ืื™ืš ืœื”ื™ืคื˜ืจ ื‘ื™ืขื™ืœื•ืช ืžืคืฉืคืฉื™ื ืขื ืžื•ืฆืจ ืกืคืฆื™ืคื™?

ืื ืืชื ืžืชืžื•ื“ื“ื™ื ืขื ืคืœื™ืฉื” ืœื ื ืขื™ืžื” ืฉืœ ืคืฉืคืฉื™ื, ื“ืขื• ืฉื™ืฉื ื ืคืชืจื•ื ื•ืช ืกืคืฆื™ืคื™ื™ื ืœื”ื—ื–ืจืช ื”ืฉืœื•ื•ื” ืฉืœ ื—ืœืœ ื”ืžื’ื•ืจื™ื ืฉืœื›ื. ื”ืžืื‘ืง ื‘ื˜ืคื™ืœื™ื ืืœื• ืžืฆืจื™ืš ื’ื™ืฉื” ืฉื™ื˜ืชื™ืช ื•ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ ื‘ืžื•ืฆืจื™ื ืžืชืื™ืžื™ื. ื’ืœื” ื‘ืžืืžืจ ื–ื” ื›ื™ืฆื“ ืžื•ืฆืจ ืกืคืฆื™ืคื™ ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœืขื–ื•ืจ ืœืš ืœื—ืกืœ ื‘ื™ืขื™ืœื•ืช ืคืฉืคืฉื™ื, ืœืกืคืง ืœืš ืกื‘ื™ื‘ื” ื‘ืจื™ืื” ื•ืฉืœื•ื•ื”, ืžื‘ืœื™ ืœืคื’ื•ืข ื‘ืื™ื›ื•ืช ื”ืžื ื•ื—ื” ืฉืœืš.

ืคืฉืคืฉื™ื: ื ื’ืข ืฉื™ืฉ ืœืžื’ืจ

ื” ื—ืจืงื™ ืžื™ื˜ื” ืžื™ื™ืฆื’ื™ื ื‘ืขื™ื” ื”ื•ืœื›ืช ื•ื’ื•ื‘ืจืช ื‘ื‘ืชื™ื ืจื‘ื™ื, ืžื” ืฉืžื•ื‘ื™ืœ ืœืฆื•ืจืš ื“ื—ื•ืฃ ื‘ืคืชืจื•ื ื•ืช ื™ืขื™ืœื™ื ื•ื‘ืจื™ ืงื™ื™ืžื ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ื™ืœื—ื ื‘ืคืจื™ื˜ื™ื ืœื ืจืฆื•ื™ื™ื ืืœื•. ื”ื ื™ื–ื•ื ื™ื ื‘ืขื™ืงืจ ืžื“ื ืื ื•ืฉื™, ื”ื™ืฆื•ืจื™ื ื”ืœื™ืœื™ื™ื ื”ืงื˜ื ื™ื ื”ืœืœื• ืžืชื’ืœื™ื ื›ื ื’ืขื™ื ืืžื™ืชื™ื™ื ืœื ื•ื—ื•ืชื ื•ืœืจื•ื•ื—ืชื ืฉืœ ื”ืชื•ืฉื‘ื™ื.

ืคืฉืคืฉื™ื ื•ื—ื‘ืจื”

ืคืฉืคืฉื™ ื”ืžื™ื˜ื” ืžื—ืœื™ืคื™ื ืืช ืขืฆืžื ืœื ืจืง ืืœ ื”ืžื™ื˜ื•ืช ืฉืœื ื• ืืœื ื’ื ืืœ ื—ื™ื™ ื”ื™ื•ืžื™ื•ื ืฉืœื ื•. ื ื•ื›ื—ื•ืชื ืขืœื•ืœื” ืœื”ืฉืคื™ืข ืขืœ ืื™ื›ื•ืช ื—ื™ื™ื ื•, ืœื’ืจื•ื ืœื”ื•ืฆืื•ืช ื‘ืœืชื™ ืฆืคื•ื™ื•ืช ื•ืืฃ ืœื”ืฉืคื™ืข ืขืœ ื‘ืจื™ืื•ืชื ื• ื”ื ืคืฉื™ืช. ื ื™ื”ื•ืœ ื”ื ื–ืง ืฉื ื’ืจื ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ื—ืจืงื™ื ืืœื” ืื™ื ื• ืชืžื™ื“ ืžื›ื•ืกื” ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ื‘ื™ื˜ื•ื— ื”ื‘ื™ืช, ืžื” ืฉื”ื•ืคืš ืืช ื”ื”ืชืžื•ื“ื“ื•ืช ืขื ื”ื‘ืขื™ื” ืœืžืœื—ื™ืฆื” ื•ื™ืงืจื” ืขื‘ื•ืจ ืื ืฉื™ื ืฉื ืคื’ืขื•.

