ืื™ืš ืœื”ื‘ืจื™ื— ื™ื•ื ื™ื ื‘ืฆื•ืจื” ื™ืขื™ืœื”?

ื›ืืฉืจ ื™ื•ื ื™ื ืชื•ืคืกื•ืช ืžืงื•ื ืžื’ื•ืจื™ื ื‘ื ื›ืก ืฉืœืš, ื”ืŸ ืขืœื•ืœื•ืช ืœื”ืคื•ืš ื‘ืžื”ื™ืจื•ืช ืœืžืงื•ืจ ืฉืœ ืื™ ื ื•ื—ื•ืช ืฉืœ ืžืžืฉ. ื‘ื™ืŸ ื”ื ื–ืง ืฉื ื’ืจื ืžื”ื”ืคืจืฉื•ืช ืฉืœื”ื ื•ื–ื™ื”ื•ื ื”ืจืขืฉ, ื—ื™ื•ื ื™ ืœืžืฆื•ื ืคืชืจื•ืŸ ื™ืขื™ืœ ืœื”ืจื—ืงืช ื”ืฆื™ืคื•ืจื™ื ื”ืคื•ืœืฉื•ืช ื”ืœืœื•. ื’ืœื” ื‘ืžืืžืจ ื–ื” ืฉื™ื˜ื•ืช ืžืงืฆื•ืขื™ื•ืช ื•ืžื•ื›ื—ื•ืช ืœื”ืคื—ื™ื“ ื•ืœื”ืจื—ื™ืง ื™ื•ื ื™ื ืœืฆืžื™ืชื•ืช ืžื”ื‘ื™ืช ืฉืœืš. ื‘ื™ืŸ ืื ืืชื ืžืขื“ื™ืคื™ื ืชื›ืฉื™ืจื™ื ื“ื•ื—ื™ื, ืžื›ืฉื™ืจื™ ื—ื–ื•ืชื™ื™ื ืื• ืงื•ืœื™ื™ื, ืื• ืืคื™ืœื• ืคืชืจื•ื ื•ืช ื—ื“ืฉื ื™ื™ื ื™ื•ืชืจ, ื›ืืŸ ืชืžืฆืื• ืืช ื”ืขืฆื•ืช ื•ื”ื˜ื™ืคื™ื ื”ื“ืจื•ืฉื™ื ืœื›ื ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ื’ืŸ ื‘ืจื•ื’ืข ืขืœ ืžืจื—ื‘ ื”ืžื—ื™ื” ืฉืœื›ื ืžืคื ื™ ื”ืคื•ืœืฉื™ื ื”ื ื•ืฆื•ืช ื”ืœืœื•.

ืฉื™ื˜ื•ืช ืœื”ืจื—ืงืช ื™ื•ื ื™ื

ื’ืœื” ื“ืจื›ื™ื ืžืคื—ื™ื“ื•ืช ืœื”ืจื—ื™ืง ื™ื•ื ื™ื ื‘ื”ืฆืœื—ื” ื•ืœืฉืžื•ืจ ืขืœ ื”ืกื‘ื™ื‘ื” ืฉืœืš ื‘ื˜ื•ื—ื”.

ืืกื˜ืจื˜ื’ื™ื•ืช ื™ืขื™ืœื•ืช ืœื”ืจื—ืงืช ื™ื•ื ื™ื

ื™ื•ื ื™ื ื–ื•ื›ื•ืช ืœืขืชื™ื ืงืจื•ื‘ื•ืช ืœื”ืขืจื›ื” ื‘ื–ื›ื•ืช ื”ืงื•ืœ ื”ื ื’ื™ื ื” ืฉืœื”ืŸ ื•ื™ื›ื•ืœืชืŸ ืœื ื•ื•ื˜ ืœืžืจื—ืงื™ื ืืจื•ื›ื™ื. ืื‘ืœ ื›ืฉืžื“ื•ื‘ืจ ื‘ืื–ื•ืจื™ ืžื’ื•ืจื™ื, ื”ื ื™ื›ื•ืœื™ื ืœื”ืคื•ืš ื‘ืžื”ื™ืจื•ืช ืœืžืงื•ืจ ืœืžื˜ืจื“. ืฆื™ืคื•ืจื™ื ืืœื• ื™ื›ื•ืœื•ืช ืœื”ืชื™ื™ืฉื‘ ื‘ื›ืžื•ืช ื’ื“ื•ืœื”, ื•ืœื’ืจื•ื ื ื–ืง ื—ื•ืžืจื™, ื•ืœืฉืœืฉืช ื”ื—ื•ืžืฆื” ืฉืœื”ืŸ ื™ื›ื•ืœื” ืœืคื’ื•ืข ื‘ืžืฉื˜ื—ื™ื ืขืœื™ื”ื ื”ื ืžืฆื˜ื‘ืจื™ื. ื‘ื ื•ืกืฃ, ื™ื•ื ื™ื ื”ืŸ ื ืฉืื•ืช ืคื•ื˜ื ืฆื™ืืœื™ื•ืช ืฉืœ ืžื—ืœื•ืช. ืœืคื™ื›ืš, ื‘ืขืœ ืฉื™ื˜ื•ืช ื™ึธืขึดื™ืœ ื”ื”ืกืจื” ื—ื™ื•ื ื™ืช ืœืžื™ ืฉื ื›ืกื™ื• ื ืชื•ื ื™ื ืœืคืœื™ืฉื•ืช ืœื ืจืฆื•ื™ื•ืช ืืœื•.

