ืื™ืš ืœื”ื™ืคื˜ืจ ืžืฆื™ืคื•ืจื™ื ืขื ื—ื•ืžืจ ื“ื•ื—ื” ื™ืขื™ืœ?

ืžื•ืœ ื”ืžื˜ืจื“ ืฉื ื’ืจื ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ืฆื™ืคื•ืจื™ื ืœื ืจืฆื•ื™ื•ืช, ืžืฆื™ืืช ืคืชืจื•ืŸ ื™ืขื™ืœ ื•ื™ื“ื™ื“ื•ืชื™ ืœืกื‘ื™ื‘ื” ื”ื•ื ื—ื™ื•ื ื™. ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ ื‘ื—ื•ืžืจ ื“ื•ื—ื” ืฆื™ืคื•ืจื™ื ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ื”ืืกื˜ืจื˜ื’ื™ื” ื”ืื™ื“ื™ืืœื™ืช ืœืฉืžืจ ืืช ื”ืฉืœื•ื•ื” ืฉืœ ื”ื‘ื™ืช ืฉืœืš. ื‘ืžืืžืจ ื–ื” ื ืชืขืžืง ื‘ืžืืคื™ื™ื ื™ื ืฉืœ ื”ื“ื•ื—ื™ื ื”ื™ืขื™ืœื™ื ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ, ื“ืจื›ื™ ืคืขื•ืœืชื ื•ื›ื™ืฆื“ ืœื”ืฉืชืžืฉ ื‘ื”ื ื‘ื—ื•ื›ืžื” ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ืจื—ื™ืง ืฆื™ืคื•ืจื™ื ืžื‘ืœื™ ืœืคื’ื•ืข ื‘ื”ืŸ. ื‘ื™ืŸ ืื ืืชื” ืžืชืžื•ื“ื“ ืขื ื™ื•ื ื™ื ืฉื•ื‘ื‘ื•ืช, ื–ืจื–ื™ืจื™ื ืจื•ืขืฉื™ื ืื• ืžื™ื ื™ ืฆื™ืคื•ืจื™ื ืžืคืจื™ืขื™ื ืื—ืจื™ื, ื’ืœื” ื›ื™ืฆื“ ืœื”ื—ื–ื™ืจ ืืช ื”ืฉืœื•ื•ื” ืœืกื‘ื™ื‘ืชืš ื”ื™ื•ืžื™ื•ืžื™ืช.

ืฆื™ืคื•ืจื™ื ืœื ืจืฆื•ื™ื•ืช ื•ื”ืฉืคืขื•ืชื™ื”ืŸ

ื’ืœื” ื›ื™ืฆื“ ืœื”ืจื—ื™ืง ืฆื™ืคื•ืจื™ื ืขื ื—ื•ืžืจ ื“ื•ื—ื” ื™ืขื™ืœ. ื˜ื™ืคื™ื ื•ืคืชืจื•ื ื•ืช ืœื”ื™ืคื˜ืจ ืžืฆื™ืคื•ืจื™ื ื‘ืฆื•ืจื” ื˜ื‘ืขื™ืช ื•ื™ื“ื™ื“ื•ืชื™ืช ืœืกื‘ื™ื‘ื”.

ื‘ื ื™ื”ื•ืœ ื‘ืชื™ื ืื• ืคืขื•ืœื•ืช ื—ืงืœืื™ื•ืช, ื ื•ื›ื—ื•ืช ืžืกื•ื™ืžื™ื ืฆื™ืคื•ืจื™ื ืœื ืจืฆื•ื™ื•ืช ืขืฉื•ื™ ืœื”ืชื‘ืจืจ ื›ื‘ืขื™ื” ืžืฉืžืขื•ืชื™ืช. ืœื ืจืง ืฉื”ื ื™ื›ื•ืœื™ื ืœื’ืจื•ื ืœื ื–ืง ืœืจื›ื•ืฉ, ืืœื ืฉื”ื ื’ื ืขืœื•ืœื™ื ืœื”ืขื‘ื™ืจ ืžื—ืœื•ืช. ืชื•ื›ื ื™ืช ื ื™ื”ื•ืœ ื˜ื•ื‘ื”, ื›ื•ืœืœ ื“ื•ื—ื™ื ื™ืขื™ืœื™ื, ื—ื™ื•ื ื™ ื›ื“ื™ ืœืฉืžื•ืจ ืขืœ ืกื‘ื™ื‘ื” ื‘ืจื™ืื” ื•ืœื”ื™ืžื ืข ืžื‘ืขื™ื•ืช ืœืขื™ืชื™ื ืงืจื•ื‘ื•ืช ื™ืงืจื•ืช.

