ืื™ืš ืœื”ื’ืŸ ืขืœ ื”ื’ื™ื ื” ืฉืœืš ืžืคื ื™ ืžืจื˜ืŸ ืขื ืžืœื›ื•ื“ืช ืžืจื˜ืŸ ื™ืขื™ืœื”?

ื”ืกืžื•ืจ ื”ื–ืจื™ื– ื•ื”ืื•ืคื•ืจื˜ื•ื ื™ืกื˜ื™ ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื”ืคื•ืš ื‘ืžื”ื™ืจื•ืช ืืช ื”ื’ื™ื ื” ืฉืœืš ืœืฉื˜ื— ืฆื™ื“ ืžืฉืœื”, ื•ืœื’ืจื•ื ื ื–ืง ืœื ืจืฆื•ื™ ืœื ื˜ื™ืขื•ืช ืฉืœืš ื•ืœืฉืงื˜ ื”ื ืคืฉื™ ืฉืœืš. ืœืžืจื‘ื” ื”ืžื–ืœ, ืขื ื”ื”ืชืคืชื—ื•ืช ื”ืžืชืžื“ืช ืฉืœ ืคืชืจื•ื ื•ืช ื”ื“ื‘ืจื”, ื ื™ืชืŸ ืœื”ื’ืŸ ื‘ื™ืขื™ืœื•ืช ืขืœ ื”ืฉื˜ื— ื”ื™ืจื•ืง ืฉืœืš ืžืคื ื™ ืคื•ืœืฉื™ื ืขืจืžื•ืžื™ื™ื ืืœื”. ืžืœื›ื•ื“ืช ืกืžื•ืจ ืžืขื•ืฆื‘ืช ื™ื›ื•ืœื” ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ื”ืžืคืชื— ืœืฉืžื™ืจื” ืขืœ ื”ื’ื™ื ื” ืฉืœื›ื ื ืงื™ื™ื” ืžืžืจื“ื™ื ืžื‘ืœื™ ืœืคื’ื•ืข ื‘ืื™ื–ื•ืŸ ื”ืืงื•ืœื•ื’ื™. ืžืืžืจ ื–ื” ืžื ื—ื” ืื•ืชืš ื‘ืฉืœื‘ื™ื ื”ื—ื™ื•ื ื™ื™ื ืœื‘ื—ื™ืจื” ื•ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ ื‘ืžืœื›ื•ื“ืช ืกืžื•ืจ, ื•ืžื‘ื˜ื™ื— ืฉืชืฉืžื•ืจ ืขืœ ื”ื’ื™ื ื” ืฉืœืš ื‘ื˜ื•ื—ื” ื•ืฉืœื•ื•ื” ืชื•ืš ื›ื‘ื•ื“ ืœื—ื™ื•ืช ื”ื‘ืจ ืกื‘ื™ื‘ืš.

ืžื ื™ืขืช ืžืจื˜ื ื™ื ื‘ื’ื™ื ื”

ื–ื™ื”ื•ื™ ื”ืกื™ืžื ื™ื ืฉืœ ืกืžื•ืจ

ืœืคื ื™ ืฉืžืกืชื›ืœื™ื ืœืžื ื•ืข ืžืจื˜ื ืก ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ืชืžืงื ื‘ื’ื™ื ื” ืฉืœืš, ื—ื™ื•ื ื™ ืœื“ืขืช ืœื–ื”ื•ืช ืืช ื”ืกื™ืžื ื™ื ืœื ื•ื›ื—ื•ืชื. ื” ื’ืœืœื™ื ืกืžื•ืจื™ื ื”ื ืœืขืชื™ื ืงืจื•ื‘ื•ืช ืื™ื ื“ื™ืงื˜ื•ืจ ืžื“ื•ื™ืง; ืœืžืขืฉื”, ื”ื™ื›ื•ืœืช ืœื–ื”ื•ืช ืื•ืชื ื”ื™ื ืฆืขื“ ืจืืฉื•ืŸ ืœืงืจืืช ื”ืงืžืช ืชื•ื›ื ื™ืช ืžื ื™ืขื” ื™ืขื™ืœื”. ืืชื” ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœืœืžื•ื“ ืขื•ื“ ืขืœ ื”ืžืืคื™ื™ื ื™ื ื”ื™ื™ื—ื•ื“ื™ื™ื ืฉืœ ื’ืœืœื™ื ืืœื” ื•ืžื” ืœืขืฉื•ืช ืื ื”ื ื ืžืฆืื™ื ื‘ืืชืจื™ ื—ื™ื•ืช ื‘ืจ ืžื•ืžื—ื™ื.

