ืื™ื–ื” ื“ื•ื—ื” ื—ื•ืœื“ื•ืช ืคื•ืขืœ ืœืื•ืจืš ื–ืžืŸ ื•ื‘ื™ืขื™ืœื•ืช?

ื›ืืฉืจ ื”ื‘ื™ืช ืฉืœื›ื ื”ื•ืคืš ืœืžื’ืจืฉ ื”ืžืฉื—ืงื™ื ื”ืœื ืจืฆื•ื™ ืฉืœ ื—ื•ืœื“ื•ืช, ื—ื™ื•ื ื™ ืœืžืฆื•ื ืคืชืจื•ืŸ ื”ืžืฉืœื‘ ื™ืขื™ืœื•ืช ื•ืขืžื™ื“ื•ืช. ืžื›ืจืกืžื™ื ืืœื” ืœื ืจืง ื™ื•ืฆืจื™ื ืื™ ื ืขื™ืžื•ื™ื•ืช ื–ืžื ื™ื•ืช; ื”ื ืžื™ื™ืฆื’ื™ื ื‘ืขื™ื” ืจืฆื™ื ื™ืช ื”ื“ื•ืจืฉืช ืชื’ื•ื‘ื” ืžืงืฆื•ืขื™ืช. ื‘ืžืืžืจ ื–ื”, ื ื‘ื“ื•ืง ืืช ื”ืืคืฉืจื•ื™ื•ืช ืฉืœ ื ื•ื’ื“ื™ ืงืจื™ืฉื” ื”ืคื•ืขืœื™ื ื‘ืื™ื˜ื™ื•ืช ื”ืžื•ืžืœืฆื™ื ืฉื•ื‘ ื•ืฉื•ื‘ ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ืžื•ืžื—ื™ื, ื›ืžื• ื’ื ืฉื™ื˜ื•ืช ืขื‘ื•ื“ื” ืžื•ืžืœืฆื•ืช ืœืื‘ื˜ื—ืช ื”ื‘ื™ืช ืฉืœืš ืœื˜ื•ื•ื— ืืจื•ืš. ืื ื• ื ื ืชื— ืืช ื”ืืกื˜ืจื˜ื’ื™ื•ืช ืฉื”ื•ื›ื™ื—ื• ืืช ื™ืขื™ืœื•ืชืŸ ื•ืืช ื”ืžื•ืฆืจื™ื ืฉืขืœื™ื”ื ืชื•ื›ืœ ืœืกืžื•ืš ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ื—ื–ื™ืจ ืืช ื”ืฉืœื•ื•ื” ืœื—ืœืœ ื”ืžื’ื•ืจื™ื ืฉืœืš, ืœืœื ื ื•ื›ื—ื•ืช ืฉืœ ื—ื•ืœื“ื•ืช.

ืฉื™ื˜ื•ืช ื”ื“ื‘ืจืช ื—ื•ืœื“ื•ืช

ื’ืœื” ืื™ื–ื” ืื ื˜ื™ ื—ื•ืœื“ื” ืคื•ืขืœ ื‘ืฆื•ืจื” ืžืชืžืฉื›ืช ื•ื™ืขื™ืœื” ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ื™ืคื˜ืจ ืžื”ืžื–ื™ืงื™ื ื”ืœืœื•. ืœืžืฆื•ื ืืช ื”ืคืชืจื•ืŸ ื”ืื™ื“ื™ืืœื™ ืœืกื‘ื™ื‘ื” ื‘ืจื™ืื” ื•ื‘ื˜ื•ื—ื”.

ืœื”ื™ืœื—ื ื‘ืคืœื™ืฉืช ื”ืขื›ื‘ืจื•ืฉ: โ€‹โ€‹ืืกื˜ืจื˜ื’ื™ื•ืช ื•ืคืชืจื•ื ื•ืช

ืขื ื”ื’ื“ืœืช ืื•ื›ืœื•ืกื™ื•ืช ื”ื—ื•ืœื“ื•ืช ื‘ืกื‘ื™ื‘ื•ืช ื”ืขื™ืจื•ื ื™ื•ืช ื•ื”ื›ืคืจื™ื•ืช ืฉืœื ื•, ื–ื™ื”ื•ื™ ืืกื˜ืจื˜ื’ื™ื•ืช ื™ืขื™ืœื•ืช ืœื”ื“ื‘ืจืช ืžื–ื™ืงื™ื ืืœื• ื”ืคืš ื”ื›ืจื—ื™. ืžื›ืจืกืžื™ื ืืœื• ืœื ืจืง ื ื•ืฉืื™ื ืžื—ืœื•ืช, ื›ื’ื•ืŸ ื–ืขื, ืžืชื•ืขื“ ื ืจื—ื‘ ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ื”WHO, ืื‘ืœ ื”ื ื’ื ืขืœื•ืœื™ื ืœื’ืจื•ื ืœื ื–ืง ื ื™ื›ืจ ืœืชืฉืชื™ื•ืช ื•ืœืื™ื™ื ืขืœ ืžืขืจื›ื•ืช ืืงื•ืœื•ื’ื™ื•ืช ืžืงื•ืžื™ื•ืช, ื›ืคื™ ืฉืงื•ืจื” ืขื ื”ืžื•ืฉืง. ื”ื“ื—ื™ืคื•ืช ื‘ื™ื™ืฉื•ื ืฉื™ื˜ื•ืช ื ื’ื“ ื—ื•ืœื“ื•ืช ืฉื”ืŸ ื’ื ื™ืขื™ืœื•ืช ื•ื’ื ืืชื™ื•ืช ื”ื™ื ืงืจื™ื˜ื™ืช.

