ืื™ืš ืœื”ืจื—ื™ืง ื—ืชื•ืœื™ื ืžื”ื’ื™ื ื” ืขื ื—ื•ืžืจ ื“ื•ื—ื” ื™ืขื™ืœ?

ืžื—ืคืฉื™ื ืคืชืจื•ืŸ ื™ืขื™ืœ ืœื”ืจื—ืงืช ื—ืชื•ืœื™ื ืžื”ื’ื™ื ื” ืžื‘ืœื™ ืœืคื’ื•ืข ื‘ื”ื? ื‘ื™ืŸ ืื ืืชื” ื’ื ืŸ ื ืœื”ื‘ ืื• ืคืฉื•ื˜ ื‘ืขืœ ื‘ื™ืช ื”ืžืขื•ื ื™ื™ืŸ ืœืฉืžื•ืจ ืขืœ ื”ื”ืจืžื•ื ื™ื” ืฉืœ ื”ืžืจื—ื‘ ื”ื—ื™ืฆื•ื ื™ ืฉืœืš, ื”ื ื•ื›ื—ื•ืช ื”ืœื ืจืฆื•ื™ื” ืฉืœ ื—ืชื•ืœื™ื ื™ื›ื•ืœื” ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ื›ืื‘ ืจืืฉ ืืžื™ืชื™. ืœืžืจื‘ื” ื”ืžื–ืœ, ื™ืฉื ื ื“ื•ื—ื™ื ืžืชืื™ืžื™ื ืฉื ื•ืขื“ื• ืœื”ืจืชื™ืข ื‘ืขื“ื™ื ื•ืช ืืช ื”ื—ืชื•ืœื™ื ื”ืกืงืจื ื™ื ื”ืœืœื•. ื‘ืžืืžืจ ื–ื”, ืื ื• ื‘ื•ื—ื ื™ื ืืช ื”ืืคืฉืจื•ื™ื•ืช ื”ืฉื•ื ื•ืช ืœื”ืจื—ืงืช ื—ืชื•ืœื™ื ื”ืงื™ื™ืžื•ืช ื‘ืฉื•ืง, ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ื‘ื˜ื™ื— ืฉื”ื’ื™ื ื” ืฉืœื›ื ืชื™ืฉืืจ ืžืงื•ื ืฉืœ ืฉืœื•ื•ื” ืขื‘ื•ืจื›ื ื•ื’ื ืขื‘ื•ืจ ื—ื™ื•ืช ื”ื‘ืจ ืฉืžืกื‘ื™ื‘.

ืœืžื” ื—ืชื•ืœื™ื ืื•ื”ื‘ื™ื ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ื‘ื’ื ื™ื?

ื’ืœื” ื›ื™ืฆื“ ืœื”ืจื—ื™ืง ื—ืชื•ืœื™ื ืžื”ื’ื™ื ื” ืฉืœืš ืขื ื—ื•ืžืจ ื“ื•ื—ื” ื™ืขื™ืœ. ืคืชืจื•ื ื•ืช ื˜ื‘ืขื™ื™ื ื•ื˜ื™ืคื™ื ืžืขืฉื™ื™ื ืœื”ื’ื ื” ืขืœ ื”ืžืจื—ื‘ ื”ื—ื™ืฆื•ื ื™ ืฉืœืš.

ืชืขืœื•ืžืช ื”ืžืฉื™ื›ื” ืฉืœ ื”ื—ืชื•ืœื™ื ืœื’ื ื™ื

ื”ื’ื ื™ื ืžื™ื™ืฆื’ื™ื ืืช ื ืžืจื—ื‘ ืฉืœ ื—ื•ืคืฉ ื•ืฉืœ ืชื’ืœื™ื•ืช ื—ื•ืฉื™ื•ืช ืœื—ืชื•ืœื™ื, ืฉื”ื ืžื˜ื‘ืขื ื—ื™ื•ืช ืกืงืจื ื™ื•ืช ื•ื”ืจืคืชืงื ื™ื•ืช. ืžื’ื•ื•ืŸ ื”ืจื™ื—ื•ืช, ื ื•ื›ื—ื•ืชื ืฉืœ ื—ืจืงื™ื ืงื˜ื ื™ื ื•ื”ืืคืฉืจื•ืช ืœื”ืชื—ืžื ื‘ืฉืžืฉ ื”ื•ืคื›ื™ื ืืช ื”ื’ื™ื ื” ืœืžืงื•ื ืื˜ืจืงื˜ื™ื‘ื™ ื‘ืžื™ื•ื—ื“ ืขื‘ื•ืจ ื—ืชื•ืœื™ื ืืœื•. ื‘ื ื•ืกืฃ, ืื™ื ืกื˜ื™ื ืงื˜ ื”ืฆื™ื“ ืฉืœ ื—ืชื•ืœื™ื ืžื’ื•ืจื” ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ืชื ื•ืขืช ื”ืขืœื™ื ื•ื”ืืคืฉืจื•ืช ืœื”ืชื—ืงื•ืช ืื—ืจ ื˜ืจืฃ ืคื•ื˜ื ืฆื™ืืœื™, ืžื” ืฉื”ื•ืคืš ืืช ื”ื’ืŸ ืœื“ื•ืžื” ืœืžื’ืจืฉ ืžืฉื—ืงื™ื ืืžื™ืชื™ ืขื‘ื•ืจื.