ืžื˜ืจื“ ื”ื ื’ืจื ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ื–ืจื–ื™ืจื™ื ื•ื™ื•ื ื™ื

ื–ืจื–ื™ืจื™ื ื•ื™ื•ื ื™ื ื‘ืขื™ื™ืชื™ื™ื ื‘ืžื™ื•ื—ื“ ื‘ืื–ื•ืจื™ ื‘ืขืœื™ ื—ื™ื™ื. ืฆื™ืคื•ืจื™ื ืืœื• ืขืœื•ืœื•ืช ืœืคื’ื•ืข ื‘ืžื‘ื ื™ื ื—ืงืœืื™ื™ื, ืœืฆืจื•ืš ืžื–ื•ืŸ ืœื—ื™ื•ืช ื•ืœื”ืขื‘ื™ืจ ื˜ืคื™ืœื™ื ื•ืžื—ืœื•ืช. ื‘ื”ืงืฉืจ ื–ื”, ื™ืฉ ืฆื•ืจืš ื‘ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ ื‘ื—ื•ืžืจื™ื ื“ื•ื—ื™ื ื”ืžื™ื•ืขื“ื™ื ื‘ืžื™ื•ื—ื“ ืœืžื™ื ื™ื ืืœื•. ืื™ืŸ ืœื”ืงืœ ืจืืฉ ื‘ื”ืฉืคืขืชื ืฉืœ ืžื–ื™ืงื™ื ืืœื”; ืœืžืขืฉื”, ื‘ื ื•ืกืฃ ืœื”ืคืจืขื•ืช ื™ืฉื™ืจื•ืช, ืฆื•ืืช ื—ื•ืžืฆื” ืžื™ื•ื ื™ื ื™ื›ื•ืœื” ืœืคื’ื•ืข ื‘ืžื‘ื ื™ื ืขืฆืžื.

ืืกื˜ืจื˜ื’ื™ื•ืช ื“ื•ื—ื” ื•ืžื ื™ืขื”

ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ื™ืœื—ื ื‘ืฆื™ืคื•ืจื™ื ื”ืœื ืจืฆื•ื™ื•ืช ื”ืœืœื•, ื ื™ืชืŸ ืœื™ื™ืฉื ืžืกืคืจ ืืกื˜ืจื˜ื’ื™ื•ืช. ื“ื•ื—ื™ื ื—ื–ื•ืชื™ื™ื, ืžืขืจื›ื•ืช ืกืื•ื ื“ ื•ืืคื™ืœื• ืคืชืจื•ื ื•ืช ืจื™ื— ื–ืžื™ื ื™ื ื•ื ื™ืชื ื™ื ืœืฉื™ืœื•ื‘ื ืœื”ื’ื‘ืจืช ื”ืืคืงื˜ื™ื‘ื™ื•ืช. ืฉื™ื˜ื•ืช ืืœื• ื ื•ืขื“ื• ืœ ืœื”ืคื—ื™ื“ ืืช ื”ืฆื™ืคื•ืจื™ื ืžื‘ืœื™ ืœื’ืจื•ื ืœื”ื ื ื–ืง ื•ื‘ื›ืš ืœื”ื ื™ื ืื•ืชื ืžื”ืฉืงืขื” ื‘ืžืงื•ืžื•ืช ืฉื™ืฉ ืœื”ื’ืŸ ืขืœื™ื”ื. ื—ืฉื•ื‘ ืœื‘ื—ื•ืจ ื‘ื—ื•ืžืจื™ื ื“ื•ื—ื™ื ื”ืžื•ืชืืžื™ื ืœืžื™ืŸ ื”ื™ืขื“ ื•ืœื”ืชืงื™ืŸ ืื•ืชื ื‘ืฆื•ืจื” ื ื›ื•ื ื” ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ื‘ื˜ื™ื— ืืช ื‘ื™ืฆื•ืขื™ื”ื.