ื’ื™ืฉื” ื—ื–ื•ืชื™ืช: ื“ื•ื—ื™ื ืื•ืคื˜ื™ื™ื

ื”ื’ื ื” ื—ื–ื•ืชื™ืช ืžื”ื•ื•ื” ืืช ืงื• ื”ื’ื™ืฉื” ื”ืจืืฉื•ืŸ ื‘ืืกื˜ืจื˜ื’ื™ื™ืช ื”ืจื—ืงืช ื™ื•ื ื™ื. ืฉืœ ื” ื“ื•ื—ื™ื ืื•ืคื˜ื™ื™ื, ื›ืžื• ืคืกื™ื ืžื—ื–ื™ืจื™ ืื•ืจ ืื• ืžื›ืฉื™ืจื™ื ืฉืžืคื—ื™ื“ื™ื ื”ื—ื–ืจื•ืช ืื•ืจ, ืขืœื•ืœื™ื ืœื‘ืœื‘ืœ ื•ืœื”ื ื™ื ืฆื™ืคื•ืจื™ื ืžืœื ื—ื•ืช ืขืœ ืžืฉื˜ื—ื™ื ืžื•ื’ื ื™ื. ืคืชืจื•ื ื•ืช ืืœื•, ืฉืื™ื ื ืžื–ื™ืงื™ื ื•ืงืœื™ื ืœื”ืชืงื ื”, ืžื ืฆืœื™ื ืืช ื”ืจื’ื™ืฉื•ืช ืฉืœ ื”ื™ื•ื ื™ื ืœื’ื™ืจื•ื™ื™ื ื—ืจื™ื’ื™ื ืฉืœ ืื•ืจ ื›ื“ื™ ืœื™ืฆื•ืจ ืื–ื•ืจ ืœื ื ื•ื— ืขื‘ื•ืจ ืฆื™ืคื•ืจื™ื ืืœื•.

ื˜ื›ื ื™ืงื•ืช ืกืื•ื ื“: ืžืขืจื›ื•ืช ืฉืžืข ื ื’ื“ ื™ื•ื ื™ื

ื”ืžืขืจื›ื•ืช ื ืฉืžืข ืื ื˜ื™-ื™ื•ื ื™ื ืคื•ืขืœื™ื ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ืคืœื™ื˜ืช ืชื“ืจื™ื ื”ืžื˜ืจื™ื“ื™ื ื‘ืžื™ื•ื—ื“ ืขื‘ื•ืจ ืฆื™ืคื•ืจื™ื ืืœื•, ืžื‘ืœื™ ืœื”ืฉืคื™ืข ืขืœ ื‘ื ื™ ืื“ื. ื‘ื™ืŸ ืื ืžื“ื•ื‘ืจ ื‘ืงืจื™ืื•ืช ื˜ื•ืจืคื™ื, ืจืขืฉื™ื ืœื ื ืขื™ืžื™ื ืื• ืชื“ืจื™ื ืงื•ืœื™ื™ื, ืžื›ืฉื™ืจื™ื ืืœื• ื™ื›ื•ืœื™ื ืœื›ืกื•ืช ืฉื˜ื—ื™ื ื ืจื—ื‘ื™ื ื•ืœืจื•ื‘ ืžืฉืžืฉื™ื ืื•ืชื ื‘ืื–ื•ืจื™ื ืขื™ืจื•ื ื™ื™ื ืื• ื—ืงืœืื™ื™ื. ืขื ื–ืืช, ื”ื™ืขื™ืœื•ืช ืฉืœื”ื ืขืœื•ืœื” ืœืจื“ืช ืขื ื”ื–ืžืŸ ืžื›ื™ื•ื•ืŸ ืฉื™ื•ื ื™ื ืžืชืจื’ืœื™ื ืœืคืขืžื™ื ืœืฆืœื™ืœื™ื ื”ื—ื•ื–ืจื™ื ืขืœ ืขืฆืžื.