ื‘ื™ื˜ื•ืœ ืกืžื•ืจ ืžื•ืฉืš

ืžืจื˜ืŸ ืžื—ืคืฉ ื‘ืขื™ืงืจ ืžื—ืกื” ื•ืžื–ื•ืŸ. ื‘ื™ื˜ื•ืœ ื”ืžื•ืฉื›ื™ื ื”ืœืœื• ื™ื’ื‘ื™ืœ ืžืื•ื“ ืืช ื”ื‘ื™ืงื•ืจื™ื ืฉืœื”ื. ื•ื“ื ื›ื™ ืขืฆื™ื ื—ืœื•ืœื™ื ืื• ื›ืœ ืฆื•ืจื” ืื—ืจืช ืฉืœ ื—ืœืœื™ื ืื™ื ื ื”ื•ืคื›ื™ื ืœืžืงืœื˜ื™ื ื ื•ื—ื™ื ืขื‘ื•ืจ ื”ื™ื•ื ืงื™ื ื”ืœืœื•. ื”ื—ืœืœื™ื ืžืชื—ืช ืœื’ื’ ืื• ื”ืžื‘ื ื™ื ื”ื—ื™ืฆื•ื ื™ื™ื ืฉืœ ื‘ื™ืชื›ื ื—ื™ื™ื‘ื™ื ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืžืื•ื‘ื˜ื—ื™ื ื”ื™ื˜ื‘, ืžื›ื™ื•ื•ืŸ ืฉื”ื ืžื™ื™ืฆื’ื™ื ืžืงื•ืžื•ืช ืงื™ื ื•ืŸ ืื™ื“ื™ืืœื™ื™ื.
ืœื’ื‘ื™ ืžื–ื•ืŸ, ื™ืฉ ืœื”ื™ืžื ืข ืžื”ืฉืืจืช ืฉืืจื™ื•ืช ืžื–ื•ืŸ ืื• ืคืกื•ืœืช ื ื’ื™ืฉื”. ื”ื’ื ื” ืขืœ ื”ืชืจื ื’ื•ืœื•ืช ืื• ื”ื‘ื™ืฆื™ื ืฉืœืš, ืื ื™ืฉ ืœืš ืœื•ืœ, ื”ื™ื ื’ื ื—ื™ื•ื ื™ืช. ื˜ื™ืคื™ื ืกืคืฆื™ืคื™ื™ื ืœื”ื’ื ื” ืขืœ ืขื•ืคื•ืช ื™ื”ื™ื• ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉื™ื™ื ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ืคื—ื™ืช ืืช ื”ืกื™ื›ื•ืŸ ืœื—ื“ื™ืจืช ื˜ื•ืจืคื™ื ืืœื”.

ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ ื‘ื—ื•ืžืจื™ื ื“ื•ื—ื™ื ื˜ื‘ืขื™ื™ื ื•ืžืœืื›ื•ืชื™ื™ื

ืžื‘ื—ื™ื ืช ืžื ื™ืขื”, ื“ื•ื—ื™ื ืœื”ื™ืฉืืจ ื‘ืขืœื™ ื‘ืจื™ืช ื—ื–ืงื™ื. ื”ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ ื‘ื—ื•ืžืจื™ื ื˜ื‘ืขื™ื™ื, ื›ืžื• ืืคืจ ืฉื ื™ืชืŸ ืœืคื–ืจ ืขืœ ื”ื“ืฉื, ื”ื•ื ืฉื™ื˜ื” ืขื“ื™ื ื” ืœื”ืจืชืขืช ืกืžื•ืจื™ื ืžื‘ืœื™ ืœืคื’ื•ืข ื‘ื”ื. ื”ืžืœืฆื•ืช ื ื•ืกืคื•ืช ืขืœ ื”ื™ืชืจื•ื ื•ืช ืฉืœ ื—ื™ืคื•ื™ ื•ื˜ืขื•ื™ื•ืช ืฉื™ืฉ ืœื”ื™ืžื ืข ืžื”ืŸ ื‘ืืคืจ ื ื™ืชืŸ ืœืžืฆื•ื ืืฆืœ ืžื•ืžื—ื™ ื’ื™ื ื•ืŸ.
ืขื ื–ืืช, ื‘ื™ืŸ ืื ืชื‘ื—ืจื• ื‘ื—ื•ืžืจื™ื ื“ื•ื—ื™ื ืžืกื—ืจื™ื™ื ืื• ื‘ืคืชืจื•ื ื•ืช ืžืชื•ื—ื›ืžื™ื ื™ื•ืชืจ ื›ืžื• ืžื›ืฉื™ืจื™ ืื•ืœื˜ืจืกืื•ื ื“, ื—ืฉื•ื‘ ืœื‘ื—ื•ืจ ื‘ืžื•ืฆืจื™ื ืื™ื›ื•ืชื™ื™ื ื”ื™ื“ื•ืขื™ื ื‘ื™ืขื™ืœื•ืชื ื ื’ื“ ืžืจื˜ืŸ. ื”ืงืžืช ืžืœื›ื•ื“ื•ืช ืœื ืงื˜ืœื ื™ื•ืช ื™ื›ื•ืœื” ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืžืœื•ื•ื” ื‘ืืกื˜ืจื˜ื’ื™ื™ืช ื”ืจื—ืงื” ื›ื“ื™ ืœืžื ื•ืข ืžื”ื—ื™ื” ืœื—ื–ื•ืจ.