ื”ืกืงืจ ืขืœ ื—ื•ืžืจื™ื ื“ื•ื—ื™ื: ื”ื’ื ื” ืขืœ ื”ื’ื™ื ื” ืฉืœืš ืžื‘ื™ืงื•ืจื™ ื—ืชื•ืœื™ื

ื”ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ ืฉืœ ื“ื•ื—ื™ื ืžืฆื™ื’ ืืช ืขืฆืžื• ื›ืคืชืจื•ืŸ ืœื‘ืขืœื™ื ื”ืžืขื•ื ื™ื™ื ื™ื ืœื”ื’ืŸ ืขืœ ื”ื’ื™ื ื” ืฉืœื”ื ืžื‘ื™ืงื•ืจื™ื ืงื‘ื•ืขื™ื ืฉืœ ื—ืชื•ืœื™ ืฉื›ื•ื ื”. ืžื•ืฆืจื™ื ื“ื•ื—ื™ื ืžื˜ืจืชื ืœื™ืฆื•ืจ ื ืžื—ืกื•ื ื—ื•ืฉ ืจื™ื— ืื• ื—ื•ืฉื™ื ืžื” ืฉืžื•ื ืข ืžื—ืชื•ืœื™ื ืœื”ื™ื›ื ืก ืœื’ืŸ ืžื‘ืœื™ ืœืคื’ื•ืข ื‘ื”ื. ื“ื•ื—ื™ื ืืœื• ื™ื›ื•ืœื™ื ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ื›ื™ืžื™ื™ื ืื• ื˜ื‘ืขื™ื™ื ื•ื™ืฉ ืœื‘ื—ื•ืจ ืื•ืชื ื‘ืงืคื™ื“ื” ื‘ืฉืœ ื™ืขื™ืœื•ืชื ื• ื‘ื˜ื™ื—ื•ืช ืœืกื‘ื™ื‘ื”.

ื‘ื—ื™ืจืช ื”ื—ื•ืžืจื™ื ื”ื“ื•ื—ื™ื: ื™ืขื™ืœื•ืช ื•ื‘ื˜ื™ื—ื•ืช

  • ื“ื•ื—ื™ื ื›ื™ืžื™ื™ื: ืžื•ืฆืจื™ื ืืœื” ื”ื ืœืจื•ื‘ ื—ื–ืงื™ื ืืš ืขืœื•ืœื™ื ืœื”ื•ื•ืช ืกื™ื›ื•ื ื™ื ืœื‘ืขืœื™ ื”ื—ื™ื™ื ื•ื”ืฆื•ืžื— ืฉืžืกื‘ื™ื‘. ื™ืฉ ืœื”ืฉืชืžืฉ ื‘ื”ื ื‘ื–ื”ื™ืจื•ืช ืชื•ืš ื›ื™ื‘ื•ื“ ื”ืžื™ื ื•ื ื™ื ื”ืžื•ืžืœืฆื™ื.
  • ื“ื•ื—ื™ื ื˜ื‘ืขื™ื™ื: ืจื‘ื™ื ื‘ื•ื—ืจื™ื ื‘ืคืชืจื•ื ื•ืช ืืงื•ืœื•ื’ื™ื™ื ื™ื•ืชืจ ื›ืžื• ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ ื‘ืฆืžื—ื™ื ื“ื•ื—ื™ื (ื›ื’ื•ืŸ rue officinale ืื• coleus canina), ืชืจืกื™ืกื™ื ืขืœ ื‘ืกื™ืก ืขืฉื‘ ืœื™ืžื•ืŸ ืื• ื—ื•ืžืฅ, ื”ืžืฆื™ืขื™ื ืืœื˜ืจื ื˜ื™ื‘ื” ืฉืžื›ื‘ื“ืช ื™ื•ืชืจ ืืช ื”ืžืขืจื›ืช ื”ืืงื•ืœื•ื’ื™ืช ืฉืœ ื”ื’ื™ื ื•ืŸ.
  • ืžื›ืฉื™ืจื™ื ืื•ืœื˜ืจืืกื•ื ื™ื™ื: ืžื›ืฉื™ืจื™ ืื•ืœื˜ืจืกืื•ื ื“ ื”ื ืฉื™ื˜ื” ืžื•ื“ืจื ื™ืช, ืœื ื—ื•ื“ืจื ื™ืช. ื”ื ืคื•ืœื˜ื™ื ืชื“ืจื™ ืงื•ืœ ืฉืื™ื ื ื ืขื™ืžื™ื ืœื—ืชื•ืœื™ื ืžื‘ืœื™ ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืžื•ืจื’ืฉื™ื ืœื‘ื ื™ ืื“ื.

