ืื™ืš ืœืžื ื•ืข ืžืขื™ืŸ ืื• ื—ื•ืœื“ื” ืœื”ืจื•ืก ืืช ื”ื’ื™ื ื” ืฉืœืš?

ื ืžืืก ืœื›ื ืœืจืื•ืช ืืช ื”ื ื–ืง ืฉื ื’ืจื ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ืžืขื•ื ื•ืช ื•ื—ื•ืœื“ื•ืช ื‘ื’ื™ื ื” ืฉืœื›ื? ื”ืคื•ืœืฉื™ื ื”ืงื˜ื ื™ื ื”ืืœื” ื™ื›ื•ืœื™ื ืœื”ืคื•ืš ืžืงืœื˜ ืฉืœื™ื• ืœืฉื“ื” ืงืจื‘ ืฉืœ ืžืžืฉ, ื•ืœืชืงื•ืฃ ืืช ื”ื ื˜ื™ืขื•ืช ื•ื”ืžื‘ื ื™ื ื”ื—ื™ืฆื•ื ื™ื™ื ืฉืœืš. ืืš ืืœ ื“ืื’ื”, ืงื™ื™ืžื™ื ืคืชืจื•ื ื•ืช ืžืงืฆื•ืขื™ื™ื ื•ื™ืขื™ืœื™ื ืœื”ื’ื ื” ืขืœ ื”ืฉื˜ื— ื”ื™ืจื•ืง ืฉืœื›ื.

ื‘ืžืืžืจ ื–ื”, ื’ืœื” ืฉื™ื˜ื•ืช ืžื ื™ืขื” ื•ืžืจืคื ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ืจื—ื™ืง ืืช ื”ืžื–ื™ืงื™ื ื”ืœื ืจืฆื•ื™ื™ื ื”ืœืœื• ื•ืœื”ื—ื–ื™ืจ ืืช ื”ืฉืœื•ื•ื” ืœื’ื™ื ื” ืฉืœืš. ืžืžื—ืกื•ืžื™ื ื˜ื‘ืขื™ื™ื ื•ืขื“ ื“ื•ื—ื™ ื”ื™ื™-ื˜ืง, ืœืžื“ ื”ื›ืœ ืขืœ ื”ืืกื˜ืจื˜ื’ื™ื•ืช ืฉืืชื” ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœืืžืฅ ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ื‘ื˜ื™ื— ืืช ื‘ื˜ื™ื—ื•ืช ื”ืžืจื—ื‘ ื”ื—ื™ืฆื•ื ื™ ืฉืœืš ืžื‘ืœื™ ืœืคื’ื•ืข ื‘ืื™ื–ื•ืŸ ืฉืœ ื—ื™ื•ืช ื”ื‘ืจ ื”ืžืงื•ืžื™ื•ืช.

ืคืœื™ืฉื” ืฉืœ ืžืขื•ื ื•ืช ื•ื—ื•ืœื“ื•ืช ื‘ื’ื ื™ื

ื’ืœื” ื˜ื™ืคื™ื ืœื”ื’ื ื” ืขืœ ื”ื’ื™ื ื” ืฉืœืš ืžื ื–ืง ืฉื ื’ืจื ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ืžืขื•ื ื•ืช ื•ื—ื•ืœื“ื•ืช ื•ื‘ื›ืš ืœืฉืžืจ ืืช ื”ื™ื•ืคื™ ืฉืœ ื”ืžื˜ืขื™ื ืฉืœืš.

ื”ื”ื•ืคืขื” ื”ืคืชืื•ืžื™ืช ืฉืœ ืžืขื•ื ื•ืช ื•ื—ื•ืœื“ื•ืช ื‘ื’ื™ื ื” ื‘ื™ืชื™ืช ื”ื™ื ืœื ืจืง ืœื ื ืขื™ืžื”; ื–ื” ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื’ืจื•ื ืœื ื–ืง ืžืฉืžืขื•ืชื™ ื•ืœื‘ืขื™ื•ืช ื‘ืจื™ืื•ืช ื—ืžื•ืจื•ืช. ืžื›ืจืกืžื™ื ืืœื” ืื™ื ื ืจืง ื”ืจืกื ื™ื™ื, ืืœื ื”ื ื’ื ืžืขื‘ื™ืจื™ื ืฉืœ ืžื—ืœื•ืช ื•ื˜ืคื™ืœื™ื ืฉืขืœื•ืœื™ื ืœื”ืฉืคื™ืข ืขืœ ื‘ื ื™ ืื“ื ื•ื—ื™ื•ืช ื‘ื™ืช. ืœื›ืŸ ื—ื™ื•ื ื™ ืœื˜ืคืœ ื‘ื‘ืขื™ื” ื–ื• ื‘ืจืฆื™ื ื•ืช ื•ืœื™ื™ืฉื ืืช ื”ืฉื™ื˜ื•ืช ื”ื ื›ื•ื ื•ืช ืœืžื™ื’ื•ืจื”.