ื”ื‘ื ืช ื”ืื•ื™ื‘: ื‘ื™ื•ืœื•ื’ื™ื” ื•ื”ืชื ื”ื’ื•ืช ืฉืœ ื—ื•ืœื“ื•ืช

ืœืคื ื™ ืฉืขื•ืกืงื™ื ื‘ื”ื“ื‘ืจืช ื—ื•ืœื“ื•ืช, ื—ืฉื•ื‘ ืœื”ื‘ื™ืŸ ืืช ื”ื‘ื™ื•ืœื•ื’ื™ื” ื•ื”ื”ืชื ื”ื’ื•ืช ืฉืœื”ื. ื—ื•ืœื“ื•ืช ื”ืŸ ืžื›ืจืกืžื™ื ื‘ืขืœื™ ื™ื›ื•ืœืช ื”ืกืชื’ืœื•ืช ืจื‘ื”, ื”ืžืกื•ื’ืœื™ื ืœื”ืชื’ื•ืจืจ ื‘ืžื’ื•ื•ืŸ ืกื‘ื™ื‘ื•ืช. ื”ื ืื•ื›ืœื™ ื›ืœ, ื›ืœื•ืžืจ ื”ื ื™ื›ื•ืœื™ื ืœื”ืื›ื™ืœ ืžืžื’ื•ื•ืŸ ืจื—ื‘ ืฉืœ ื—ื•ืžืจื™ื, ื•ืงืฆื‘ ื”ื”ืชืจื‘ื•ืช ื”ืžื”ื™ืจ ืฉืœื”ื ืžื’ื‘ื™ืจ ืืช ื”ืืชื’ืจ ืœืฉืœื•ื˜ ื‘ื”ื.

ืฉื™ื˜ื•ืช ื‘ืงืจื”: ืžืžืœื›ื•ื“ืช ืœืžื ื™ืขื”

ืœืืกื˜ืจื˜ื’ื™ื” ืžืœืื” ื ื’ื“ ื—ื•ืœื“ื•ืช, ื—ื™ื•ื ื™ ืœืฉืœื‘ ืฉื™ื˜ื•ืช ื‘ืงืจื” ืฉื•ื ื•ืช, ื›ื•ืœืœ ืžืœื›ื•ื“ื•ืช ืžื›ื ื™ื•ืช, ืคื™ืชื™ื•ื ื•ืช ืžื•ืจืขืœื™ื (ืงื•ื˜ืœื™ ืขื›ื‘ืจื™ื), ื›ืžื• ื’ื ื—ื•ืžืจื™ื ื“ื•ื—ื™ื. ื—ื™ื“ื•ืฉื™ื ื›ืžื• ืžืœื›ื•ื“ื•ืช ืืœืงื˜ืจื•ื ื™ื•ืช ื•ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ ื‘ื˜ื•ืจืคื™ื ื˜ื‘ืขื™ื™ื, ื›ืžื• ื—ืชื•ืœื™ื ื›ืคื™ ืฉื“ื•ื•ื— ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ืคืจื•ื™ืงื˜ ืฉื‘ื•ืฆืข ื‘ ืคืจื™ื–, ื’ื ื”ื ื—ืœืง ืžื”ืžืื‘ืง ื”ื–ื”. ืขื ื–ืืช, ืžื ื™ืขื” ื ื•ืชืจื” ื”ืžืคืชื— ืœื”ืคื—ืชืช ื”ืื˜ืจืงื˜ื™ื‘ื™ื•ืช ืฉืœ ื‘ืชื™ื ื• ืœืžื–ื™ืงื™ื ืืœื”, ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ื”ื‘ื˜ื—ืช ื ื™ื”ื•ืœ ืคืกื•ืœืช ืงืคื“ื ื™ ื•ืื™ื˜ื•ื ื ืงื•ื“ื•ืช ื’ื™ืฉื” ืคื•ื˜ื ืฆื™ืืœื™ื•ืช.