ื™ื™ืฉื•ื ื•ื ื™ื˜ื•ืจ: ืžืงืกื•ื ืืช ื”ื™ืขื™ืœื•ืช ืฉืœ ื—ื•ืžืจื™ื ื“ื•ื—ื™ื

ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ื‘ื˜ื™ื— ืืช ื”ืชื•ืฆืื•ืช ื”ื˜ื•ื‘ื•ืช ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ, ื—ื™ื•ื ื™ ืœืขืงื•ื‘ ืื—ืจ ื”ืžืœืฆื•ืช ื”ื™ืฆืจืŸ ื‘ืขืช โ€‹โ€‹ืžืจื™ื—ืช ื—ื•ืžืจื™ื ื“ื•ื—ื™ื ื•ืœื‘ืฆืข ืžืจื™ื—ื” ืงื‘ื•ืขื” ื›ื“ื™ ืœืฉืžื•ืจ ืขืœ ื™ืขื™ืœื•ืชื. ื›ืžื• ื›ืŸ, ืจืฆื•ื™ ืœืขืงื•ื‘ ืื—ืจ ื”ื”ืฉืคืขื” ืฉืœ ื“ื•ื—ื™ื ืืœื• ืขืœ ื—ืชื•ืœื™ื ื•ืกื‘ื™ื‘ืช ื”ื’ื™ื ื” ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ื‘ื˜ื™ื— ืืช ื™ืขื™ืœื•ืชื ืžื‘ืœื™ ืœื’ืจื•ื ื ื–ืง.

ืฉื™ืงื•ืœื™ื ืื—ืจื•ื ื™ื: ื“ื• ืงื™ื•ื ื”ืจืžื•ื ื™

ื™ื™ืฉื•ื ื—ื•ืžืจื™ื ื“ื•ื—ื™ื ื—ื™ื™ื‘ ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืžืœื•ื•ื” ื‘ื”ืฉืชืงืคื•ืช ืขืœ ื“ื•-ืงื™ื•ื ื”ืจืžื•ื ื™ ืขื ื”ืžืขืจื›ืช ื”ืืงื•ืœื•ื’ื™ืช ืฉืœื ื•. ื—ื™ื•ื ื™ ืœื‘ื—ื•ืจ ื‘ืคืชืจื•ื ื•ืช ืžืื•ื–ื ื™ื ื”ืฉื•ืžืจื™ื ืขืœ ื”ืื™ื–ื•ืŸ ื”ื˜ื‘ืขื™ ืชื•ืš ื”ื’ื ื” ืขืœ ื”ืžื˜ืขื™ื ืฉืœืš. ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ื‘ื—ื™ืจื” ื ื‘ื•ื ื” ื‘ื—ื•ืžืจื™ื ื“ื•ื—ื™ื ื•ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ ืื—ืจืื™ ื‘ื”ื, ื ื™ืชืŸ ืœื”ืคื—ื™ืช ืืช ืžืฉื™ื›ืช ื”ื—ืชื•ืœื™ื ืœื’ื ื™ื ืชื•ืš ืฉืžื™ืจื” ืขืœ ื™ื—ืกื™ ื›ื‘ื•ื“ ืขื ื‘ืขืœื™ ื—ื™ื™ื ืืœื• ื•ืขื ื”ื˜ื‘ืข.

ื”ื—ืกืจื•ื ื•ืช ืฉืœ ืœื”ื—ื–ื™ืง ื—ืชื•ืœื™ื ื‘ื’ื™ื ื”

ื’ืœื” ื›ื™ืฆื“ ืœื”ืจื—ื™ืง ื—ืชื•ืœื™ื ื‘ื™ืขื™ืœื•ืช ืžื”ื’ื™ื ื” ืฉืœืš ืขื ื—ื•ืžืจ ื“ื•ื—ื” ื™ืขื™ืœ. ื”ืขืฆื•ืช ื”ืžืขืฉื™ื•ืช ืฉืœื ื• ื™ืขื–ืจื• ืœืš ืœื”ื’ืŸ ืขืœ ื”ืžืจื—ื‘ ื”ื—ื™ืฆื•ื ื™ ืฉืœืš ืชื•ืš ื›ื‘ื•ื“ ืœื‘ืขืœื™ ื—ื™ื™ื ืืœื”.