ืืžืฆืขื™ ื”ื’ื ื” ื ื•ืกืคื™ื

ืžืขื‘ืจ ืœืฉื™ื˜ื•ืช ื”ื“ื—ื™ื™ื” ืืงื˜ื™ื‘ื™ื•ืช, ืฉืงื•ืœ ื’ื ื”ื’ื ื” ืขืœ ืฆื™ื•ื“ ืฉืขืœื•ืœ ืœืžืฉื•ืš ืžืจื˜ืŸ. ืœื‘ืขืœื™ ื—ื™ื™ื ืืœื• ื™ืฉ ืขื“ื™ืคื•ืช ืœืœืขื™ืกืช ื›ื‘ืœื™ื, ื‘ืžื™ื•ื—ื“ ืืœื” ืฉืœ ืžื›ื•ื ื™ื•ืช. ื”ื’ื ื” ืกืคืฆื™ืคื™ืช ืœื—ื™ื•ื•ื˜ ื•ื™ื™ืขื•ืฅ ืœื’ื‘ื™ ื—ื ื™ื™ืช ืจื›ื‘ื™ื ื‘ื˜ื•ื—ื™ื ืžืคื ื™ ืžื–ื™ืงื™ื ื™ื”ื™ื• ืจืœื•ื•ื ื˜ื™ื™ื ื‘ืžื™ื•ื—ื“ ื‘ืืกื˜ืจื˜ื’ื™ื™ืช ื”ืžื ื™ืขื” ืฉืœืš.
ืžื‘ืœื™ ืœืฉื›ื•ื— ืฉืฉืžื™ืจื” ืขืœ ื”ืžื’ื•ื•ืŸ ื”ื‘ื™ื•ืœื•ื’ื™ ื‘ื’ื™ื ื” ืฉืœืš ื”ื™ื ื—ื™ื•ื ื™ืช. ืœื“ื•ื’ืžื”, ืืชื” ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœืขื–ื•ืจ ืœื”ื’ืŸ ืขืœ ืฆื™ืคื•ืจื™ื ืžืคื ื™ ื˜ื•ืจืคื™ื ื˜ื‘ืขื™ื™ื ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ื”ืชืงื ืช ืžืงืœื˜ื™ื ืžืื•ื‘ื˜ื—ื™ื. ื›ืš ื’ื ืœื’ื‘ื™ ื”ื’ื ื” ืขืœ ื‘ืขืœื™ ื—ื™ื™ื ืื—ืจื™ื ื‘ืชืงื•ืคื•ืช ืฉืœ ื—ื•ื ืขื–, ืฉื‘ื”ืŸ ื”ืฉื›ืœ ื”ื™ืฉืจ ื•ืคืขื•ืœื•ืช ืฉื™ืžื•ืจ ื”ื•ืคื›ื•ืช ื—ื™ื•ื ื™ื•ืช.

ืžืกืงื ื”: ืžื’ื•ืจื™ื ืžืฉื•ืชืคื™ื ืขื ื—ื™ื•ืช ื‘ืจ ืžืงื•ืžื™ื•ืช

ื—ืฉื•ื‘ ืœื–ื›ื•ืจ ื›ื™ ืžืจื˜ื ื™ื ื”ื ื—ืœืง ืžื”ื ื•ืฃ ื”ืืงื•ืœื•ื’ื™ ื•ืชืคืงื™ื“ื ืœืžืœื. ื’ื ืื ืœืคืขืžื™ื ื™ืฉ ืฆื•ืจืš ืœืงื‘ื•ืข ืืžืฆืขื™ ืžื ื™ืขื” ืœื”ื’ื ื” ืขืœ ืžืจื—ื‘ ื”ืžื—ื™ื” ืฉืœื›ื, ื”ืžื˜ืจื” ื”ื™ื ื‘ืขื™ืงืจ ืœื—ื™ื•ืช ื™ื—ื“ ืขื ื”ื—ื™ ื”ืžืงื•ืžื™ ืชื•ืš ืฉืžื™ืจื” ืขืœ ืจื•ื•ื—ืชื ื•ื‘ื˜ื™ื—ื•ืชื ืฉืœ ื›ื•ืœื. ืขืžื•ืชื•ืช ืœื”ื’ื ืช ื‘ืขืœื™ ื—ื™ื™ื ืžืฆื™ืขื•ืช ืžืฉืื‘ื™ื ื•ืขืฆื•ืช ืœื ื™ื”ื•ืœ ื”ื“ื•-ืงื™ื•ื ื”ื–ื” ื‘ืฆื•ืจื” ื”ื˜ื•ื‘ื” ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ.
ืžื ื™ืขืช ื”ื™ื•ื•ืฆืจื•ืช ืžื–ื™ืงื™ื ื‘ื’ื™ื ื” ืฉืœืš ื“ื•ืจืฉืช ื’ื™ืฉื” ื’ืœื•ื‘ืœื™ืช, ืฉื‘ื” ื™ื“ืข, ืžื ื™ืขื” ื•ื›ืžื” ืฆืขื“ื™ ืฉื˜ื— ื—ื•ื‘ืจื™ื ื™ื—ื“ ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ื‘ื˜ื™ื— ื‘ึผึดื˜ึธื—ื•ึนืŸ ื• ืจื•ึนื’ึทืข ื™ืฆื™ื‘. ื”ืงืคื“ ืชืžื™ื“ ืœื”ืขื“ื™ืฃ ืขื“ื™ื ื•ืช ื•ื›ื‘ื•ื“ ืœื˜ื‘ืข ื‘ื ื™ื”ื•ืœ ื”ืžืจื˜ืŸ ืฉืœืš, ืœืชืจื•ื ืœืกื‘ื™ื‘ื” ื‘ืจื™ืื” ื•ืžืื•ื–ื ืช ืœื›ื•ืœื.