ื”ื‘ื ืช ื”ื ื•ืฉืื™ื ื”ื‘ืจื™ืื•ืชื™ื™ื ื•ื”ื—ื•ืžืจื™ื™ื

ื“ื•ืจืžื•ืกื™ื ื•ื—ื•ืœื“ื•ืช ื™ื“ื•ืขื™ื ื‘ื™ื›ื•ืœืชื ืœืคื’ื•ืข ื‘ืชืฉืชื™ื•ืช ื”ื‘ืชื™ื ื•ื”ืžื‘ื ื™ื ื•ื›ืŸ ื‘ื’ื™ื“ื•ืœื™ื ื‘ื’ื™ื ื”. ื”ืจื’ืœื™ ื”ืฉื—ื™ื™ื” ืฉืœื”ื ื™ื›ื•ืœื™ื ืœืคื’ื•ืข ื‘ื‘ื™ื˜ื—ื•ืŸ ื”ืžื‘ื ื™ ื•ืœื™ืฆื•ืจ ื™ืฆื™ืื•ืช ื“ืจื›ืŸ ื™ื›ื•ืœื™ื ืžื–ื™ืงื™ื ืื—ืจื™ื ืœื”ื™ื›ื ืก. ืžื ืงื•ื“ืช ืžื‘ื˜ ื‘ืจื™ืื•ืชื™ืช, ืžื›ืจืกืžื™ื ืืœื” ื”ื ื ืฉืื™ื ืคื•ื˜ื ืฆื™ืืœื™ื™ื ืฉืœ ืžื—ืœื•ืช ื›ืžื• ืœืคื˜ื•ืกืคื™ืจื•ื–ื™ืก, ื”ื ื™ืฉืื™ื ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ืฉืชืŸ ืฉืœ ื—ื•ืœื“ื”, ืื• ืืคื™ืœื• ืคืจืขื•ืฉื™ื ื•ืงืจืฆื™ื•ืช.

ื ื’ื™ืขื•ืช ืžื›ืจืกืžื™ื: ื–ื”ื” ืืช ืกื™ืžื ื™ ื”ืื–ื”ืจื”

ื—ื™ื•ื ื™ ืœื–ื”ื•ืช ื‘ืžื”ื™ืจื•ืช ืืช ื ื•ื›ื—ื•ืชื ืฉืœ ืžื›ืจืกืžื™ื ืืœื” ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ื’ื™ื‘ ื‘ืฆื•ืจื” ื ืื•ืชื”. ืกื™ืžื ื™ ืื–ื”ืจื” ื›ื’ื•ืŸ ืจืขืฉื™ ื’ื™ืจื•ื“ ื‘ืงื™ืจื•ืช, ืฆื•ืื” ื‘ื‘ื™ืช ื•ื‘ืกื‘ื™ื‘ืชื• ืื• ื ื–ืง ืœืฆืžื—ื™ื ืฆืจื™ื›ื™ื ืœื”ื–ื”ื™ืจ ืืช ื”ื‘ืขืœื™ื.

ืคืชืจื•ื ื•ืช ื‘ืจืžื” ื”ื‘ื™ืชื™ืช: ืžื ื™ืขื” ื•ืžืœื›ื•ื“ื•ืช

ืžื ื™ืขื” ื”ื™ื ื”ืžืคืชื— ืœืžื ื™ืขืช ืคืœื™ืฉื”. ื–ื” ื›ื•ืœืœ ืฉืžื™ืจื” ืขืœ ื’ื™ื ื” ื ืงื™ื™ื”, ื ืงื™ื™ื” ืžืฉืืจื™ื•ืช ืžื–ื•ืŸ ืื• ืคืกื•ืœืช ืฉืขืœื•ืœื” ืœืžืฉื•ืš ืื•ืชื. ืืžืฆืขื™ื ื›ืžื• ื’ื“ืจื•ืช ื ื’ื“ ืžื›ืจืกืžื™ื ืื• ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ ื‘ื—ื•ืžืจื™ื ืฉืื™ื ื ืžืชืื™ืžื™ื ืœื›ืจืกื•ื ืฉืœื”ื ืœื‘ื ื™ื™ืช ืงื•ืžืคื•ืกื˜ืจื™ื ื•ืืจื’ื–ื™ื ืœื’ื™ื ื” ื™ื›ื•ืœื™ื ืœื”ืชื’ืœื•ืช ื›ื™ืขื™ืœื•ืช.
ืขื‘ื•ืจ ื ื’ื™ืขื•ืช ืงื™ื™ืžื•ืช, ืงื™ื™ืžื™ื ืคืชืจื•ื ื•ืช ืœื›ื™ื“ื” ืฉื•ื ื™ื. ืžืœื›ื•ื“ื•ืช ืžื›ื ื™ื•ืช, ืœืžืจื•ืช ื”ืžืกื•ืจืชื™ื•ืช, ื ืฉืืจื•ืช ื™ืขื™ืœื•ืช ืื ื”ืŸ ืžืžื•ืงืžื•ืช ื ื›ื•ืŸ ื•ืžืคื•ืงื—ื•ืช ื‘ืื•ืคืŸ ืงื‘ื•ืข. ืคืชืจื•ื ื•ืช ืžื•ื“ืจื ื™ื™ื ื™ื•ืชืจ, ื›ืžื• ืžืœื›ื•ื“ื•ืช ื—ืฉืžืœื™ื•ืช, ืžืฆื™ืขื™ื ืžื™ืœื•ื˜ ืžื”ื™ืจ ื•ื”ื™ื’ื™ื™ื ื™ ืœืžื–ื™ืงื™ื ืืœื•.