ื ื•ื›ื—ื•ืชื ืฉืœ ื—ืชื•ืœื™ื ื‘ื’ื™ื ื” ืขืœื•ืœื” ืœืฉื‘ืฉ ืืช ื”ืื™ื–ื•ืŸ ื”ืขื“ื™ืŸ ืฉืœ ื”ืžืจื—ื‘ ื”ื™ืจื•ืง ื”ื–ื”. ืขื‘ื•ืจ ื—ืœืงื ื‘ื™ืงื•ืจื ืžื”ื•ื•ื” ืกื™ืžืŸ ืœื—ื™ื™ื ื•ืœื˜ื‘ืข, ื‘ืขื•ื“ ืขื‘ื•ืจ ืื—ืจื™ื ืื™ ื”ื ื•ื—ื•ืช ื”ื ื’ืจืžืช ืžื—ื™ื™ื‘ืช ื ืงื™ื˜ืช ืืžืฆืขื™ ืžื ื™ืขื”.

ืคื’ื™ืขื” ื‘ืฆืžื—ื™ื™ื” ื•ืกื™ื›ื•ืŸ ืœื—ื™ื•ืช ืžืงื•ืžื™ืช

ื—ืชื•ืœื™ื ื”ื ื˜ื•ืจืคื™ื ื˜ื‘ืขื™ื™ื ื•ืื™ื ืกื˜ื™ื ืงื˜ ื”ืฆื™ื“ ืฉืœื”ื ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœืคื’ื•ืข ื‘ืžืขืจื›ืช ื”ืืงื•ืœื•ื’ื™ืช ืฉืœ ื”ื’ืŸ. ืชื™ื ื•ืงื•ืช ื•ื™ื•ื ืงื™ื ืงื˜ื ื™ื, ื›ืžื• ื’ื•ืจื™ ืขื›ื‘ืจื™ื, ื”ื ื˜ืจืฃ ื ืคื•ืฅ ื”ืกื•ื‘ืœื™ื ืžื˜ืจื™ืคื” ื–ื•. ื‘ื ื•ืกืฃ, ื—ืชื•ืœื™ื ื ื•ื˜ื™ื ืœืฉืจื•ื˜ ื•ืœื—ืคื•ืจ ืฆืžื—ื™ื, ื•ืœื’ืจื•ื ื ื–ืง ื ื™ื›ืจ ืœืขืจื•ื’ื•ืช ื”ืคืจื—ื™ื ืื• ืœื’ื™ื ืช ื”ื™ืจืง ืฉืœืš.

ื”ื™ื’ื™ื™ื ื” ื•ื‘ืจื™ืื•ืช ื”ืฆื™ื‘ื•ืจ ืžื“ื•ื‘ืจ

ืฆื•ืืช ื—ืชื•ืœื™ื ืžื”ื•ื•ื” ื‘ืขื™ื™ืช ื”ื™ื’ื™ื™ื ื” ื’ื“ื•ืœื”. ืœื ืจืง ืฉื”ื ืคื•ืœื˜ื™ื ืจื™ื—ื•ืช ืœื ื ืขื™ืžื™ื, ืืœื ืฉื”ื ื’ื ื™ื›ื•ืœื™ื ืœืฉืืช ืžื—ืœื•ืช ืฉืขืœื•ืœื•ืช ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืžื•ืขื‘ืจื•ืช ืœื‘ื ื™ ืื“ื ืื• ืœื‘ืขืœื™ ื—ื™ื™ื ืื—ืจื™ื. ื–ื• ื”ืกื™ื‘ื” ืฉื—ืฉื•ื‘ ืœืžื ื•ืข ืืช ื ื•ื›ื—ื•ืชื ื‘ืืžืฆืขื•ืช ื“ื•ื—ื™ื ื™ึธืขึดื™ืœ.

ื ื•ื—ื•ืช ื•ืจื•ื•ื—ื” ืžื•ืคืจืขื•ืช

ืœื ืœืฉื›ื•ื— ืืช ืื™ ื”ื ื•ื—ื•ืช ืฉื ื•ืฆืจืช ืžื”ืกื™ืžื ื™ื ื”ื˜ืจื™ื˜ื•ืจื™ืืœื™ื™ื ืฉืœ ื—ืชื•ืœื™ื ื“ืจืš ื”ืฉืชืŸ ืฉืœื”ื, ืฉืขืœื•ืœื” ืœื”ืคื•ืš ื‘ืžื”ื™ืจื•ืช ืœืžืงื•ืจ ืœืžื˜ืจื“ ืขื‘ื•ืจ ื”ืชื•ืฉื‘ื™ื. ื‘ื ื•ืกืฃ, ืื ืฉื™ื ืื• ื™ืœื“ื™ื ืžืกื•ื™ืžื™ื ืขืฉื•ื™ื™ื ืœืกื‘ื•ืœ ืžืืœืจื’ื™ื•ืช ืื• ืคื•ื‘ื™ื•ืช ื”ืงืฉื•ืจื•ืช ืœื ื•ื›ื—ื•ืชื ืฉืœ ื‘ืขืœื™ ื—ื™ื™ื ืืœื•.