ื”ื‘ื ืช ื”ืชื ื”ื’ื•ืช ืกืžื•ืจ

ื‘ื ื™ื’ื•ื“ ืœืžื” ืฉืืคืฉืจ ืœื—ืฉื•ื‘, ื”ืžืจืืŸ, ื”ื—ื™ื” ื”ื–ื• ืขื ืคืจื•ื•ื” ื”ืžืฉื™ ื•ืขื™ื ื™ื• ื”ืฉื•ื‘ื‘ื•ืช, ืœื ื ืžืฆืืช ืฉื ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ืคืจื™ืข ื‘ืžื›ื•ื•ืŸ ืืช ื”ืฉืงื˜ ื•ื”ืฉืœื•ื•ื” ื‘ื‘ื™ืชื›ื. ื ื•ื›ื—ื•ืชื• ื‘ื‘ืชื™ ื’ื™ื“ื•ืœ ืื ื•ืฉื™ื™ื ื”ื™ื ืœืขืชื™ื ืงืจื•ื‘ื•ืช ื‘ื—ื™ืคื•ืฉ ืื—ืจ ืžื—ืกื” ืื• ืžื–ื•ืŸ. ืขื ื–ืืช, ื ื˜ื™ื™ืชื ืœื’ืจื•ื ืœื ื–ืง ืœืจื›ื•ืฉ ื•ื”ืžื˜ืจื“ ืฉืœ ื”ืจืขืฉื™ื ื”ืœื™ืœื™ื™ื ืฉืœื”ื ื–ื™ืคื• ืืช ื”ืžื•ื ื™ื˜ื™ืŸ ืฉืœื”ื ื›ืžื–ื™ืงื™ื.

ืžืืคื™ื™ื ื™ื ื•ื”ืจื’ืœื™ื ืฉืœ ืกืžื•ืจ

ื”ืžืจื˜ืŸ ื”ื•ื ื™ื•ื ืง ื–ืจื™ื– ื•ืื•ืคื•ืจื˜ื•ื ื™ืกื˜ื™, ืฉืžืกืชื’ืœ ื‘ืงืœื•ืช ืœืกื‘ื™ื‘ื•ืช ืฉื•ื ื•ืช, ื›ื•ืœืœ ืกื‘ื™ื‘ ืžื’ื•ืจื™ ืื“ื. ื‘ืœื‘ ื”ืชื ื”ื’ื•ืชื” ืขื•ืžื“ืช ืกืงืจื ื•ืช ืื™ื ืกื˜ื™ื ืงื˜ื™ื‘ื™ืช ืฉื“ื•ื—ืคืช ืื•ืชื” ืœื—ืงื•ืจ ืขืœื™ื•ืช ื’ื’, ืขืœื™ื•ืช ื’ื’ ืื• ืืคื™ืœื• ืžื‘ื ื™ื ื—ื™ืฆื•ื ื™ื™ื ื‘ื—ื™ืคื•ืฉ ืื—ืจ ืงืŸ ื ืขื™ื. ื”ืชื ื”ื’ื•ืช ื—ืงืจื ื™ืช ื–ื• ืชื•ืจืžืช ืœืขื™ืชื™ื ืงืจื•ื‘ื•ืช ืœื—ื“ื™ืจืชื ื”ื‘ืœืชื™ ืจืฆื•ื™ื” ืœื‘ืชื™ื.