ืžื—ืกื•ืžื™ื ืคื™ื–ื™ื™ื: ื“ื•ืงืจื ื™ื ื•ืจืฉืชื•ืช

ื”ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ ืฉืœ ื’ื‘ื•ืœื•ืช ืคื™ื–ื™ื™ื, ื›ืžื• ื“ื•ืงืจื ื™ื ื ื’ื“ ื™ื•ื ื™ื ืื• ืจืฉืชื•ืช ืžื’ืŸ, ื”ื™ื ืฉื™ื˜ื” ื™ืฉื™ืจื” ื•ืžื•ื—ืฉื™ืช ืœื”ืจืชืขื”. ืžื›ืฉื™ืจื™ื ืืœื• ืžื•ื ืขื™ื ื‘ืื•ืคืŸ ืคื™ื–ื™ ืžื™ื•ื ื™ื ืœื ื—ื•ืช ืขืœ ืžืขืงื•ืช, ืื“ื ื™ ื—ืœื•ื ื•ืช ื•ืžื‘ื ื™ื ื—ื™ืฆื•ื ื™ื™ื ืื—ืจื™ื. ื“ื•ืงืจื ื™ื ื™ืขื™ืœื™ื ื‘ืžื™ื•ื—ื“ ื›ืฉื”ื ืžื•ืชืงื ื™ื ืขืœ ืžืฉื˜ื—ื™ื ืฉื˜ื•ื—ื™ื ื‘ืขื•ื“ ืฉืจืฉืชื•ืช ืžืชืื™ืžื•ืช ืœื”ื’ื ื” ืขืœ ืฉื˜ื—ื™ื ื’ื“ื•ืœื™ื ื™ื•ืชืจ ื›ื’ื•ืŸ ื—ืฆืจื•ืช ืื• ื’ื’ื•ืช.

ืคืชืจื•ื ื•ืช ืจื™ื—: ื“ื•ื—ื™ื ืขืœ ื‘ืกื™ืก ื—ื•ืžืจื™ื

ื—ื•ืฉื™ ื”ืจื™ื— ืฉืœ ื”ื™ื•ื ื™ื ื™ื›ื•ืœื™ื ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืžืžื•ืงื“ื™ื ื’ื ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ืžื•ืฆืจื™ื ื“ื•ื—ื™ื ื”ืžืคื™ืฆื™ื ืจื™ื—ื•ืช ืฉืžื˜ืจื™ื“ื™ื ืื•ืชืŸ. ืืœื” ืคืชืจื•ื ื•ืช ืจื™ื— ืžื›ื™ืœื™ื ื—ื•ืžืจื™ื ื›ืžื• ืฉืžื ื™ื ืืชืจื™ื™ื ืื• ืชืจื›ื•ื‘ื•ืช ืคืœืคืœ, ืžื” ืฉื”ื•ืคืš ืืช ื”ืกื‘ื™ื‘ื” ื“ื•ื—ื” ืฆื™ืคื•ืจื™ื ืืœื”. ื ื™ืชืŸ ืœืจืกืก ืื•ืชื ืื• ืœืžืจื•ื— ืื•ืชื ืขืœ ืžืฉื˜ื—ื™ื ืœื”ืฉืคืขื” ืžืจืชื™ืขื”. ื—ืฉื•ื‘ ืœืฆื™ื™ืŸ ืฉื™ืฉ ืœืžืจื•ื— ืžื—ื“ืฉ ืืช ื”ืžื•ืฆืจื™ื ื”ืœืœื• ื‘ืื•ืคืŸ ืงื‘ื•ืข ื›ื“ื™ ืœืฉืžื•ืจ ืขืœ ื™ืขื™ืœื•ืชื.

ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ ื‘ื˜ื•ืจืคื™ื ื˜ื‘ืขื™ื™ื

ื—ื™ืงื•ื™ ืฉืœ ื ื•ื›ื—ื•ืช ื˜ื•ืจืคื™ื, ื›ื’ื•ืŸ ื ืฆื™ื ืื• ื™ื ืฉื•ืคื™ื, ื‘ืืžืฆืขื•ืช ืฆืœืœื™ื•ืช ืื• ืžื•ื“ืœื™ื ืจื™ืืœื™ืกื˜ื™ื™ื ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉื™ ืขื‘ื•ืจ ืœื”ืจืชื™ืข ื™ื•ื ื™ื ืœืคืงื•ื“ ืื–ื•ืจ. ื”ืžืจืื” ื”ืžืื™ื™ื ืฉืœ ื˜ื•ืจืฃ ืคื•ื˜ื ืฆื™ืืœื™ ืžืขื•ืจืจ ืื™ื ืกื˜ื™ื ืงื˜ ื”ื™ืžื ืขื•ืช ื‘ื™ื•ื ื™ื. ืขื ื–ืืช, ืœืคืขืžื™ื ืฆืจื™ืš ืœืฉืœื‘ ืฉื™ื˜ื” ื–ื• ืขื ื˜ืงื˜ื™ืงื•ืช ืื—ืจื•ืช ืœื™ืขื™ืœื•ืช ืžื™ื˜ื‘ื™ืช ืœื˜ื•ื•ื— ืืจื•ืš.