ืงื ื” ื”ืžื™ื“ื” ืฉืœ ื”ืชื•ืคืขื”

ื‘ืงื ื” ืžื™ื“ื” ื‘ื™ื ืœืื•ืžื™, ื—ืจืงื™ ืžื™ื˜ื” ืœื ืขื•ืฆืจื™ื ื‘ื’ื‘ื•ืœื•ืช. ืขืจื™ื ื›ืžื• ื˜ื ื’'ื™ืจ ืžื—ื–ืงื•ืช ืืช ื”ืคื™ืงื•ื— ืฉืœื”ืŸ ื‘ืจืžืช ืจืฉื•ื™ื•ืช ื”ื ืžืœ ื›ื“ื™ ืœืžื ื•ืข ืืช ืคืœื™ืฉืช ื”ืžื–ื™ืงื™ื ื”ืœืœื• ืžืžื“ื™ื ื•ืช ืื—ืจื•ืช. ืžืฆื‘ ื–ื” ืžื“ื’ื™ืฉ ืืช ื—ืฉื™ื‘ื•ืช ื”ืชื™ืื•ื ื”ืขื•ืœืžื™ ื‘ืžืื‘ืง ื‘ื—ืจืงื™ื ืืœื•.

ืคืขื•ืœื•ืช ืžืงื•ืžื™ื•ืช ื•ืืžืฆืขื™ ืžื ื™ืขื”

ืžื‘ื—ื™ื ื” ืชืจื‘ื•ืชื™ืช ื•ืžืงื•ืžื™ืช, ื ื™ืชืŸ ืœื ืงื•ื˜ ื‘ืฆืขื“ื™ื ืกืคืฆื™ืคื™ื™ื, ื›ืžื• ื‘ืžืงืจื” ืฉืœ ื’ื™ื“ื•ืœ ืงื™ื•ื•ื™ ื‘ืœื ื“ืก ืฉื‘ื• ื”ืžืื‘ืง ื ื’ื“ ื‘ืื’ ืžืจื•ืฉืข ื”ืคืš ืœืขื“ื™ืคื•ืช ื—ืงืœืื™ืช. ื‘ืื•ืคืŸ ื“ื•ืžื”, ืฉื“ื•ืช ืชืขื•ืคื” ื›ืžื• ืืœื’'ื™ืจ ืžื™ื™ืฉืžื™ื ืืžืฆืขื™ ื‘ืงืจื” ื›ื“ื™ ืœืžื ื•ืข ื”ื—ื“ืจื” ื•ื”ืชืคืฉื˜ื•ืช ืฉืœ ืคืฉืคืฉื™ื ื“ืจืš ื ื•ืกืขื™ื ื‘ื™ื ืœืื•ืžื™ื™ื.

ื˜ื™ืคื•ืœื™ื ื˜ื‘ืขื™ื™ื ื•ืžื ื™ืขื”

ืžื•ืœ ืฉื™ื˜ื•ืช ื›ื™ืžื™ื•ืช ื‘ื”ืŸ ื ืขืฉื” ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ ืœืขืชื™ื ืงืจื•ื‘ื•ืช, ื˜ื™ืคื•ืœื™ื ื˜ื‘ืขื™ื™ื ืคืฉืคืฉ ื”ืžื™ื˜ื” ืฆื•ื‘ืจ ืคื•ืคื•ืœืจื™ื•ืช. ื”ื ืžื”ื•ื•ื™ื ืืœื˜ืจื ื˜ื™ื‘ื” ืื˜ืจืงื˜ื™ื‘ื™ืช ืœืžื™ ืฉืจื•ืฆื” ื’ื™ืฉื” ืคื—ื•ืช ืจืขื™ืœื” ื•ื™ื•ืชืจ ื™ื“ื™ื“ื•ืชื™ืช ืœืกื‘ื™ื‘ื”. ืžื ื™ืขื”, ืœืขื•ืžืช ื–ืืช, ื ื•ืชืจื” ื”ืืกื˜ืจื˜ื’ื™ื” ื”ื˜ื•ื‘ื” ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ, ื”ื›ื•ืœืœืช ืขืจื ื•ืช ืžืชืžื“ืช ื•ืืžืฆืขื™ื ื™ื–ื•ืžื™ื ื›ื“ื™ ืœืžื ื•ืข ื–ื™ื”ื•ื.