ื“ื•ื—ื™ื ื˜ื‘ืขื™ื™ื ื•ื›ื™ืžื™ื™ื: ืžื—ืกื•ื ื ื•ืกืฃ

ื—ื•ืžืจื™ื ื“ื•ื—ื™ื ื˜ื‘ืขื™ื™ื ืžืกื•ื™ืžื™ื, ื›ื’ื•ืŸ ืžื ื˜ื” ืื• ืขืœื” ื“ืคื ื”, ื™ื›ื•ืœื™ื ืœื”ืจืชื™ืข ืžื›ืจืกืžื™ื ืœื”ืฉืชืœื˜ ืขืœ ื—ืœืœ. ืขื‘ื•ืจ ืคืขื•ืœื” ืจื“ื™ืงืœื™ืช ื™ื•ืชืจ, ื“ื•ื—ื™ื ื›ื™ืžื™ื™ื ื™ื›ื•ืœื™ื ืœืฉื—ืง ืชืคืงื™ื“ ืžื›ืจื™ืข. ืขื ื–ืืช, ื—ื™ื•ื ื™ ืœื”ืฉืชืžืฉ ื‘ื”ื ื‘ื”ืชืื ืœื”ื ื—ื™ื•ืช ื›ื“ื™ ืœืžื ื•ืข ื›ืœ ื”ืฉืคืขื” ืฉืœื™ืœื™ืช ืขืœ ื”ืกื‘ื™ื‘ื” ืื• ืขืœ ื‘ืจื™ืื•ืชื ืฉืœ ื“ื™ื™ืจื™ ื”ื‘ื™ืช.

ื”ืชืขืจื‘ื•ืช ืžืงืฆื•ืขื™ืช: ืคืชืจื•ืŸ ืœืžืงืจื™ื ืงืฉื™ื

ื›ืืฉืจ ื”ื”ื“ื‘ืงื” ื’ื“ื•ืœื” ืžื“ื™ ืื• ืงืฉื” ืœื ื™ื”ื•ืœ, ื”ื–ืžื ืช ืื™ืฉ ืžืงืฆื•ืข ื‘ืชื—ื•ื ื”ื“ื‘ืจื” ื”ื™ื ืœืจื•ื‘ ื”ืืคืฉืจื•ืช ื”ื˜ื•ื‘ื” ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ. ืขื ืฆื™ื•ื“ ืžื™ื•ื—ื“ ื•ืžื•ืžื—ื™ื•ืช ืžืขืžื™ืงื”, ื”ื ื™ื›ื•ืœื™ื ืœื”ืฆื™ืข ืคืชืจื•ื ื•ืช ืžื•ืชืืžื™ื ื•ื‘ืจื™ ืงื™ื™ืžื, ื›ื’ื•ืŸ ื˜ื™ืคื•ืœื™ื ื ื•ื’ื“ื™ ืงืจื™ืฉื” ืกืคืฆื™ืคื™ื™ื, ื”ืžื›ื•ื•ื ื™ื ืœืžื›ืจืกืžื™ื ืžื‘ืœื™ ืœืกื›ืŸ ืžื™ื ื™ื ืื—ืจื™ื.

ื”ืคืœื™ืฉื” ืฉืœ ืžืขื•ื ื•ืช ื•ื—ื•ืœื“ื•ืช ื‘ื’ื ื™ื ืžืฆื™ื‘ ืืชื’ืจื™ื ืœื ืžื‘ื•ื˜ืœื™ื ืืš ืื™ื ื• ื—ืกืจ ืคืชืจื•ื ื•ืช. ื’ื™ืฉื” ืจื‘-ืฉืœื‘ื™ืช, ื”ืžืฉืœื‘ืช ืžื ื™ืขื”, ื˜ื›ื ื™ืงื•ืช ืœื›ื™ื“ื” ื•ื‘ืžื™ื“ืช ื”ืฆื•ืจืš ื”ืชืขืจื‘ื•ืช ืžืงืฆื•ืขื™ืช, ืชืกื™ื™ืข ื‘ืฉืœื™ื˜ื” ื•ื‘ื—ื™ืกื•ืœ ืื™ื•ื ื–ื”. ืื™ืžื•ืฅ ื”ืชื ื”ื’ื•ืช ืื—ืจืื™ืช, ื‘ื—ื™ืจืช ืžื•ืฆืจื™ื ืื™ื›ื•ืชื™ื™ื ื•ื”ืชืขืจื‘ื•ืช ืžืžื•ืงื“ืช ื”ื ืขืžื•ื“ื™ ื”ืชื•ื•ืš ืฉืœ ืืกื˜ืจื˜ื’ื™ื” ื™ืขื™ืœื” ืœื”ื—ื–ืจืช ื’ื™ื ื” ื‘ืจื™ืื” ื•ื‘ื˜ื•ื—ื”.

ื–ื”ื” ืืช ื”ืกื™ืžื ื™ื ืฉืœ ื ื•ื›ื—ื•ืช ืžื›ืจืกืžื™ื

ื’ืœื” ื˜ื™ืคื™ื ื™ืขื™ืœื™ื ืœื”ื’ื ื” ืขืœ ื”ื’ื™ื ื” ืฉืœืš ืžื ื–ืง ืฉื ื’ืจื ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ืžืขื•ื ื•ืช ื•ื—ื•ืœื“ื•ืช. ืชื”ื ื” ืžืžืจื—ื‘ ื—ื™ืฆื•ื ื™ ืฉืžื•ืจ ื”ื•ื“ื•ืช ืœืขืฆื•ืช ื”ืžืขืฉื™ื•ืช ืฉืœื ื•.