ื“ื•ื—ื™ ื—ืชื•ืœื™ื ื˜ื‘ืขื™ื™ื: ืคืชืจื•ืŸ ืืชื™ ื•ื™ืขื™ืœ

ืœื‘ื—ื•ืจ ื“ื•ื—ื™ื ื˜ื‘ืขื™ื™ื ืœื”ืจืชื™ืข ื—ืชื•ืœื™ื ืžืœืคืœื•ืฉ ืœืžืจื—ื‘ ื”ื™ืจื•ืง ืฉืœืš ื”ื™ื ื’ื™ืฉื” ืื—ืจืื™ืช. ื™ืฉื ื ืคืชืจื•ื ื•ืช ื˜ื‘ืขื™ื™ื ืจื‘ื™ื, ื›ืžื• ื”ืชืงื ืช ืฆืžื—ื™ื ื“ื•ื—ื™ื ื”ื™ื“ื•ืขื™ื ื‘ื™ืขื™ืœื•ืชื ื‘ื”ืจื—ืงืช ืœื ืจืง ื—ืชื•ืœื™ื, ืืœื ื’ื ื—ื•ืœื“ื•ืช ื•ืžื–ื™ืงื™ื ืื—ืจื™ื. ืชืžื™ื“ ืžื ืงื•ื“ืช ืžื‘ื˜ ืžื•ื ืขืช, ื”ื™ืžื ืข ืžืฉื’ื™ืื•ืช ื ืคื•ืฆื•ืช ืžืกื•ื™ืžื•ืช ืขื ืฉื˜ื—ื™ ืงืคื” ื™ื›ื•ืœ ื’ื ืœืขื–ื•ืจ ืœื”ืจื—ื™ืง ื—ืชื•ืœื™ื ืžื‘ืœื™ ืœืคื’ื•ืข ื‘ื’ื™ื ื” ืฉืœืš.

ื›ืืฉืจ ื‘ืขืœื™ ื—ื™ื™ื ื”ื•ืคื›ื™ื ืœืžื–ื™ืงื™ื: ื ืงื•ื˜ ืคืขื•ืœื” ืžืชืื™ืžื”

ื›ืืฉืจ ื”ืฉื›ื•ื ื” ืžื”ื•ื•ื” ืžืงื•ืจ ืœืžื‘ืงืจื™ื ื—ืชื•ืœื™ื ืืœื•, ืœืขื™ืชื™ื ื™ืฉ ืฆื•ืจืš ืœื”ืชื™ื™ื—ืก ืœื ื•ืฉื ื™ืฉื™ืจื•ืช ืžื•ืœ ื”ื‘ืขืœื™ื ื”ื ื•ื’ืขื™ื ื‘ื“ื‘ืจ, ืชื•ืš ืื™ืžื•ืฅ ืฉื™ื˜ื•ืช ืœื”ืจืชืขืช ื—ืชื•ืœื™ื ืžืœืขื‘ื•ืจ ืืช ื’ื‘ื•ืœื•ืช ื”ืจื›ื•ืฉ ืฉืœื›ื. ื–ื” ืขืฉื•ื™ ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ื›ืจื•ืš ื‘ื”ืงืžื” ืฉืœ ืžื‘ื ื™ื ืคื™ื–ื™ื™ื ืื• ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ ื‘ืžื•ืฆืจื™ ื”ื“ื‘ืจื” ืžืชืื™ืžื™ื ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ื’ืŸ ืขืœ ื”ื’ื™ื ื” ืฉืœืš ืžื‘ืœื™ ืœื”ืฉืคื™ืข ืœืจืขื” ืขืœ ืจื•ื•ื—ืช ื”ื—ืชื•ืœื™ื.
ื”ื‘ื ืช ื”ื”ืจื’ืœื™ื ืฉืœ ื‘ืขืœื™ ื—ื™ื™ื ืืœื”, ื›ืžื• ื ื˜ื™ื™ืชื ืœื™ืฉื•ืŸ ืœืจื’ืœื™ ื‘ืขืœื™ื”ื, ืขื•ื–ืจืช ื’ื ืœื–ื”ื•ืช ืžื“ื•ืข ื”ื ืขืฉื•ื™ื™ื ืœื”ื™ืžืฉืš ืœืื–ื•ืจื™ ืœื™ื ื” ืžืกื•ื™ืžื™ื ื‘ื—ืฆืจ ืฉืœืš ื•ืœื ืงื•ื˜ ืฆืขื“ื™ื ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ืจื—ื™ืง ืื•ืชื.