ืžื•ื“ืขื™ื ืœืžื˜ืจื“ ืฉื ื’ืจื ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ื—ืจืงื™ ืžื™ื˜ื”, ืขืœื™ื ื• ืœื ืงื•ื˜ ื‘ื’ื™ืฉื” ื”ื•ืœื™ืกื˜ื™ืช ื•ืžื•ืฉื›ืœืช ืœื‘ื™ื˜ื•ืœื. ื–ื” ื›ืจื•ืš ื‘ืฉื™ืœื•ื‘ ืฉืœ ื˜ื™ืคื•ืœื™ื ืžื•ื›ื—ื™ื, ื˜ืงื˜ื™ืงื•ืช ืžื ื™ืขื” ื•ืžื•ื“ืขื•ืช ืงื•ืœืงื˜ื™ื‘ื™ืช ืœื“ื—ื™ืคื•ืช ืฉืœ ื ื’ืข ื–ื”. ื–ื” ื”ืื™ื ื˜ืจืก ื”ืžืฉื•ืชืฃ ืฉืœื ื• ืœื”ื™ืฉืืจ ืขืจื ื™ื™ื ื•ืœื”ื’ื™ื‘ ืœื‘ืขื™ื” ื”ื–ื• ืฉืžืฉืคื™ืขื” ืขืœ ื›ืœ ื›ืš ื”ืจื‘ื” ื‘ืชื™ื ื‘ืจื—ื‘ื™ ื”ืขื•ืœื.

ื–ื™ื”ื•ื™ ืคืฉืคืฉื™ื: ืœื“ืขืช ืœื–ื”ื•ืช ืืช ื”ืื•ื™ื‘

ืคืฉืคืฉื™ ื”ืžื™ื˜ื”, ืกื™ื•ื˜ื™ื ืืžื™ืชื™ื™ื ืขื‘ื•ืจ ืžืฉืงื™ ื‘ื™ืช ืจื‘ื™ื, ื”ื ื˜ืคื™ืœื™ื ื“ื™ืกืงืจื˜ื™ื™ื ื”ื ื™ื–ื•ื ื™ื ืžื“ื ืื ื•ืฉื™ ื‘ื“ืจืš ื›ืœืœ ื‘ืœื™ืœื”, ื•ื’ื•ืจืžื™ื ืœืื™ ื ื•ื—ื•ืช ื•ืžืคืจื™ืขื™ื ืœืฉื™ื ื”. ื–ื™ื”ื•ื™ ืžื”ื™ืžืŸ ืฉืœ ืžื–ื™ืงื™ื ืืœื• ื”ื•ื ืฆืขื“ ืžื›ืจื™ืข ื‘ื”ืชื—ืœืช ื”ืžืื‘ืง ื‘ื ื•ื›ื—ื•ืชื ื‘ื‘ืชื™ื ื•.

ืžืืคื™ื™ื ื™ื ืคื™ื–ื™ื™ื ืฉืœ ืคืฉืคืฉ ื”ืžื™ื˜ื”

ื ืคืฉืคืฉ ื”ืžื™ื˜ื” ื”ื•ื ื—ืจืง ืงื˜ืŸ, ืฉืื•ืจื›ื• ื›-5 ืขื“ 7 ืž"ืž ื›ื‘ื•ื’ืจ. ืฆื‘ืขื• ื—ื•ื ืขื“ ืื“ืžื“ื ืœืื—ืจ ืืจื•ื—ืช ื“ื, ื’ื•ืคื• ืกื’ืœื’ืœ, ืคื—ื•ืก ื•ื—ืกืจ ื›ื ืคื™ื™ื. ืฉื ื‘ึผึดืœื‘ึผื•ึผืœ ืขื ื” ื‘ืื’ ืขืฅ, ืฉื”ื•ื ื—ืจืง ื—ื™ืฆื•ื ื™ ื”ืžืชื’ื•ืจืจ ืœืขืชื™ื ืงืจื•ื‘ื•ืช ื‘ืขืฆื™ื, ืขื ื–ืืช ื ืคื•ืฅ. ืคืฉืคืฉ ื”ืขืฅ, ื‘ื ื™ื’ื•ื“ ืœืคืฉืคืฉ ื”ืžื™ื˜ื”, ืื™ื ื• ืžื”ื•ื•ื” ืื™ื•ื ื™ืฉื™ืจ ืขืœ ื‘ื ื™ ืื“ื.