ืกื™ืžื ื™ื ืœืคืขื™ืœื•ืช ืžื›ืจืกืžื™ื: ืจืžื–ื™ื ืฉืื™ ืืคืฉืจ ืœืคืกืคืก

ื–ื™ื”ื•ื™ ื ื•ื›ื—ื•ืช ืฉืœ ืžื–ื™ืงื™ื ื‘ืกื‘ื™ื‘ืชื• ื”ื•ื ืฆืขื“ ืžื›ืจื™ืข ื”ืžืืคืฉืจ ื”ืฆื‘ืช ืคืชืจื•ื ื•ืช ื”ื•ืœืžื™ื ืœืฉืžื™ืจื” ืขืœ ื”ื”ื™ื’ื™ื™ื ื” ื•ื”ื‘ื˜ื™ื—ื•ืช ืฉืœ ื‘ื™ืช ื”ื’ื™ื“ื•ืœ ืฉืœื•. ืกื™ืžื ื™ื ืฉื•ื ื™ื ื™ื›ื•ืœื™ื ืœื—ืฉื•ืฃ ื ื•ื›ื—ื•ืช ืœื ืจืฆื•ื™ื” ืฉืœ ืžื›ืจืกืžื™ื. ืžื–ื™ืงื™ื ืืœื” ื”ื ื—ื›ืžื™ื ื•ื™ื›ื•ืœื™ื ืœื”ื™ืฉืืจ ืžื•ืกืชืจื™ื ืœืชืงื•ืคื•ืช ื–ืžืŸ ืืจื•ื›ื•ืช, ืืš ื”ื ืžืฉืื™ืจื™ื ืื—ืจื™ื”ื ืฉื•ื‘ืœื™ื.

ืจืขืฉื™ื ื•ืชื ื•ืขื•ืช : ืจืขืฉื™ ืจืฉืจื•ืฉ, ืฉืจื™ื˜ื•ืช ืื• ืœืขื™ืกื” ื‘ืงื™ืจื•ืช ืื• ื‘ืชืงืจื” ื‘ืœื™ืœื” ื”ื ืœืจื•ื‘ ื”ืกื™ืžืŸ ื”ืจืืฉื•ืŸ ืœื”ื“ื‘ืงื” ื‘ืžื›ืจืกืžื™ื. ืžื–ื™ืงื™ื ืืœื• ืคืขื™ืœื™ื ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืœืื—ืจ ื”ืฉืงื™ืขื”.

ืขืงื‘ื•ืช ืฉืœ ืœื›ืœื•ืš : ื˜ื™ืคื•ืช ื•ืฉืชืŸ ื”ื ืื™ื ื“ื™ืงื˜ื•ืจื™ื ืืžื™ื ื™ื ืœืžืขื‘ืจ ืฉืœื”ื. ืฆื•ืืช ืขื›ื‘ืจื™ื ื ืจืื™ืช ื›ืžื• ื’ืจื’ื™ืจื™ ืื•ืจื– ืฉื—ื•ืจื™ื, ื‘ืขื•ื“ ืฉืœืฉืœืช ื—ื•ืœื“ื•ืช ื’ื“ื•ืœื” ื™ื•ืชืจ ื•ืฆื•ืจืชื” ื‘ื ื ื”.

ืžื•ืชื’ื™ ื—ื˜ื™ืคื™ื : ื” ืขื›ื‘ืจ ืฉื“ื”, ืœืžืฉืœ, ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื ืฉื ืฉ ืฆืžื—ื™ื ื•ืคื™ืจื•ืช ืฆืขื™ืจื™ื ื‘ื’ื™ื ื”, ื•ืœื’ืจื•ื ื ื–ืง ืœื’ื™ื“ื•ืœื™ื. ื‘ื ื•ืกืฃ, ืกื™ืžื ื™ ืฉื™ื ื™ื™ื ืขืœ ืžื‘ื ื™ ืขืฅ ื›ื’ื•ืŸ ืขืฆื™ ืคืจื™ ื”ื ืื™ื ื“ื™ืงื˜ื•ืจ ืœื ื•ื›ื—ื•ืช ืฉืœ ืžื–ื™ืงื™ื ื”ืชื•ืงืคื™ื ืืช ื”ืฆืžื—ื™ื ืฉืœืš.