ืชื•ืš ื›ื™ื‘ื•ื“ ื—ื™ื™ ื‘ืขืœื™ ื—ื™ื™ื, ืžื•ืฆื“ืง ืœื”ืฉืชืžืฉ ื‘ื• ื“ื•ื—ื™ ื—ืชื•ืœื™ื ืขืœ ืžื ืช ืœืฉืžื•ืจ ืขืœ ืฉืœืžื•ืช ื”ื’ื™ื ื” ืฉืœื›ื ื•ืœืฉืžื•ืจ ืขืœ ื“ื• ืงื™ื•ื ื”ืจืžื•ื ื™ ืขื ื”ื˜ื‘ืข. ืคืชืจื•ื ื•ืช ืžื›ื‘ื“ื™ื ื–ืžื™ื ื™ื ื•ื™ืฉ ืœื”ืขื“ื™ืฃ ืื•ืชื ืœื ื™ื”ื•ืœ ื‘ืจ ืงื™ื™ืžื ืฉืœ ืื™ื ื˜ืจืืงืฆื™ื•ืช ื‘ื™ืŸ ืื“ื ืœื‘ืขืœ ื—ื™ื™ื.

ื”ืขืงืจื•ื ื•ืช ืฉืœ ื“ื•ื—ื” ื—ืชื•ืœื™ื ื™ืขื™ืœ

ื’ืœื” ื›ื™ืฆื“ ืœื”ืจื—ื™ืง ื—ืชื•ืœื™ื ืžื”ื’ื™ื ื” ืฉืœืš ืขื ื—ื•ืžืจ ื“ื•ื—ื” ื™ืขื™ืœ. ืขืฆื•ืช ื•ื˜ื™ืคื™ื ืœื”ื’ื ื” ืขืœ ื”ืžืจื—ื‘ ื”ื—ื™ืฆื•ื ื™ ืฉืœืš ืžืคื ื™ ื—ื“ื™ืจื•ืช ื—ืชื•ืœื™ื.

ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ืจื—ื™ืง ื—ืชื•ืœื™ื ืžื‘ืœื™ ืœืคื’ื•ืข ื‘ื”ื, ื—ื™ื•ื ื™ ืœื”ื‘ื™ืŸ ืืช ื”ืขืงืจื•ื ื•ืช ืฉืœ ื ื“ื•ื—ื” ื™ืขื™ืœ ืœื—ืชื•ืœื™ื ื”ืงื˜ื ื™ื ื”ืืœื”. ื—ืชื•ืœื™ื, ื‘ืขืœื™ ื—ื•ืฉื™ื ืžืคื•ืชื—ื™ื ื‘ืžื™ื•ื—ื“, ื™ื›ื•ืœื™ื ืœื”ืจื—ื™ืง ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ืจื™ื—ื•ืช ืžืกื•ื™ืžื™ื ืฉื”ื ืœื ื ืขื™ืžื™ื ืื• ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ืžื›ืฉื™ืจื™ื ืฉืื™ื ื ืžืชืื™ืžื™ื ืœื”ื.

ื”ื‘ื ืช ื”ืขื“ืคื•ืช ืจื™ื— ื—ืชื•ืœื™ื

ืœื–ื”ื•ืช ืืช ืจื™ื—ื•ืช ืฉื—ืชื•ืœื™ื ืœื ืื•ื”ื‘ื™ื ื”ื•ื ื‘ืกื™ืกื™ ื‘ื‘ื—ื™ืจืช ื—ื•ืžืจ ื“ื•ื—ื”. ื‘ื™ืŸ ื”ืจื™ื—ื•ืช ื”ืœืœื• ื™ืฉ ืคื™ืจื•ืช ื”ื“ืจ, ื—ื•ืžืฅ, ื—ืจื“ืœ ื•ืžื•ืฆืจื™ื ืืจื•ืžื˜ื™ื™ื ืžืกื•ื™ืžื™ื ื›ืžื• ืœื‘ื ื“ืจ ืื• ืืงืœื™ืคื˜ื•ืก. ื ื™ืชืŸ ืœื”ื—ื“ื™ืจ ื—ื•ืžืจ ื“ื•ื—ื” ื™ืขื™ืœ ืขื ืชืžืฆื™ื•ืช ืืœื” ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ื ื™ื ื‘ืขื“ื™ื ื•ืช ื—ืชื•ืœื™ื ืžืœื”ืชืงืจื‘ ืœืื–ื•ืจ ืžื•ื’ืŸ.