ื ื™ื”ื•ืœ ื‘ืชื™ ื’ื™ื“ื•ืœ: ืžื ื™ืขื” ื ื•ืกืคืช

ื‘ื ื•ืกืฃ ืœื”ืชืงื ืช ืžื›ืฉื™ืจื™ื ื ื’ื“ ื™ื•ื ื™ื, ืœื ื™ื”ื•ืœ ื”ืกื‘ื™ื‘ื” ืชืคืงื™ื“ ืžื›ืจื™ืข. ื™ื•ื ื™ื ืžื—ืคืฉื•ืช ืžื–ื•ืŸ ื•ืžื—ืกื”. ืœื›ืŸ ื—ื™ื•ื ื™ ืœ ืœื”ืคื—ื™ืช ืืช ื”ื ื’ื™ืฉื•ืช ืœืžืฉืื‘ื™ื ืืœื” ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ืื‘ื˜ื—ืช ืืฉืคื”, ื ื™ืงื•ื™ ืฉืืจื™ื•ืช ืžื–ื•ืŸ ื•ื—ืกื™ืžืช ืื–ื•ืจื™ ืงื™ื ื•ืŸ ืคื•ื˜ื ืฆื™ืืœื™ื™ื. ื’ื™ืฉื” ื”ื•ืœื™ืกื˜ื™ืช ื”ื›ื•ืœืœืช ื ื™ืงื™ื•ืŸ ื•ืฉืžื™ืจื” ืขืœ ืชืงื™ื ื•ืช ืžื‘ื ื™ื ืžืคื—ื™ืชื” ืžืฉืžืขื•ืชื™ืช ืืช ื”ืื˜ืจืงื˜ื™ื‘ื™ื•ืช ืฉืœ ื”ื—ืœืœ ืœื™ื•ื ื™ื.

ืœืกื™ื›ื•ื, ื™ืฉื ืŸ ืžืกืคืจ ืฉื™ื˜ื•ืช ืœื”ืจืชืขืช ื™ื•ื ื™ื, ื”ื—ืœ ืžืžื›ืฉื™ืจื™ ืจืื™ื™ื” ื•ืงื•ืœ ื•ืขื“ ืžื›ืฉื•ืœื™ื ืคื™ื–ื™ื™ื, ื“ื•ื—ื™ ืจื™ื— ื•ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ ื‘ืกื™ืžื•ืœืฆื™ื™ืช ื˜ื•ืจืคื™ื. ืœื›ืœ ืฉื™ื˜ื” ื™ืฉ ืืช ื”ื™ืชืจื•ื ื•ืช ื•ื”ื—ืกืจื•ื ื•ืช ืฉืœื”, ื•ื”ื™ืขื™ืœื•ืช ื™ื›ื•ืœื” ืœื”ืฉืชื ื•ืช ื‘ื”ืชืื ืœืกื‘ื™ื‘ื” ื•ืœื”ืชื ื”ื’ื•ืช ื”ื™ื•ื ื™ื. ืฉื™ืœื•ื‘ ืฉืœ ื˜ื›ื ื™ืงื•ืช ืืœื•, ื”ืžื•ืชืืžื•ืช ืœืคื™ ืชืฆืคื™ื•ืช ื•ื ื™ืกื•ื™ื™ื, ื™ืืคืฉืจ ืœืžืฆื•ื ืืช ื”ืืกื˜ืจื˜ื’ื™ื” ื”ืžืชืื™ืžื” ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืœื”ืจื—ืงืช ื”ื™ื•ื ื™ื.

ืœื”ื‘ื™ืŸ ืืช ื”ืกื™ื‘ื•ืช ืœื ื•ื›ื—ื•ืช ืฉืœ ื™ื•ื ื™ื

ื’ืœื” ื˜ื™ืคื™ื ื™ืขื™ืœื™ื ืœื”ืจื—ืงืช ื™ื•ื ื™ื ื•ื”ื’ื ื” ืขืœ ื”ืžืจื—ื‘ ื”ื—ื™ืฆื•ื ื™ ืฉืœืš. ืขืฆื•ืช ื˜ื‘ืขื™ื•ืช ื•ืคืชืจื•ื ื•ืช ื™ื“ื™ื“ื•ืชื™ื™ื ืœืกื‘ื™ื‘ื”.