ืคืชืจื•ื ื•ืช ืžื•ืฆืจื™ื ืžืงืฆื•ืขื™ื™ื ืœื‘ื™ืช

ืขื‘ื•ืจ ืื ืฉื™ื ื”ืžืชืžื•ื“ื“ื™ื ืขื ื–ื™ื”ื•ื, ื—ื™ื•ื ื™ ืœื‘ื—ื•ืจ ื‘ืžื•ืฆืจื™ ื”ื“ื‘ืจืช ื—ื•ืœื“ื•ืช ื”ืžืฉืœื‘ื™ื ื™ืขื™ืœื•ืช ื•ื‘ื˜ื™ื—ื•ืช. ืคืชืจื•ื ื•ืช ืžืงืฆื•ืขื™ื™ื ืขืฉื•ื™ื™ื ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ื ื—ื•ืฆื™ื ืขื‘ื•ืจ ื ื’ื™ืขื•ืช ื—ืžื•ืจื•ืช ืื• ืžืชืžืฉื›ื•ืช, ื›ืืฉืจ ื ื“ืจืฉื™ื ืžื•ืฆืจื™ื ื—ื–ืงื™ื ื™ื•ืชืจ ื•ืืกื˜ืจื˜ื’ื™ื•ืช ืžื•ื›ื—ื•ืช. ืขื ื–ืืช, ื ื™ืชืŸ ืœืฉืงื•ืœ ื’ื ืคืชืจื•ื ื•ืช ื‘ื™ืชื™ื™ื ื›ืžื• ื“ื•ื—ื™ื ื˜ื‘ืขื™ื™ื ืฉื™ื›ื•ืœื™ื ืœืžื ื•ืข ื”ื•ืคืขืช ืžื–ื™ืงื™ื.

ืืชื’ืจื™ ื”ื“ื‘ืจืช ื—ื•ืœื“ื•ืช: ื‘ืจื™ืื•ืช ื”ืฆื™ื‘ื•ืจ ื•ืืงื•ืœื•ื’ื™ื”

ื”ืžืื‘ืง ื‘ื—ื•ืœื“ื•ืช ื”ื•ื ืœื ืจืง ืฉืืœื” ืฉืœ ื ื•ื—ื•ืช ืื™ืฉื™ืช, ื–ื” ื ื•ืฉื ืฉืœ ื‘ืจื™ืื•ืช ื”ืฆื™ื‘ื•ืจ ื•ืื™ื–ื•ืŸ ืืงื•ืœื•ื’ื™. ื”ื“ื‘ืจืช ื—ื•ืœื“ื•ืช ื—ื™ื™ื‘ืช ืœื”ืชื‘ืฆืข ื‘ืฆื•ืจื” ืื—ืจืื™ืช ื•ืžื•ืฉื›ืœืช, ืชื•ืš ื”ืชื—ืฉื‘ื•ืช ื‘ื”ืฉืคืขื” ืขืœ ื”ืกื‘ื™ื‘ื” ื•ื—ื™ื•ืช ื”ื‘ืจ ื”ืžืงื•ืžื™ื•ืช. ื”ืชืคืฉื˜ื•ืช ืฉืœ ืžื™ื ื™ื ืžืกื•ื™ืžื™ื ืฉืœ ืžื›ืจืกืžื™ื, ื›ืžื• ื”ืžื•ืฉืง ื”ืžื•ื–ื›ืจ ืขืœ ื”ื›ืจืช ื‘ืขืœื™ ื—ื™ื™ื, ืžื“ื’ื™ืฉ ืืช ื”ื—ืฉื™ื‘ื•ืช ืฉืœ ื”ื“ื‘ืจื” ืžืื•ื–ื ืช ื•ืžืชื—ืฉื‘ืช.

ืžืืžืฅ ืงื•ืœืงื˜ื™ื‘ื™ ื‘ื ื™ื”ื•ืœ ื—ื•ืœื“ื•ืช

ื—ื™ืกื•ืœ ื—ื•ืœื“ื•ืช ื”ื•ื ืืชื’ืจ ื”ื“ื•ืจืฉ ื’ื™ืฉื” ื”ื•ืœื™ืกื˜ื™ืช ื•ืžื—ื•ื™ื‘ื•ืช ื‘ืจืžื•ืช ืฉื•ื ื•ืช ืฉืœ ื”ื—ื‘ืจื”. ื›ืœ ืคืขื•ืœื”, ืžื”ืชืงื ืช ืžืœื›ื•ื“ืช ืคืฉื•ื˜ื” ื•ืขื“ ืœื™ื™ืฉื•ื ืชื•ื›ื ื™ื•ืช ื ื™ื”ื•ืœ ืขื™ืจื•ื ื™, ืชื•ืจืžืช ืœืžืืžืฅ ื”ืงื•ืœืงื˜ื™ื‘ื™. ืžื™ื“ืข ื•ื—ื™ื ื•ืš ืžืžืœืื™ื ืชืคืงื™ื“ ืžื›ืจื™ืข ื‘ื”ืงืฉืจ ื–ื”, ืžื›ื™ื•ื•ืŸ ืฉื”ืขืœืืช ื”ืžื•ื“ืขื•ืช ื”ืฆื™ื‘ื•ืจื™ืช ืœืฉื™ื˜ื•ืช ืขื‘ื•ื“ื” ื˜ื•ื‘ื•ืช ืœืืžืฅ ืžืืคืฉืจืช ืœื”ืคื—ื™ืช ืžืฉืžืขื•ืชื™ืช ืืช ื”ืกื™ื›ื•ืŸ ืœื”ื“ื‘ืงื”. ื”ืžืื‘ืง ื ื’ื“ ื—ื•ืœื“ื•ืช ื”ื•ื ืžืชืžืฉืš, ื”ื“ื•ืจืฉ ื”ืกืชื’ืœื•ืช ื•ื”ืชืžื“ื” ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ื‘ื˜ื™ื— ืืช ื”ื”ื’ื ื” ืขืœ ื‘ืชื™ื ื• ื•ื‘ืจื™ืื•ืช ื”ืขืจื™ื ืฉืœื ื•.