ื˜ื•ืจืฃ ืœื™ืœื” ืงื˜ืŸ ื–ื” ืคืขื™ืœ ื‘ืขื™ืงืจ ื‘ืœื™ืœื”, ื•ื‘ืžื”ืœื›ื ื”ื•ื ื™ื•ืฆื ืœื—ืคืฉ ืžื–ื•ืŸ. ืชื–ื•ื ืช ื”ืžืจื˜ืŸ ืžื’ื•ื•ื ืช: ื”ื™ื ื›ื•ืœืœืช ื™ื•ื ืงื™ื ืงื˜ื ื™ื, ืฆื™ืคื•ืจื™ื, ื‘ื™ืฆื™ื, ืคื™ืจื•ืช ื•ืœืขืชื™ื ื“ื˜ืจื™ื˜ื•ืก. ื™ืฉ ืœืฆื™ื™ืŸ ืฉืœืขื™ืชื™ื ื ื™ืชืŸ ืœื‘ืœื‘ืœ ืืช ื”ืžืจื˜ืŸ ืขื ื” ืกึทืžื•ึผืจ, ื—ื‘ืจ ื ื•ืกืฃ ืžืžืฉืคื—ืช ื”-mustelids, ืฉื ื—ืฉื‘ ืœืขืชื™ื ืงืจื•ื‘ื•ืช ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉื™ ืขื‘ื•ืจ ืชืคืงื™ื“ื• ื›ื˜ื•ืจืฃ ื˜ื‘ืขื™ ื‘ืžืขืจื›ืช ื”ืืงื•ืœื•ื’ื™ืช ืฉืœ ื”ื’ืŸ.

ื”ืฆื•ืจืš ืœืœื›ื•ื“ ืžืจื˜ืŸ

ืžื•ืœ ื—ื“ื™ืจื•ืช ื—ื•ื–ืจื•ืช ื•ื ืฉื ื•ืช ื•ื ื–ืงื™ื ื—ื•ืžืจื™ื™ื, ื”ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ ื‘ื ืžืœื›ื•ื“ืช ืกืžื•ืจ ื ืจืื” ืœืขืชื™ื ืงืจื•ื‘ื•ืช ื›ืคืชืจื•ืŸ ื”ืžืชืื™ื ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืœื”ื“ื•ืฃ ืืช ื”ื—ื™ื•ืช ื”ืœื ืจืฆื•ื™ื•ืช ื”ืœืœื• ื‘ืฆื•ืจื” ืžื‘ื•ืงืจืช ื•ืžื‘ืœื™ ืœืคื’ื•ืข ื‘ืžืขืจื›ืช ื”ืืงื•ืœื•ื’ื™ืช ืฉืžืกื‘ื™ื‘. ืขืœ ืžื ืช ืœื”ืชื’ื‘ืจ ืขืœ ื ื•ื›ื—ื•ืชื, ื—ื™ื•ื ื™ ืœื”ื‘ื™ืŸ ืืช ื”ืชื ื”ื’ื•ืชื ืขืœ ืžื ืช ืœื”ืฉืชืžืฉ ื‘ืžืœื›ื•ื“ืช ื”ืžืชืื™ืžื”.

ื‘ื—ื™ืจืช ื”ืžืœื›ื•ื“ืช ื—ื™ื™ื‘ืช ืœื”ื™ืขืฉื•ืช ืชื•ืš ื”ืชื—ืฉื‘ื•ืช ื‘ื”ืจื’ืœื™ ื”ืกืžื•ืจ. ื”ืขื“ืคืช ื—ืœืœื™ื ืกื’ื•ืจื™ื, ื›ืœื•ื‘ ืœื›ื™ื“ื” ืžืชืื™ื, ื”ืžื•ืฆื‘ ื‘ืžืงื•ื ื‘ื• ืžื‘ืงืจ ื‘ืขืœ ื”ื—ื™ื™ื, ื™ืชื‘ืจืจ ื›ื™ืขื™ืœ. ื™ืชืจ ืขืœ ื›ืŸ, ื ื™ืชืŸ ืœื ืฆืœ ืืช ืžืฉื™ื›ืชื ืœืคื™ืชื™ื•ื ื•ืช ืžืกื•ื™ืžื™ื ื›ื’ื•ืŸ ื‘ื™ืฆื™ื ืื• ื—ืชื™ื›ื•ืช ื“ื’ื™ื ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ืงืœ ืขืœ ืœื›ื™ื“ืชื.