ื‘ืื–ื•ืจื™ื ืขื™ืจื•ื ื™ื™ื ืื• ื‘ื›ืคืจ, ื”ื™ื•ื ื™ื ื ืชืคืกื•ืช ืœืจื•ื‘ ื›ืžื–ื™ืงื™ื ื‘ื’ืœืœ ืื™ โ€‹โ€‹ื”ื ื•ื—ื•ืช ืฉื”ืŸ ืขืœื•ืœื•ืช ืœื’ืจื•ื. ืœืคื ื™ ืฉื ื“ื•ืŸ ื‘ืคืชืจื•ื ื•ืช ืœื”ืจื—ืงืชืŸ, ื‘ื•ืื• ื ื ืชื— ืชื—ื™ืœื” ืžื” ืžื•ืฉืš ืืช ื”ืฆื™ืคื•ืจื™ื ื”ืœืœื• ืœืžืจื—ื‘ื™ ื”ืžื—ื™ื” ืฉืœื ื•.
ืžืฉื™ื›ืช ื™ื•ื ื™ื: ื’ื•ืจืžื™ื ื•ื”ืฉืœื›ื•ืช
ื™ื•ื ื™ื, ื”ืฆื™ืคื•ืจื™ื ื”ืืคื•ืจื•ืช ื”ืœืœื• ืขื ื”ืฉืชืงืคื•ื™ื•ืช ืกืกื’ื•ื ื™ื•ืช, ื ืžืฉื›ื•ืช ื‘ืื•ืคืŸ ื˜ื‘ืขื™ ืœืื–ื•ืจื™ื ืฉื‘ื”ื ื”ืŸ ืžื•ืฆืื•ืช ืžื–ื•ืŸ ื ื’ื™ืฉ ื‘ืงืœื•ืช ื•ืžืงื•ืžื•ืช ื‘ื˜ื•ื—ื™ื ืœืงื™ื ื•ืŸ. ืชื—ื ื•ืช ืจื›ื‘ืช, ืžื•ื ื•ืžื ื˜ื™ื ื”ื™ืกื˜ื•ืจื™ื™ื, ืžืจืคืกื•ืช ืื• ื˜ืจืกื•ืช ืžืฆื™ืขื•ืช ืœืขืชื™ื ืงืจื•ื‘ื•ืช ืคื™ื ื•ืช ืžื•ืฉืœืžื™ื ืœื‘ื ื™ื™ืช ืงื ื™ื. ื™ืชืจ ืขืœ ื›ืŸ, ืคืกื•ืœืช ืžื–ื•ืŸ ืฉื ื•ืชืจื” ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ื‘ื ื™ ืื“ื ืžื”ื•ื•ื” ืžืงื•ืจ ืงื‘ื•ืข ืœืžื–ื•ืŸ ืขื‘ื•ืจ ืฆื™ืคื•ืจื™ื ืืœื•.
ื”ื™ืžืฆืื•ืช ื™ื•ื ื™ื ื’ื•ืจืžืช ืœืžื˜ืจื“ื™ ื ื•ื—ื•ืช ืฉื•ื ื™ื: ืœื›ืœื•ืš ืžื”ื’ืœืœื™ื ื”ื—ื•ืžืฆื™ื™ื ืฉืœื”ืŸ ื”ืคื•ื’ืขื™ื ื‘ื—ื–ื™ืชื•ืช, ื—ืกื™ืžืช ืžืจื–ื‘ื™ื, ืจืขืฉ ื‘ืœืชื™ ืคื•ืกืง, ืฉืœื ืœื“ื‘ืจ ืขืœ ื”ืกื™ื›ื•ื ื™ื ื”ื‘ืจื™ืื•ืชื™ื™ื ื”ืงืฉื•ืจื™ื ืœื˜ืคื™ืœื™ื ืฉื”ื ื™ื›ื•ืœื™ื ืœืฉืืช. ื‘ืขืจื™ื ื›ืžื• ื‘ื•ืจื“ื• ืื• ืคืื•, ื™ื•ื ื™ื ื™ื›ื•ืœื•ืช ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืคื•ืœืฉื ื™ื•ืช ืขื“ ื›ื“ื™ ื›ืš ืฉื ื ืงื˜ื™ื ืฆืขื“ื™ื ืกืคืฆื™ืคื™ื™ื ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ื›ื™ืœ ืืช ื”ืชืคืฉื˜ื•ืชืŸ.
ืคืชืจื•ื ื•ืช ื˜ื‘ืขื™ื™ื ื•ื—ื“ืฉื ื™ื™ื ืœื”ืจื—ืงืช ื™ื•ื ื™ื ื•ื”ื’ื ื” ืขืœ ืžืจื—ื‘ื™ื
ื›ื“ื™ ืœื•ื•ืกืช ืืช ืื•ื›ืœื•ืกื™ื™ืช ื”ื™ื•ื ื™ื ืžื‘ืœื™ ืœืคื’ื•ืข ื‘ื”ืŸ, ื ื•ืกื• ืฉื™ื˜ื•ืช ืจื‘ื•ืช. ื‘ื‘ื•ืจื“ื•, ื”ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ ื‘ืฉืžื ื™ื ื—ื™ื•ื ื™ื™ื ื ื‘ื“ืง ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ื“ื•ืฃ ืฆื™ืคื•ืจื™ื ืืœื”, ื‘ื”ืชื‘ืกืก ืขืœ ื”ืขื™ืงืจื•ืŸ ื›ื™ ื‘ื˜ื•ื— ืจื™ื—ื•ืช ืœื”ืคืจื™ืข ืœื”ื. ืฆืžื—ื™ื, ื›ื’ื•ืŸ ืขืœื” ื“ืคื ื” ืื• ื ืขื ืข, ืžืชื’ืœื™ื ื›ืืžืฆืขื™ื ื˜ื‘ืขื™ื™ื ืขื‘ื•ืจ ืœื”ืชืจื—ืง ืžืžื˜ืขื™ื.