ื”ื‘ื ืช ื”ืชื ื”ื’ื•ืช ื—ื•ืœื“ื•ืช ืœืคืขื•ืœื” ืžืžื•ืงื“ืช

ื’ืœื” ืื™ื–ื” ืื ื˜ื™-ืขื›ื‘ืจื•ืฉื™ื ืคื•ืขืœ ื‘ื“ืจืš ืืจื•ื›ืช ื˜ื•ื•ื— ื•ื™ืขื™ืœื” ืœื”ืขืœืžืช ืžื–ื™ืงื™ื.

ืฉืœื™ื˜ื” ื™ืขื™ืœื” ื‘ื—ื•ืœื“ื•ืช ืžืกืชืžื›ืช ืขืœ ื™ื“ืข ืžืขืžื™ืง ืฉืœ ื”ื”ืชื ื”ื’ื•ืช ื•ื”ืจื’ืœื™ ืื•ืจื— ื”ื—ื™ื™ื ืฉืœื”ืŸ. ืžื›ืจืกืžื™ื ืื™ื ื˜ืœื™ื’ื ื˜ื™ื™ื ื•ื‘ืขืœื™ ื™ื›ื•ืœืช ื”ืกืชื’ืœื•ืช ื’ื‘ื•ื”ื” ืืœื• ืžืฆื™ื‘ื™ื ื‘ืขื™ื•ืช ืžืฉืžืขื•ืชื™ื•ืช, ืœื ืจืง ื‘ื’ืœืœ ื”ื ื–ืง ืœืจื›ื•ืฉ ืฉื”ื ื’ื•ืจืžื™ื, ืืœื ื’ื ื›ืžืขื‘ื™ืจื™ื ืฉืœ ืžื—ืœื•ืช ืฉื•ื ื•ืช. ืคืชืจื•ื ื•ืช ื“ื•ื—ื” ืขื›ื‘ืจื™ื ื ื“ืจืฉื•ืช ืคืจืงื˜ื™ืงื•ืช ืขืงื‘ื™ื•ืช ื•ืฉื™ื˜ืชื™ื•ืช ื›ื“ื™ ืœืฉืœื•ื˜ ื‘ื ื•ื›ื—ื•ืชืŸ ื•ืœื—ืกืœ ืื•ืชืŸ ื‘ืฆื•ืจื” ื™ืขื™ืœื” ื•ื‘ืจ ืงื™ื™ืžื.

ื”ืกื•ืฆื™ื•ืœื•ื’ื™ื” ืฉืœ ื”ื—ื•ืœื“ื” ื‘ื‘ื™ืช ื”ื’ื™ื“ื•ืœ ื”ืื ื•ืฉื™

ื—ื•ืœื“ื•ืช ื—ื™ื•ืช ืœืจื•ื‘ ื‘ืžื•ืฉื‘ื•ืช ืžื•ื‘ื ื•ืช ื•ื™ืฉ ืœื”ืŸ ื”ื™ืจืจื›ื™ื” ื—ื‘ืจืชื™ืช, ื”ืžืฉืคื™ืขื” ืขืœ ื”ืชื ื”ื’ื•ืชืŸ ื—ื™ืคื•ืฉ ืžื–ื•ืŸ ื•ืงื™ื ื•ืŸ. ื–ื™ื”ื•ื™ ื”ืžืกืœื•ืœื™ื ืฉืœื”ื, ืืฉืจ ื ืงื‘ืขื™ื ื‘ื“ืจืš ื›ืœืœ ืœืื•ืจืš ืงื™ืจื•ืช ื•ืื–ื•ืจื™ื ื ืกืชืจื™ื ืžื”ืขื™ืŸ, ื”ื•ื ื—ื™ื•ื ื™. ืœื›ืŸ, ื”ืฆื‘ืช ืคื™ืชื™ื•ืŸ ื•ืžืœื›ื•ื“ื•ืช ืœืื•ืจืš ืžืกืœื•ืœื™ื ืืœื• ืžื’ื“ื™ืœื” ืžืื•ื“ ืืช ืกื™ื›ื•ื™ื™ ื”ืœื›ื™ื“ื”.

ื”ื‘ื ืช ื”ืจื’ืœื™ ืื›ื™ืœื” ืœื—ื™ืกื•ืœ ืืกื˜ืจื˜ื’ื™

ื—ื•ืœื“ื•ืช ื”ืŸ ื—ื™ื•ืช ืื•ืคื•ืจื˜ื•ื ื™ืกื˜ื™ื•ืช ืฉืžืกืชื’ืœื•ืช ื›ืœ ื”ื–ืžืŸ ืœืกื‘ื™ื‘ืชืŸ. ื”ื ื ื•ื˜ื™ื ืœื”ืื›ื™ืœ ืžืžื’ื•ื•ืŸ ืžืงื•ืจื•ืช, ืžื” ืฉืื•ืžืจ ืฉื”ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ ื‘ ืžืœื›ื•ื“ื•ืช ื• ืจืขืœ ืขื›ื‘ืจื™ื ืขื ืกื•ื’ื™ื ืฉื•ื ื™ื ืฉืœ ืคื™ืชื™ื•ืŸ ืขืฉื•ื™ ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ื™ืขื™ืœ ื™ื•ืชืจ. ืคื™ืชื™ื•ืŸ ืžืกืชื•ื‘ื‘ ื‘ืื•ืคืŸ ืžื•ื ืข ืžื•ื ืข ื”ืชืจื’ืœื•ืช ื•ืฉื•ืžืจ ืขืœ ื™ืขื™ืœื•ืชื ืฉืœ ืžื›ืฉื™ืจื™ื ื ื’ื“ ื—ื•ืœื“ื•ืช.

