื ืžืœื™ื ืžื—ื•ืžืจื™ื ื˜ื‘ืขื™ื™ื ืขื•ื ื” ืขืœ ืืชื’ืจื™ื ืืœื• ื•ืžื‘ื˜ื™ื— ื ื™ื”ื•ืœ ืืงื•ืœื•ื’ื™ ืฉืœ ืžื–ื™ืงื™ื.