ื—ื“ืฉื ื™, ื˜ืงื˜ื™ืงื•ืช ืžืกื•ื™ืžื•ืช ืžืกืชืžื›ื•ืช ืขืœ ื›ื•ืฉืจ ื”ืกืชื’ืœื•ืช ืฉืœ ืฆื™ืคื•ืจื™ื, ื›ืžื• ื‘-Ecully ืฉื ื”ืชื•ืฉื‘ื™ื ืกื™ื›ืœื• ืืช ื”ื™ื•ื ื™ื ื‘ืืžืฆืขื•ืช ืงื•ืคืกืื•ืช ื•ื ืขืœื™ื™ื ื™ืฉื ื•ืช. ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ื’ืŸ ืขืœ ื˜ืจื™ื˜ื•ืจื™ื•ืช ืกืคืฆื™ืคื™ื•ืช ื›ื’ื•ืŸ ืœื•ืœืื•ืช, ืžื›ืฉื™ืจื™ื ื›ื’ื•ืŸ ื’ื“ืจื•ืช ืื• ื“ื—ืœื™ืœื™ื ืžืฉืžืฉื™ื ืœืขืชื™ื ืงืจื•ื‘ื•ืช.
ื”ื™ืขื™ืœื•ืช ืฉืœ ื˜ื•ืจืคื™ื ื˜ื‘ืขื™ื™ื: ื“ื•ืจืกื™ื ื‘ืฉืžื™ื ื”ืขื™ืจื•ื ื™ื™ื
ืื—ืช ื”ืฉื™ื˜ื•ืช ื”ื“ืจืžื˜ื™ื•ืช ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืœื”ืจืชืขืช ื™ื•ื ื™ื ื”ื™ื ื”ื›ื ืกืช ื˜ื•ืจืคื™ื ื˜ื‘ืขื™ื™ื. ื”ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ ืฉืœ ื“ื•ืจืกื™ื, ืœืžืฉืœ ื ืฆื™ื, ื™ื•ืฆืจ ืืงืœื™ื ืฉืœ ื—ื•ืกืจ ื‘ื™ื˜ื—ื•ืŸ ื‘ืงืจื‘ ื™ื•ื ื™ื ืฉืžื—ืคืฉื•ืช ืื—ืจ ื›ืš ืžืงื•ืžื•ืช ืื—ืจื™ื, ืคื—ื•ืช ืžืื™ื™ืžื™ื.
ืžื›ืฉื™ืจื™ ื“ื•ื—ื” ืžื›ื ื™ื™ื: ื“ื•ืงืจื ื™ื ื•ืจืฉืชื•ืช
ื‘ืืฉืจ ืœืฉื™ื˜ื•ืช ืžื›ื ื™ื•ืช ื™ื•ืชืจ, ื”ืงื˜ืจื™ื โ€‹โ€‹ื”ืžืคื•ืจืกืžื™ื ื ื’ื“ ื™ื•ื ื™ื ื”ื ืœืขืชื™ื ืงืจื•ื‘ื•ืช ื ื•ืฉื ืœืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ ื—ื•ื–ืจ ื™ืฆื™ืจืชื™. ืœืคื™ ื”ื“ื•ื’ืžื” ืฉืœ ืขื•ืจื‘ื™ื ื•ืžื’ืœื ื™ื ืžื™ ืฉืžื ื›ืก ืžื—ื“ืฉ ืืช ื”ืžื›ืฉื™ืจื™ื ื”ืืœื” ื›ื“ื™ ืœื‘ื ื•ืช ืืช ื”ืงื™ื ื™ื ืฉืœื”ื, ื™ื•ื ื™ื ืžืชื’ืœื•ืช ืœืคืขืžื™ื ื›ื—ื›ืžื•ืช ื™ื•ืชืจ ืžื”ืžืขืจื›ื•ืช ืฉื ื•ืขื“ื• ืœื”ืจื—ื™ืง ืื•ืชืŸ. ืœื›ืŸ ื—ื™ื•ื ื™ ืœืฉืœื‘ ืืช ื”ื›ืœื™ื ื”ืœืœื• ืขื ืขืจื ื•ืช ืงื‘ื•ืขื” ื›ื“ื™ ืœืžื ื•ืข ื—ื•ืกืจ ืคืจื•ื“ื•ืงื˜ื™ื‘ื™ื•ืช.
ืžืกืงื ื”: ื—ื™ื™ื ืžืฉื•ืชืคื™ื ืžื›ื‘ื“ื™ื ืขื ื™ื•ื ื™ื
ื”ืคื—ื“ืช ื™ื•ื ื™ื ื•ื”ืจื—ืงืชืŸ ืžื”ื‘ืชื™ื ืฉืœื ื• ื“ื•ืจืฉืช ื”ื‘ื ื” ืฉืœ ื”ืชื ื”ื’ื•ืชืŸ ื•ืฆืจื›ื™ื”ืŸ. ื™ืฉ ืœื‘ื—ื•ืจ ืคืชืจื•ื ื•ืช ื‘ืงืคื™ื“ื”, ืชื•ืš ื›ื™ื‘ื•ื“ ื—ื™ื•ืช ื”ื‘ืจ ื”ืขื™ืจื•ื ื™ื•ืช ื•ื”ื›ืคืจื™ื•ืช. ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ื”ืชื—ืฉื‘ื•ืช ื‘ืžืืคื™ื™ื ื™ ื”ืกื‘ื™ื‘ื” ื•ืจื•ื•ื—ืช ื‘ืขืœื™ ื”ื—ื™ื™ื, ื ื™ืชืŸ ืœืžืฆื•ื ืื™ื–ื•ืŸ ื•ื‘ื›ืš ืœืืคืฉืจ ืœื ื• ืœื—ื™ื•ืช ื‘ื”ืจืžื•ื ื™ื” ืขื ืฆื™ืคื•ืจื™ื ืืœื• ืชื•ืš ื”ื’ื ื” ืขืœ ืžืจื—ื‘ื™ ื”ืžื—ื™ื” ืฉืœื ื•.
ืœื›ืœ ืžืฆื‘, ื”ืขื“ื™ืคื• ืคืชืจื•ื ื•ืช ืžื•ืชืืžื™ื, ืืชื™ื™ื ื•ื‘ืžื™ื“ืช ื”ืืคืฉืจ ื’ื ืืงื•ืœื•ื’ื™ื™ื, ืขืœ ืžื ืช ืœื‘ื ื•ืช ืขืชื™ื“ ืฉื‘ื• ืื ืฉื™ื ื•ื‘ืขืœื™ ื—ื™ื™ื ื™ื›ื•ืœื™ื ืœื—ืœื•ืง ื‘ืฉืœื•ื•ื” ืืช ืกื‘ื™ื‘ืชื.