ื”ืงืžืช ืžืœื›ื•ื“ืช ืกืžื•ืจ

ื”ืงืžืช ื ืžึทืœื›ึผื•ึนื“ึถืช ื—ื™ื™ื‘ ืœืขืžื•ื“ ื‘ื“ืจื™ืฉื•ืช ืžืกื•ื™ืžื•ืช ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ื‘ื˜ื™ื— ืืช ื™ืขื™ืœื•ืชื•. ืจืืฉื™ืช, ื–ื”ื” ืืช ื”ืื–ื•ืจื™ื ืฉื‘ื”ื ื”ืžืจื˜ืŸ ืขื•ื‘ืจ ื‘ืืžืฆืขื•ืช ืจืžื–ื™ื ื›ื’ื•ืŸ ืขืงื‘ื•ืช, ืฆื•ืื” ืื• ื ื–ืง. ื‘ืžืงื•ืžื•ืช ื”ืืกื˜ืจื˜ื’ื™ื™ื ื”ืœืœื• ื™ืฉ ืœืžืงื ืืช ื”ืžืœื›ื•ื“ืช. ืœืื—ืจ ืžื›ืŸ, ื•ื“ื ืฉื”ืžื›ืฉื™ืจ ื‘ื˜ื•ื—, ื”ืŸ ืขื‘ื•ืจ ื‘ืขืœ ื”ื—ื™ื™ื ื•ื”ืŸ ืขื‘ื•ืจ ื”ืžืฉืชืžืฉื™ื ื‘ื—ืœืœ ื”ื ื•ื’ืข ื‘ื“ื‘ืจ. ื™ืฉ ืœื›ื‘ื“ ื’ื ืืช ื”ืชืงื ื•ืช ื”ื ื•ื’ืขื•ืช ืœืœื›ื™ื“ื” ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ื™ืฉืืจ ื‘ืžืกื’ืจืช ื”ื—ื•ืงื™ืช ืฉืœ ื”ื’ื ื” ืขืœ ื—ื™ื•ืช ื‘ืจ.

ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ื’ื“ื™ืœ ืืช ืกื™ื›ื•ื™ื™ ื”ื”ืฆืœื—ื” ืฉืœืš ืžื‘ืœื™ ืœืคื’ื•ืข ื‘ื‘ืขืœ ื”ื—ื™ื™ื, ืงื™ื™ืžื™ื ืžืกืคืจ ืžืฉืื‘ื™ื ืขืœ ืžืืคื™ื™ื ื™ื ืฉืœ ืกืžื•ืจ ื•ื›ื™ืฆื“ ืœื”ื‘ื—ื™ืŸ ื‘ื™ืŸ ืกืžื•ืจ ืœืžืจื˜ืŸ, ืฉื”ื•ื ื”ื™ื‘ื˜ ืžื›ืจื™ืข ื‘ื ื™ื”ื•ืœ ืžื–ื™ืงื™ื ืืชื™.

ื‘ืกื•ืคื• ืฉืœ ื“ื‘ืจ, ื ื™ื”ื•ืœ ื ื•ื›ื—ื•ืช ืฉืœ ืžืจื˜ื ื™ื ื‘ืกื‘ื™ื‘ื” ื‘ื™ืชื™ืช ื“ื•ืจืฉ ื”ื‘ื ื” ืžืขืžื™ืงื” ืฉืœ ื”ื”ืจื’ืœื™ื ื•ื”ื”ืชื ื”ื’ื•ืช ื”ื˜ื‘ืขื™ื™ื ืฉืœื”ื. ื”ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ ื”ืžื•ืฉื›ืœ ื‘ื ืžืœื›ื•ื“ืช ืกืžื•ืจ ื ื•ืชืจื” ืื—ืช ื”ืฉื™ื˜ื•ืช ื”ื‘ื˜ื•ื—ื•ืช ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืœืฉืœื•ื˜ ื‘ืื•ื›ืœื•ืกื™ื™ืชื ืžื‘ืœื™ ืœืคื’ื•ืข ื‘ืจื•ื•ื—ืชื ืื• ื‘ืจื•ื•ื—ืชื ืฉืœ ืžื™ื ื™ื ืื—ืจื™ื.

ื‘ื—ื™ืจืช ืžืœื›ื•ื“ืช ื”ืกืžื•ืจ ื”ืžืชืื™ืžื” ืœื’ื™ื ื” ืฉืœืš

ืžื•ืœ ื ื•ื›ื—ื•ืช ื‘ืœืชื™ ืจืฆื•ื™ื” ืฉืœ ื ืกึทืžื•ึผืจ ื‘ืžืงืœื˜ ื”ื™ืจื•ืง ืฉืœืš, ื—ื™ื•ื ื™ ืœื‘ื—ื•ืจ ื‘ืืกื˜ืจื˜ื’ื™ื™ืช ืœื›ื™ื“ื” ืžื›ื•ื‘ื“ืช ื•ื™ืขื™ืœื”. ื™ื•ื ืงื™ื ืงื˜ื ื™ื ืืœื•, ื”ืžื•ื›ืจื™ื ืžืขืœื™ื•ืช ื’ื’ ื•ื’ื’ื•ืช, ืขืœื•ืœื™ื ืœื’ืจื•ื ืœื ื–ืง ืžืฉืžืขื•ืชื™. ืœื›ืŸ ื”ื‘ื ืช ื”ืจื’ืœื™ ื”ืžืจื˜ืŸ ื•ื‘ื—ื™ืจืช ื”ืžืœื›ื•ื“ืช ื”ืžืชืื™ืžื” ืœืื‘ื˜ื—ืช ื”ื’ื™ื ื” ืฉืœืš ื”ื™ื ื—ื™ื•ื ื™ืช.