ืžื—ื–ื•ืจ ื”ืจื‘ื™ื™ื” ืฉืœ ื—ื•ืœื“ื•ืช ื•ื—ืฉื™ื‘ื•ืช ื”ืชืขืจื‘ื•ืช ืžื”ื™ืจื”

ื”ื—ื•ืœื“ื” ื”ื™ื ืžื’ื“ืœืช ืžื”ื™ืจื” ื•ื™ื›ื•ืœื” ืœื”ื•ืœื™ื“ ืžืกืคืจ ื”ืžืœื˜ื•ืช ืžื“ื™ ืฉื ื”, ืžื” ืฉืžื’ื‘ื™ืจ ืืช ื”ืฆื•ืจืš ื‘ืคืขื•ืœื” ืžื”ื™ืจื” ื•ืžืžื•ืงื“ืช ื›ื“ื™ ืœืžื ื•ืข ื”ื™ื“ื‘ืงื•ืช ืžืฉืžืขื•ืชื™ืช. ื™ืฉ ืœื‘ืฆืข ื”ืขืจื›ื” ืฉืœ ื”ื™ืงืฃ ื”ื ื’ื™ืขื•ืช ื•ื™ื™ืฉื•ื ืืžืฆืขื™ ื”ื“ื‘ืจื” ืžืชืื™ืžื™ื ื›ื“ื™ ืœืฉื‘ื•ืจ ืืช ืžืขื’ืœ ื”ืจื‘ื™ื™ื” ื•ืœื”ืคื—ื™ืช ืืช ืื•ื›ืœื•ืกื™ื™ืช ื”ื—ื•ืœื“ื•ืช ื‘ื™ืขื™ืœื•ืช.

ื—ืฉื™ื‘ื•ืช ื”ืกื‘ื™ื‘ื” ื‘ื‘ื—ื™ืจืช ืคืชืจื•ื ื•ืช ื ื’ื“ ื—ื•ืœื“ื•ืช

ื”ืกื‘ื™ื‘ื” ืžืฉืคื™ืขื” ืจื‘ื•ืช ืขืœ ื‘ื—ื™ืจืช ืฉื™ื˜ื•ืช ื”ื‘ืงืจื”. ื‘ื—ื•ืฅ, ืžืœื›ื•ื“ื•ืช ื•ื—ื•ืžืจื™ื ื“ื•ื—ื™ื ื—ื™ื™ื‘ื™ื ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืขืžื™ื“ื™ื ื‘ืคื ื™ ืคื’ืขื™ ืžื–ื’ ื”ืื•ื•ื™ืจ, ื‘ืขื•ื“ ืฉื‘ืคื ื™ื, ื‘ื˜ื™ื—ื•ืช ื”ื“ื™ื™ืจื™ื ื•ื—ื™ื•ืช ื”ืžื—ืžื“ ื”ื™ื ืžืขืœ ื”ื›ืœ. ืœื”ืฉืชืžืฉ ืžื•ืฆืจื™ื ื ื’ื“ ื—ื•ืœื“ื•ืช ืžื•ืกืžืš ื•ืชื•ืื ืœืชืงื ื™ ื‘ื˜ื™ื—ื•ืช ื—ื™ื•ื ื™ ืœืžื™ื’ื•ืจ ืื—ืจืื™ ื•ืืคืงื˜ื™ื‘ื™. ื‘ื ื•ืกืฃ, ื™ืฉ ืœื‘ื—ื•ืจ ืคืชืจื•ื ื•ืช ื”ืžืคืจื™ืขื™ื ืœื‘ืขืœื™ ื—ื™ื™ื ืื—ืจื™ื ื•ืœืžืขืจื›ืช ื”ืืงื•ืœื•ื’ื™ืช ืฉืžืกื‘ื™ื‘ ื›ืžื” ืฉืคื—ื•ืช.