ื‘ื—ืจ ืืช ื“ื•ื—ื” ื”ื—ืจืงื™ื ื”ื ื›ื•ืŸ ื›ื“ื™ ืœืฉืžื•ืจ ืขืœ ื‘ืจื™ืื•ืช ื”ื—ืชื•ืœ ืฉืœืš

ื›ืฉื–ื” ืžื’ื™ืข ืœื”ื’ื ื” ืขืœ ื—ื‘ืจื™ื ื• ืืจื‘ืข ื”ืจื’ืœื™ื™ื ืžืคื ื™ ื˜ืคื™ืœื™ื, ื‘ื—ืจื• ื‘ ื“ื•ื—ื” ื”ื—ืจืงื™ื ื”ื˜ื•ื‘ ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืœื—ืชื•ืœื™ื ื‘ืฉื ืช 2024 ื”ื™ื ื ืงื•ื“ื” ืžื›ืจืขืช. ืœื ืžื“ื•ื‘ืจ ืจืง ื‘ื”ืจื—ืงืช ื—ืชื•ืœื™ื ืžืื–ื•ืจื™ื ืžืกื•ื™ืžื™ื, ืืœื ื’ื ื‘ื”ื’ื ื” ืขืœื™ื”ื ืžืคื ื™ ืคืจืขื•ืฉื™ื ื•ืงืจืฆื™ื•ืช ื‘ืืžืฆืขื•ืช ืžื•ืฆืจื™ ื”ื“ื‘ืจื” ืืžื™ื ื™ื ื•ื‘ื˜ื•ื—ื™ื ืขื‘ื•ืจื.

ื”ื’ืŸ ืขืœ ื”ื—ืชื•ืœ ืฉืœืš ืžืคื ื™ ื˜ืคื™ืœื™ื ืขื ืงื•ืœืจื™ื ืœืœื ืกื™ื›ื•ืŸ

ื›ืžื• ื›ืŸ, ื—ืฉื•ื‘ ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืžื•ื“ืขื™ื ืœืžื•ืฆืจื™ื ื”ืžืฉืžืฉื™ื ืœื”ืจื—ืงืช ืžื–ื™ืงื™ื. ืื—ืจื™ ืฉืขืจื•ืจื™ื™ืช ื”ื“ื‘ืจื”, ื ื™ื˜ื•ืจ ื”ื”ืจื›ื‘ ืฉืœ ืฆื•ื•ืืจื•ื ื™ ืคืจืขื•ืฉื™ื ื”ื˜ื•ื‘ื™ื ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืขื‘ื•ืจ ื—ืชื•ืœื™ื ื”ืคืš ื—ื™ื•ื ื™ ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ื‘ื˜ื™ื— ืืช ืฉืœื•ืžื ื•ืจื•ื•ื—ืชื.

ืคืชืจื•ื ื•ืช ื˜ื‘ืขื™ื™ื ื•ื™ื“ื™ื“ื•ืชื™ื™ื ืœื‘ืขืœื™ ื—ื™ื™ื

ื‘ื ื•ืกืฃ ืœื—ื•ืžืจื™ื ื“ื•ื—ื™ื ื”ืงืฉื•ืจื™ื ื™ืฉื™ืจื•ืช ืœื—ื‘ืจื™ื ื”ื—ืชื•ืœื™ื ืฉืœื ื•, ืœืขืชื™ื ืงืจื•ื‘ื•ืช ืžื—ืคืฉื™ื ืฉื™ื˜ื•ืช ืœื”ืจื—ื™ืง ื—ื™ื•ืช ืื—ืจื•ืช ืฉืขืœื•ืœื•ืช ืœืฉื‘ืฉ ืืช ืกื‘ื™ื‘ืชื ืื• ืืช ื–ื• ืฉืœ ื‘ื ื™ ืื“ื. ืื ื‘ืฉื‘ื™ืœ ืœื”ืจื—ื™ืง ืกื ืื™ื ืื• ื›ื“ื™ ืœืžื ื•ืข ืžื—ืชื•ืœ ืœืฉืจื•ื˜ ืขืฆื™ืฆื™ื, ื™ืฉ ืคืชืจื•ื ื•ืช ื˜ื‘ืขื™ื™ื ืฉืžื›ื‘ื“ื™ื ืืช ื”ืžืขืจื›ืช ื”ืืงื•ืœื•ื’ื™ืช ื›ืžื• ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ ื‘ื—ื•ืžืจื™ื ื“ื•ื—ื™ื ืขื ืชืžืฆื™ื•ืช ืฆืžื—ื™ื ืื• ืžื›ืฉื™ืจื™ื ืคื™ื–ื™ื™ื ืฉืื™ื ื ืžื–ื™ืงื™ื.