ื–ื™ื”ื•ื™ ื•ื”ื‘ื ื” ืฉืœ ื”ืชื ื”ื’ื•ืช

ืœืคื ื™ ื”ื˜ื‘ื™ืขืช ืžืœื›ื•ื“ืช, ื—ืฉื•ื‘ ืœืขืฉื•ืช ื–ืืช ืœืืฉืจ ื ื•ื›ื—ื•ืช ืฉืœ ืกืžื•ืจ. ืจืžื–ื™ื ื›ืžื• ืจืขืฉื™ ืœื™ืœื”, ื’ืœืœื™ื ืื•ืคื™ื™ื ื™ื™ื ืื• ืืคื™ืœื• ืขืงื‘ื•ืช ืžืกื‘ื™ื‘ ืœื‘ื™ืชืš ื™ื›ื•ืœื•ืช ืœื—ืฉื•ืฃ ืืช ื‘ื™ืงื•ืจื™ื•. ืœืื—ืจ ืื™ืฉื•ืจ ื”ื ื•ื›ื—ื•ืช, ื”ื™ื›ืจื•ืช ืขื ื”ื”ืชื ื”ื’ื•ืช ื”ืœื™ืœื™ืช ืฉืœื” ืชืืคืฉืจ ืœืš ืœื”ืชืื™ื ืืช ื”ื’ื™ืฉื” ืฉืœืš ืœืœื›ื™ื“ื” ืœืœื ืกื›ื ื” ืขื‘ื•ืจ ื”ื—ื™ื”.

ื‘ื—ื™ืจืช ืกื•ื’ ื”ืžืœื›ื•ื“ืช ื”ื ื›ื•ืŸ

ื™ืฉื ื ื“ื’ืžื™ื ืฉื•ื ื™ื ืฉืœ ืžืœื›ื•ื“ื•ืช ื”ืžื™ื•ืขื“ื•ืช ืœืœื›ื•ื“ ืžืจื˜ืŸ ืžื‘ืœื™ ืœื’ืจื•ื ืœื”ื ื ื–ืง. ืžืœื›ื•ื“ื•ืช ืœื›ื™ื“ื” ื—ื™ื”, ื›ื’ื•ืŸ ืžืœื›ื•ื“ื•ืช ื›ืœื•ื‘ื™ื, ืžื•ืžืœืฅ ืœืืคืฉืจ ืฉื—ืจื•ืจ ืืชื™ ืฉืœ ื‘ืขืœ ื”ื—ื™ื™ื. ื‘ื—ื™ืจืช ื”ืžืœื›ื•ื“ืช ืชื”ื™ื” ืชืœื•ื™ื” ื‘ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ ื‘ืžืจื˜ืŸ ื•ื‘ืกื‘ื™ื‘ืช ื”ื’ื™ื ื” ืฉืœื›ื. ืžืงื ืืช ื”ืžืœื›ื•ื“ืช ื‘ืื–ื•ืจื™ื ืืกื˜ืจื˜ื’ื™ื™ื ืฉื‘ื”ื ื‘ืขืœ ื”ื—ื™ื™ื ืฆืคื•ื™ ืœืขื‘ื•ืจ.

ืคื™ืชื™ื•ืŸ ื•ืื‘ื˜ื—ืช ื”ืžืœื›ื•ื“ืช

ืคื™ืชื™ื•ืŸ ืžืชืื™ื ื”ื•ื ืžื›ืจื™ืข ืœื™ืขื™ืœื•ืช ื”ืžืœื›ื•ื“ืช. ืœืขืชื™ื ืงืจื•ื‘ื•ืช ืžื•ืžืœืฅ ืœื”ืจื™ื— ืžื–ื•ืŸ, ื›ืžื• ื‘ื™ืฆื™ื ืื• ื“ื’ื™ื, ื›ื“ื™ ืœืžืฉื•ืš ืกืžื•ืจื™ื. ืœืจืื•ืช ืœืื‘ื˜ื— ืืช ื”ืžืœื›ื•ื“ืช ื›ื“ื™ ืœืžื ื•ืข ื›ืœ ืกื™ื›ื•ืŸ ืœืชื•ืฉื‘ื™ื ืื—ืจื™ื ื‘ื’ื™ื ื” ืฉืœืš, ื›ื’ื•ืŸ ื—ืชื•ืœื™ื ืื• ื—ื™ื•ืช ื‘ืจ ืงื˜ื ื•ืช.