ื”ืื™ื•ื ืฉืœ ืงืจืฆื™ื•ืช ื•ืฆื™ืคื•ืจื™ื

ื›ืืฉืจ ืื ื• ื ื™ื’ืฉื™ื ืœืฉืืœื” ืฉืœ ืงืจืฆื™ื•ืช, ื”ืงื™ืฉื•ืจ ืขื ืฆื™ืคื•ืจื™ื ืื™ื ื• ืžื™ื™ื“ื™. ืขื ื–ืืช, ื˜ืคื™ืœื™ื ืืœื”, ื•ืงื˜ื•ืจื™ื ืฉืœ ืžื—ืœื•ืช ื›ื’ื•ืŸ ืžื—ืœืช ืœื™ื™ื, ื ื™ืชืŸ ืœื”ืขื‘ื™ืจ ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ื‘ืขืœื™ ื—ื™ื™ื ืืœื” ืœืžืจื—ืงื™ื ื’ื“ื•ืœื™ื. ื”ื’ื ื” ืขืœ ื‘ืชื™ ื”ื’ื™ื“ื•ืœ ืฉืœ ื•ืงื˜ื•ืจื™ ืฆื™ืคื•ืจื™ื ืฉืœ ืงืจืฆื™ื•ืช ื”ื™ื ืืคื•ื ืืžืฆืขื™ ื—ืฉื•ื‘ ื›ื“ื™ ืœืžื ื•ืข ื ื’ื™ืขื•ืช ืฉืœ ืงืจื“ื™ืช ืืœื” ื‘ืžืจื—ื‘ื™ ืžื—ื™ื” ืฉืœ ื‘ื ื™ ืื“ื ื•ื‘ืขืœื™ ื—ื™ื™ื. ื ื“ืจืฉื•ืช ืคืขื•ืœื•ืช ืคืฉื•ื˜ื•ืช ื•ืขืจื ื•ืช ืžืชืžื“ืช ืœืžื ื™ืขืช ืขืงื™ืฆื•ืช ืงืจืฆื™ื•ืช ื•ื”ืกื™ื›ื•ื ื™ื ื”ื›ืจื•ื›ื™ื ื‘ื ื•ื›ื—ื•ืชืŸ.

ืคืชืจื•ื ื•ืช ืžืงืฆื•ืขื™ื™ื ื•ื‘ืจื™ ืงื™ื™ืžื

ืœื‘ืขืœื™ื ื•ื“ื™ื™ืจื™ื ื”ืžื—ืคืฉื™ื ื”ื’ื ื” ืžืžื•ืฉื›ืช ื•ื™ืขื™ืœื”, ืžื•ืžืœืฅ ืœืคื ื•ืช ืžื•ืฆืจื™ื ื‘ืื™ื›ื•ืช ืžืงืฆื•ืขื™ืช. ืคืชืจื•ื ื•ืช ืืœื• ืžืฆื™ืขื™ื ืžื—ืกื•ื ืžืชืžืฉืš ืžืคื ื™ ื—ื“ื™ืจื•ืช ื•ื“ื™ื ืืžื™ื•ืช ืฉืœ ืื•ื›ืœื•ืกื™ื•ืช ืฆื™ืคื•ืจื™ื ืœื ืจืฆื•ื™ื•ืช. ื—ื™ื•ื ื™ ืœืžื ื•ืข ื•ืœื ืœืจืคื, ื•ื‘ื—ื™ืจืช ื”ืžื•ืฆืจื™ื ื•ื”ืืกื˜ืจื˜ื’ื™ื•ืช ื”ืžืชืื™ืžื™ื, ื”ื”ืฉืงืขื” ื”ืจืืฉื•ื ื™ืช ืชื”ื™ื” ืžื•ืฆื“ืงืช ื‘ื”ืคื—ืชื” ื‘ืขืœื•ื™ื•ืช ืœื˜ื•ื•ื— ืืจื•ืš ื•ื‘ืกื‘ื™ื‘ื” ืžื•ื’ื ืช ืžืžื˜ืจื“ื™ื.
ื‘ืงื™ืฆื•ืจ, ื”ื”ืฉืคืขื” ืฉืœ ืฆื™ืคื•ืจื™ื ืœื ืจืฆื•ื™ื•ืช ื™ื›ื•ืœื” ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืžืฉืžืขื•ืชื™ืช, ืื‘ืœ ืขื ื’ื™ืฉื” ืฉื™ื˜ืชื™ืช ื•ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ ื‘ื—ื•ืžืจื™ื ื“ื•ื—ื™ื ืžืžื•ืงื“ื™ื, ื ื™ืชืŸ ื‘ื”ื—ืœื˜ ืœื”ื’ื‘ื™ืœ ื‘ื™ืขื™ืœื•ืช ืืช ื”ืžื˜ืจื“ื™ื ื”ืœืœื•. ืื™ื›ื•ืช ื”ื—ื™ื™ื ืฉืœืš ื•ืฉืœ ื‘ืขืœื™ ื”ื—ื™ื™ื ืฉืœืš ืจืื•ื™ื” ืœืชืฉื•ืžืช ืœื‘ ืžื™ื•ื—ื“ืช ื•ืœืืžืฆืขื™ื ืžืชืื™ืžื™ื ืœืฉืžื™ืจื” ืขืœ ืกื‘ื™ื‘ื” ื‘ืจื™ืื” ื•ื‘ื˜ื•ื—ื”.