ืกื™ื›ื•ื ื™ื ื‘ืจื™ืื•ืชื™ื™ื ื•ื ื–ืงื™ื ื”ืงืฉื•ืจื™ื ืœื™ื•ื ื™ื

ื’ืœื” ืฉื™ื˜ื•ืช ื™ืขื™ืœื•ืช ืœื”ืคื—ื™ื“ ื™ื•ื ื™ื ื•ืœื”ื’ืŸ ืขืœ ื”ืกื‘ื™ื‘ื” ืฉืœืš ืขื ื”ืขืฆื•ืช ื”ืžืขืฉื™ื•ืช ืฉืœื ื•.

ื›ืืฉืจ ื™ื•ื ื™ื ืœื”ืชืงื™ื™ื ื™ื—ื“ ืขื ื‘ื ื™ ืื“ื, ื”ื ื™ื›ื•ืœื™ื ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ื”ื’ื•ืจื ืœื‘ืขื™ื•ืช ื‘ืจื™ืื•ืชื™ื•ืช ื•ื—ื•ืžืจื™ื•ืช ืžืจื•ื‘ื•ืช. ื”ืฆื™ืคื•ืจื™ื ื”ืžื•ื›ืจื•ืช ื”ืœืœื• ืฉืœ ืžืจื—ื‘ื™ื ืขื™ืจื•ื ื™ื™ื ื ื—ืฉื‘ื•ืช ืœืจื•ื‘ ืœืžื–ื™ืงื™ื ื‘ื’ืœืœ ื”ืกื™ื›ื•ื ื™ื ื•ื”ื ื–ืงื™ื ืฉื”ื ื’ื•ืจืžื™ื. ืœื›ืŸ ื—ื™ื•ื ื™ ืœื™ื™ืฉื ืืกื˜ืจื˜ื’ื™ื•ืช ื™ืขื™ืœื•ืช ืขื‘ื•ืจ ืœึฐื”ึทืคื—ึดื™ื“ ื•ืœื”ื’ื‘ื™ืœ ืืช ื ื•ื›ื—ื•ืชื.

ืกื™ื›ื•ื ื™ื ื‘ืจื™ืื•ืชื™ื™ื ื”ื ื•ื‘ืขื™ื ืžื™ื•ื ื™ื

ื™ื•ื ื™ื ื”ืŸ ื•ืงื˜ื•ืจื™ื ืคื•ื˜ื ืฆื™ืืœื™ื™ื ืฉืœืคืชื•ื’ื ื™ื, ืžืกื•ื’ืœ ืœื”ืขื‘ื™ืจ ืžื—ืœื•ืช ืœื‘ื ื™ ืื“ื. ื‘ื™ืŸ ื”ืคืชื•ืœื•ื’ื™ื•ืช ื”ืœืœื• ืื ื• ืžื•ืฆืื™ื ืกืœืžื•ื ืœื•ื–ื™ืก, ื›ืœืžื™ื“ื™ื•ืกื™ืก, ืื• ืืคื™ืœื• ืžื—ืœืช ืฆื•ืคื™ ืฆื™ืคื•ืจื™ื. ื”ืœืฉืœืฉืช ืฉืœื”ื, ื‘ื ื•ืกืฃ ืœื”ื™ื•ืชื” ืžื›ื•ืขืจืช, ื™ื›ื•ืœื” ืœืงื“ื ื”ืชืคืชื—ื•ืช ืฉืœ ื—ื™ื™ื“ืงื™ื ื•ืคื˜ืจื™ื•ืช ืžื–ื™ืงื™ื ื›ืžื• ื”ื™ืกื˜ื•ืคืœืกืžื•ื–ื™ืก ื•ืงืจื™ืคื˜ื•ืงื•ืงื•ื–ื™ืก.