ื™ืชืจ ืขืœ ื›ืŸ, ื” ื—ืจืงื™ ืžื™ื˜ื” ืžืฉืื™ืจื™ื ืขืงื‘ื•ืช ืžืื•ื“ ืกืคืฆื™ืคื™ื™ื ืœื ื•ื›ื—ื•ืชื, ื›ื’ื•ืŸ ื ืงื•ื“ื•ืช ืฉื—ื•ืจื•ืช ืงื˜ื ื•ืช ืฉืœ ื’ืœืœื™ื ืื• ื›ืชืžื™ื ืื“ื•ืžื™ื ืขืœ ื”ืกื“ื™ื ื™ื. ืกื™ืžื ื™ ืื–ื”ืจื” ืืœื• ืฆืจื™ื›ื™ื ืœืขื•ื“ื“ ื ืงื™ื˜ืช ืคืขื•ืœื” ืžื•ึนื ึตืขึท ื›ื“ื™ ืœืžื ื•ืข ื–ื™ื”ื•ื.

ื‘ื™ื˜ื•ื™ื™ื ื•ื”ืฉืœื›ื•ืช ืฉืœ ื ื•ื›ื—ื•ืช ืคืฉืคืฉื™ื

ืื™ืŸ ืœื”ื›ื—ื™ืฉ ืฉืœืคืฉืคืฉื™ื ื™ืฉ ืืช ื”ื™ื›ื•ืœืช ืœืฉื‘ืฉ ืฉื™ื ื” ื•ืฉืœื•ื•ื” ืฉืœ ื‘ื™ืช. ื”ืกื™ืžื ื™ื ื”ืจืืฉื•ื ื™ื ืฉืœ ื˜ืคื™ืœื™ื ืืœื” ื›ื•ืœืœื™ื ืœืขืชื™ื ืงืจื•ื‘ื•ืช ื’ื™ืจื•ื“ ืื• ืคืจื™ื—ื” ืžื”ื ืฉื™ื›ื•ืช ืฉืœื”ื. ืœืžืจื•ืช ืฉืคืฉืคืฉ ื”ืžื™ื˜ื” ืœื ื™ื“ื•ืข ื›ืžืขื‘ื™ืจ ืžื—ืœื•ืช, ื”ืœื—ืฅ ื•ื—ื•ืกืจ ื”ืฉื™ื ื” ื”ืงืฉื•ืจื™ื ืœืขืงื™ืฆื•ืช ืฉืœื”ื ืขืœื•ืœื™ื ืœื’ื‘ื•ืช ืžื—ื™ืจ ืžื”ื‘ืจื™ืื•ืช ื”ื›ืœืœื™ืช.

ืฉืืœื” ื‘ื ื•ื›ื—ื•ืชื ืฉืœ ืคืฉืคืฉื™ื ื”ื•ืคื›ืช ืจืœื•ื•ื ื˜ื™ืช ื›ืืฉืจ ืืชื” ื’ืจ ื‘ืกื‘ื™ื‘ื” ืขื™ืจื•ื ื™ืช, ืฉื‘ื” ืžืกืคืจื ืœื”ื’ื‘ื™ืจ ื‘ืื•ืคืŸ ืžืฉืžืขื•ืชื™. ื“ื™ืจื•ืช ื•ื‘ืชื™ ืžืœื•ืŸ ื”ื ืกื‘ื™ื‘ื•ืช ื”ืžืกื™ื™ืขื•ืช ืœื”ืชืคืฉื˜ื•ืชื, ืžื” ืฉื”ื•ืคืš ืืช ื”ืขืจื ื•ืช ืœื—ื™ื•ื ื™ ืขื•ื“ ื™ื•ืชืจ.

ืื™ืš ืœื”ื’ืŸ ืขืœ ืขืฆืžืš ื•ืœื”ื™ืœื—ื ื ื’ื“ ืคืฉืคืฉื™ื

ื”ื’ื ื” ืžืคื ื™ ืคืฉืคืฉ ื”ืžื™ื˜ื” ื“ื•ืจืฉืช ืืกื˜ืจื˜ื’ื™ื” ื™ื–ื•ืžื”. ื”ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ ืฉืœ ืžื•ืฆืจื™ื ื™ืขื™ืœื™ื ื•ืžื•ืชืื ื—ื™ื•ื ื™ ืœื”ื›ื—ื™ื“ื. ืื ืฉื™ ืžืงืฆื•ืข ืžืžืœื™ืฆื™ื ืœืขืชื™ื ืงืจื•ื‘ื•ืช ืขืœ ื˜ื™ืคื•ืœื™ื ื›ืžื• ืงื•ื˜ืœื™ ื—ืจืงื™ื, ืคืฆืฆื•ืช ืขืฉืŸ, ืื• ืืคื™ืœื• ื”ืชื”ืœื™ื›ื™ื ืฉืœ ื—ื•ึนื ืœืžื’ืจ ืื•ืชื.