ืฉื™ื˜ื•ืช ืžืกื•ืจืชื™ื•ืช ืœื”ืจืชืขืช ืฆื™ืคื•ืจื™ื

ืœืžื“ ื›ื™ืฆื“ ืœื”ืฉืชืžืฉ ื‘ื—ื•ืžืจ ื“ื•ื—ื” ืฆื™ืคื•ืจื™ื ื™ืขื™ืœ ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ืจื—ื™ืง ืฆื™ืคื•ืจื™ื ื•ืœื”ื’ืŸ ืขืœ ื”ืžืจื—ื‘ ื”ื—ื™ืฆื•ื ื™ ืฉืœืš ื‘ืžืืžืจ ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉื™ ื–ื”.

ื‘ืขืœื™ ื‘ืชื™ื ื•ื“ื™ื™ืจื™ื ืžืชืžื•ื“ื“ื™ื ื‘ืื•ืคืŸ ืงื‘ื•ืข ืขื ื ื•ื›ื—ื•ืช ืœื ืจืฆื•ื™ื” ืฉืœ ืฆื™ืคื•ืจื™ื, ื›ืžื• ื™ื•ื ื™ื, ืฉืขืœื•ืœื•ืช ืœื”ืชื’ืœื•ืช ื›ืžื˜ืจื“ ืฉืœ ืžืžืฉ. ืœืžืจื‘ื” ื”ืžื–ืœ, ื—ืœืงื ืฉื™ื˜ื•ืช ืื‘ื•ืช ืžื•ืขื‘ืจื™ื ืžื“ื•ืจ ืœื“ื•ืจ, ื•ืžืฆื™ืขื™ื ืคืชืจื•ื ื•ืช ื˜ื‘ืขื™ื™ื ื•ื™ืขื™ืœื™ื ืœื”ืจื—ืงืช ืžื‘ืงืจื™ื ืžืขื•ืคืคื™ื ืืœื” ืžื‘ืœื™ ืœืคื’ื•ืข ื‘ื”ื.
ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ ืžื•ืฉื›ืœ ื‘ืฆืžื—ื™ื ืืจื•ืžื˜ื™ื™ื ื”ื™ื ืื—ืช ืžืฉื™ื˜ื•ืช ืื‘ื•ืช ืืœื”. ื” ืื–ื•ืจ ืฆืœื‘ ื”ืžื™ืกื™ื•ืŸ, ื”ืžื•ื›ืจ ื‘ื™ื™ืŸ ื”ืžืฆื•ื™ืŸ Marange-Silvange, ืžื“ื’ื™ืฉ ืืช ื”ื—ืฉื™ื‘ื•ืช ืฉืœ ืฉื™ื˜ื•ืช ื˜ื‘ืขื™ื•ืช ื‘ื’ื™ื“ื•ืœ ื’ืคื ื™ื. ื›ืžื• ื›ืŸ, ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ื“ื•ืฃ ืฆื™ืคื•ืจื™ื, ืžืฉืชืžืฉื™ื ื‘ืฆืžื—ื™ื ื›ืžื• ืขืœื™ ื“ืคื ื”, ืœื ืจืง ื‘ื’ืœืœ ืจื™ื—ื•ืชื™ื”ื ื”ื ืขื™ืžื™ื ืœื‘ื ื™ ืื“ื, ืืœื ื’ื ื‘ื’ืœืœ ื™ื›ื•ืœืชื ืœื”ืจืชื™ืข ืฆื™ืคื•ืจื™ื ืžืœื”ืชืงืจื‘.