ื–ื™ื”ื•ื™ ืžื›ืจืกืžื™ื ืœืคื™ ื ื–ืง

ื›ืžื•ืช ื•ืกื•ื’ ื”ื ื–ืง ืฉื ื’ืจื ื™ื›ื•ืœื™ื ืœืขื–ื•ืจ ืœืงื‘ื•ืข ื‘ืื•ืคืŸ ืกืคืฆื™ืคื™ ืื™ื–ื” ืžื–ื™ืง ืžื›ืจืกื ื”ื•ื ื”ื‘ืขื™ื”. ื”ื ื” ื›ืžื” ื“ื•ื’ืžืื•ืช :

  • ื” ืขื›ื‘ืจ ืฉื“ื” ื‘ื’ื™ื ื” ื™ืคื’ืข ื‘ืฆืžื—ื™ื, ื™ื—ืคื•ืจ ืžื ื”ืจื•ืช ืงื˜ื ื•ืช ื•ื™ืฉืื™ืจ ื—ื•ืจื™ื ืœื™ื“ ืฆืžื—ื™ื ื ื’ื•ืกื™ื.
  • ืฉื ืชื•ืœืขืช ืขืฅ ืชื•ืงืฃ ืืช ื”ืจื”ื™ื˜ื™ื ื•ืžื‘ื ื™ ื”ืขืฅ ืฉืœ ื”ื‘ื™ืช ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ื—ืคื™ืจืช ื—ื•ืจื™ื ืขื’ื•ืœื™ื ืงื˜ื ื™ื, ืกื™ืžืŸ ืœื”ืชืคืฉื˜ื•ืชื•.
  • ื” ืฉืจืงื ื™ื ื™ื“ื•ืขื™ื ื‘ื ื–ืงื™ื ื”ืžืฉืžืขื•ืชื™ื™ื ืฉืœื”ื ืœืฆืžื—ื™ื™ื” ื•ืœืฉื•ืจืฉื™ื, ื”ื ืจืื™ื ืœืจื•ื‘ ื›ืฆืžื—ื™ื ื ื‘ื•ืœื™ื ืื• ืžืžื•ื˜ื˜ื™ื.
  • ื” ื˜ืจืžื™ื˜ื™ื ืžืื™ื™ืžื™ื ืขืœ ืžื•ืฆืงื•ืช ื”ืชืฉืชื™ื•ืช, ืฉื ื™ืชืŸ ืœื–ื”ื•ืช ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ื’ืœืจื™ื•ืช ืฉืœ ืขืฅ ื—ืœื•ืœ ื•ืœืคืขืžื™ื ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ืขืฅ ืฉื ืจืื” ื ืคื•ื—.
  • ืœื’ื‘ื™ ืžื›ืจืกืžื™ื ื’ื“ื•ืœื™ื, ื” coypu ืžืฉืื™ืจ ื’ื“ื•ืช ื ืฉื—ืงื•ืช ื•ื–ืจื™ืžื•ืช ื‘ื•ืฆื™ื•ืช ืขืœ ื’ื“ื•ืช ื‘ืจื™ื›ื•ืช ืื• ื ื”ืจื•ืช.

ื—ื™ืกื•ืœ ื•ืžื ื™ืขืช ืžื›ืจืกืžื™ื

ื›ืืฉืจ ืžื–ื•ื”ื™ื ืกื™ืžื ื™ ืคืœื™ืฉืช ืžื–ื™ืงื™ื, ื™ืฉ ืœืฉืงื•ืœ ืžืกืคืจ ืฆืขื“ื™ื ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ื™ืคื˜ืจ ืžืžื–ื™ืงื™ื ืœื ืจืฆื•ื™ื™ื ืชื•ืš ืžื ื™ืขืช ื”ื—ื–ืจืชื:

  • ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ ื‘ืฉื™ื˜ื•ืช ื‘ืงืจื” ื˜ึดื‘ืขึดื™ ื• ืึตืงื•ึนืœื•ึนื’ึดื™, ื›ื’ื•ืŸ ื”ื—ื“ืจืช ืฆืžื—ื™ื ื“ื•ื—ื™ื ืฉื™ื›ื•ืœื™ื ืœืขื–ื•ืจ ืœื”ืจื—ื™ืง ืžื›ืจืกืžื™ื.
  • ื”ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ ืฉืœ ืžื•ืฆืจื™ื ืžืงืฆื•ืขื™ื™ื ื›ื’ื•ืŸ ืจืขืœ ืขื›ื‘ืจื™ื ื•ืžืœื›ื•ื“ื•ืช ืกืคืฆื™ืคื™ื•ืช ืœื›ืœ ืกื•ื’ ืฉืœ ืžื–ื™ืง ืœืคืขื•ืœื” ืžืžื•ืงื“ืช ื•ื™ืขื™ืœื”.
  • ื™ื™ืฉื•ื ืืžืฆืขื™ ื”ื’ื ื” ืœืขืฆื™ ืคืจื™ ื•ืžื‘ื ื™ ืขืฅ ืขืœ ืžื ืช ืœื”ื’ื‘ื™ืœ ืืช ื”ื’ื™ืฉื” ื•ืืช ื”ืื˜ืจืงื˜ื™ื‘ื™ื•ืช ืฉืœ ืื–ื•ืจื™ื ืืœื• ืœืžื›ืจืกืžื™ื.
  • ื‘ื“ื™ืงื” ืฉื•ื˜ืคืช ืฉืœ ื”ื‘ื™ืช ื•ื”ื’ื™ื ื” ืœืื™ืชื•ืจ ื•ืคืขื•ืœื” ืžื”ื™ืจื” ื ื’ื“ ื›ืœ ื ื•ื›ื—ื•ืช ื—ื“ืฉื” ืฉืœ ืžื–ื™ืงื™ื.