ื”ืชื ื”ื’ื•ืชื ืฉืœ ื—ืชื•ืœื™ื ื›ืœืคื™ ืกื‘ื™ื‘ืชื

ื”ื‘ื ืช ื”ืชื ื”ื’ื•ืช ื”ื—ืชื•ืœ ืฉืœืš ื”ื™ื ืฆืขื“ ื—ื™ื•ื ื™. ืื ื”ื—ืชื•ืœ ืฉืœืš ืฉื•ืจื˜ ืืช ื”ืขืฆื™ืฆื™ื ืฉืœืš, ื–ื” ืœื ืจืง ืขื ื™ื™ืŸ ืฉืœ ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ ื‘- ื“ื•ึนื—ึถื”, ืืœื ื’ื ืœื”ื‘ื™ืŸ ื•ืœืฉื ื•ืช ื”ืชื ื”ื’ื•ืช ื–ื•, ื›ืคื™ ืฉื”ื•ืกื‘ืจ ื‘ืžืืžืจ ื–ื” ืขืœ ืฉื™ื˜ื•ืช ืขื‘ื•ืจ ืœืžื ื•ืข ืžื—ืชื•ืœ ืœื”ืชื’ืจื“ ื”ืฆืžื—ื™ื.

ื—ืœืง ืžื”ื—ืชื•ืœื™ื ื™ื›ื•ืœื™ื ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืžื•ืฉืคืขื™ื ื’ื ืžื˜ืคื™ืœื™ื ื›ืžื• ื›ื™ื ื™ื. ื—ืฉื•ื‘ ืœื”ื‘ื—ื™ืŸ ื‘ื™ื ื™ื”ื ืžื” ืขื•ื‘ื“ ื•ืžื” ืœื ืขื•ื‘ื“ ื ื’ื“ ื›ื™ื ื™ื ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ื‘ื˜ื™ื— ื”ื’ื ื” ื™ืขื™ืœื” ืœื—ืชื•ืœื™ื ืฉืœื ื•.

ื‘ื—ืจื• ื‘ื—ื•ืžืจื™ื ื“ื•ื—ื™ื ืฉืื™ื ื ืžื–ื™ืงื™ื ืœื—ื™ื•ืช ื‘ืจ

ืœื‘ืกื•ืฃ, ื‘ื—ื™ืคื•ืฉ ืื—ืจ ื—ื•ืžืจ ื“ื•ื—ื” ื—ืชื•ืœื™ื ื™ืขื™ืœ, ื”ืžื˜ืจื” ื”ื™ื ื’ื ืœื”ื’ืŸ ืขืœ ื›ืœ ื—ื™ื•ืช ื”ื‘ืจ. ื–ื” ื›ืจื•ืš ื‘ื™ื“ื™ืขื” ื“ื•ื—ื™ื ื˜ื‘ืขื™ื™ื ืœื‘ืขืœื™ ื—ื™ื™ื ืื—ืจื™ื ื›ืžื• ื›ืœื‘ื™ื, ืื‘ืœ ื’ื ื ื’ื“ ืžื–ื™ืงื™ื ื‘ื’ื™ื ื” ื›ืžื• ืฉื•ืžื•ืช, ืžื‘ืœื™ ืœืคื’ื•ืข ื‘ืžืขืจื›ื•ืช ืืงื•ืœื•ื’ื™ื•ืช ืงื™ื™ืžื•ืช. ื” ื“ื•ื—ื™ ื›ืœื‘ื™ื ื˜ื‘ืขื™ื™ื ืื™ืคื” ื” ืชืจื•ืคื•ืช ืกื‘ืชื ืœืฉื•ืžื•ืช ืœื›ืŸ ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ื—ืœื•ืคื•ืช ื˜ื•ื‘ื•ืช.

ืœืกื™ื›ื•ื, ื™ืฉ ืœื‘ื—ื•ืจ ื‘ืงืคื™ื“ื” ื—ื•ืžืจ ื“ื•ื—ื” ื—ืชื•ืœื™ื ื™ืขื™ืœ ืชื•ืš ื”ืชื—ืฉื‘ื•ืช ื”ืŸ ื‘ืจื•ื•ื—ืช ื‘ืขืœ ื”ื—ื™ื™ื ื•ื”ืŸ ื‘ืกื‘ื™ื‘ื”. ื‘ื™ืŸ ืื ืžื“ื•ื‘ืจ ื‘ื”ืจื—ืงืช ื—ืชื•ืœื™ื ืžืื–ื•ืจ ืžืกื•ื™ื, ื‘ื”ื’ื ื” ืขืœื™ื”ื ืžืคื ื™ ื˜ืคื™ืœื™ื ืื• ื‘ืฉืžื™ืจื” ืขืœ ื”ื’ื™ื ื” ืžืคื ื™ ื‘ืขืœื™ ื—ื™ื™ื ืื—ืจื™ื, ื™ืฉื ื ืคืชืจื•ื ื•ืช ืืชื™ื™ื ื”ืžื›ื‘ื“ื™ื ืืช ื—ื™ื•ืช ื”ื‘ืจ ืชื•ืš ืฉืžื™ืจื” ืขืœ ืื™ื–ื•ืŸ ื”ืจืžื•ื ื™ ื‘ื—ื™ื™ ื”ื™ื•ืžื™ื•ื ืฉืœื ื•.