ืื ืืชื ื›ื‘ืจ ืงื•ืจื‘ืŸ ืฉืœ ื ื’ื™ืขื•ืช, ื—ืฉื•ื‘ ืœื”ื›ื™ืจ ืืช ื”ืฉื™ื˜ื•ืช ื”ื˜ื•ื‘ื•ืช ืœืืžืฅ, ื”ื›ื•ืœืœื•ืช ื ื™ืงื•ื™ ืขืžื•ืง ืฉืœ ื˜ืงืกื˜ื™ืœ ื•ื”ืกื‘ื™ื‘ื” ื•ืœืขื™ืชื™ื, ื‘ืžืงืจื” ืฉืœ ื ื’ื™ืขื•ืช ื—ืžื•ืจื•ืช, ื‘ื”ืชืขืจื‘ื•ืช ืฉืœ ืื ืฉื™ ืžืงืฆื•ืข. ื ื™ืชืŸ ืœืžืฆื•ื ืžื™ื“ืข ื ื•ืกืฃ ื‘ื ื•ืฉื ื–ื” ื›ืืŸ.

ื›ืžื• ื›ืŸ, ื—ื›ื ืœื‘ืจืจ ืขืœ ื›ื™ืกื•ื™ ื‘ื™ื˜ื•ื—ื™ ืœืžืงืจื” ืฉืœ ื ื–ืง ืžืฉืžืขื•ืชื™ ืฉื ื’ืจื ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ืžื–ื™ืงื™ื ืืœื•, ื›ื™ ื—ื•ื–ื™ ื‘ื™ื˜ื•ื— ืžืกื•ื™ืžื™ืื‘ื™ื˜ื•ื— ื”ื‘ื™ืช ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื›ืกื•ืช ืืช ื”ืขืœื•ื™ื•ืช ืฉื ื’ืจืžื• ืœื”ื›ื—ื“ืชืŸ. ืคืจื˜ื™ื ืขืœ ืชืžื™ื›ื” ื–ื• ื–ืžื™ื ื™ื ื‘ืืชืจื™ื ืžื™ื•ื—ื“ื™ื ื‘ ื‘ื™ื˜ื•ื—.

ืžื ื™ืขื” ืœื™ืฉื•ืŸ ื˜ื•ื‘ ื™ื•ืชืจ

ืžื ื™ืขื” ื ื•ืชืจื” ื”ืคืชืจื•ืŸ ื”ื™ืขื™ืœ ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืœื”ื™ืžื ืข ืžื”ืชื‘ืกืกื•ืช ืฉืœ ืคืฉืคืฉื™ื ื‘ื‘ืชื™ื ืฉืœื ื•. ื ืงื™ื˜ืช ืืžืฆืขื™ื ืคืฉื•ื˜ื™ื ื›ืžื• ื‘ื“ื™ืงื” ืงื‘ื•ืขื” ืฉืœ ืื–ื•ืจื™ื ืฉืขืฉื•ื™ื™ื ืœื”ื›ื™ืœ ืื•ืชื, ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ ื‘ื›ื™ืกื•ื™ื™ื ื ื’ื“ ืคืฉืคืฉื™ื ืœืžื–ืจื ื™ื ื•ืชื—ื–ื•ืงื” ืงืคื“ื ื™ืช ืฉืœ ื˜ืงืกื˜ื™ืœ ืขื•ืฉื” ื“ืจืš ืืจื•ื›ื” ืœืฉืžื™ืจื” ืขืœ ืฉื™ื ื” ืœืœื ืžืชื—.

ืœืกื™ื•ื, ื”ืžืื‘ืง ื‘ืคืฉืคืฉื™ื ืžืชื—ื™ืœ ื‘ื–ื™ื”ื•ื™ ืžื“ื•ื™ืง ื•ืื—ืจื™ื• ืคืขื•ืœื” ืชื’ื•ื‘ืชื™ืช ื•ืžืชืื™ืžื”. ื”ื”ื’ื ื” ื”ื˜ื•ื‘ื” ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ื ื•ืชืจื” ืฉื™ืœื•ื‘ ืฉืœ ืขืจื ื•ืช, ื™ื“ืข ื•ื”ืชืขืจื‘ื•ืช ืžืžื•ืงื“ืช ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ื‘ื˜ื™ื— ืืช ืฉืœื•ื•ืช ื”ื‘ื™ืช ืฉืœืš.