ื›ืœ ืกื•ื’ ืฉืœ ืžื›ืจืกื ื“ื•ืจืฉ ืืกื˜ืจื˜ื’ื™ื” ืžืชืื™ืžื”. ืœื“ื•ื’ืžื”, ืขื‘ื•ืจ ืขื›ื‘ืจื™ื, ืขืฆื•ืช ืคืฉื•ื˜ื•ืช ื™ื›ื•ืœื•ืช ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืฆืขื“ ืจืืฉื•ืŸ ืœืงืจืืช ื—ื™ืกื•ืœ, ื›ื’ื•ืŸ ื”ื‘ื˜ื—ืช ืžื–ื•ืŸ ืžืื•ื—ืกืŸ ื‘ืžื™ื›ืœื™ื ืื˜ื•ืžื™ื ืื• ื—ืกื™ืžืช ื’ื™ืฉื” ืคื•ื˜ื ืฆื™ืืœื™ืช ืœื‘ื ื™ื™ื ื™ื. ืžืฆื“ ืฉื ื™, ืœืžื–ื™ืงื™ื ืงืฉื™ื ื™ื•ืชืจ ื•ื‘ืขืœื™ ืคื•ื˜ื ืฆื™ืืœ ื”ืจืก ื›ืžื• ื˜ืจืžื™ื˜ื™ื, ืœืจื•ื‘ ืžื•ืžืœืฅ ืœื”ืชืงืฉืจ ืœืื ืฉื™ ืžืงืฆื•ืข ืœื”ื“ื‘ืจื” ืžื•ื—ืœื˜ืช ื•ืžื•ื—ืœื˜ืช.

ื‘ืงื™ืฆื•ืจ, ืฉืžื™ืจื” ืขืœ ืขืจื ื•ืช ื•ื”ื™ืขื ื•ืช ืœืกื™ืžื ื™ื ืฉืœ ื ื•ื›ื—ื•ืช ืžื›ืจืกืžื™ื ื—ื™ื•ื ื™ืช ื›ื“ื™ ืœืฉืžืจ ืืช ื‘ื™ืช ื”ื’ื™ื“ื•ืœ ืฉืœืš. ื—ื™ืคื•ืฉ ืื—ืจ ืคืชืจื•ื ื•ืช ืžืชืื™ืžื™ื ื•ื‘ืจื™ ืงื™ื™ืžื ืœื ืจืง ืžื‘ื˜ื™ื— ืืช ืกื™ืœื•ืง ื”ืžื–ื™ืงื™ื ื”ื ื•ื›ื—ื™ื™ื ืืœื ื’ื ืžืคื—ื™ืช ืืช ื”ืกื™ื›ื•ืŸ ืœื”ื“ื‘ืงื•ืช ืขืชื™ื“ื™ื•ืช.

ื”ื‘ื ืช ื”ืจื’ืœื™ื ืฉืœ ืžืขื•ื ื•ืช ื•ื—ื•ืœื“ื•ืช

ื’ืœื” ืฉื™ื˜ื•ืช ื™ืขื™ืœื•ืช ืœืžื ื™ืขืช ืžืขื™ืŸ ืื• ื—ื•ืœื“ื” ืœื”ืจื•ืก ืืช ื”ื’ื™ื ื” ืฉืœืš ืขื ื”ืขืฆื•ืช ื”ืžืขืฉื™ื•ืช ื•ื”ื˜ื‘ืขื™ื•ืช ืฉืœื ื•.

ื“ื•ืจืžื•ืกื™ื ื•ื—ื•ืœื“ื•ืช ื”ื ืœืจื•ื‘ ื—ื™ื•ืช ืœื ืจืฆื•ื™ื•ืช ื‘ื‘ืชื™ื ืฉืœื ื•, ื•ื”ืชื ื”ื’ื•ืชื ื™ื›ื•ืœื” ืœื—ืฉื•ืฃ ื”ืจื‘ื” ืขืœ ืื•ืจื— ื—ื™ื™ื”ื ื•ื›ื•ื•ื ื•ืชื™ื”ื. ื”ื‘ื ืช ื”ืชื ื”ื’ื•ื™ื•ืช ืืœื• ื—ื™ื•ื ื™ืช ืœืคื™ืชื•ื— ืืกื˜ืจื˜ื’ื™ื•ืช ื™ืขื™ืœื•ืช ืœืžืื‘ืง ื‘ืžื–ื™ืงื™ื ืืœื•. ื—ืฉื•ื‘ ืœื”ืฉืชืžืฉ ื‘ืคืชืจื•ื ื•ืช ืžืชืื™ืžื™ื ืœื”ื‘ื˜ื—ืช ื”ื“ื‘ืจื” ื™ื“ื™ื“ื•ืชื™ืช ืœืกื‘ื™ื‘ื” ื•ื‘ื˜ื•ื—ื” ืขื‘ื•ืจ ื“ื™ื™ืจื™ ื”ื‘ื™ืช.