ืœื•ืจืœ, ื“ื•ื—ื” ื˜ื‘ืขื™

ื‘ืžืฉืš ืžืื•ืช ืฉื ื™ื, ื“ืคื ื” ื–ื•ื›ื” ืœื”ื›ืจื” ื‘ืชื›ื•ื ื•ืชื™ื• ื”ื“ื•ื—ื•ืช ื›ื ื’ื“ ืžื™ื ื™ ื‘ืขืœื™ ื—ื™ื™ื ืจื‘ื™ื. ื‘ื ื•ืกืฃ ืœื™ืชืจื•ื ื•ืช ื”ื‘ืจื™ืื•ืชื™ื™ื ืฉืœื•, ื‘ืžื™ื•ื—ื“ ื›ืืฉืจ ืžื—ืœื™ืง ืขืœื” ื“ืคื ื” ืžืชื—ืช ืœื›ืจื™ืช ืฉืœื• ื›ื“ื™ ืœืงื“ื ืฉื™ื ื” ืฉืœื•ื•ื”, ื–ื” ื™ื”ื™ื” ื™ืขื™ืœ ื‘ืื•ืชื” ืžื™ื“ื” ื‘ื”ืจื—ืงืช ืฆื™ืคื•ืจื™ื. ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ืชืœื™ื™ื” ื–ืจื™ ืคืจื—ื™ื ืฉืœ ืขืœื” ื“ืคื ื” ืžื™ื•ื‘ืฉ ืกื‘ื™ื‘ ื”ืžืจืคืกืช ืื• ื”ืžืจืคืกืช, ื”ืจื™ื— ืฉื”ื ืžื•ืฆื™ืื™ื ืžื˜ืจื™ื“ ืืช ื”ืฆื™ืคื•ืจื™ื ืžื‘ืœื™ ืœื’ืจื•ื ืœื”ืŸ ื ื–ืง, ื•ืžืขื•ื“ื“ ืื•ืชืŸ ืœื—ืคืฉ ืžืงืœื˜ ื‘ืžืงื•ื ืื—ืจ.

ื™ื™ืฆื•ืจ ืžื›ืฉื™ืจื™ ื”ืจืชืขื” ื—ื–ื•ืชื™ื™ื

ืขื•ื“ ื˜ืจื™ืง ืขืชื™ืง ื™ื•ืžื™ืŸ ื”ื•ื ืœื”ืฉืชืžืฉ ืžื›ืฉื™ืจื™ื ื—ื–ื•ืชื™ื™ื ืœื”ืคื—ื™ื“ ืฆื™ืคื•ืจื™ื. ื—ืคืฆื™ื ืžื—ื–ื™ืจื™ ืื•ืจ, ื›ื’ื•ืŸ ืชืงืœื™ื˜ื•ืจื™ื ืžืฉื•ืžืฉื™ื ืื• ืคื™ืกื•ืช ืžืจืื”, ื ื™ืชืŸ ืœืชืœื•ืช ื‘ืจื—ื‘ื™ ื”ื‘ื™ืช. ื”ืฉืชืงืคื•ืช ื”ืื•ืจ ื•ื”ืชื ื•ืขื” ื”ื‘ืœืชื™ ืฆืคื•ื™ื” ืฉืœ ืขืฆืžื™ื ืืœื• ื™ื•ืฆืจื™ื ืื–ื•ืจ ืื™ ื ื•ื—ื•ืช ืœืฆื™ืคื•ืจื™ื, ืฉื™ืขื“ื™ืคื• ืื– ืœื”ืชืจื—ืง.

ืกืื•ื ื“, ืžื—ืกื•ื ืืงื•ืกื˜ื™

ื™ืฆื™ืจืช ื ืžื—ืกื•ื ืืงื•ืกื˜ื™ ื”ื™ื ื’ื ืืคืฉืจื•ืช ืžืขื ื™ื™ื ืช. ืœืฆื•ืจืš ื›ืš ื ื™ืชืŸ ืœื”ืชืงื™ืŸ ืคืขืžื•ื ื™ื ืื• ื—ืคืฆื™ื ื”ืคื•ืœื˜ื™ื ืฆืœื™ืœื™ื ื›ืฉื”ืจื•ื— ืžื˜ืœื˜ืœืช ืื•ืชื. ื”ืฆืœื™ืœื™ื ื•ื”ืชื“ืจื™ื ืœืกื™ืจื•ื’ื™ืŸ ืฉื”ื ืคื•ืœื˜ื™ื ืื™ื ื ื ืขื™ืžื™ื ืœืฆื™ืคื•ืจื™ื, ืฉืžืฉื™ื™ื›ื•ืช ืื•ืชืŸ ื‘ืื•ืคืŸ ืื™ื ืกื˜ื™ื ืงื˜ื™ื‘ื™ ืœืกื›ื ื•ืช ืืคืฉืจื™ื•ืช.