ืชื—ื–ื•ืงื” ื•ืžื ื™ืขื”: ืขืžื•ื“ื™ ื”ืชื•ื•ืš ื‘ืžืื‘ืง ื‘ื—ื•ืœื“ื•ืช

ืœืื—ืจ ื—ื™ืกื•ืœ ื”ื—ื•ืœื“ื•ืช, ื—ื™ื•ื ื™ ืœืฉืžื•ืจ ืขืœ ืกื‘ื™ื‘ื” ืœื ื ื•ื—ื” ืœื”ื—ื–ืจืชื. ื–ื” ื›ืจื•ืš ื‘ืืžืฆืขื™ ืžื ื™ืขื” ื›ื’ื•ืŸ ืื™ื˜ื•ื ืคืชื—ื™ื ื“ืจื›ื ื”ื ื™ื›ื•ืœื™ื ืœื”ื™ื›ื ืก ื•ื‘ื™ื˜ื•ืœ ืžืงื•ืจื•ืช ืžื–ื•ืŸ ื ื’ื™ืฉื™ื ื‘ืงืœื•ืช. ื ื™ื˜ื•ืจ ืจืฆื™ืฃ ื‘ืืžืฆืขื•ืช ืžืœื›ื•ื“ื•ืช ื•ืฉืœ ื“ื•ื—ื™ื ืžืืคืฉืจ ื’ื ืœื–ื”ื•ืช ื›ืœ ืคืขื™ืœื•ืช ื—ื“ืฉื” ืฉืœ ื—ื•ืœื“ื•ืช ื•ืœื˜ืคืœ ื‘ื” ื‘ืื•ืคืŸ ืžื™ื™ื“ื™.

ืืกื˜ืจื˜ื’ื™ื” ืžืชื•ื›ื ื ืช ื”ื™ื˜ื‘, ื”ื‘ื ื•ื™ื” ืกื‘ื™ื‘ ื”ื‘ื ื” ืžืคื•ืจื˜ืช ืฉืœ ื”ืชื ื”ื’ื•ืช ื—ื•ืœื“ื•ืช, ื—ื™ื•ื ื™ืช ืœื™ื™ืฉื•ื ืคืขื•ืœื” ืงื•ื ืงืจื˜ื™ืช ื•ืžืชืžืฉื›ืช ื ื’ื“ ื—ื•ืœื“ื•ืช. ื”ืฉื™ืœื•ื‘ ืฉืœ ื™ื“ืข ื”ืชื ื”ื’ื•ืชื™, ื‘ื—ื™ืจื” ื˜ื•ื‘ื” ืฉืœ ืžื•ืฆืจื™ื ื ื’ื“ ื—ื•ืœื“ื•ืช ื•ืืกื˜ืจื˜ื’ื™ื™ืช ืžื ื™ืขื” ืžืชืื™ืžื” ืžื‘ื˜ื™ื— ื”ื“ื‘ืจื” ื™ืขื™ืœื” ืฉืœ ืžื–ื™ืงื™ื ื ื•ืขื–ื™ื ื•ืžืชืžืฉื›ื™ื ืืœื”. ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ื’ืŸ ืขืœ ื‘ื™ืชื›ื ื•ืขืœ ื‘ืจื™ืื•ืชื›ื, ืจืฆื•ื™ ืœื”ื™ืขื–ืจ ื‘ืคืชืจื•ื ื•ืช ืžืงืฆื•ืขื™ื™ื ื”ืžื‘ื˜ื™ื—ื™ื ืฉืงื˜ ื ืคืฉื™ ื•ืฉืœืžื•ืช ื‘ื™ืชื›ื.

ื”ืงืจื™ื˜ืจื™ื•ื ื™ื ืœื“ื•ื—ื” ืขื›ื‘ืจื™ื ืขืžื™ื“ ื•ื™ืขื™ืœ

ื’ืœื” ืื™ื–ื” ื“ื•ื—ื” ืขื›ื‘ืจื•ืฉื™ื ืคื•ืขืœ ื‘ืื•ืคืŸ ื‘ืจ ืงื™ื™ืžื ื•ืืคืงื˜ื™ื‘ื™ ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ื’ืŸ ืขืœ ื”ืกื‘ื™ื‘ื” ืฉืœืš ืขื ื”ืคืชืจื•ื ื•ืช ื”ื™ืขื™ืœื™ื ื•ื‘ืจื™ ื”ืงื™ื™ืžื ืฉืœื ื•.

ื›ืืฉืจ ืืชื” ืžืชืžื•ื“ื“ ืขื ื ื’ื™ืขื•ืช ื—ื•ืœื“ื•ืช, ื‘ื—ืจ ื ื ื’ื“ ื—ื•ืœื“ื” ื™ืขื™ืœ ื”ื•ื ื—ื™ื•ื ื™. ืžื•ืฆืจ ื˜ื•ื‘ ื—ื™ื™ื‘ ืœืขืžื•ื“ ื‘ืงืจื™ื˜ืจื™ื•ื ื™ื ืžื“ื•ื™ืงื™ื ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ื‘ื˜ื™ื— ืžืื‘ืง ื‘ืจ ืงื™ื™ืžื ื ื’ื“ ืžื›ืจืกืžื™ื ืžื–ื™ืงื™ื ืืœื”.