ื”ืชื ื”ื’ื•ืช ื•ื‘ื™ืช ื’ื™ื“ื•ืœ ืฉืœ ืžืขื•ื ื•ืช

ื“ื•ืจืžื•ืกื™ื, ื™ื•ื ืงื™ื ืœื™ืœื™ื™ื ืงื˜ื ื™ื, ืžืื•ืคื™ื™ื ื™ื ื‘ ืžื—ื–ื•ืจื™ ืขืกืงื™ื ืขื•ื ืชื™ื™ื. ื‘ืชืงื•ืคืช ื”ื—ื•ืจืฃ ื”ื ื ืžืฆืื™ื ื‘ืชืจื“ืžืช ื—ื•ืจืฃ ื•ืœื›ืŸ ืื™ื ื ืคืขื™ืœื™ื, ืžื” ืฉืขืœื•ืœ ืœื’ืจื•ื ืœืขื™ืชื™ื ืœืฉื›ื•ื—ื. ืื•ืœื ื‘ืจื’ืข ืฉื—ื•ื–ืจื•ืช ื”ื˜ืžืคืจื˜ื•ืจื•ืช ื”ื—ืžื•ืช ื™ื•ืชืจ ื”ืŸ ืžืชืขื•ืจืจื•ืช ื•ืขืœื•ืœื•ืช ืœื’ืจื•ื ืœืื™ ื ื•ื—ื•ืช ื‘ืขืœื™ื•ืช ื”ื’ื’ ื‘ื”ืŸ ื”ื ืื•ื”ื‘ื™ื ืœื”ืชืžืงื ืขืœ ืื™ื›ื•ืช ื”ื‘ื™ื“ื•ื“ ื•ื”ืฉืงื˜ ืฉืœ ื—ืœืœื™ื ืืœื•.
ื›ืฉื”ื ืคืขื™ืœื™ื, ืžืขื•ื ื•ืช ืžื—ืคืฉื™ื ื›ืœ ื”ื–ืžืŸ ืžื–ื•ืŸ. ื”ื ืื•ื›ืœื™ ื›ืœ ื•ื™ื›ื•ืœื™ื ืœืชืงื•ืฃ ืคื™ืจื•ืช, ื–ืจืขื™ื, ืืš ื’ื ื—ืกืจื™ ื—ื•ืœื™ื•ืช ืงื˜ื ื™ื. ื‘ืชื•ืš ื”ื‘ื™ืช ื”ื ื ืžืฉื›ื™ื ืœืฉืืจื™ื•ืช ืžื–ื•ืŸ ื•ืขืœื•ืœื™ื ืœื’ืจื•ื ืœื ื–ืง ืœืจื›ื•ืฉ ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ื›ืจืกื•ื ื›ื‘ืœื™ื ื•ื‘ื™ื“ื•ื“.

ื“ืคื•ืกื™ ื”ืชื ื”ื’ื•ืช ืฉืœ ื—ื•ืœื“ื•ืช

ื—ื•ืœื“ื•ืช, ื‘ืžื™ื•ื—ื“ ืžื™ื ื™ื ื›ืžื• ื—ื•ืœื“ื” ื—ื•ืžื” ืื• ื—ื•ืœื“ื” ืฉื—ื•ืจื”, ื”ืŸ ืžื›ืจืกืžื™ื ืื•ืคื•ืจื˜ื•ื ื™ืกื˜ื™ื. ื”ื ื ื›ื ืกื™ื ืœื‘ืชื™ื ื‘ื—ื™ืคื•ืฉ ืื—ืจ ืžื–ื•ืŸ, ืžื™ื ื•ื—ื•ื, ื‘ืžื™ื•ื—ื“ ื‘ื—ื•ื“ืฉื™ื ื”ืงืจื™ื ื™ื•ืชืจ. ื”ื ื™ื“ื•ืขื™ื ื‘ืื™ื ื˜ืœื™ื’ื ืฆื™ื” ื•ื‘ื™ื›ื•ืœืช ื”ืกืชื’ืœื•ืช ืฉืœื”ื ื”ืžืืคืฉืจืช ืœื”ื ืœื”ืชื’ื‘ืจ ืขืœ ืžื›ืฉื•ืœื™ื ืจื‘ื™ื ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ืฉื™ื’ ืืช ืžื˜ืจืชื.
ื”ืชื ื”ื’ื•ืช ืื•ืคื™ื™ื ื™ืช ืฉืœ ื—ื•ืœื“ื•ืช ื”ื™ื ื›ืจืกื•ื, ืฉื›ืŸ ืฉื™ื ื™ื”ืŸ ืžืžืฉื™ื›ื•ืช ืœืฆืžื•ื— ืœืื•ืจืš ื›ืœ ื—ื™ื™ื”ืŸ. ืœื›ืŸ ื”ื ืฆืจื™ื›ื™ื ืœื›ืจืกื ืœืœื ื”ืจืฃ ื›ื“ื™ ืœืฉื—ื•ืง ืื•ืชื. ื”ืชื ื”ื’ื•ืช ื–ื• ืขืœื•ืœื” ืœื’ืจื•ื ืœื ื–ืง ื—ืžื•ืจ ืœื‘ื™ืช, ืœื”ืฉืคื™ืข ืขืœ ืžื‘ื ื™ื, ื—ื•ื˜ื™ ื—ืฉืžืœ ื•ืฆื™ื ื•ืจื•ืช.