ื™ื“ืข ื ื•ืกืฃ ืขืœ ืžื–ื™ืงื™ื

ื”ืžืจื˜ืŸ ื”ื•ื ืœื ื”ื—ื™ื” ื”ื™ื—ื™ื“ื” ืฉื™ื›ื•ืœื” ืœื”ื–ืžื™ืŸ ืืช ืขืฆืžื” ืœืžืจื—ื‘ื™ื ื”ื™ืจื•ืงื™ื ืฉืœื›ื. ืฉื ื—ึฒืคึทืจืคึผึถืจึถืช, ื”ืœืจื•ื˜ ื•ื”ืกืžื•ืจ, ืœืžืฉืœ, ืขืฉื•ื™ื™ื ืœื”ืฉืคื™ืข ืขืœ ืจื•ื•ื—ืช ื”ื’ื™ื ื” ืฉืœืš. ื ืงื˜ื• ื‘ื’ื™ืฉื” ืื™ื ืคื•ืจืžื˜ื™ื‘ื™ืช ื›ื“ื™ ืœื–ื”ื•ืช ื‘ืื•ืคืŸ ืกืคืฆื™ืคื™ ื›ืœ ืžื–ื™ืง ื•ืœื™ื™ืฉื ืืช ืืžืฆืขื™ ื”ื”ื“ื‘ืจื” ื”ืžืชืื™ื. ืขื‘ื•ืจ ืฉื•ืžื•ืช, ืขืฆื•ืช ืœื ืงื˜ืœื ื™ื•ืช ื™ื›ื•ืœื•ืช ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ื™ืขื™ืœื•ืช, ื‘ืขื•ื“ ืฉื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ื’ืŸ ืขืœ ืขืฆืžืš ืžืคื ื™ ื—ื“ื™ืจื•ืช ืฉื•ืขืœ ืœื™ื“ ื”ืชืจื ื’ื•ืœื•ืช ืฉืœืš, ื™ืฉ ืœื™ื™ืฉื ื˜ืงื˜ื™ืงื•ืช ื”ื’ื ื” ืกืคืฆื™ืคื™ื•ืช.

ื ื™ื”ื•ืœ ืื—ืจืื™ ื•ืืชื™

ื‘ื–ืžืŸ ื”ื’ื ื” ืขืœ ื”ื’ื™ื ื” ืฉืœืš, ื—ืฉื•ื‘ ืœื›ื‘ื“ ืืช ื—ื™ื•ืช ื”ื‘ืจ. ืœืื—ืจ ืœื›ื™ื“ืช ืžืจื˜ืŸ, ื” ืžึฐืฉืื•ึผื—ืจึธืจ ื—ื™ื™ื‘ ืœื”ื™ืขืฉื•ืช ื‘ื–ื”ื™ืจื•ืช ื‘ืกื‘ื™ื‘ื” ืžืชืื™ืžื”, ื”ืจื—ืง ืžืื–ื•ืจื™ื ืขื™ืจื•ื ื™ื™ื. ื’ื™ืฉื” ืืชื™ืช ื•ืื—ืจืื™ืช ืœื ืจืง ืชื‘ื˜ื™ื— ืืช ื‘ื˜ื™ื—ื•ืช ื”ื’ื™ื ื” ืฉืœื›ื, ืืœื ื’ื ืชืชืจื•ื ืœืจื•ื•ื—ืช ื‘ืขืœื™ ื”ื—ื™ื™ื.
ืœืกื™ื›ื•ื, ื‘ื—ืจื• ื ืžืœื›ื•ื“ืช ืกืžื•ืจ ืฉื›ืŸ ื”ื’ื™ื ื” ืฉืœืš ื“ื•ืจืฉืช ื”ื‘ื ื” ืžืขืžื™ืงื” ืฉืœ ื”ื”ืจื’ืœื™ื ืฉืœ ื”ื—ื™ื” ื”ืกืงืจื ื™ืช ื”ื–ื•. ื ืงื˜ื• ื‘ื’ื™ืฉื” ืื—ืจืื™ืช ื‘ื‘ื—ื™ืจืช ื•ื”ืชืงื ืช ื”ืžืœื›ื•ื“ืช ืฉืœื›ื, ืชื•ืš ืจื›ื™ืฉืช ื™ื“ืข ืขืœ ื—ื™ื•ืช ืงื˜ื ื•ืช ืื—ืจื•ืช ืฉืขืฉื•ื™ื•ืช ืœื‘ืงืจ ื’ื ืืชื›ื. ื–ื” ื™ืืคืฉืจ ืœืš ืœื—ื™ื•ืช ื‘ืฉืœื•ื ืขื ื—ื™ื•ืช ื‘ืจ ืชื•ืš ืฉืžื™ืจื” ืขืœ ืฉืœืžื•ืช ื”ืžืจื—ื‘ ื”ื—ื™ืฆื•ื ื™ ืฉืœืš.