ื’ื•ืจืžื™ื ื•ื”ืฉืœื›ื•ืช ืฉืœ ื ื’ื™ืขื•ืช ืคืฉืคืฉื™ื

ื’ื•ืจืžื™ื ื”ืชื•ืจืžื™ื ืœื”ืชืคืฉื˜ื•ืช ืคืฉืคืฉ ื”ืžื™ื˜ื”

ืคืฉืคืฉื™ื ื”ื ื™ืฆื•ืจื™ื ืœื™ืœื™ื™ื ืงื˜ื ื™ื ืฉื ื™ื–ื•ื ื™ื ืžื“ื ืื ื•ืฉื™, ื•ืžืขื•ื“ื“ื™ื ื”ืชืคืฉื˜ื•ืช ืžื“ืื™ื’ื” ื‘ื—ืœืœื™ ืžื—ื™ื”. ื”ื’ื•ืจืžื™ื ืœื”ื“ื‘ืงื” ื”ื ืžืจื•ื‘ื™ื ื•ืœืขื™ืชื™ื ืงืจื•ื‘ื•ืช ืงืฉื•ืจื™ื ืœืื•ืจื— ื”ื—ื™ื™ื ื”ื ื•ื›ื—ื™ ืฉืœื ื•. ื ืกื™ืขื•ืช ื•ื ืกื™ืขื•ืช ืชื›ื•ืคื•ืช ืžืขื“ื™ืคื•ืช ืืช ื”ื•ื‘ืœืช ื”ื—ืจืงื™ื ื”ืœืœื• ืžืžืงื•ื ืื—ื“ ืœืžืฉื ื”ื•. ื–ื” ืขืฉื•ื™ ืœื”ืกื‘ื™ืจ ืžืงืจื™ื ืื—ืจื•ื ื™ื, ื›ื’ื•ืŸ ื”ืชืคืฉื˜ื•ืช ืฉืœ ืžื›ืœืœื” ื‘ ืžืจืกื™ื™, ืฉื ืื™ืœืฆื• ืคืฉืคืฉื™ื ืืช ืกื’ื™ืจืชื• ื–ืžื ื™ืช ืฉืœ ื”ืžืžืกื“. ื‘ื ื•ืกืฃ, ื”ื—ืœืคื” ืื• ืจื›ื™ืฉื” ืฉืœ ืจื”ื™ื˜ื™ื ื•ื‘ื™ื’ื•ื“ ื™ื“ ืฉื ื™ื™ื” ืœืœื ื‘ื“ื™ืงื” ืžื•ืงื“ืžืช ื™ื›ื•ืœื” ืœื”ื—ื“ื™ืจ ืืช ื”ืžื–ื™ืงื™ื ื”ืœืœื• ืœื‘ืชื™ื.

ืฆืคื™ืคื•ืช ื”ืื•ื›ืœื•ืกื™ืŸ ื‘ืื–ื•ืจื™ื ืขื™ืจื•ื ื™ื™ื ื•ื‘ื“ื™ื•ืจ ืงื™ื‘ื•ืฆื™ ื›ืžื• ื“ื™ืจื•ืช, ืคื ื™ืžื™ื•ืช ืื• ื‘ืชื™ ืกื•ื”ืจ, ืฉื‘ื”ื ืงืจื‘ืชื ืฉืœ ืคืจื˜ื™ื ื’ื‘ื•ื”ื”, ืžื”ื•ื•ื” ืกื‘ื™ื‘ื” ืžืชืื™ืžื” ืœื”ืชืจื‘ื•ืชื. ื”ืกื™ืคื•ืจ ื”ืžืกื•ืคืจ ืขืœ ื“ื™ืจื” ืฉื•ืจืฆืช ื‘ื‘ื•ืื” ื”ื•ื ื“ื•ื’ืžื” ื‘ื•ืœื˜ืช, ื”ืžื“ื’ื™ืฉื” ืืช ืงืœื•ืช ื”ื”ืชืคืฉื˜ื•ืช ื‘ืกื‘ื™ื‘ื•ืช ืืœื” (ืžืืžืจ). ื™ืชืจ ืขืœ ื›ืŸ, ืžืงื•ืžื•ืช ืœื™ื ื” ื–ืžื ื™ื™ื ื›ื’ื•ืŸ ื‘ืชื™ ืžืœื•ืŸ, ืื• ืžืงื•ืžื•ืช ืžื’ื•ืจื™ื ืžืฉื•ืชืคื™ื, ื›ื’ื•ืŸ ืคื ื™ืžื™ื™ื” ื‘ืœื•ืจื™ื™ื ื˜, ื™ื›ื•ืœื™ื ืœื”ืคื•ืš ืœืžื•ืงื“ื™ ืžืฉื™ื›ื” ืฉืœืฉืึฐืจึดื™ืฆึธื”, ืžื” ืฉืžื•ื‘ื™ืœ ืœื”ืฉืœื›ื•ืช ืžืฉืžืขื•ืชื™ื•ืช ืขืœ ื”ืชื•ืฉื‘ื™ื (ื”ืชื™ื™ื—ืกื•ืช).