ืกื™ืžื ื™ ื ื•ื›ื—ื•ืช ื•ืืžืฆืขื™ ืžื ื™ืขื”

ื’ื™ืœื•ื™ ืžื•ืงื“ื ืฉืœ ืกื™ืžื ื™ื ืœื”ื™ืžืฆืื•ืช ืžื–ื™ืงื™ื ืืœื• ื”ื•ื ื—ื™ื•ื ื™. ื” ืขืงื‘ื•ืช ืฉืœ ื’ืœืœื™ื, ื” ืจืขืฉื™ ื’ื™ืจื•ื“ ื•ื” ื ึตื–ึถืง ื›ื•ืœื ืจืžื–ื™ื ืฉืฆืจื™ื›ื™ื ืœื”ื–ื”ื™ืจ ืืช ื”ื‘ืขืœื™ื. ืขื‘ื•ืจ ืžืขื•ื ื•ืช, ืกื™ืžื ื™ ืงื™ื ื•ืŸ ื›ื’ื•ืŸ ื—ื•ืžืจื™ ื‘ื™ื“ื•ื“ ืขืงื•ืจื™ื ืื• ืคื™ืจื•ืช ื ื’ื•ืกื™ื ื”ื ืœืขืชื™ื ืงืจื•ื‘ื•ืช ืžืขื™ื“ื™ื.
ื›ื“ื™ ืœืžื ื•ืข ืืช ื”ืคืœื™ืฉื” ืฉืœ ื‘ืขืœื™ ื—ื™ื™ื ืืœื”, ื–ื” ื—ื™ื•ื ื™ ืœ ื’ื™ืฉื” ื‘ื˜ื•ื—ื” ืœืžื–ื•ืŸ, ืฉืœ ืœืื—ืกืŸ ืžื–ื•ืŸ ื‘ืฆื•ืจื” ื ื›ื•ื ื”, ืฉืœ ื—ืกื ืืช ื›ืœ ื”ื’ื™ืฉื” ื”ืคื•ื˜ื ืฆื™ืืœื™ืช ื‘ืชื•ืš ื”ื‘ื™ืช ื• ืœื”ื’ื‘ื™ืœ ืื–ื•ืจื™ ืงื™ื ื•ืŸ ืืคืฉืจื™ื™ื.

ื’ื™ืฉื•ืช ื ื™ื”ื•ืœ ื•ืžื™ื’ื•ืจ

ื‘ืžืงืจื” ืฉืœ ื ื•ื›ื—ื•ืช ืžื•ื›ื—ืช ืฉืœ ืžืขื•ื ื•ืช ืื• ื—ื•ืœื“ื•ืช, ื™ืฉ ืœื ืงื•ื˜ ื‘ืฆืขื“ื™ื ืžื”ื™ืจื™ื ืขืœ ืžื ืช ืœื”ื’ื‘ื™ืœ ืืช ื”ื”ืชืคืฉื˜ื•ืช ื•ืœื”ืคื—ื™ืช ืืช ื”ืกื™ื›ื•ื ื™ื ื”ื‘ืจื™ืื•ืชื™ื™ื ื•ื”ื—ื•ืžืจื™ื™ื. ื”ืฉื™ื˜ื•ืช ืขืฉื•ื™ื•ืช ืœื”ืฉืชื ื•ืช ื‘ื”ืชืื ืœื”ื™ืงืฃ ื”ื”ื“ื‘ืงื” ืืš ื›ื•ืœืœื•ืช ื‘ื“ืจืš ื›ืœืœ ืžืœื›ื•ื“ื•ืช, ืฉืœ ื” ื“ื•ื—ื™ื ื• ืžื•ืฆืจื™ ืงื•ื˜ืœ ืขื›ื‘ืจื™ื ืื• ืงื•ื˜ืœ ืžื›ืจืกืžื™ื. ื—ืฉื•ื‘ ืœื”ืฉืชืžืฉ ื‘ืžื•ืฆืจื™ื ืžืื•ืฉืจื™ื ื•ืœืขืงื•ื‘ ื‘ืงืคื™ื“ื” ืื—ืจ ื”ื”ื•ืจืื•ืช ื›ื“ื™ ืœืžื ื•ืข ื›ืœ ืกื™ื›ื•ื ื™ื ื‘ืจื™ืื•ืชื™ื™ื.

ื”ื“ื‘ืจืช ืžื–ื™ืงื™ื ื›ืžื• ืžืขื•ื ื•ืช ื•ื—ื•ืœื“ื•ืช ื“ื•ืจืฉืช ื”ื‘ื ื” ืžืขืžื™ืงื” ืฉืœ ื”ืชื ื”ื’ื•ืชื ื•ืืžืฆืขื™ ืžื ื™ืขื” ื™ืขื™ืœื™ื. ื‘ืžืงืจื” ืฉืœ ื ื’ื™ืขื•ืช ื™ืฉ ืฆื•ืจืš ื‘ื”ืชืขืจื‘ื•ืช ืžื”ื™ืจื” ื•ืฉื™ื˜ืชื™ืช ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ื’ื‘ื™ืœ ืืช ืื™ ื”ื ื•ื—ื•ืช ื•ืœืฉืžื•ืจ ืขืœ ื‘ื˜ื™ื—ื•ืช ื”ื“ื™ื™ืจื™ื ื•ืžื‘ื ื” ื”ืžื‘ื ื”. ื”ืงืคื™ื“ื• ืชืžื™ื“ ืœื”ืฉืชืžืฉ ื‘ืžื•ืฆืจื™ื ืžืชืื™ืžื™ื ื•ื‘ื˜ื•ื—ื™ื.