ื‘ืจื•ืจ, ืืœื” ื˜ื™ืคื™ื ื™ืฉ ืœื™ื™ืฉื ื‘ื”ื‘ื—ื ื” ื•ื‘ื›ื‘ื•ื“ ืœื—ื™ื•ืช ื”ื‘ืจ. ื”ืžื˜ืจื” ื”ื™ื ืœื”ืจืชื™ืข ื‘ืขื“ื™ื ื•ืช ืฆื™ืคื•ืจื™ื, ืžื‘ืœื™ ืœื’ืจื•ื ืœื”ืŸ ื ื–ืง. ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ื”ืชื—ืฉื‘ื•ืช ื‘ืื™ื–ื•ืŸ ื”ืขื“ื™ืŸ ื‘ื™ืŸ ื”ืกื‘ื™ื‘ื” ืœืžืจื—ื‘ื™ ื”ืžื—ื™ื” ืฉืœื ื•, ืฉื™ื˜ื•ืช ืื‘ื•ืช ืœื”ืจื—ืงืช ืฆื™ืคื•ืจื™ื ืžืชื’ืœื•ืช ื›ืคืชืจื•ื ื•ืช ืืชื™ื™ื ื•ื‘ืจื™ ืงื™ื™ืžื ืœืฉืžื™ืจื” ืขืœ ื”ืฉืœื•ื•ื” ืฉืœ ื‘ืชื™ื ื•.

ื”ื—ืฉื™ื‘ื•ืช ืฉืœ ื‘ื—ื™ืจืช ื—ื•ืžืจ ื“ื•ื—ื” ืœื ืžื–ื™ืง

ื’ืœื” ื›ื™ืฆื“ ืœื”ืจื—ื™ืง ื‘ื™ืขื™ืœื•ืช ืฆื™ืคื•ืจื™ื ื‘ืืžืฆืขื•ืช ื—ื•ืžืจ ื“ื•ื—ื” ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ื’ืŸ ืขืœ ื”ืžืจื—ื‘ื™ื ื”ื—ื™ืฆื•ื ื™ื™ื ืฉืœืš ื‘ืฆื•ืจื” ื˜ื‘ืขื™ืช ื•ื™ื“ื™ื“ื•ืชื™ืช ืœืกื‘ื™ื‘ื”.

ื‘ืขื™ื“ืŸ ืฉื‘ื• ืžื•ื“ืขื•ืช ืกื‘ื™ื‘ืชื™ืช ื•ื‘ืจื™ืื•ืช ื”ืฆื™ื‘ื•ืจ ืขื•ืžื“ื•ืช ื‘ืœื‘ ื”ื—ืฉืฉื•ืช, ื”ื‘ื—ื™ืจื” ื‘ืฉื™ื˜ื•ืช ื”ื“ื‘ืจื” ื”ืžื›ื‘ื“ื•ืช ืืช ื”ืžืขืจื›ืช ื”ืืงื•ืœื•ื’ื™ืช ื”ื•ืคื›ืช ื—ื™ื•ื ื™ืช. ืžื•ืœ ื”ืžื’ื•ื•ืŸ ืฉืœ ื—ื•ืžืจื™ื ื“ื•ื—ื™ื, ื”ื‘ื—ื™ืจื” ื‘ืžื•ืฆืจ ืฉืื™ื ื• ืžื–ื™ืง ืžืฆื™ื’ื” ื™ืชืจื•ื ื•ืช ื ื™ื›ืจื™ื ื”ืŸ ืขื‘ื•ืจ ื”ืžืฉืชืžืฉ ื•ื”ืŸ ืขื‘ื•ืจ ื”ืกื‘ื™ื‘ื”.