ื”ื”ืฉืœื›ื•ืช ืฉืœ ื–ื™ื”ื•ื ืขืœ ื”ื‘ืจื™ืื•ืช ื•ื—ื™ื™ ื”ื™ื•ืžื™ื•ื

ื”ื”ืฉืœื›ื•ืช ืฉืœ ื ื ื’ื™ืขื•ืช ืคืฉืคืฉื™ื ืื™ื ื ืžื•ื’ื‘ืœื™ื ืœืื™ ื”ื ื•ื—ื•ืช ื”ืคื™ื–ื™ืช ืฉืœ ืขืงื™ืฆื•ืช. ื”ื ืžืฉืชืจืขื™ื ืขืœ ื”ืชื—ื•ืžื™ื ื”ืคืกื™ื›ื•ืœื•ื’ื™ื™ื ื•ื”ื›ืœื›ืœื™ื™ื. ืžื‘ื—ื™ื ื” ื‘ืจื™ืื•ืชื™ืช, ืขืงื™ืฆื•ืช ืขืœื•ืœื•ืช ืœื’ืจื•ื ืœืชื’ื•ื‘ื•ืช ืขื•ืจ ืฉื•ื ื•ืช, ืžื’ื™ืจื•ื™ ื•ืขื“ ืœืชื’ื•ื‘ื•ืช ืืœืจื’ื™ื•ืช ืงืฉื•ืช. ื‘ืจื™ืื•ืช ื”ื ืคืฉ ืžื•ืฉืคืขืช ื’ื ืžื”ืœื—ืฅ ื•ื”ื—ืจื“ื” ื”ื ื•ืฆืจื™ื ืžื”ื™ืžืฆืื•ืชื ืฉืœ ืžื–ื™ืงื™ื ืืœื• ื•ืžื”ืงื•ืฉื™ ื‘ืžื™ื’ื•ืจื. ืขื•ืžืก ืคืกื™ื›ื•ืœื•ื’ื™ ื–ื” ืขืœื•ืœ ืœื”ื•ื‘ื™ืœ ืœื ื“ื•ื“ื™ ืฉื™ื ื” ื•ืชื—ื•ืฉื•ืช ื‘ื•ืฉื” ืืฆืœ ื”ื ืคื’ืขื™ื. ื”ืกื™ื›ื•ื ื™ื ื”ื‘ืจื™ืื•ืชื™ื™ื ื”ืงืฉื•ืจื™ื ืœืคืฉืคืฉื™ื, ื›ืžื• ื’ื ื”ืคืขื•ืœื•ืช ืฉื™ืฉ ืœื ืงื•ื˜ ื›ื“ื™ ืœืžื ื•ืข ืื•ืชื, ืชื•ืขื“ื• ื‘ื”ืจื—ื‘ื” (ืžึธืงื•ึนืจ).

ื” ืขึฒืœื•ึผืช ื™ืฉ ืœืงื—ืช ื‘ื—ืฉื‘ื•ืŸ ื’ื ื–ื™ื”ื•ื. ื‘ื™ืŸ ืขืœื•ื™ื•ืช ื—ื™ื˜ื•ื™ ืžืงืฆื•ืขื™ื•ืช, ื”ื—ืœืคืช ืจื”ื™ื˜ื™ื ืžื–ื•ื”ืžื™ื ื•ืืžืฆืขื™ ืžื ื™ืขื”, ื”ื”ื•ืฆืื•ืช ื™ื›ื•ืœื•ืช ืœื”ืคื•ืš ื‘ืžื”ื™ืจื•ืช ืœื’ื“ื•ืœื•ืช. ืžื•ืœ ื”ืชื‘ื•ื ื ื•ืช ื–ื•, ืขืฉื•ื™ื” ืœื”ืชืขื•ืจืจ ืฉืืœืช ื”ื‘ื™ื˜ื•ื— ืžืคื ื™ ื ื’ื™ืขื•ืช, ืื ื›ื™ ื”ื™ื ื ื•ืชืจื” ื ื•ืฉื ืžื•ืจื›ื‘ ื•ื—ื•ื–ื™ ื‘ื™ื˜ื•ื— ืžืกื•ืจืชื™ื™ื ืžื˜ื•ืคืœื™ื ื‘ื• ืžืขื˜ (ืขื•ื“ ืžื™ื“ืข).