ื”ืจื›ื‘ ื•ืžืจื›ื™ื‘ ืคืขื™ืœ

ื”ืจื›ื‘ ื”ืื ื˜ื™-ืขื›ื‘ืจื•ืฉื™ื ื”ื•ื ื’ื•ืจื ืžื›ืจื™ืข ืœื™ืขื™ืœื•ืชื•. ื‘ื—ืจ ืจืขืœ ืขื›ื‘ืจื™ื ื”ืžื›ื™ืœื™ื ื ืžืจื›ื™ื‘ ืคืขื™ืœ ืจื‘ ืขื•ืฆืžื” ื•ืžื•ื›ืจ, ื›ื’ื•ืŸ ื‘ืจื•ืžื“ื™ื•ืœื•ืŸ ืื• ื“ื™ืคื ืงื•ื. ื—ื•ืžืจื™ื ืืœื• ืคื•ืขืœื™ื ื›ื ื•ื’ื“ื™ ืงืจื™ืฉื”, ื•ื’ื•ืจืžื™ื ืœืžื•ื•ืช ืฉืœ ื”ืžื›ืจืกื ืœืื—ืจ ื‘ืœื™ืขื”. ื‘ื“ื•ืง ืฉื”ืžื•ืฆืจ ืžืื•ืฉืจ ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ืจืฉื•ื™ื•ืช ื”ื‘ืจื™ืื•ืช ื•ื”ื‘ื˜ื™ื—ื•ืช.

ืžื ื’ื ื•ืŸ ืคืขื•ืœื” ืžืžื•ืงื“

ื™ืฉ ืœืžืงื“ ืืช ืžื ื’ื ื•ืŸ ื”ืคืขื•ืœื” ืฉืœ ื”ืื ื˜ื™ ื—ื•ืœื“ื” ื›ื“ื™ ืœืžื ื•ืข ืœื›ื™ื“ื” ืžืงืจื™ืช ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ื‘ืขืœื™ ื—ื™ื™ื ืื—ืจื™ื. ื‘ื—ืจ ืžื•ืฆืจ ืขื ื ืžืขืจื›ืช ื”ืคืฆื” ืžืื•ื‘ื˜ื—ืช, ื›ื’ื•ืŸ ืงื•ืคืกืื•ืช ืคื™ืชื™ื•ืŸ ืกื’ื•ืจื•ืช ืขื ื’ื™ืฉื” ืžื•ื’ื‘ืœืช. ื–ื” ืžื’ื‘ื™ืœ ื—ืฉื™ืคื” ืœื ืจืฆื•ื™ื” ื•ืžื’ืŸ ืขืœ ื—ื™ื•ืช ื”ื‘ืจ ื”ืžืงื•ืžื™ื•ืช ื•ืขืœ ื—ื™ื•ืช ื”ืžื—ืžื“ ืฉืœืš.

ืืงื•ืœื•ื’ื™ ื•ืžื›ื‘ื“ ืืช ื”ืกื‘ื™ื‘ื”

ืžืขื‘ืจ ืœื™ืขื™ืœื•ืช, ื“ื•ื—ื” ื—ื•ืœื“ื•ืช ื—ื™ื™ื‘ ืœื›ื‘ื“ ืืช ื”ืกื‘ื™ื‘ื”. ื”ืขื“ื™ืคื• ืžื•ืฆืจื™ื ื‘ืขืœื™ ื”ืฉืคืขื” ืืงื•ืœื•ื’ื™ืช ืžื•ืขื˜ื” ืื• ืœืœื, ืฉื”ื ืžืชื›ืœื™ื ื•ื”ืืจื™ื–ื” ืฉืœื”ื ื ื™ืชื ืช ืœืžื™ื—ื–ื•ืจ. ื”ื™ืžื ืข ืžืžื•ืฆืจื™ื ื”ืžื›ื™ืœื™ื ื—ื•ืžืจื™ื ืจืขื™ืœื™ื ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืขื‘ื•ืจ ื”ื—ื™ ื•ื”ืฆื•ืžื—.

ื”ืชื ื’ื“ื•ืช ืœืชื ืื™ื ื—ื™ืฆื•ื ื™ื™ื

ืœื™ืขื™ืœื•ืช ืžืžื•ืฉื›ืช, ื“ื•ื—ื” ื”ืขื›ื‘ืจื•ืฉื™ื ืฉืœืš ื—ื™ื™ื‘ ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืขืžื™ื“ ื‘ืคื ื™ ืคื’ืขื™ ืžื–ื’ ื”ืื•ื•ื™ืจ. ืจืขืœ ืขื›ื‘ืจื™ื ื˜ื•ื‘ ืขืžื™ื“ ื‘ืคื ื™ ืฉื™ื ื•ื™ื™ื ื‘ืœื—ื•ืช ื•ื‘ื˜ืžืคืจื˜ื•ืจื” ื•ืœื ืืžื•ืจ ืœื”ื™ื“ืจื“ืจ ื‘ื—ื•ืฅ. ื”ืชื ื’ื“ื•ืช ื–ื• ืžืืคืฉืจืช ืœืžื•ืฆืจ ืœื”ื™ืฉืืจ ื™ืขื™ืœ ืœืื•ืจืš ื–ืžืŸ, ื™ื”ื™ื• ืชื ืื™ ื”ืืงืœื™ื ืืฉืจ ื™ื”ื™ื•.