ื”ื’ื ื” ืขืœ ื”ืžืขืจื›ืช ื”ืืงื•ืœื•ื’ื™ืช ื•ื‘ืจื™ืื•ืช ื”ืื“ื

ื“ื•ื—ื™ื ืฉืื™ื ื ืžื–ื™ืงื™ื ื ื‘ื“ืœื™ื ื‘ื™ื›ื•ืœืชื ืœื“ื—ื•ืช ื˜ืคื™ืœื™ื ืžื‘ืœื™ ืœืคื’ื•ืข ื‘ืžื’ื•ื•ืŸ ื”ื‘ื™ื•ืœื•ื’ื™ ืฉืžืกื‘ื™ื‘. ื—ืœื•ืคื•ืช ืืงื•ืœื•ื’ื™ื•ืช, ื”ืžื•ืจื›ื‘ื•ืช ืžื—ื•ืžืจื™ื ื˜ื‘ืขื™ื™ื, ืžืžืœืื•ืช ื‘ื™ืขื™ืœื•ืช ืืช ื”ื™ื™ืขื•ื“ ื”ื–ื” ืชื•ืš ื”ืคื—ืชืช ื”ืกื™ื›ื•ื ื™ื ื”ื‘ืจื™ืื•ืชื™ื™ื ื”ื›ืจื•ื›ื™ื ื‘ืžื•ืฆืจื™ื ื›ื™ืžื™ื™ื. ื”ื ืžื”ื•ื•ื™ื ืคืชืจื•ืŸ ื‘ื—ื™ืจื” ืœืฉื™ืžื•ืจ ื”ื—ื™ ื”ืขื–ืจ ื•ื”ื™ืžื ืขื•ืช ืžื”ืชืคื•ืจืจื•ืช ื”ืื™ื–ื•ืŸ ื”ืืงื•ืœื•ื’ื™.

ืื‘ื˜ื—ื” ื‘ืจ ืงื™ื™ืžื ื•ืžื™ืงื•ื“ ื™ืขื™ืœ

ื›ืฉืžื“ื•ื‘ืจ ื‘ื”ืจื—ืงืช ื—ืจืงื™ื, ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ ื‘ื—ื•ืžืจื™ื ื“ื•ื—ื™ื ืกืœืงื˜ื™ื‘ื™ื™ื ืžืคื—ื™ืช ืืช ื”ื ื–ืง ื”ื ืœื•ื•ื” ื”ื ื’ืจื ืœืจื•ื‘ ืžื”ืชืขืจื‘ื•ื™ื•ืช ืื’ืจืกื™ื‘ื™ื•ืช ื™ื•ืชืจ. ื”ื ืžืืคืฉืจื™ื ืžื™ืงื•ื“ ืžื“ื•ื™ืง, ื”ื“ื—ื” ืื• ื ื˜ืจื•ืœ ืฉืœ ื”ืžื™ืŸ ื”ืกืคืฆื™ืคื™ ืžื‘ืœื™ ืœื”ืฉืคื™ืข ืขืœ ื”ืœื-ืžื˜ืจื”. ื’ื™ืฉื” ืกืœืงื˜ื™ื‘ื™ืช ื–ื• ื—ื™ื•ื ื™ืช ืœืฉืžื™ืจื” ืขืœ ืžื’ื•ื•ืŸ ื‘ื™ื•ืœื•ื’ื™ ื‘ืจื™ื, ืชื•ืš ื”ื‘ื˜ื—ืช ื‘ื™ื˜ื—ื•ืŸ ืืจื•ืš ื˜ื•ื•ื— ืœืžืฉืงื™ ื”ื‘ื™ืช.

ื‘ื—ื™ืจื” ืื—ืจืื™ืช ืœืจื•ื•ื—ื”