ื”ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ ืฉืœ ืžื•ืฆืจื™ื ื›ื™ืžื™ื™ื ื›ื“ื™ ืœื—ืกืœ ืคืฉืคืฉื™ื ื™ืฉ ืœืฉืงื•ืœ ื‘ื–ื”ื™ืจื•ืช. ื”ืกื›ื ื•ืช ืฉืœ ื”ืจืขืœื” ืื• ืชื’ื•ื‘ื•ืช ืฉืœื™ืœื™ื•ืช ื”ืŸ ืืžื™ืชื™ื•ืช ื•ืฆืจื™ื›ื•ืช ืœื”ื•ื‘ื™ืœ ืื•ืชื ื• ืœืฉืงื•ืœ ืฉื™ื˜ื•ืช ืคื—ื•ืช ืžืกื•ื›ื ื•ืช ื›ืžื•ืฆื ืจืืฉื•ืŸ. ืœ'ื”ืกื•ื›ื ื•ืช ื”ืœืื•ืžื™ืช ืœื‘ื™ื˜ื—ื•ืŸ ื‘ืจื™ืื•ืช (ANSES) ื”ื“ื’ื™ืฉื” ืžืกืคืจ ืžืงืจื™ื ืฉืœ ื”ืจืขืœื” ื”ืงืฉื•ืจื” ืœืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ ืœื ื”ื•ืœื ื‘ืžื•ืฆืจื™ื ื›ืืœื” (ืคืจื˜ื™ื). ื™ื—ื“ ืขื ื–ืืช, ื”ื•ืคืขืช ืขืžื™ื“ื•ืช ืœืงื•ื˜ืœื™ ื—ืจืงื™ื ื‘ืงืจื‘ ืคืฉืคืฉื™ื ื“ื•ืจืฉืช ืขืจื ื•ืช ืžื•ื’ื‘ืจืช ื•ื”ืชืืžื” ืžืชืžื“ืช ืฉืœ ืฉื™ื˜ื•ืช ื”ื”ื“ื‘ืจื”.

ื”ื“ืื’ื” ื”ื‘ื™ื ืœืื•ืžื™ืช ืžืจืงื™ืขื” ืฉื—ืงื™ื ืขื ื”ื—ืฉืฉื•ืช ืžืคื ื™ ื ื”ึทื“ื‘ึผึธืงึธื” ืฉืœ ืคืฉืคืฉื™ื ื‘ืงื ื” ืžื™ื“ื” ืขื•ืœืžื™, ื‘ืžื™ื•ื—ื“ ืžืžื“ื™ื ื•ืช ืงืฉื•ืช ื›ืžื• ืฆืจืคืช. ืžื“ื™ื ื•ืช ื›ืžื• ืžืจื•ืงื• ืžื‘ื™ืขื•ืช ืืช ื“ืื’ื•ืชื™ื”ืŸ ื•ืžื‘ืงืฉื•ืช ืœื—ื–ืง ืืช ืืžืฆืขื™ ื”ืžื ื™ืขื” ืฉืœื”ืŸ ืžื•ืœ ื”ืื™ื•ื ื—ื•ืฆื” ื”ื’ื‘ื•ืœื•ืช ื”ื–ื” (ืžืืžืจ).

ืžื•ืœ ื”ืกื™ื‘ื•ืช ื•ื”ื”ืฉืœื›ื•ืช ื”ืœืœื•, ื”ื•ืคืš ื—ื™ื•ื ื™ ืœืืžืฅ ื’ื™ืฉื” ืคืจื•ืืงื˜ื™ื‘ื™ืช ื‘ืžื ื™ืขื” ื•ื˜ื™ืคื•ืœ ื‘ื”ืชืงืคื™ ืคืฉืคืฉ ื”ืžื™ื˜ื”, ืขืœ ืžื ืช ืœื”ื’ืŸ ืขืœ ื‘ืจื™ืื•ืชื ื•ืจื•ื•ื—ืชื ืฉืœ ื”ืคืจื˜ ื•ื”ืงื”ื™ืœื”.