ื™ื›ื•ืœืช ื”ืกืชื’ืœื•ืช ื•ื’ื™ื•ื•ืŸ ื”ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ

ื“ื•ื—ื” ื”ื—ื•ืœื“ื•ืช ื”ื ื‘ื—ืจ ื—ื™ื™ื‘ ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืžืกื•ื’ืœ ืœืฉืžืฉ ื‘ื”ืงืฉืจื™ื ืฉื•ื ื™ื, ื‘ื™ืŸ ืื ื–ื” ื‘ื™ืช, ื’ื™ื ื” ืื• ืžื—ืกืŸ. ื”ื•ื ื—ื™ื™ื‘ ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืžื’ื•ื•ืŸ, ืžืชืื™ื ืœื‘ื™ืช ื•ืœื—ื•ืฅ, ื•ื™ืขื™ืœ ื‘ื›ืœ ืžืงืจื” ืžื™ื“ืช ื”ื”ื“ื‘ืงื”.

ื‘ื˜ื™ื—ื•ืช ื”ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ ื•ืขืžื™ื“ื” ื‘ืชืงื ื•ืช

ื‘ื˜ื™ื—ื•ืช ื”ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ ื—ื™ื•ื ื™ืช. ื•ื“ื ื›ื™ ืงื•ื˜ืœื™ ื”ืžื›ืจืกืžื™ื ืฉื ื‘ื—ืจื• ืขื•ืžื“ื™ื ื‘ืชืงื ื™ื ื”ื ื•ื›ื—ื™ื™ื ื•ื™ืฉ ืœื”ื ื ื”ืกื›ืžื”. ืงืจื ื‘ืขื™ื•ืŸ ื”ื•ืจืื•ืช ืœืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ ื•ื•ื“ื ืฉืืชื” ืžื‘ื™ืŸ ืืช ืืžืฆืขื™ ื”ื–ื”ื™ืจื•ืช ืฉื™ืฉ ืœื ืงื•ื˜ ื‘ืžื”ืœืš ื”ื™ื™ืฉื•ื ื•ื”ืื—ืกื•ืŸ ืฉืœ ื”ืžื•ืฆืจ.

ืงืœื•ืช ื™ื™ืฉื•ื ื•ืชื—ื–ื•ืงื”

ื—ื•ืžืจ ื“ื•ื—ื” ืขื›ื‘ืจื™ื ืฆืจื™ืš ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืคืฉื•ื˜ ืœื”ืชืงื ื” ื•ืœืชื—ื–ื•ืงื”. ืžืฆื™ืขื™ื ืžื•ืฆืจื™ื ืžื•ื›ื ื™ื ืœืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ ืื• ืžื•ื›ื ื™ื ื‘ืงืœื•ืช ืงืœื•ืช ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ. ืžืขืจื›ื•ืช ืœืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ ื—ื•ื–ืจ, ื›ื’ื•ืŸ ืžืœื›ื•ื“ื•ืช ืžื›ื ื™ื•ืช, ืฆืจื™ื›ื•ืช ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืงืœื•ืช ืœื ื™ืงื•ื™ ื•ืœื”ื—ื–ืจื” ืœืฉื™ืจื•ืช.

ืžืฉื•ื‘ ื•ื”ืžืœืฆื•ืช

ื”ืกืชืžื›ื• ื’ื ืขืœ ืžืฉื•ื‘. ื‘ื™ืงื•ืจื•ืช ืžืฉืชืžืฉื™ื ื•ื”ืžืœืฆื•ืช ืžื•ืžื—ื™ื ื”ื ืื™ื ื“ื™ืงื˜ื•ืจื™ื ืฉืœ ืžื”ื™ืžื ื•ืช ื•ื”ื‘ื™ืฆื•ืขื™ื ืฉืœ ืื ื˜ื™ ื—ื•ืœื“ื”. ืžื•ื ื™ื˜ื™ืŸ ื—ื–ืง ืžืขื™ื“ ืœืขืชื™ื ืงืจื•ื‘ื•ืช ืขืœ ืžื•ืฆืจ ืžื•ื›ื— ื•ื™ืขื™ืœ.

ืœืกื™ื›ื•ื, ื“ื•ื—ื” ื—ื•ืœื“ื•ืช ืขืžื™ื“ ื•ื™ืขื™ืœ ื—ื™ื™ื‘ ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืžื•ืจื›ื‘ ืžื—ื•ืžืจื™ื ืคืขื™ืœื™ื ืžื•ื›ืจื™ื, ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ื‘ืขืœ ืžื ื’ื ื•ืŸ ืคืขื•ืœื” ืžืžื•ืงื“, ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ื™ื“ื™ื“ื•ืชื™ ืœืกื‘ื™ื‘ื”, ืขืžื™ื“ ืœืชื ืื™ ื—ื•ืฅ, ื”ืชืืžื”, ืชื•ืื ืœืชืงื ื™ ื‘ื˜ื™ื—ื•ืช ื•ืงืœ ืœืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ. ืงื— ืืช ื”ื–ืžืŸ ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ืฉื•ื•ืช ื‘ื™ืŸ ื”ืืคืฉืจื•ื™ื•ืช ื”ื–ืžื™ื ื•ืช ื•ืœื‘ื—ื•ืจ ืžื•ืฆืจ ืฉืขื•ืžื“ ื‘ื›ืœ ื”ืงืจื™ื˜ืจื™ื•ื ื™ื ื”ืœืœื• ืœื”ื“ื‘ืจืช ื—ื•ืœื“ื•ืช ื™ืขื™ืœื” ื•ืื—ืจืื™ืช.