ืืช ืฉืœื•ื•ืช ื”ื‘ื™ืช ื™ื›ื•ืœื” ืœื”ืคืจื™ืข ืœื ื•ื›ื—ื•ืชื ืฉืœ ื—ืจืงื™ื ื›ืžื• ื–ื‘ื•ื‘ื™ื. ื‘ืžื™ื•ื—ื“ ื‘ืื–ื•ืจื™ื ื”ืจื’ื™ืฉื™ื ืœืžื—ืœื•ืช ื”ืžื•ืขื‘ืจื•ืช ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ืžื–ื™ืงื™ื ืืœื•, ื›ื’ื•ืŸ ืงื“ื—ืช ื“ื ื’ื™ ื‘ื’ื•ื•ืื“ืœื•ืค, ื”ื’ื ื” ืžืคื ื™ ื—ืจืงื™ื ืืœื• ื”ื™ื ื—ื™ื•ื ื™ืช. ื”ืืคืฉืจื•ืช ืขื‘ื•ืจ ื ืžื•ืฆืจ ื“ื•ื—ื” ื–ื‘ื•ื‘ื™ื ืืงื•ืœื•ื’ื™ ืžื™ื™ืฆื’ืช ื‘ื—ื™ืจื” ืื—ืจืื™ืช, ื”ืžืฆื™ืขื” ืžื—ืกื•ื ืžื’ืŸ ืžื‘ืœื™ ืœืคื’ื•ืข ื‘ืจื•ื•ื—ืช ื”ื“ื™ื™ืจื™ื. ืคืชืจื•ื ื•ืช ืืœื• ืžืฉืœื‘ื™ื ื›ื‘ื•ื“ ืœืกื‘ื™ื‘ื” ื•ื™ืขื™ืœื•ืช, ืžื‘ืœื™ ืœืฉื›ื•ื— ืืช ืงืœื•ืช ื”ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ.

ื”ื™ืชืจื•ื ื•ืช ืฉืœ ืคืชืจื•ื ื•ืช ืืงื•ืœื•ื’ื™ื™ื ื•ืืชื™ื™ื

ืžืขื‘ืจ ืœื™ืชืจื•ื ื•ืช ื”ืืงื•ืœื•ื’ื™ื™ื, ื“ื•ื—ื™ื ืฉืื™ื ื ืžื–ื™ืงื™ื ืชื•ืจืžื™ื ื’ื ืœื’ื™ืฉื” ืืชื™ืช ื•ื‘ืช ืงื™ื™ืžื. ื”ื ืžืงื“ืžื™ื ื—ื™ื ื•ืš ื•ืžื•ื“ืขื•ืช ืฆืจื›ื ื™ืช ืœื—ืฉื™ื‘ื•ืชืŸ ืฉืœ ืฉื™ื˜ื•ืช ืžื ื™ืขื” ื•ื‘ืงืจื” ื”ืžื›ื‘ื“ื•ืช ืืช ื”ืคืœื ื˜ื” ืฉืœื ื•. ื‘ื—ื™ืจื” ื‘ืžื•ืฆืจื™ื ืืงื•ืœื•ื’ื™ื™ื ื”ื™ื ืฉื ื ืจื“ืฃ ืœืžื—ื•ื™ื‘ื•ืช ืœืฉืžื™ืจื” ืขืœ ื”ืกื‘ื™ื‘ื”, ืชื•ืš ืขืžื™ื“ื” ื‘ื“ืจื™ืฉื” ืœืื™ื›ื•ืช ื•ื™ืขื™ืœื•ืช.
ืœืกื™ื›ื•ื, ื‘ื—ื™ืจื” ื‘ื—ื•ืžืจ ื“ื•ื—ื” ืฉืื™ื ื• ืžื–ื™ืง ื”ื™ื ืžืขืฉื” ืžืฆืคื•ืŸ ื›ืœืคื™ ื”ื˜ื‘ืข ื•ืขืจื•ื‘ื” ืœื”ื’ื ื” ืขืœ ื‘ืจื™ืื•ืช ื”ืื“ื. ืžื•ืžืœืฅ ืœื‘ื—ื•ืจ ื‘ืคืชืจื•ื ื•ืช ืžื•ื›ื—ื™ื, ื•ืœื‘ืจืจ ืืช ื”ืืคืฉืจื•ื™ื•ืช ื”ืืงื•ืœื•ื’ื™ื•ืช ื”ื˜ื•ื‘ื•ืช ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืฉื™ืฉ. ืฉืœ ื” ืžื™ื“ืข ื‘ืขืœ ืขืจืš ื•ื ื™ืชืŸ ืœืžืฆื•ื ื”ืžืœืฆื•ืช ืœื”ื ื—ื•ืช ื’ื™ืฉื” ื–ื•, ื‘ืžื˜ืจื” ืœืชืช ืขื“ื™ืคื•ืช ืœื‘ื˜ื™ื—ื•ืช ืกื‘ื™ื‘ืชื™ืช ื•ืื™ืฉื™ืช.