ืœื›ืŸ ื—ื™ื•ื ื™ ืœื ืงื•ื˜ ื‘ืืžืฆืขื™ื ืœืฉืœื™ื˜ื” ื‘ืื•ื›ืœื•ืกื™ื™ืช ื”ื™ื•ื ื™ื, ื‘ืคืจื˜ ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ื”ื™ืžื ืขื•ืช ืžื”ืื›ืœืชืŸ ื•ื”ื˜ืžืขืช ืžืขืจื›ื•ืช ื ื’ื“ ื™ื•ื ื™ื ืขื‘ื•ืจืŸ. ืœึฐื”ึทืคื—ึดื™ื“. ื–ื” ืขืฉื•ื™ ืœื›ืœื•ืœ ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ ื‘ื”ืชืงื ื™ื ืžื—ื–ื™ืจื™ ืื•ืจ, ืจืฉืชื•ืช ืžื’ืŸ ืื• ื”ืชืงื ื” ืฉืœ ื“ื•ืงืจื ื™ื ื ื’ื“ ื™ื•ื ื™ื ืขืœ ืื“ื ื™ ื”ื—ืœื•ื ื•ืช.

ื ื–ืง ื—ื•ืžืจื™ ืฉื ื’ืจื ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ื™ื•ื ื™ื

ื‘ื ื•ืกืฃ ืœื‘ืขื™ื•ืช ื‘ืจื™ืื•ืช, ื™ื•ื ื™ื ืขืœื•ืœื•ืช ืœื’ืจื•ื ืœื‘ืขื™ื•ืช ืžืฉืžืขื•ืชื™ื•ืช ื ื–ืง ืœืจื›ื•ืฉ. ื”ืœืฉืœืฉืช ื”ื—ื•ืžืฆื™ืช ืฉืœื”ื ืชื•ืงืคืช ืชืฉืชื™ืช ื•ืขืœื•ืœื” ืœืคื’ื•ืข ื‘ืืœืžื ื˜ื™ื ืื“ืจื™ื›ืœื™ื™ื, ื›ืœื™ ืจื›ื‘, ืคืื ืœื™ื ืกื•ืœืืจื™ื™ื ืื• ืฆื™ื•ื“ ืžื™ื–ื•ื’ ืื•ื•ื™ืจ. ื‘ื ื•ืกืฃ, ื”ื”ืจื’ืœ ืฉืœื”ื ืœืงื ืŸ ื‘ื—ืœืœื™ื ื›ืžื• ืžืจื–ื‘ื™ื ื•ื’ื’ื•ืช ืขืœื•ืœ ืœื™ืฆื•ืจ ืกื™ื›ื•ื ื™ื ืฉืœ ืกืชื™ืžื•ืช ื•ื—ื“ื™ืจืช ืžื™ื.

ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ื’ืŸ ืขืœ ื”ื‘ื™ืช ืื• ืžืงื•ื ื”ืขื‘ื•ื“ื” ืฉืœืš ืžืคื ื™ ื‘ืขื™ื•ืช ื—ื•ืžืจื™ื•ืช ืืœื•, ืžื•ืžืœืฅ ืœื™ื™ืฉื ืืกื˜ืจื˜ื’ื™ื™ืช ืžื ื™ืขื” ื”ื›ื•ืœืœืช ื”ืชืงื ืช ืืžืฆืขื™ ื”ืจืชืขื”. ืื•ืœื™ ืชืฉืงื•ืœ ืคืชืจื•ื ื•ืช ื›ืžื• ื’ื“ืจื•ืช, ื“ื•ื—ื™ื ืืžืฆืขื™ื ืกืคืฆื™ืคื™ื™ื ืื• ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ ื‘ืžืคื—ื™ื“ื•ืช ืงื•ืœ ืฉื ื•ืขื“ื• ืœื”ืจื—ื™ืง ืืช ื”ืฆื™ืคื•ืจื™ื ื”ืœืœื•.

ื›ื™ื‘ื•ื“ ื”ืกื‘ื™ื‘ื” ื•ื—ืกื“ ื›ืœืคื™ ื‘ืขืœื™ ื—ื™ื™ื ื‘ื”ื™ื•ืชื ื—ื™ื•ื ื™ื™ื, ืžื•ืžืœืฅ ืœื”ืฉืชืžืฉ ื‘ืฉื™ื˜ื•ืช ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ืคื—ื™ื“ ืืช ื”ื™ื•ื ื™ื ืฉืื™ื ื ื’ื•ืจืžื™ื ืœืคืฆื™ืขื” ืื• ืžื•ื•ืช ื‘ืงืจื‘ ืžื™ืŸ ื–ื”. ื‘ืืžืฆืขื•ืช ืฉื™ืœื•ื‘ ืฉืœ ืžื ื™ืขื”, ื”ื™ื’ื™ื™ื ื” ื•ื‘ืงืจื”, ื ื™ืชืŸ ืœืฆืžืฆื ืืช ื”ื”ืฉืคืขื” ื”ืฉืœื™ืœื™ืช ืฉืœ ื™ื•ื ื™ื ื‘ืื–ื•ืจื™ื ืขื™ืจื•ื ื™ื™ื ืชื•ืš ืฉืžื™ืจื” ืขืœ ื‘ื˜ื™ื—ื•ืชืŸ.